Fungicide: modes of action and possible impact on non-target microorganisms - Review Article
Yang, C., Hamel, C., Vujanovic, V., and Gan, Y.T. (2011). "Fungicide: modes of action and possible impact on non-target microorganisms - Review Article", ISRN Ecology, 2011(Article ID 130289), pp. 8 pages. doi : 10.5402/2011/130289
Fungicides have been used widely in order to control fungal diseases and increase crop production. However, the effects of fungicides on microorganisms other than fungi remain unclear. The modes of action of fungicides were never well classified and presented, making difficult to estimate their possible nontarget effects. In this paper, the action modes and effects of fungicides targeting cell membrane components, protein synthesis, signal transduction, respiration, cell mitosis, and nucleic acid synthesis were classified, and their effects on nontarget microorganisms were reviewed. Modes of action and potential non-target effects on soil microorganisms should be considered in the selection of fungicide in order to protect the biological functions of soil and optimize the benefits derived from fungicide use in agricultural systems.