Effects of catechins on Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of Camellia sinensis
Song, D.P., Feng, L., Rana, M.M., Gao, M.J., Wei, S. (2014). Effects of catechins on Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of Camellia sinensis. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, [online] 119(1), 27-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11240-014-0511-7
In this study, recalcitrance of tea plant (Camellia sinensis) to Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation was investigated with an emphasis on specialized compounds in tea. Chemical constituents in tea leaves and calli were extracted into liquid Luria–Bertani (LB) medium to determine their biological activities on Agrobacterium growth, virulence, and plant transformation efficiency. Compared to the control Agrobacterium grown in LB medium, tea leaf extract containing 6.5 mg mL−1catechins resulted in an 84.6 % reduction of Agrobacterium growth, a 73–36 % suppression of expression for the six virulence (vir) genes, browning of infected tobacco explant wounds, and an absence of transient or stable transformation events. Tea callus extract, containing 0.22 mg mL−1catechins, did not significantly affect Agrobacterium growth or tobacco transgenic hairy root generation, whereas it enhanced the expression of some vir genes. Treatment with authentic catechin mixtures (other than caffeine) dissolved in LB resulted in suppression of Agrobacterium growth, vir gene expression, and tobacco transformation efficiency. Our data suggest that catechins are the key active constituents in tea leaves. Transient transformation efficiencies of tea leaves were much lower than those of tobacco leaves as indicated by the GUS (β-glucuronidase) assay, probably a result of inhibition by the catechins present in tea leaves. Lower transformation efficiencies of tea calli suggested that additional plant factor(s) might also exert inhibitory effects on tea plant transformation. Agrobacterium rhizogenes ATCC 15834 induced transgenic roots from the tea explants with 15–20 % efficiency. Our data suggested catechins inhibition of tea gene transformation could be overcome by using optimized strains of Agrobacterium.