Charles F. Forney, Ph.D.

Image Dr. Charles F. Forney
Research Scientist

Plant Physiologist that conducts research to develop technologies that maximize and maintain quality and enhance the value of fresh fruits and vegetables throughout production, storage and marketing.  Technologies studied include maturity optimization, precooling, temperature management, controlled atmosphere storage, modified atmosphere packaging, biosensors, heat and ozone treatments, as well as juice and wine production.  The effect of these technologies on quality attributes including flavor chemistry and nutritional composition are determined to maximize value. 

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Current research and/or projects

  • Optimizing aroma and flavor of fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Characterization of stess induce volatile emission of fresh produce
  • Controlled atmosphere storage of small fruits
  • Determination of fruit and vegetable quality
  • Physiology of fruit ripening
  • Development of postharvest treatments to extend storage life of fresh produce
  • Postharvest change of antioxidants in fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Maintaining Quality of fresh-cut fruits and vegetables
  • Determination of pre-harvest factors affecting quality and storage life

Education and awards

B.Sc. Horticulture, The Pennsylvania State University 1978

B.Sc. Biology, The Pennsylvania State University 1978

M.Sc. Horticulture, The Pennsylvania State University 1980

Ph. D. Horticulture, Oregon State University 1984

Key publications

  1. Forney, C.F., LeBlanc, D.I., Vigneault, C., Toussaint, V., Bourgeois, G., Clément, A. and Bezanson, G. (2018). The interaction of storage temperature and duration on aroma volatiles in tomato fruit. Acta Hortic. 1194, 343-350
    DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1194.49
    https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1194.49

    2018 - View publication details

  2. Forney, C.F. 2017. Harvest & post harvest handing of blueberries for fresh & IQF markets. Presented at the Wild Blueberry Growers Association of Nova Scotia Annual Meeting, Truro, NS, November 17, 2017. http://www.nswildblueberries.com/news/download?path=C%2BForney%2BNov%2B2017.pdf

    2017 - View publication details

  3. Forney, C.F. and J. Song. 2017. Flavors and aromas: Chemistry and biological functions. p. 933-974. In: E.M. Yahia (ed.) Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals: Chemistry and Human Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.

    2017 - View publication details

  4. Ali, A., Yeoh, W.K., Forney, C. and Siddiqui, M.W. 2017. Advances in postharvest technologies to extend the storage life of minimally processed fruits and vegetables. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr.:1-18.

    2017 - View publication details

  5. Forney, C.F., S. Blatt, T. Forge, D. Neilsen, J.A. Cline, K.D. Munro Pennell and S.A.E. Fillmore. 2017. Rootstock effects on phloem amino acid composition: Role in aphid resistance. ASHS Annual Meeting Sept 19-22, 2017, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA (abstract) https://ashs.confex.com/ashs/2017/webprogramarchives/Paper26286.html

    2017 - View publication details

  6. Forney, C.F. (2016). "Impact of Postharvest Technologies on the Flavor of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables.", - Postharvest Ripening Physiology of Crops, pp. 585-620.

    2016 - View publication details

  7. FORNEY, C. F. 2016. Physiology and biochemistry of aroma and off-odors in fresh-cut products. Acta Horticulturae, 1141, 35-46.

    2016 - View publication details

  8. Yang, X., Song, J., Du, L., Forney, C., Campbell-Palmer, L., Fillmore, S., Wismer, P., Zhang, Z. (2016). Ethylene and 1-MCP regulate major volatile biosynthetic pathways in apple fruit, 194 325-336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.08.018

    2016 - View publication details

  9. Forney, C., J. Song, P. Toivonen, M.A. Jordan, and S.A.E. Fillmore. 2016. Volatile metabolite changes in ‘Ambrosia’ apple fruit associated with soft scald development. HortScience, ASHS Annual Meeting Aug 8-11, 2016, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (presentation)

    2016 - View publication details

  10. FORNEY, C. F., JAMIESON, A. R., PENNELL, K. D. M., JORDAN, M. A. & FILLMORE, S. A. E. 2016. Response of raspberry cultivars and selections to controlled atmosphere storage. Acta Horticulturae, 1120, 57-64.

    2016 - View publication details

  11. FORNEY, C. F., JORDAN, M. A. & CUE, K. R. 2016. Identification of aroma- Active compounds of whole and macerated 'Honeycrisp' and 'Ambrosia' apples. Acta Horticulturae, 1120, 137-142.

    2016 - View publication details

  12. Forney, C., D. Leblanc, C. Vigneault, V. Toussaint, G. Bourgeois, A. Clement, and G. Bezanson. 2016. The interaction of storage temperature and duration on aroma volatiles in tomato fruit. VIII International Postharvest Symposium, Cartagena, Spain, June 21-24 (abstract)

    2016 - View publication details

  13. Fan, L. and Forney, C.F. (2015). Quality and Safety in Fresh-cut Vegetables and Fruits. Presentation and Report to the S-294 committee meeting. The Multi-state Research Project S-294. (Report)

    2015 - View publication details

  14. Madani, B. and Forney, C.F. (2015). "Recent reports on effects of calcium on postharvest behaviour.", in Wills, R.B.H and Golding, J. (ed.) - Advances in Postharvest Fruit and Vegetable Technology, CRC Press Taylor, Boca Raton, FL, USA, Chapter 2, pp. 19-38.

    2015 - View publication details

  15. Toivonen, P.M.A., DeLong, J.M., Hampson, C.R., Song, J., Forney, C.F., and Myles, S. (2015). "Peel maturity only correlates with soft scald in a highly susceptible orchard of Ambrosia™ apple.", HortScience, 50(9), pp. S181. (Abstract)

    2015 - View publication details

  16. Forney, C.F., Bezanson, G.S., Ells, T.C., Fan, L., and LeBlanc, D.I. (2015). "Impact of heat sanitation of fresh whole cantaloupe on fruit quality and volatile metabolism.", Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 1079, pp. 145-151.

    2015 - View publication details

  17. Bach, S.J., Fan, L., Forney, C.F., and Delaquis, P.J. (2015). "Quality and Safety in Fresh-cut Vegetables and Fruits. United Fresh Produce Association Food Safety and Technology Council.", United Fresh 2015, Chicago, IL, USA, June 9-11, 2015, Oral presentation and handout information on AAFC’s research activities.

    2015 - View publication details

  18. Forney, C.F., Jamieson, A.R., Munro Pennell, K.D., Jordan, M.A., and Fillmore, S.A.E. (2015). "Atmosphere Modification Effects on Red Raspberry Fruit Market Life.", United Fresh 2015, Chicago, IL, USA, June 9-11, 2015. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

  19. Song, J., Forney, C.F., Myles, S., Sauerteig, K.A., Du, L., Hampson, C.R., Toivonen, P.M.A., Fan, L., DeLong, J.M., and Fillmore, S.A.E. (2015). "An integrated “omics” investigation on control mechanisms and molecular markers of apple fruit storage disorders.", AG Connect 2015 Summit, Truro, NS, USA, March 31-April 1, 2015. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

  20. Forney, C.F., Jamieson, A.R., Munro Pennell, K.D., Jordan, M.A., and Fillmore, S.A.E. (2015). "Impact of atmosphere modification on red raspberry fruit quality.", HortScience, 90(9), pp. S181. (Abstract)

    2015 - View publication details