Paraphyletic genus Ditylenchus Filipjev (Nematoda, Tylenchida), corresponding to the D. triformis-group and the D. dipsaci-group scheme
Qiao, Y., Yu, Q., Badiss, A., Zaidi, M.A., Ponomareva, E., Hu, Y., Ye, W. (2016). Paraphyletic genus Ditylenchus Filipjev (Nematoda, Tylenchida), corresponding to the D. triformis-group and the D. dipsaci-group scheme. ZooKeys, [online] 2016(568), 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.568.5965
The genus Ditylenchus has been divided into 2 groups: the D. triformis-group, and the D. dipsaci-group based on morphological and biological characters. A total of 18 populations belong to 5 species of Ditylenchus was studied: D. africanus, D. destructor, D. myceliophagus and dipsaci, D. weischeri, the first 3 belong to the D. triformis-group, the last 2 the D. dipsaci-group. The species of D. triformis-group were cultured on fungi, while the species from D. dispaci-group cultured on excised roots of plant hosts in petri dish. DNA sequences of regions of the nuclear ribosomal first internal transcribed spacer (ITS1) and the small subunit 18S were PCR amplified, sequenced and the phylogenetic analyses also including the sequences of the closely related species from the GenBank. The randomly amplified polymorphisms of genomic DNA (RAPD) were also generated. Two clusters or clades corresponding to the 2 groups were consistently observed with significant statistical support from the 3 datasets. The phylogenetic analysis also revealed that the genus is paraphyletic, separating the 2 groups by species of Anguina and Subanguina.