Cattle manure loadings and legacy effects on copper and zinc availability under rainfed and irrigated conditions
Indraratne, S.P., Spengler, M., Hao, X. (2021). Cattle manure loadings and legacy effects on copper and zinc availability under rainfed and irrigated conditions. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, [online] 101(2), 305-316. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjss-2020-0124
Plain language summary
Long term cattle manure applications build up nutrient pools and can lead to trace element enrichments in soils. our data collected over 45 years suggests long legacy effects with recovery time to pre-manure levels ranging from 10-20 years for Cu and 23-41 years for Zn under irrigated and 10-24 for Cu and 21-32 years for Zn under rainfed conditions. Thus, long-term applications of cattle manure at high rate will lead to accumulation of Cu and Zn in soil, creating long-lasting effect and pose increasing environmental risk of leaching to groundwater.
© 2021, Agricultural Institute of Canada. All rights reserved.Long-term cattle manure applications build up nutrient pools and can lead to trace element enrichments in soils. The objectives of this study were to evaluate copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) loadings in the soil during continuous annual cattle manure applications and determine the time required for soil to return to its pre-manure available Cu and Zn levels after manure is discontinued. The manure application rates were 0, 30, 60, and 90 Mg ha-1 for rainfed and 0, 60,120, and 180 Mg ha-1 (wet weight) for irrigated plots. Although manure was applied for 45 yr in some plots, applications were terminated in one subset of treatments after 14 yr and in another subset after 30 yr to study legacy effects after 31 and 15 yr, respectively. Soil samples were collected in the fall of 2003, 2008, 2013, and 2018 and analyzed for available Cu and Zn. Crops were grown in all years continuously with Cu and Zn concentrations measured in both silage and grains harvested. The regression model developed using data collected suggests long legacy effects with recovery time to pre-manure levels ranging from 10 to 20 yr for Cu and 23 to 41 yr for Zn at irrigated and 10-24 for Cu and 21-32 yr for Zn under rainfed, respectively. Long-term applications of cattle manure could lead to accumulation of Cu and Zn, creating long-lasting legacy effects in soils with the increased environmental risk of leaching to groundwater.