First record of Trichodorus primitivus (de Man, 1880) Micoletzky, 1922 and morphological and molecular identification of Longidorus elongatus (de Man, 1876) Micoletzky, 1922 from Canada.
Pedram, M., Niknam, G., Robbins, R.T., Decraeme, W., Ye, W., and Yu, Q. (2010). "First record of Trichodorus primitivus (de Man, 1880) Micoletzky, 1922 and morphological and molecular identification of Longidorus elongatus (de Man, 1876) Micoletzky, 1922 from Canada.", Plant Disease, 94(6), pp. 782. (Abstract)
During July 2008, sandy loam soil samples were collected near the rhizosphere of Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) at a depth of 15 to 20 cm from Caledonia Park, Toronto, Canada. Samples were suspended in water and nematodes were collected on sieves with 250- and 74-μm openings. Among the nematodes recovered were one species of Longidorus Micoletzky, 1922 (4) and one species of Trichodorus Cobb, 1913. The Trichodorus species (2), was identified as T. primitivus (de Man, 1880) Micoletzky, 1922, in which females have rod-like sclerotized pieces parallel to the vagina lumen, each with dimensions of 3.1 × 1.2 μm and at a distance of 2 to 3 μm from each other; and males have spicules with a wide nonoffset capitulum and very narrow blade, three ventromedian cervical papillae (CP), and three precloacal supplements with the anterior one at the level of the capitulum of retracted spicules. Males showed unusual variation in the position of CP2 (i.e., posterior to the onchiostyle region, except for one specimen with CP2 located within the posterior onchiostyle region, which is typical for the species). The morphometric data for nine males are: L, 665 to 805 μm; a, 23.0 to 27.5; b, 3.7 to 5.2; c, 46 to 56; onchiostyle, 47 to 52 μm; and spicules, 32.5 to 40.5 μm. Measurements for 13 females are: L, 630 to 775 μm; a, 20.5 to 24.8; b, 3.5 to 5.5; c, 75.5 to 158.5; and V, 54 to 61%. To our knowledge, this is the first report of T. primitivus in Canada. According to Chen et al. (1), the Longidorus species was identified as L. elongatus (de Man, 1876) Micoletzky, 1922 (3). The morphometric data for females (n = 13) are: L, 5.1 to 6.0 mm; a, 78.5 to 106.5; b, 11.5 to 13.5; c, 86.0 to 120.5; V, 45.5 to 53.0%; odontostyle, 79 to 91 μm; odontophore, 57.5 to 66.5 μm; and tail length, 44.5 to 59.0 μm. Males were not found. Four juvenile stages were identified. J1 (n = 2) with a body length of 1.1, 1.2 mm and replacement/functional odontostyle 59, 59/53.5, 54.5 μm, J2 (n = 2) with L: 1.7, 2.0 mm and replacement/functional odontostyle 62.5, 68.0/58.7 μm, 59.0, J3 (n = 2): L: 2.8, 3.0 mm and replacement/functional odontostyle 76.5, 77/66.5, 67.0 μm and J4 (n = 2) with L: 3.6, 3.8 mm and replacement/functional odontostyle 87.0, 90.5/75.0, 77.5 μm. Due to large morphometric overlap in Longidorus species identification, 2,472 bp of the near full-length 18S and the internal transcribed spacer 1 region of rDNA (Accession No. GU199044) were sequenced. The Blastn search of the partial 18S revealed 100% identity with a population of L. elongatus from Scotland (GenBank No. AY687992, 1,707 bp compared), 99% identity (3 bp difference, 1,707 bp compared) with a population of L. elongatus from Iran (EU503141) and 99% identity (4 bp difference, 1,707 bp compared) with a population of L. elongatus (AF036594, sample location unknown). A Blastn search of the 18S and ITS region revealed only 1 to 3 bp differences with two populations of L. elongatus from Switzerland (AJ549986 and AJ549987) and a population of L. elongatus (AF511417) from Scotland. These molecular data further confirmed the identity of the population from Canada to be L. elongatus.