Sustainable agro-food industrial wastewater treatment using high rate anaerobic process
Rajagopal, R., Saady, N.M.C., Torrijos, M., Thanikal, J.V., and Hung, Y.-T. (2013). "Sustainable agro-food industrial wastewater treatment using high rate anaerobic process.", Water, 5(1), pp. 292-311. doi : 10.3390/w5010292
This review article compiles the various advances made since 2008 in sustainable high-rate anaerobic technologies with emphasis on their performance enhancement when treating agro-food industrial wastewater. The review explores the generation and characteristics of different agro-food industrial wastewaters; the need for and the performance of high rate anaerobic reactors, such as an upflow anaerobic fixed bed reactor, an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor, hybrid systems etc.; operational challenges, mass transfer considerations, energy production estimation, toxicity, modeling, technology assessment and recommendations for successful operation. © 2013 by the authors.