2018/2019 Nova Scotia Wine Grape Bud Hardiness Report no. 4: December 10 – 11


2018/2019 Nova Scotia Wine Grape Bud Hardiness Report no. 4: December 10 – 11


A wine grape bud hardiness report is generated and distributed to the Grape Growers of Nova Scotia (GGANS) membership on a bi-weekly basis throughout the dormant season. The bi-weekly survey is performed on 3 vinifera cultivars (‘Chardonnay’, ‘Riesling’, ‘Pinot Noir’) and 2 hybrid cultivars (‘L’Acadie Blanc’, ‘Marquette’) and involves 10 grower collaborators for a total of 23 varietal blocks in total. Each report uses a table to show the latest low temperature exotherm (LTE) levels for the present and past weeks. The report also includes comments highlighting observations over the last reporting period, a plot showing the change in LTE values throughout the season, the historical 100 year minimum values and the present year’s minimum values. Three times throughout the season (early, middle, late) 11 “extra” varieties (‘Baco Noir’, ‘Chenin Blanc’, ‘Geisenheim’, ‘Leon Millot’, ‘Lucie Kuhlman’, ‘New York Muscat’, ‘Pinot Gris’, ‘Sauvignon Blanc’, ‘Seyval Blanc’, ‘Seyval Blanc’, ‘Vidal Blanc’, ‘Ortega’) from 22 additional varietal blocks are also reported.

The table and graph show that all varieties in our survey have continued to deepen their winter hardiness and are approaching their mid winter values. In comparison to last year, most varieties were not this hardy until late January or mid February. This is most likely due to the below average temperatures experienced in all areas of the survey. The graph shows a wide margin of 15 °C to 30 °C between the observed temperatures and the lethal temperature that would destroy 50 % of the buds.

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