Luke Bainard, Ph.D.

Research Scientist

Environmental and Soil Microbiology

Current research and/or projects

⮚Linking nutrient cycling and soil health in Canadian agroecosystems

⮚Impacts of grazing management practices on soil microbiomes and their role in soil carbon sequestration

⮚Assessing the impact of grazing annual forage cover crops in an integrated crop-livestock system

Research and/or project statements

Additional key publications:

Hossain Z, Hubbard M, Gan Y, Bainard LD (2021) Root rot alters the root-associated microbiome of field pea in commercial crop production systems. Plant and Soil

Lu P, Bainard LD, Ma B, Jinghui L (2020) Bio-fertilizer and rotten straw amendments alter the rhizosphere bacterial community and increase oat productivity in a saline-alkaline environment. Scientific Reports 10:Article number 19896

Bainard LD, Evan B, Malis E, Yang T, Bainard JD (2020) Influence of annual plant diversity on forage productivity and nutrition, soil chemistry, and soil microbial communities. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 4: Article 560479

Wang L, Gan Y, Bainard LD, Hamel C, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M (2020) Expression of nitrogen cycling genes of root microbiomes provides insights for sustaining oilseed crop productions. Environmental Microbiology 22: 4545-4556

Azarbad H, Tremblay J, Giard-Laliberte C, Bainard LD, Yergeau E (2020) Four decades of soil water stress history together with host genotype constrain the response of the wheat microbiome to soil moisture. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 96:fiaa098

Bainard JD, Serajchi M, Bainard LD, Schellenberg MP, Lamb EG (2020) Impact of Annual Forage Intercropping on Weed Control in a Semiarid Environment. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 4:Article 92

Delavaux C, Bever JD, Karppinen EM, Bainard LD (2020) Soil sample cold packstorage conditions and DNA shipment up to one month does not impact metabarcoding results. Ecology and Evolution 10: 4652-4664

Karppinen EM, Payment J, Chatterton S, Bainard JD, Hubbard M, Gan Y, Bainard LD (2020) Distribution and abundance of Aphanomyces euteiches in agricultural soils: effect of land use type, soil properties, and crop management practices. Applied Soil Ecology 150:103470

Li Y, Tremblay J, Bainard LD, Cade-Menun BJ, Hamel C (2020) Long-term effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on soil microbial community structure and function under continuous wheat production. Environmental Microbiology

Giard-Laliberte C, Azarbad H, Tremblay J, Bainard LD, Yergeau E (2019) A water stress-adapted inoculum affects rhizosphere fungi, but not bacteria nor wheat. FEMS Microbiology Ecology,

Boilard G, Bradley RL, Paterson E, Sim A., Brown LK, George TS, Bainard LD, Carubba A (2019) Interaction between root hairs and soil phosphorus on rhizosphere priming of soil organic matter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 135:264-266

Hamel C, Gan Y, Messer D, Bainard LD (2019) Soil 16S DNA sequence data and corresponding soil property and wheat yield data from a 72-plot field experiment involving pulses and wheat crops grown in rotations in the semiarid prairie. Data in Brief 103790

Hossain Z, Bainard LD, Gan Y (2019) Selection of antagonistic bacteria from pea root and rhizosphere to manage Aphanomyces root rot. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 41: 152

Azarbad H, Constant P, Giard-Laliberte C, Bainard LD, Yergeau E (2018) Water stress history and wheat genotype modulate rhizosphere microbial response to drought. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 126:228-236 

Niu Y, Bainard LD, May WE, Hossain Z, Hamel C, Gan Y (2018) Intensified pulse rotations buildup pea rhizosphere pathogens in cereal and pulse based cropping systems. Frontiers in Microbiology, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01909

Hamel C, Gan Y, Sokolski S, Bainard LD (2018) High frequency cropping of pulses modifies soil nitrogen level and the rhizosphere bacterial microbiome in 4-year rotation systems of the semiarid prairie. Applied Soil Ecology 236:47-56

Education and awards

Ph.D. Ecology, University of Guelph

MSc Plant Science, University of British Columbia

BSc Environmental Science, Trinity Western University


Key publications

  1. Liu, J.Q., Cade-Menun, B.J., Yang, J., Hu, Y.F., Liu, C.W., Bainard, L.D., LaForge, K., and Hamel, C. (2015). "Phosphorus speciation in soils under different land use in southwestern Saskatchewan.", Canadian Light Source Meeting, May 4, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  2. Chagnon, P.-L., Bainard, L.D. 2015. Using molecular biology to study mycorrhizal fungal community ecology: Limits and perspectives. Plant Signaling and Behaviour 10(7), e1046668.

    2015 - View publication details

  3. Bainard, L.D., Dai, M., Gomez, E.F., Torres-Arias, Y., Bainard, J.D., Sheng, M., Eilers, W., Hamel, C. (2015). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities are influenced by agricultural land use and not soil type among the Chernozem great groups of the Canadian Prairies, 387(1-2), 351-362.

    2015 - View publication details

  4. Bainard, L.D., Bainard, J.D., Hamel, C., Gan, Y. (2014). Spatial and temporal structuring of arbuscular mycorrhizal communities is differentially influenced by abiotic factors and host crop in a semi-arid prairie agroecosystem, 88(2), 333-344.

    2014 - View publication details

  5. Chagnon, P.L., Bainard, L.D. (2014). Is root DNA a reliable proxy to assess arbuscular mycorrhizal community structure?, 60(9), 619-624.

    2014 - View publication details

  6. Dai, M., Hamel, C., Bainard, L.D., Arnaud, M.S., Grant, C.A., Lupwayi, N.Z., Malhi, S.S., Lemke, R. (2014). Negative and positive contributions of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal taxa to wheat production and nutrient uptake efficiency in organic and conventional systems in the Canadian prairie, 74 156-166.

    2014 - View publication details

  7. Ellouze, W., Taheri, A.E., Bainard, L.D., Yang, C., Bazghaleh, N., Navarro-Borrell, A., Hanson, K.G., and Hamel, C. (2015). "Soil fungal resources in annual cropping systems and their potential for management.", BioMed Research International, 2014(Article ID 531824), pp. 1-15. doi : 10.1155/2014/531824

    2014 - View publication details

  8. Hamel, C., Bainard, L.D., Dai, M., and Yang, C. (2013). "Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi assemblages in Chernozem great groups.", in Nelson, K.E. (ed.) - The Encyclopedia of Metagenomics, Springer.

    2013 - View publication details

  9. Bainard, L.D., Koch, A.M., Gordon, A.M., Klironomos, J.N. 2013. Growth response of crops to soil microbial communities from conventional monocropping and tree-based intercropping systems. Plant and Soil 363(1), 345-356.

    2013 - View publication details

  10. Dai, M., Bainard, L.D., Hamel, C., Gan, Y., Lynch, D. (2013). Impact of land use on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in rural Canada, 79(21), 6719-6729.

    2013 - View publication details

Research facility

6947 Highway 7
PO Box 1000
Agassiz, BC V0M 1A2