Xueming Yang, Ph. D.
Dr. Xueming Yang is a research scientist in the AAFC Harrow Research and Development Centre where he studies soil health with special intereste in the relationships between agronomic management practices (tillage, rotation, cover cropping) and soil carbon and nitrogen charateristics and dynamics.
Current research and/or projects
ASC-13 Organic Cluster Activity 4 - Efficacy of two cover crop use in an organic soybean-winter wheat-corn rotation in nitrogen supply and biodiversity maintenance
Evergreen farming in southern Ontario: more effective use of cover crops in rotations involving corn, soybean, or winter wheat
The development of Fourier-transformation infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) as a tool to assess and identify soil quality under best management practices (BMP’s).
Professional activities / interests
- conservation tillage practices and soil quality
- soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics
- soil organic carbon and nitrogen modeling
- soil organic carbon fractionation
- soil organic carbon sequestration
- soil organic carbon distribution on landscape
- organic amendments, composts and manure
- crop rotations, cover crops
Education and awards
- B.S.: Jilin Agricultural University, China.
- M.S.: Shenyang Agricultural University, China.
- PhD: University of Illinois at Urbana-Chaimpaign, USA
International experience and/or work
Worked as an teaching assistant, lecturer and associated professor at Jilin Agricultural University from 1982-1995.
ZHAO, N., YANG, X., HUANG, G., LÜ, Y., ZHANG, J., FAN, Y., DRURY, C.F., YANG, X. (2021). Chemical and spectroscopic characteristics of humic acid from a clay loam soil in Ontario after 52 years of consistent fertilization and crop rotation, 31(1), 204-213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(20)60019-42021 - View publication details
Miller, J.J., Owen, M.L., Hao, X., Yang, X.M., Drury, C.F., Chanasyk, D.S. (2021). Influence of continuous application of feedlot manure and legacy treatments on soil organic carbon, soil hydrophobicity, and soil water repellency, 101(3), 439-451. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjss-2020-00742021 - View publication details
Liu, S., Fan, R., Yang, X., Zhang, Z., Zhang, X., Liang, A. (2019). Decomposition of maize stover varies with maize type and stover management strategies: A microcosm study on a Black soil (Mollisol) in northeast China, 234 226-236. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.01.0082019 - View publication details
Yang, J.Y., Drury, C., Yang, X.M. 2019. Modelling Ammonia Emission from Nitrogen Fertilizer to Canadian Farmland from 1981-2016. Poster presentation In: SSSA International Soils Meeting, San Diego California 2019/01/06 - 2019/01/09.2019 - View publication details
Yang, J.Y., Yang, X.M., Drury, C.F., Liu, S. 2019. Simulating maize yield and soil inorganic N dynamics in South Ontario using the DSSAT model. Oral presentation In: SSSA International Soils Meeting, Jan. 6-9, 2019, in San Diego, California2019 - View publication details
Fan, R., Yang, X., Drury, C.F., Zhang, Z. (2018). Curve-fitting techniques improve the mid-infrared analysis of soil organic carbon: a case study for Brookston clay loam particle-size fractions, 8(1), http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-30704-22018 - View publication details
Xueming Yang et al. 2018. Legume cover crop: a satisfactory organic N source for grain corn in S Ontario. 17th World Fertilizer Congress, Shenyang, China, Sept 2-7, 2018.2018 - View publication details
Yang, J.Y., Drury, C.F., Yang, X.M. 2018. Simulating ammonia emission from fertilizer application to Canadian farmland. Oral presentation In: 9th international congress on Environmental Modelling and Software. Fort Collins, Colorado 2018/06/25-2018/06/292018 - View publication details
Yang, J.Y., Drury, C.F., Yang, X.M. 2018. Simulating Reactive Nitrogen in Canadian Farmland from 1981 to 2011. Oral Presentation In: The 9/t/h International Congress on Environmental Modelling and Software Fort Collins Colorado 2018/0625 - 2018/06/29.2018 - View publication details
Xueming Yang, Craig Drury, Dan Reynolds, Jingyi Yang, Mary-Anne Reeb. Winter-hardy legumes: important non-fertilizer N sources for corn in soybean-wheat-corn rotation. 2018 Joint Meeting of the CGU-CSSS-CIG-CSAFM-ESSSA, June 10-14, 2018, Niagara Falls, ON.2018 - View publication details
