Dr. James Reist

Chef de section, Écologie/évaluation de poissons de l'Arctique
Pêches et Océans Canada

Recherche et / ou projets en cours

La recherche actuelle comprend : le chercheur principal pour l’évaluation environnementale régionale de Beaufort - le Projet des poissons marins (2012-2016) et la partie canadienne de la mer de Beaufort – Évaluation des écosystèmes marins (2017 jusqu’à présent) afin de consigner la diversité de poissons marins, l’utilisation de l’habitat, et les rôles et les liens écosystémiques dans les eaux au large de la partie canadienne de la mer de Beaufort et de l’ouest de l’Arctique. Supervise également un programme de recherche sur la génétique et la génomique qui étudie la structure des stocks des principaux poissons exploités et l’utilisation de l’ADN environnemental comme outil d’évaluation pour la biodiversité aquatique et les espèces envahissantes. Supervise un programme de recherche de l’habitat d’eau douce des Territoires du Nord-Ouest pour les principaux poissons « en péril »; supervise aussi un programme d’évaluation de la biodiversité à l’appui des espèces en péril; et supervise enfin un programme de recherche sur les poissons côtiers à l’appui de la conservation marine et des initiatives de zones protégées.

Énoncés de recherches/projets

Les recherches menées par le passé comprennent : la résolution d’identités taxonomiques pour les corégones, la structure du stock des corégonidés, l’élaboration d’évaluations de poissons et d’écosystèmes côtiers et intérieurs de l’ouest de l’Arctique; des études sur la diversité de l’omble chevalier dans l’est de l’Arctique. Des activités menées par le passé dans les évaluations de l’Arctique comprennent la participation à l’évaluation de la biodiversité dans l’Arctique; l’évaluation de la neige, de l’eau, de la glace et du pergélisol dans l’Arctique; le quatrième rapport d’évaluation du Groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat et les évaluations internes du MPO concernant les risques en rapport avec les changements climatiques.

Prix et études

Études : B.Sc.(avec concentration) – Université de Calgary, 1975; M. Sc. – Écologie de l’évolution de l’épinoche à cinq épines - Université de l’Alberta, M. Joe Nelson (superviseur), 1978; Ph. D. – La systématique des poissons ésocidés – Université de Toronto / Musée royal de l’Ontario, M. Ed Crossman (superviseur), 1983; bourse de recherche scientifique dans les laboratoires du gouvernement canadien (CRSNG) à l’Institut des eaux douces (MPO), Winnipeg, 1984-1985; chercheur (MPO) Winnipeg, 1986 jusqu’à présent.

