Treatment of feces from beef cattle fed the enteric methane inhibitor 3-nitrooxypropanol


Nkemka, V.N., Beauchemin, K.A., Hao, X. (2019). Treatment of feces from beef cattle fed the enteric methane inhibitor 3-nitrooxypropanol. Water Science and Technology, [online] 80(3), 437-447.

Plain language summary

The 3-nitrooxypropanol is a effective feed additive in reducing enteric methane emission, but also had no effect on biogas yield when resulting manure are anaerobically digested.


The study evaluated the residual effect of the known enteric methane inhibitor 3-nitrooxypropanol (3NOP) on anaerobic digestion of cattle feces (feces) in a CH4 potential batch test and two consecutive runs of an anaerobic leach bed reactor at a solids retention time of 40 days. The feces used in this study were collected from beef cattle fed forage- (backgrounding) or grain- (finishing) based diets supplemented with 3NOP in feedlot and metabolism studies. The results showed that CH4 yields were not significantly different from treatments using control feces and feces collected from cattle fed a diet supplemented with 3NOP in both CH4 potential and leach bed studies. Spiking feces with 200 mg 3NOP kg-1 dry matter decreased CH4 production rate by 8.0-18.1% estimated from the Gompertz equation, increased the lag phase time (0.4-3.4 d) in all the treatments, while there was no significant difference in the overall CH4 yield. Results from this study showed that 3NOP can be used as an effective enteric CH4 inhibitor with no residual effect on anaerobic digestion.

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