Robert Devlin

Research Scientist

Director, Centre for Aquatic Biotechnology Regulatory Research (CABRR)

Current research and/or projects

A recent focus of my research has been the application of molecular and general genetics and genomics to questions in salmonid biology, with a focus on environmental risk assessment of genetically distinct finfish and evaluation of the genetic basis of domestication.

Research and/or project statements

Specific projects include:

  1. Production of transgenic salmonids with enhanced production traits for growth and feed-conversion efficiency, disease resistance, and flesh quality, with an emphasis on providing objective scientific information from which the potential and the risks associated with this technology may be evaluated;
  2. Development of sensitive and specific molecular diagnostic assays for genetic sex (Y-probes), stress and pollution-response markers, and several specific parasitic pathogens that infect wild and farmed salmonids;
  3. Evaluation of the genetic basis of domestication in salmonids;
  4. Determining the genetic relationship among species and strains of salmonids, and application of variable molecular markers to quantitative traits (e.g. precocious maturation) for breeding purposes;
  5. Developmentand evaluation of biological containment methodologies.

Education and awards


  • B.Sc. Zoology (1978), University of British Columbia
  • Ph.D. Zoology (1984), University of British Columbia



Key publications

Primary (journal) publications:  (186)

Lehnert SJ, Heath DD, Devlin RH, Pitcher TE. 2016. Post-spawning sexual selection in red and white Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Behavioural Ecology (in press)

White SL, Volkoff H, Devlin RH. 2016. Regulation of feeding behavior and food intake by appetite-regulating peptides in wild-type and growth hormone-transgenic coho salmon.  Hormones and Behaviour (in press).

Leggatt RA, Sundström LF, Vandersteen WE, and Devlin RH. 2016. Alternate Directed Anthropogenic Shifts in Genotype Result in Different Ecological Outcomes in Coho Salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch Fry. PLOS ONE (in press).

Lehnert SJ, Pitcher TE, Devlin RH, Heath DD. 2016. Red and white Chinook salmon: genetic divergence and mate choice. Mol. Ecol. (in press).

Kim JH, Leong JS, Koop BF, Devlin RH. 2016. Multi-tissue transcriptome profiles for coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch), a species undergoing rediploidization following whole-genome duplication. Marine Genomics: DOI: 10.1016/j.margen.2015.11.008

Pauliny A, Devlin RH, Johnsson JI, Blomqvist D. 2015. Rapid growth accelerates telomere attrition in a transgenic fish. BMC Evol. Biol. 15:159 DOI: 10.1186/s12862-015-0436-8.

Kim JH, Leggatt RA, Chan M, Volkoff H, Devlin RH. 2015. Effects of chronic growth hormone overexpression on appetite regulating brain gene expression in coho salmon. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. 413, 178-188.

Sundström, L.F., Lõhmus, M, and Devlin, R. H. 2016. Gene-environment interactions influence feeding and anti-predator behaviour in wild and transgenic coho salmon.  Evolutionary Applications 26: 67–76.

Devlin RH, Sundstrom LF and Leggatt RA. 2015. Assessing Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences of Growth-Accelerated Genetically Engineered Fishes. BioScience: doi: 10.1093/biosci/biv068

Chen Z, Devlin RH and Farrell AP. 2015. Upper thermal tolerance of wild-type, domesticated and growth-hormone transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). J. Fish Biol. 87, 763–773.

Muttray AF, Sakhrani D, Withler RE, Devlin RH.  2015. Low Variation in a Y-Chromosomal Growth Hormone Pseudogene Relative to its Functional Autosomal Progenitor Gene in Chinook Salmon. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 144: 1029-1039.

Garcia de la serrana D, Devlin RH, Johnston IA. 2015. RNAseq analysis of fast skeletal muscle in restriction-fed transgenic Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): an experimental model uncoupling the growth hormone and nutritional signals regulating growth. BMC Genomics (in press).

Sundström, L.F., Lõhmus, M, and Devlin, R. H. 2015. Accuracy of non-molecular identification of growth hormone transgenic coho salmon post simulated escape. Ecological Applications (in press)

Abernathy J, Panserat S, Welker T, Plagne-Juan E, Sakhrani D, Higgs DA, Audouin F, Devlin RH, Overturf K. 2015. Growth Hormone Overproduction Alters Body Composition and Metabolism-related Gene Expression in Response to Food Shortage. Marine Biotechnology: DOI 10.1007/s10126-015-9654-8.

Chen Z, Snow M, Lawrence CS, Church AR, Narum SR, Devlin RH and Farrell AP. 2015. Selection for upper thermal tolerance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum).  J. Exp. Biol. 218, 803-812 doi:10.1242/jeb.113993.