Principales publications

  1. Coad, B.W., Reist, J.D. (éd.). 2018. Marine Fishes of Arctic Canada. Canadian Museum of Nature and University of Toronto Press, Toronto. xiii + 618 p.
  2. McNicholl, D.G., Davoren, G.K.,. Reist, J.D. 2018. Life history variation across latitudes: observations between capelin (Mallotus villosus) from Newfoundland and the eastern Canadian Arctic. Polar Biol. Accès : https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-017-2225-x
  3. McNicholl, D.G., Johnson, J.D., Reist, J.D. 2017. Darnley Bay nearshore fish survey: synthesis of 2012 and 20147-2016 field programs. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3229: ix + 101 p.
  4. Kissinger, B.C., Harris, L.N., Swainson, D., Anderson, W.G., Docker, M.F., Reist, J.D. 2017. Fine-scale population structure in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) influenced by life history variation in the Husky Lakes drainage basin, Northwest Territories, Canada. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. Accès : dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfas-2016-0524
  5. Gingera, T.D., Bajno, R., Docker, M.F., Reist, J.D. 2017. Environmental DNA as a detection tool for zebra mussels Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) at the forefront of an invasion event in Lake Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Manage. Biol. Invasions 8: 287-300. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3391/mbi.2017.8.3.03
  6. Phillips, B.F., Pérez-Ramírez, M., Hollowed, A.B., Cheng, W., Loeng, H., Logerwell, E., Reist, J.D. 2017. Regional assessment of climate change impacts on Arctic marine ecosystems. In: Climate Change Impacts on Fisheries and Aquaculture: A Global Analysis, Volume I. Edited by: B.F. Phillips and M. Pérez-Ramírez. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. pp. 703-728.
  7. McNicholl, D.G., Davoren, G.K., Majewski, A.R., Reist, J.D. 2017. Isotopic niche overlap between co-occurring capelin (Mallotus villosus) and polar cod (Boreogadus saida) and the effect of lipid extraction on stable isotope ratios. Polar Biol. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-017-2199-8
  8. Brewster, J.D., Giraldo, C., Choy, E.S., MacPhee, S.A., Hoover, C., Lynn, B., McNicholl, D.G., Majewski, A., Rosenberg, B., Power, M., Reist, J.D., Loseto, L.L. 2017. A comparison of the trophic ecology of Beaufort Sea Gadidae using fatty acids and stable isotopes. Polar Biol. 41: 149-162. Accès : https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-017-2178-0
  9. Kissinger, B.C., Bystriansky, J., Czehryn, N., Enders, E.C., Treberg, J., Reist, J.D., Whitmore, E., Anderson, W.G. 2017. Environment-phenotype interactions: Influences of brackish-water rearing on lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) physiology. Environ. Biol. Fishes 100: 797-814. DOI: 10.1007/s10641-017-0607-0
  10. Reid, S.M., Parna, M., Reist, J.D. 2017. Collapse of Lake Whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis (Mitchill, 1818) species pair in Como Lake, Ontario. J. Appl. Ichthyol. 33: 933-939. DOI: 10.1111/jai.13429
  11. Stasko, A., Swanson, H., Atchison, S., MacPhee, S., Majewski, A., de Montety, L., Archambault, P., Walkusz, W., Reist, J., Power, M. 2017. Stable isotope data (δ15N, δ13C) for marine fishes and invertebrates from the Beaufort Regional Environmental Assessment Marine Fishes Project, August-September 2012 and 2013. Can. Data Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1270: vi + 63 p.
  12. Majewski, A.R., Atchison, S., MacPhee, S., Eert, J., Niemi, A., Michel, C., Reist, J. 2017. Marine fish community structure and habitat associations on the Canadian Beaufort shelf and slope. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 121: 169-182. Accès : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr.2017.01.009
  13. Harris, L.N., Palstra, F.P., Bajno, R., Gallagher, C., Howland, K.L., Taylor, E.B., Reist, J.D. 2017. Assessing conservation risks to populations of an anadromous Arctic salmonid, the northern Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma malma), via estimates of effective and census population sizes and approximate Bayesian computation. Conserv. Genet. 18: 393-410. DOI: 10.1007/s10592-016-0915-5
  14. Brewster, J.D., Giraldo, C., Swanson, H., Walkusz, W., Loewen, T.N., Reist, J.D., Stern, G.A., Loseto, L.L. 2016. Ecological niche of coastal Beaufort Sea fishes defined by stable isotopes and fatty acids. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 559: 159-173. DOI: 10.3354/meps11887
  15. Dunmall, K.M., Mochnacz, N.J., Zimmerman, C.E., Lean, C., Reist, J.D. 2016. Using thermal limits to assess establishment of fish dispersing to high-latitude and high-elevation watersheds. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 73: 1750-1758. Accès : https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfas-2016-0051 
  16. Niemi, A., Schimnowski, O., Reist, J.D. 2016. Arctic Large Aquatic Basin climate change assessment part 2: Impacts, vulnerabilities and opportunities (IVO) – A contribution to the Aquatic Climate Change Adaptation Services Program. Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3091: viii + 67 p.
  17. Reist, J.D., Sawatzky, C.D., Johnson, L. 2016. The Arctic ‘Great’ Lakes of Canada and their fish faunas – An overview in the context of Arctic change. J. Great Lakes Res. 42: 173-192. Accès :http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2015.10.008
  18. Coad, B.W., Reist, J.D. 2016. Bibliography on the Marine Fishes of Arctic Canada. Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3101: v + 509 p.
  19. Majewski, A.R., Suchy, K.D., Atchison, S.P., Henry, J., MacPhee, S.A., Walkusz, W., Eert, J., Dempsey, M., Niemi, A., de Montety, L., Geoffroy, M., Giraldo, C., Michel, C., Archambault, P., Williams, W.J., Fortier, L., Reist, J.D. 2016. Uniqueness of fishes and habitat utilization in oil & gas lease blocks relative to non-lease areas in the Canadian Beaufort Sea. Environmental Studies Revolving Funds Report Series No. 203: xi + 90 p.
  20. Loewen, T.N., Carriere, B., Reist, J.D., Halden, N.M., Anderson, W.G. 2016. Linking physiology and biomineralization processes to ecological inferences on the life history of fishes. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A: Mol. Integr. Physiol. 202: 123-140. Accès : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.06.017
