Luke Bainard, Ph.D.

Research Scientist

Environmental and Soil Microbiology

Current research and/or projects

⮚Linking nutrient cycling and soil health in Canadian agroecosystems

⮚Impacts of grazing management practices on soil microbiomes and their role in soil carbon sequestration

⮚Assessing the impact of grazing annual forage cover crops in an integrated crop-livestock system

Research and/or project statements

Additional key publications:

Hossain Z, Hubbard M, Gan Y, Bainard LD (2021) Root rot alters the root-associated microbiome of field pea in commercial crop production systems. Plant and Soil

Lu P, Bainard LD, Ma B, Jinghui L (2020) Bio-fertilizer and rotten straw amendments alter the rhizosphere bacterial community and increase oat productivity in a saline-alkaline environment. Scientific Reports 10:Article number 19896

Bainard LD, Evan B, Malis E, Yang T, Bainard JD (2020) Influence of annual plant diversity on forage productivity and nutrition, soil chemistry, and soil microbial communities. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 4: Article 560479

Wang L, Gan Y, Bainard LD, Hamel C, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2020) Expression of nitrogen cycling genes of root microbiomes provides insights for sustaining oilseed crop productions. Environmental Microbiology 22: 4545-4556

Azarbad H, Tremblay J, Giard-Laliberte C, Bainard LD, Yergeau E (2020) Four decades of soil water stress history together with host genotype constrain the response of the wheat microbiome to soil moisture. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 96:fiaa098

Bainard JD, Serajchi M, Bainard LD, Schellenberg MP, Lamb EG (2020) Impact of Annual Forage Intercropping on Weed Control in a Semiarid Environment. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 4:Article 92

Delavaux C, Bever JD, Karppinen EM, Bainard LD (2020) Soil sample cold packstorage conditions and DNA shipment up to one month does not impact metabarcoding results. Ecology and Evolution 10: 4652-4664

Karppinen EM, Payment J, Chatterton S, Bainard JD, Hubbard M, Gan Y, Bainard LD (2020) Distribution and abundance of Aphanomyces euteiches in agricultural soils: effect of land use type, soil properties, and crop management practices. Applied Soil Ecology 150:103470

Li Y, Tremblay J, Bainard LD, Cade-Menun BJ, Hamel C (2020) Long-term effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on soil microbial community structure and function under continuous wheat production. Environmental Microbiology

Giard-Laliberte C, Azarbad H, Tremblay J, Bainard LD, Yergeau E (2019) A water stress-adapted inoculum affects rhizosphere fungi, but not bacteria nor wheat. FEMS Microbiology Ecology,

Boilard G, Bradley RL, Paterson E, Sim A., Brown LK, George TS, Bainard LD, Carubba A (2019) Interaction between root hairs and soil phosphorus on rhizosphere priming of soil organic matter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 135:264-266

Hamel C, Gan Y, Messer D, Bainard LD (2019) Soil 16S DNA sequence data and corresponding soil property and wheat yield data from a 72-plot field experiment involving pulses and wheat crops grown in rotations in the semiarid prairie. Data in Brief 103790

Hossain Z, Bainard LD, Gan Y (2019) Selection of antagonistic bacteria from pea root and rhizosphere to manage Aphanomyces root rot. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 41: 152

Azarbad H, Constant P, Giard-Laliberte C, Bainard LD, Yergeau E (2018) Water stress history and wheat genotype modulate rhizosphere microbial response to drought. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 126:228-236 

Niu Y, Bainard LD, May WE, Hossain Z, Hamel C, Gan Y (2018) Intensified pulse rotations buildup pea rhizosphere pathogens in cereal and pulse based cropping systems. Frontiers in Microbiology, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01909

Hamel C, Gan Y, Sokolski S, Bainard LD (2018) High frequency cropping of pulses modifies soil nitrogen level and the rhizosphere bacterial microbiome in 4-year rotation systems of the semiarid prairie. Applied Soil Ecology 236:47-56

Education and awards

Ph.D. Ecology, University of Guelph

MSc Plant Science, University of British Columbia

BSc Environmental Science, Trinity Western University


Key publications

  1. Isolation and characterization of bacteria antagonistic to Aphanomyces euteiches from lentil root and rhizosphere

    2018 - View publication details

  2. Molecular mechanism of bacterial antagonism to Aphanomyces euteiches in pea

    2018 - View publication details

  3. Impact of nitrogen fertilization and inoculation with an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus on root rot

    2018 - View publication details

  4. Assessing the potential of managing root rot with nitrogen fertilizer and a commercial arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi product in three Saskatchewan environments

