Potential of mapping soil moisture by combining radar backscatter modeling and PolSAR decomposition
Merzouki, A., McNairn, H., and Pacheco, A. (2011). "Potential of mapping soil moisture by combining radar backscatter modeling and PolSAR decomposition.", International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), pp. 4419-4422. doi : 10.1109/igarss.2010.5652116
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the capability of the Oh backscattering model in combination with the Freeman Durden decomposition to estimate soil moisture over agricultural fields from fully polarimetric RADARSAT-2 C-band SAR responses. Initially, soil moisture multi-polarization retrieval was accomplished by using a look-up table (LUT) approach applied to the Oh model. Two methods were considered: the multi-polarization method and the one-unknown configuration. Of the two methods, results showed that the HH-HV inversion provided the best estimates. In the second phase, the Freeman Durden decomposition was applied to the polarimetric data. The conceptual approach for retrieving soil moisture using the surface scattering component of the total power was implemented in a LUT inversion. The algorithm attempts to minimize the difference between measured single scattering power obtained by applying the Freeman Durden decomposition and simulated total power using Oh model. When compared with the multi-polarization approach, this polarimetry-based method improves the accuracy of soil moisture estimates. © 2010 Crown.