Sandy McFarlane

Research Scientist
Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Current research and/or projects

Sandy McFarlane's research centers on determining and refining biological parameters (age, growth, mortality, etc.) used in stock assessments; examining climatic and oceanic factors influencing the dynamics (particularly year-class success) of marine fish; and the physical, biological and fisheries oceanographic linkages of large marine ecosystems. Previously, he was head of the Marine Fish Population Dynamics Section (1992-2000) and the Groundfish Research Section (1985-1991) at PBS.

Mr. McFarlane has for many years been a member and advisor to international negotiating teams (INPFC; Can/U.S. Groundfish Committee; PICES; Pacific Hake Scientific Working Group) and has participated in the development and conduct of international research programs. In addition, he has authored over 80 primary publications concerning the biology and assessment of marine resources as well as over 100 technical publications directly related to stock assessments of Pacific marine fishes.

Key publications

  1. Beamish, R.J., G.A. McFarlane and J.R. King. 2005. Migratory patterns of pelagic fishes and possible linkages between open and coastal ecosystems off the Pacific coast. In S. McKinnell and G. McFarlane ( eds.). Linking open ocean to coastal ecosystems. Deep Sea Res. II: 52(5-6)739-756.
  2. Aydin.K.Y., G.A. McFarlane, J.R.King, B.A. Megrey and K.W.Myers. 2005. Linking oceanic foodwebs to coastal production and growth rates of Pacific salmon( Oncorhychus spp.), using models on three scales. IN. S McKinnell and G. McFarlane ( eds.). Linking open ocean to coastal ecosystems. Deep Sea Res.II:52(5-6)757-780.
  3. McFarlane, G. A., J.R. King. 2003. Migration dynamics of Spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias). In the North Pacific Ocean. Fish. Bull. 101(2): 358-367.
  4. King, J.R., and G.A. McFarlane. 2003. Marine fish life history strategies: applications to fishery management. Fish. Man. and Ecology 10:249-264.
  5. McFarlane, G.A., P.E. Smith, T.R. Baumgartner and J. R. Hunter. 2002. Climate variability and Pacific sardine populations and fisheries. Am. Fish. Soc. Sym. 32: 195-214.
  6. Benson, A.J., G.A. McFarlane, S.E. Allen and J.F. Dower. 2002. Changes in Pacific hake (Merluccius productus) migration patterns and juvenile growth related to the 1989 regime shift. Can. J. Fish. Aqua. Sci. 59: 1969-1979.
  7. McFarlane, G.A., J.R. King and M.W. Saunders. 2002. Preliminary study on the use of neural arches in the age determination of bluntnose sixgill sharks (Hexanchus griseus). Fish. Bull. 100: 861-864.
  8. King, J.R., G.A. McFarlane and R.J. Beamish. 2001. Incorporating the dynamics of marine systems into the stock assessment and management of sablefish. In Pacific Climate Variability and Marine Ecosystem. Impacts from the Tropics to the Arctic. McKinnell, S.M., Brodeur, R.D., Hanawa, K., Hollowed, A.B., Polovina, J.J. & Zhang, C.-I. [eds.]. Prog. Oceangr.
  9. McFarlane, G.A., and J.R. King. 2001. The validity of the fin-ray method of age determination for lingcod (Ophiodon elongatus). Fishery Bulletin 99(3): 459-464.
  10. McFarlane, G.A., J.R. King, and R.J. Beamish. 2000. Have there been recent changes in climate? Ask the fish. Prog. in Oceanography. 47(2-4): 147-169.
  11. King, J.R., G.A. McFarlane and R.J. Beamish. 2000. Decadal scale patterns in the relative year class success of sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria). Fish. Oceangr. 9: 62-70
  12. Beamish, R.J., D. J. Noakes, G.A. McFarlane, W. Pinnix, R. Sweeting and J. King. 2000. Trends in coho marine survival in relation to the regime concept. Fish. Oceanogr. 9(1): 114-119
  13. Beamish, R.J, G.A. McFarlane and J.R. King. 2000. Fisheries Climatology: Understanding the Interannual and Decadal Scale Processes that Regulate British Columbia Fish Populations Naturally. p. 94-139 In T. Parsons and P. Harrison [eds.]. Fisheries Oceanography: An Integrative Approach to Fisheries Ecology and Management. Blackwell Science Ltd.
  14. Beamish, R. J., D. Noakes, G. A. McFarlane, L. Klyashtorin, V. V. Ivanov, and V. Kurashov. 1999. The regime concept and natural trends in the production of Pacific salmon. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56: 516 – 526.
  15. Beamish, R. J., G. A. McFarlane, and R. E. Thomson. 1999. Recent declines in the recreational catch of coho salmon in the Strait of Georgia are related to climate. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56: 506 – 515.
