Revue de littérature scientifique - Avoine couverte et nue : les composés nutritionnels et la santé humaine

Citation

Industrial collaborative framework (CRADA)

Résumé en langage clair

Initially known by farmers as weeds, oats cultivars (Avena sativa and Avena nuda) are now generally produced in temperate and moist climates of the world such as those present in the northern hemisphere. Oats are common grains in Canada, Russia and Europe.
The grains named Avena sativa were identified as such because sativa means cultivated. The are covered by a husk and are also referred to as covered oats. They are the most common oats on the market.
The grains named Avena nuda are naturally occurring grains growing without a protective husk. They are also known as hulless or naked oats.
To this day, oats are mainly used for livestock feed. Oats are a nutritionally advantageous option for animals, but also for humans. Each portion of the grain (bran, endosperm, germ) provide specific nutritional components and as a whole, oats are well balanced grains when compared to wheat or maize. Oats are distinctive in their particular nutritional profile with high fat (including a good mono- and poly-unsaturated profile) and high quality protein content. High in soluble fibers, namely B-glucan, oats are well know for their cholesterol lowering capacity. Moreover, oats are the only grain with a Canadian health claim. This report will present the list of recognized health benefits both nutritional and pharmaceutical products. When distinctive information is available between Avena sativa and Avena nuda, it will be identified as well.
Oats have gained in popularity for human consumption. Oatmeal remains a key derived product, however new by-products (oat protein, bran or B-glucan) and derivative products emerge regularly on the market such as oat-based beverages, fermented products, frozen deserts, etc.

Résumé

Initially known by farmers as weeds, oats cultivars (Avena sativa and Avena nuda) are now generally produced in temperate and moist climates of the world such as those present in the northern hemisphere. Oats are common grains in Canada, Russia and Europe.
The grains named Avena sativa were identified as such because sativa means cultivated. The are covered by a husk and are also referred to as covered oats. They are the most common oats on the market.
The grains named Avena nuda are naturally occurring grains growing without a protective husk. They are also known as hulless or naked oats.
To this day, oats are mainly used for livestock feed. Oats are a nutritionally advantageous option for animals, but also for humans. Each portion of the grain (bran, endosperm, germ) provide specific nutritional components and as a whole, oats are well balanced grains when compared to wheat or maize. Oats are distinctive in their particular nutritional profile with high fat (including a good mono- and poly-unsaturated profile) and high quality protein content. High in soluble fibers, namely B-glucan, oats are well know for their cholesterol lowering capacity. Moreover, oats are the only grain with a Canadian health claim. This report will present the list of recognized health benefits both nutritional and pharmaceutical products. When distinctive information is available between Avena sativa and Avena nuda, it will be identified as well.
Oats have gained in popularity for human consumption. Oatmeal remains a key derived product, however new by-products (oat protein, bran or B-glucan) and derivative products emerge regularly on the market such as oat-based beverages, fermented products, frozen deserts, etc.

Date de publication

2021-11-10

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