Zhang, L., Yang, X., Drury, C., Chantigny, M., Gregorich, E., Miller, J., Bittman, S., Dan Reynolds, W., Yang, J. (2018). Infrared spectroscopy estimation methods for water-dissolved carbon and amino sugars in diverse Canadian agricultural soils, 98(3), 484-499. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjss-2018-00272018 - View publication details
Canadian Society of Soil Science Annual Meeting 2017 June 10 - June 14, 2017 | Peterborough, Ontario2017 - View publication details
Yang, J.Y., Drury, C.F., Yang, X.M., Reid, K. 2017. Developing a fertilizer and manure nitrogen database for crops in Canada. Oral presentation In: 2017 Annual Meeting of Canadian Society of Soil Science, The Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario 2017/06/10 - 2017/06/142017 - View publication details
Reynolds, W.D., Drury, C.F., Yang, X.M. and Phillips, L.A. 2017. On the description and determination of soil water field capacity. Oral Presentation to: Canadian Society of Soil Science, Annual Meetings, June 10-14, 2017, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada2017 - View publication details
Soybean-winter_wheat-corn rotation is common for in humid s-Ontario. The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) how much nitrogen can be scavenged in legume cover crop; (2) what is the contribution of cover crop nitrogen to the yield of following corn. The cover crops were planted into the soil after winter wheat harvest, including Crimson clover (CC), hairy vetch (HV), red clover (RC), a non-cover crop conventional control (CKC) and a non-cover crop organic control (CKO). This study (2013-2016) was arranged in a randomized complete block design with 4 replicates on a sandy loam. No synthetic nitrogen fertilizer was added to the cover crop and CKO plots. One set of cover crop biomass samples were collected at the first killing-frost and another set was collected in following year before corn planting. At freeze-up, the amounts of total nitrogen in aboveground biomass were 126, 123, and 76 kg/ha, respectively, in CC, HV and RC treatments. The nitrogen contents in plant aboveground biomass changed to 104, 283 and 180 kg/ha in CC, HV, and RC plots before corn planting. The corn grain yields (3 year average) were 14525 kg/ha for the CKC and only 6181 kg/ha for the CKO. In comparison, the corn grain yields were 11762, 12765, and 12282 kg/ha for the CC, HV RC treatments, respectively. Without the use of synthetic N fertilizer, growing CC in the fallow seasons after winter wheat attained 81% of the corn grain yield of the CKC and growing HV and RC gained 88% and 86%, respectively, of the corn grain yield in the CKC achieved which received 160 kg N/ha. The CC, HV and RC can deliver significant amount of N to corn and the HV and RC performed better than the CC in term of N benefits to corn yield.2017 - View publication details
Xueming Yang, Craig Drury, Dan Reynolds, Jingyi Yang, Mary-Anne Reeb. 2017. Winter-hardy legumes deliver significant amounts of N to organic corn on a sandy loam soil in southern Ontario. 2017 Guelph Organic Conference Guelph 2017/01/26 - 2017/01/29. http://guelphorganicconf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/GOC-Sat-Sun-brochure-schedule-2.pdf.2017 - View publication details
Drury, C.F., Yang, J., DeJong, R., Huffman, E.C., Reid, K., Yang, X.M., Bittman, S., and Desjardins, R.L. (2016). "Residual Soil Nitrogen Indicator.", in Clearwater, R.L., Martin, T. and Hoppe, T. (eds.) - Environmental sustainability of Canadian agriculture: Agri-environmental indicator report series -- Report #4, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Chapter 11, pp. 115-120.2016 - View publication details
Cheng, S., Wang, L., Fang, H., Yu, G., Yang, X., Li, X., Si, G., Geng, J., He, S., Yu, G. (2016). Nonlinear responses of soil nitrous oxide emission to multi-level nitrogen enrichment in a temperate needle-broadleaved mixed forest in Northeast China, 147 556-563. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2016.08.0102016 - View publication details
Zhang, S., Cui, S., Gong, X., Chang, L., Jia, S., Yang, X., Wu, D., Zhang, X. (2016). Effects of gamma irradiation on soil biological communities and C and N pools in a clay loam soil, 108 352-360. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.09.0072016 - View publication details
Reynolds, W.D. 2017. Use of bimodal hydraulic property relationships to characterize soil physical quality. Geoderma 294, 38-492016 - View publication details
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- Harrow Research and Development Centre, AAFC, Harrow, Ontario
- Adjunct professor, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agro-ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences