In vitro propagation strategies of medicinally important berry crop, lingonberry (vaccinium vitis-idaea l.)
Debnath, S.C., Arigundam, U. (2020). In vitro propagation strategies of medicinally important berry crop, lingonberry (vaccinium vitis-idaea l.). Agronomy, [online] 10(5), http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10050744
Plain language summary
Lingonberry is a healthy small fruit crop, rich in natural antioxidants. Antioxidants have been linked to reducing the occurrence of many degenerative diseases, including cancer. In vitro propagation or micropropagation be used year round to produce a large number of identical plants in containers with a growth nutrient solution (culture medium). The process is much faster than the conventional method of stem cutting. Liquid culture media in a bioreactor micropropagation system is of significant importance to enhance the plant production rates. The current review provides updated information on lingonberry micropropagation and conventional propagation methods, and their effects on morphological, molecular and biochemical characteristics in micropropagated plants.
Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.) is a health-promoting small fruit crop rich in antioxidant metabolites that helps to reduce the incidence of degenerative diseases. Being heterozygous, lingonberries cannot preserve genetic characteristics through seed propagation. Conventional vegetative propagation, although it produces true-to-type plants, is not economically viable. In vitro propagation can multiply plants much faster than conventional methods. A liquid cultures system under a bioreactor micropropagation system is of significant importance to increase the multiplication rates of in vitro-produced shoots. Enhanced vegetative growth and variation in biochemical constituents are observed in micropropagated plants. Clonal fidelity, although it may be a serious problem for commercial micropropagation, can be verified efficiently by molecular markers. The current review provides detailed and updated information on lingonberry micropropagation along with conventional methods and their effects on morphological, molecular and biochemical characteristics in micropropagated plants, filling the gap in literature.