  21. Walkusz, W., Paulic, J.E., Wong, S., Kwasniewski, S., Papst, M.H., Reist, J.D. 2016. Spatial distribution and diet of larval snailfishes (Liparis fabricii, Liparis gibbus, Liparis tunicatus) in the Canadian Beaufort Sea. Oceanologia 58: 117-123. Accès : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oceano.2015.12.001
  22. Stasko, A.D., Swanson, H., Majewski, A., Atchison, S., Reist, J., Power, M. 2016. Influences of depth and pelagic subsidies on the size-based trophic structure of Beaufort Sea fish communities. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 549: 153-166. DOI: 10.3354/meps11709
  23. Tran, L., Reist, J.D., Power, M. 2016. Northern Dolly Varden charr total mercury concentrations: variation by life-history type. Hydrobiologia 783: 159-175. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-016-2666-1
  24. Kissinger, B.C., Gantner, N., Anderson, W.G., Gillis, D.M., Halden, N.M., Harwood, L.A., Reist, J.D. 2016. Brackish-water residency and semi-anadromy in Arctic lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) inferred from otolith microchemistry. J. Great Lakes Res. 42: 267-275. Accès : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jglr.2015.05.016
  25. Majewski, A.R., Walkusz, W., Lynn, B.R., Atchison, S., Eert, J., Reist, J.D. 2016. Distribution and diet of demersal Arctic Cod, Boreogadus saida, in relation to habitat characteristics in the Canadian Beaufort Sea. Polar Biol. 39: 1087-1098. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-015-1857-y
  26. McNicholl, D.G., Walkusz, W., Davoren, K., Reist, J.D. 2016. Dietary characteristics of co-occurring polar cod (Boreogadus saida) and capelin (Mallotus villosus) in the Canadian Arctic, Darnley Bay. Polar Biol. 39: 1099-1108. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-015-1834-5
  27. Turgeon, J., Reid, S.M., Bourret, A., Pratt, T.C., Reist, J.D., Muir, A.M., Howland, K.L. 2016. Morphological and genetic variation in Cisco (Coregonus artedi) and Shortjaw Cisco (C. zenithicus): multiple origins of Shortjaw Cisco in inland lakes require a lake-specific conservation approach. Conserv. Genet. 17: 45-56. DOI: 10.1007/s10592-015-0759-4
  28. Harris, L.N., Bajno, R., Gallagher, C.P., Koizumi, I., Johnson, L.K., Howland, K.L., Taylor, E.B., Reist, J.D. 2015. Life-history characteristics and landscape attributes as drivers of genetic variation, gene flow, and fine-scale population structure in northern Dolly Varden (Salvelinus malma malma) in Canada. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 72: 1477-1493. Accès : https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfas-2015-0016
  29. Eert, J., Meisterhans, G., Michel, C., Niemi, A., Reist, J., Williams, W.J. 2015. Physical, chemical and biological oceanographic data from the Beaufort Regional Environmental Assessment: Marine Fishes Project, August-September 2012. Can. Data Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci. 197: vii + 84 p.
  30. Sinnatamby, R.N., Dempson, J.B., Reist, J.D., Power, M. 2015. Latitudinal variation in growth and otolith-inferred field metabolic rates of Canadian young-of-the-year Arctic charr. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 24: 478-488. DOI: 10.1111/eff.12166
  31. Geoffroy, M., Majewski, A., LeBlanc, M., Gauthier, S., Walkusz, W., Reist, J.D., Fortier, L. 2015. Vertical segregation of age-0 and age-1+ polar cod (Boreogadus saida) over the annual cycle in the Canadian Beaufort Sea. Polar Biol. 39: 1023-1037. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-015-1811-z
  32. Giraldo, C., Stasko, A., Choy, E.S., Rosenberg, B., Majewski, A., Power, M., Swanson, H., Loseto, L., and Reist, J.D. (2015) Trophic variability of Arctic fishes in the Canadian Beaufort Sea: a fatty acids and stable isotopes approach. Polar Biol. 39: 1267-1282. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-015-1851-4
  33. Loewen, T.N., Reist, J.D., Yang, P., Koleszar, A., Babaluk, J.A., Mochnacz, N., Halden, N.M. 2015. Discrimination of northern form Dolly Varden Char (Salvelinus malma malma) stocks of the North Slope, Yukon and Northwest Territories, Canada via otolith trace elements and 87Sr/86Sr isotopes. Fish. Res. 170: 116-124. Accès : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2015.05.025
  34. Mee, J.A., Bernatchez, L., Reist, J.D., Rogers, S.M., Taylor, E.B. 2015. Identifying designatable units for intraspecific conservation prioritization: a hierarchical approach applied to the lake whitefish species complex (Coregonus spp.). Evol. Appl. 8: 423-441. DOI: 10.1111/eva.12247
  35. Moore, J.-S., Bajno, R., Reist, J.D., Taylor, E.B. 2015. Post-glacial recolonization of the North American Arctic by Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus): genetic evidence of multiple northern refugia and hybridization between glacial lineages. J. Biogeography 42: 2089-2100. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.12600
  36. Niemi, A., Michel, C., Dempsey, M., Eert, J., Reist, J., Williams, W.J. 2015. Physical, chemical and biological oceanographic data from the Beaufort Regional Environmental Assessment: Marine Fishes Project, August-September 2013. Can. Data Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci. 198: vii + 144 p.
  37. Babaluk, J.A., Sawatzky, C.D., Watkinson, D.A., Tate, D.P., Mochnacz, N.J., Reist, J.D. 2015. Distributions of fish species within the South Nahanni River Watershed, Northwest Territories. Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3064: vii + 91 p.
  38. Swanson, H.K., Lysy, M., Power, M., Stasko, A.D., Johnson, J.D., Reist, J.D. 2015. A new probabilistic method for quantifying n-dimensional ecological niches and niche overlap. Ecology 96: 318-324. Accès : http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-0235.1.sm
  39. Tran, L., Reist, J.D., Power, M. 2015. Total mercury concentrations in anadromous Northern Dolly Varden from the northwestern Canadian Arctic: A historical baseline study. Sci. Total Environ. 509-510: 154-164. Accès : http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.04.099