    2018 - View publication details

  5. Isolation and characterization of bacteria antagonistic to Aphanomyces euteiches from lentil root and rhizosphere

    2018 - View publication details

  6. Soil water stress history defines the wheat microbiome responses to their subsequent water stress

    2018 - View publication details

  7. Microbial recruitment from a pre-adapted community improve water-stress resistance of wheat

    2018 - View publication details

  8. Liu, J., Cade-Menun, B.J., Yang, J., Hu, Y., Liu, C.W., Tremblay, J., LaForge, K., Schellenberg, M., Hamel, C., Bainard, L.D. (2018). Long-term land use affects phosphorus speciation and the composition of phosphorus cycling genes in agricultural soils, 9(JUL),

    2018 - View publication details

  9. Verbruggen, E., Sheldrake, M., Bainard, L.D., Chen, B., Ceulemans, T., De Gruyter, J., Van Geel, M. (2018). Mycorrhizal fungi show regular community compositions in natural ecosystems, 12(2), 380-385.

    2018 - View publication details

  10. Bainard, L.D., Chagnon, P.L., Cade-Menun, B.J., Lamb, E.G., LaForge, K., Schellenberg, M., Hamel, C. (2017). Plant communities and soil properties mediate agricultural land use impacts on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the Mixed Prairie ecoregion of the North American Great Plains, 249 187-195.

    2017 - View publication details

  11. Borrell, A.N., Shi, Y., Gan, Y., Bainard, L.D., Germida, J.J., Hamel, C. (2017). Fungal diversity associated with pulses and its influence on the subsequent wheat crop in the Canadian prairies, 414(1-2), 13-31.

    2017 - View publication details

  12. Cade-Menun, B.J., Bainard, L.D., LaForge, K., Schellenberg, M., Houston, B., Hamel, C. (2017). Long-term agricultural land use affects chemical and physical properties of soils from southwest Saskatchewan, 97(4), 650-666.

    2017 - View publication details

  13. Bainard, L.D., Navarro-Borrell, A., Hamel, C., Braun, K., Hanson, K., Gan, Y. 2017. Increasing the frequency of pulses in crop rotations reduces soil fungal diversity and increases the proportion of fungal pathotrophs in a semiarid agroecosystem. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 240(1), 206-214.

    2017 - View publication details

  14. Niu, Y., Bainard, L.D., Bandara, M., Hamel, C., Gan, Y. (2017). Soil residual water and nutrients explain about 30% of the rotational effect in 4-yr pulse-intensified rotation systems, 97(5), 853-864.

    2017 - View publication details

  15. Bainard, L.D., Hamel, C., Gan, Y. (2016). Edaphic properties override the influence of crops on the composition of the soil bacterial community in a semiarid agroecosystem, 105 160-168.

    2016 - View publication details

  16. Dai, M., Bainard, L.D., Hamel, C., Bell, T., Terrat, Y., Hijri, M., and St-Arnaud, M. (2015). "Metagenomic analysis of soil microbial composition in different land use types.", Mycorhizes 2015, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 8-9, 2015, pp. 13.

    2015 - View publication details

  17. Dai, M., Hamel, C., Terrat, Y., Bainard, L.D., Hijri, M., and St-Arnaud, M. (2015). "Human activities effect on functional and taxonomic microbial diversity in agroecosystem revealed by metagenomic analysis.", 2015 Quebec Centre for Biodiversity Science Symposium, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, October 28-29, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  18. Navarro-Borrell, A., Hamel, C., Bainard, L.D., Gan, Y.T., and Germida, J.J. (2015). "Fungal diversity associated with pulses and its influence on the subsequent wheat crop in a 2-year study.", Canadian Soil Science Society (IUSS-CSSS-AQSSS) Conference, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 5-10, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  19. Navarro-Borrell, A., Hamel, C., Bainard, L.D., Gan, Y.T., and Germida, J.J. (2015). "Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal biodiversity associated with pulses and its influence on the subsequent wheat crop.", Mycorrhizae 2015, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Canada, May 8-9, 2015, pp. 11.

    2015 - View publication details

  20. Liu, J.Q., Cade-Menun, B.J., Yang, J., Hu, Y.F., Liu, C.W., Bainard, L.D., LaForge, K., and Hamel, C. (2015). "Phosphorus speciation in soils under different land use in southwestern Saskatchewan.", Canadian Light Source Meeting, May 4, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

Research facility

6947 Highway 7
PO Box 1000
Agassiz, BC V0M 1A2