Interaction between vitamin B<inf>6</inf> and source of selenium on the response of the selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase system to oxidative stress induced by oestrus in pubertal pig
Dalto, D.B., Roy, M., Audet, I., Palin, M.F., Guay, F., Lapointe, J., Matte, J.J. (2015). Interaction between vitamin B6 and source of selenium on the response of the selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase system to oxidative stress induced by oestrus in pubertal pig. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, [online] 32 21-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2015.05.002
This study aimed to assess the interaction between vitamin B6 and selenium (Se) for the flow of Se towards the Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPX) system in response to oxidative stress naturally induced by oestrus in a pubertal pig model. At first oestrus, forty-five gilts were randomly assigned to the experimental diets (n=9/group): basal diet (CONT); CONT+0.3mg/kg of Na-selenite (MSeB60); MSeB60+10mg/kg of HCl-B6 (MSeB610); CONT+0.3mg/kg of Se-enriched yeast (OSeB60); and OSeB60+10mg/kg of HCl-B6 (OSeB610). Blood samples were collected at each oestrus (long-term profiles), and daily from day -4 to +3 (slaughter) of the fourth oestrus (peri-oestrus profiles) after which liver, kidneys, and ovaries were collected. For long-term profiles, CONT had lower blood Se than Se-supplemented gilts (p<0.01) and OSe was higher than MSe (p<0.01). Lower erythrocyte pyridoxal-5-phosphate was found in B60 than B610 (p<0.01). No treatment effect was observed on GPX activity. For peri-oestrus profiles, treatment effects were similar to long-term profiles. Treatment effects on liver Se were similar to those for long-term blood Se profiles and OSe had higher renal Se concentrations than MSe gilts (p<0.01). Gene expressions of GPX1, GPX3, GPX4, and selenocysteine lyase in liver and kidney were greatest in OSeB610 gilts (p<0.05). These results suggest that dietary B6 modulate the metabolic pathway of OSe towards the GPX system during the peri-oestrus period in pubertal pigs.