Soybean CCA1-like MYB transcription factor GmMYB133 modulates isoflavonoid biosynthesis


Bian, S., Li, R., Xia, S., Liu, Y., Jin, D., Xie, X., Dhaubhadel, S., Zhai, L., Wang, J., Li, X. (2018). Soybean CCA1-like MYB transcription factor GmMYB133 modulates isoflavonoid biosynthesis. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (BBRC), [online] 507(1-4), 324-329.

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This publication describes the possible role of GmMYB133 in the regulation of isoflavonoid levels in soybean seeds.


MYB transcription factors play important roles in the regulation of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis. However, the knowledge regarding the roles of CCA1-like MYBs in phenylpropanoid pathway is limited in plants. Previously, we identified 54 CCA1-like proteins in soybean. In the study, a CCA1-like MYB (GmMYB133) was functionally characterized as a positive regulator in isoflavonoid synthesis. GmMYB133 encodes a 330 aa protein featured with one CCA1 conserved motif. Further analysis indicated that the expression pattern of GmMYB133 was near-perfectly correlated with isoflavonoid accumulation as soybean embryos develop. GmMYB133 over-expression promoted the expression of two key isoflavonoid biosynthetic genes (GmCHS8 and GmIFS2) and increased total isoflavonoid content in hairy roots. Protein-protein interaction assays indicated that GmMYB133 might form hetero- and homodimers with an isoflavonoid regulator GmMYB176 and itself, respectively, while the subcellular localization of GmMYB133 can be altered by its interaction with 14-3-3 protein. These findings provided new insights into the functional roles of CCA1-like MYB proteins in the regulation of phenylpropanoid pathway, and will contribute to the future genetic engineering in the improvement of soybean seed quality.

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