Structural elucidation and in vitro fermentation of extracellular α-d-glucan from Lactobacillus reuteri SK24.003
Miao, M., Ma, Y., Jiang, B., Cui, S.W., Wu, S., Zhang, T. (2015). Structural elucidation and in vitro fermentation of extracellular α-d-glucan from Lactobacillus reuteri SK24.003, 6(2), 109-116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bcdf.2015.09.007
The molecular structure and its relationship to in vitro fermentation properties of α-d-glucan from Lactobacillus reuteri SK24.003 were investigated in this study. The chain structure was elucidated by 2D NMR spectroscopy and a possible repeating unit was deduced. During in vitro fecal fermentation, the relatively low initial bacterial population was observed during first 6 h incubation and small increase for α-d-glucan for 12-48 h incubation. A significant decrease in pH (approximately 2.0) was observed for fecal microbiota exposed to α-d-glucan. Acetic acid, propionic acid, n-butyric acid along with total short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) increased upon incubation, and d-glucan was initially fermented well resulting in the higher production of SCFA at 12 h. The n-butyric acid value at 48 h fermentation (1.29 mM) was higher than that of some commercial prebiotic oilosaccharides. These results suggested that α-d-glucan might be efficiently utilized by gut bacteria and may have a positive effect for gastrointestinal health.