  16. McFarlane, G. A., and R. J. Beamish. 1998. Sardines return to British Columbia waters. Proc. of 7th annual PICES meeting. PICES Sci. Rep. No. 10.
  17. Beamish, R. J., and G. A. McFarlane. 1998. Applying ecosystem management to fisheries in the Strait of Georgia. Lowell Wakefield Symposium Series.
  18. McFarlane, G. A., M. W. Saunders, R. E. Thomson, and R. I. Perry. 1997. Distribution and abundance of larval sablefish, Anaplopoma fimbria, off the west coast of Vancouver Island, and linkages to physical oceanography, p. 27-38. In M. E. Wilkins and M. W. Saunders [eds.]. Biology and Management of Sablefish, Anaplopoma fimbria, International Symposium on the Biology and Management of Sablefish, Seattle, Washington, 13-15 April, 1993. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 130.
  19. McFarlane, G. A., and M. W. Saunders, 1997. Fecundity of Pacific hake (Merluccius productus) for three stocks off the west coast of North America. CalCOFI Rep. 38: 114-119.
  20. McFarlane, G. A., D. M. Ware, R. E. Thomson, D. L. Mackas, and C. L. K. Robinson. 1997. Physical, biological and fisheries oceanography of a large ecosystem (west coast of Vancouver Island) and implications for management, p. 191-200. In G. Bachelet and J. Castel [eds.]. Long-Term Changes in Marine Ecosystems. Oceanologica ACTA 20.
  21. McFarlane, G. A., and M. W. Saunders. 1997. Dispersion of juvenile sablefish (Anaplopoma fimbria) as indicated by tagging in Canadian waters, p. 137-150. In M. E. Wilkins and M. W. Saunders [eds.]. Biology and Management of Sablefish, Anaplopoma fimbria, International Symposium on the Biology and Management of Sablefish, Seattle, Washington, 13-15 April, 1993. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 130.
  22. McFarlane, G. A., R. J. Beamish, and L. M. Zverkova. 1996. An examination of age estimates of walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) from the Sea of Okhotsk using the burnt otolith method and implications for stock assessment and management. Proceedings of the Workshop on the Okhotsk Sea and Adjacent Areas, PICES Scientific Report No. 6.
  23. Ware, D. M., and G. A. McFarlane. 1995. Climate induced changes in hake abundance and pelagic community interactions in the Vancouver Island upwelling system. p. 509-521. In R. J. Beamish [ed.] Climate change and northern fish populations. Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 121.
  24. McFarlane, G. A., and R. J. Beamish. 1995. Validation of the otolith x-section method of age determination for sablefish (Anaplopoma fimbria) using oxytetracycline, p. 319-329. In D. H. Sector, S. E. Campana , and J. M. Dean [eds.]. Recent developments in fish otolith research. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, South Carolina.
  25. Beamish, R. J., and G. A. McFarlane. 1995. A discussion of the importance of ageing errors, and an application to walleye pollock: the world’s largest fishery, p. 545-565. In D. H. Sector, S. E. Campana, and J. M. Dean [eds.]. Recent developments in fish otolith research. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, South Carolina.
  26. McFarlane, G. A., and R. J. Beamish. 1992. Climatic influence linking copepod production with strong year-classes in sablefish, Anaplopoma fimbria. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 19: 743-753.
  27. McFarlane, G. A., J. O. T. Jensen, W. T. Andrews, and E. P. Groot. 1991. Egg and yolk sac larval development of Pacific halibut, Hippoglossus stenolepis. IPHC Tech. Rep. No. 24: 22p.
  28. McFarlane, G. A., R. S. Wydoski, and E. O. Prince. 1990. A historical review of the development of external tags and marks. In Proc. of International Tagging Symposium. Am. Fish. Soc. Sym. 7: 9-29.
  29. McFarlane, G. A., and R. J. Beamish. 1990. The effect of an external tag on growth, mortality and age at maturity of sablefish, Anaplopoma fimbria, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 47: 1551-1557.
  30. McFarlane, G. A., and R. J. Beamish. 1990. An examination of age determination structures of walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma, from five stocks in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. INPFC Bull. No. 50: 37-56.
  31. Ware, D. M., and G. A. McFarlane. 1989. Fisheries production domains in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. p. 359-379. In R. J. Beamish and G. A. McFarlane [eds.]. Effects of ocean variability on recruitment and an evaluation of parameters used in stock assessment models. Can. Spec. Pub. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 108.