Crossin, G.T, Sundström, L.F., Vandersteen, W.E., Devlin, R.H. 2015. Early life-history consequences of growth-hormone transgenesis in rainbow trout reared in stream ecosystem mesocosms. PLOS ONE DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0120173

Friesen, E.N., Higgs, D.A and Devlin, R.H. 2015. Flesh nutritional content of growth hormone transgenic and non-transgenic coho salmon compared to various species of farmed and wild salmon. Aquaculture 437: 318-326.

Kim, J-H., White, S.L., and Devlin, R.H. 2014. Interaction of growth hormone overexpression and nutritional status on pituitary gland clock gene expression in coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Chronobiology International DOI: 10.3109/07420528.2014.958160.

Li, L., Pitcher, T.J., and Devlin, R.H. 2014.  Potential risks of trophic impacts by escaped transgenic salmon in marine environments. Environ. Conserv. doi:10.1017/S0376892914000319

Leggatt, R.A., Hollo, T., Vandersteen, W.E., McFarlane, K., Goh, B., Prevost, J., and Devlin, R.H. 2014. Rearing in seawater mesocosms improves the spawning performance of growth hormone transgenic and wild-type coho salmon. PloS One: 9, e105377.

Kodama, M.,  Brieuc, M.S.O., Devlin, RH, Hard, J.J.,  and Naish, K.A. 2014. Comparative mapping between coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and three other salmonids suggests a role for chromosomal rearrangements in the retention of duplicated regions following a whole genome duplication event. G3, Genes, Genomes and Genetics, doi:10.1534/g3.114.012294

Johnston, I.A., Garcia de la serrana, D. and Devlin, R.H.. 2014. Muscle fibre size optimisation provides flexibility to energy budgeting in calorie-restricted Coho salmon transgenic for growth hormone. J. Exp. Biol. 217, 3392-3395.

Martens, M.T., Alexander J. Wall, A.J., Pyle, G.G., Wasylenko, B.A., Dew, W.A., Devlin, R.H., Blanchfield, P.J. 2014. Growth and feeding efficiency of wild and aquaculture genotypes of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) common to Lake Huron, Canada. J. Great Lakes Res. 40: 377–384.

Panserat, S., Biju Sam Kamalam, B.S., Fournier, J., Plagnes-Juan, E., Woodward, K., and Devlin, R.H. 2014. Glucose metabolic gene expression in growth hormone transgenic coho salmon. Comp. Physiol. Bioch. Part A, 170 (2014) 38–45.

Devlin, R.H., Sakhrani, D., Biagi, C.A, Smith, J.L., Fujimoto, T. and Beckman, B.R.  2014. Growth and endocrine effect of growth hormone transgene dosage in diploid and triploid coho salmon. Gen Comp. Endocrinol. 196: 112–122

Devlin, R.H., Sakhrani, D., White, S., and Overturf, K. 2013. Effects of domestication and growth hormone transgenesis on mRNA profiles in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). J. Animal Sci. 11: 5247-58.

Sundström, L.F., Vandersteen, W.E., Lõhmus, M., and Devlin, R.H. 2013. Growth-enhanced coho salmon invading other salmon species populations: effects on early survival and growth. J. Appl. Ecol. 51, 82–89.

White, S.L., Sakhrani, D., Danzmann, R.G., and Devlin, R.H. 2013. Influence of developmental stage and genotype on liver mRNA levels among wild, domesticated, and hybrid rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).  BMC Genomics 14:673-689.

Nakano, T., Devlin, RH, Afonso, LOB, Beckman, BR, and Iwama, GK. 2013. Physiological stress modulates mRNA expressions of growth-related genes in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). PLOS One 8(8): e71421. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071421.

Kim, J.-H., Balfry, S., and Robert H. Devlin (2013) Disease resistance and health parameters of growth-hormone transgenic and wild-type coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Fish and Shellfish Immunol. 34: 1553-1559.

Kotrschal, A., Sundström, F.L., Brelin, D., Devlin, R.H. and Kolm, N. 2012. Inside the heads of David and Goliath: environmental effects on brain morphology among wild and growth-enhanced salmon. J J Fish Biol. 81: 987-1002.

Carney Almroth, B. Johnsson, Jörgen; Devlin, Robert; Sturve, Joachim 2012. Oxidative stress in growth hormone transgenic coho salmon with compressed life span – a model for addressing aging. Free Radical research 46: 1183-1189 (doi:10.3109/10715762.2012.698009.

Raven, P.A., Sakhrani, D., Beckman, B., Neregård, L., Sundström, L./F., Björnsson, B.T. and Devlin, R.H. 2012. Growth and endocrine effects of recombinant bovine growth hormone treatment in non-transgenic and growth hormone transgenic coho salmon.  Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 177: 143-152.

Leggatt R., Biagi, C., J.L.,  Smith, Devlin, R.H. 2012.Growth of growth hormone transgenic coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch is influenced by construct promoter type and family line. Aquaculture 356–357: 193–199.

Devlin, R.H., Vandersteen, W.E., Uh, M. and Stevens, E.D. 2012. Genetically modified growth affects allometry of eye and brain in salmonids. Can. J. Zool. 90: 193–202.

Vandersteen, W.E., Biro, P., Harris, L., Devlin, R.H. 2012. Introgression of domesticated alleles into a wild trout genotype and the impact on seasonal survival in natural lakes. Evolutionary Applications 5:76-88.

Sundt-Hansen, L., Einum, S., Neregård, L., Björnsson, B., Johnsson, J., Fleming, I., Devlin, R.H., Hindar, K. 2012. Growth hormone treatment of Atlantic salmon fry reduces growth in nature. Functional Ecology doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2012.01999.x.

Shrimpton, J.M., Heath, J.W., Devlin, R.H, and Heath, D.D.  2012. Effect of triploidy on growth and ionoregulatory performance in ocean-type Chinook salmon: a quantitative genetics approach. Aquaculture 362-363: 248–254.

Withler R.E.,  Devlin R.H., Latham S., Wood C.C. and Supernault K.J. 2011.  Analysis of gene origin in the first adult returns to the Cultus sockeye salmon captive breeding program.  Conserv. Genet.: 12  1469-1483   DOI: 10.1007/s10592-011-0246-5

Devlin R.H. (2011) Growth Hormone Overexpression in Transgenic Fish. In: Farrell A.P., (ed.), Encyclopedia of Fish Physiology: From Genome to Environment, volume 3, pp. 2016–2024. San Diego: Academic Press.

Nakano, T., Shoji, Y., Shirakawa, H., Suda, Y., Yamaguchi, T., Sato, M. and Devlin, R.H. 2011. Daily expression patterns of growth-related genes in growth hormone transgenic coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. La mer (Official Journal of Japanese-French Society for Oceanography) 49: 111-117 (2011)

Fitzpatrick, JL, Akbarashandiz, H, Sakhrani, D, Biagi, CA, Pitcher, TE, and Devlin RH 2011. Transgenic salmon are reproductively out-competed by  wild-reared salmon in semi-natural mating arenas. Aquaculture 312:185-191.

Ahrens, R.N.M. and Devlin, R.H. 2011. Standing genetic variation and compensatory evolution in transgenic organisms: A growth-enhanced salmon simulation. Transgenic Res. DOI 10.1007/s11248-010-9443-0

Sundström, L.F. and Devlin, R.H. 2010. Increased intrinsic growth rate is advantageous even under ecologically stressful conditions in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Evolutionary Ecology. DOI 10.1007/s10682-010-9406-1

Wringe, B.W.,  Devlin R.H., Ferguson  M.M., Moghadam, H.K., Sakhrani D., and Danzmann, R.G. 2010. Growth-related quantitative trait locus regions in domestic and wild rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). BMC Genetics /1471-2156/11/63.

Sundström, L.F., Lõhmus, M. and Devlin, R.H. 2010. Migration and growth potential of coho salmon smolts: implications for ecological impacts from growth-enhanced fish. Ecological Applications 20: 1372–1383.

Chittenden C.M., Biagi C.A., Davidsen J.G., Davidsen A.G., Kondo H., McKnight A., Pedersen O.P., Raven P.A., Rikardsen A.H., Shrimpton J.M.,  Zuehlke B., McKinley R.S., and Devlin R.H. 2010. Genetic versus Rearing-Environment Effects on Phenotype: Hatchery and Natural Rearing Effects on Hatchery- and Wild-Born Coho Salmon. PLoS ONE 5: e12261

Overturf, K, Sakhrani, D, and Devlin, RH 2010. Expression profile for metabolic and growth-related genes in domesticated and transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) modified for increased growth hormone production.  Aquaculture 307:111-122.

Devlin, R.H., Sakhrani, D., Biagi, C.A, and Eom, K.-W.  2010. Occurrence of incomplete paternal-chromosome retention in GH-transgenic coho salmon being assessed for reproductive containment by pressure-shock-induced triploidy. Aquaculture 304: 66–78.

Lõhmus, M., Björklund, M., Sundström, L.F. and Devlin, R.H. 2010. Effects of temperature and growth hormone on individual growth trajectories of wild-type and transgenic coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch. Journal of Fish Biology 76: 641-654.

Lõhmus, M., Sundström, L.F., Björklund, M. and Devlin, R.H. 2010. Genotype-temperature interaction in the regulation of development, growth and morphometrics in wild-type, and growth-hormone transgenic coho salmon. PLoS ONE 5(4) e9980.

Phillips, R.B. and Devlin, R.H. 2009. Integration of growth hormone gene constructs in transgenic strains of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) at centromeric or telomeric sites. Genome 53: 79-82.

Tymchuk, W.E., Sakhrani, D. and Devlin, R.H. 2009. Domestication causes large-scale effects on gene expression in rainbow trout: analysis of muscle, liver and brain transcriptomes. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol 164: 175–183

Rehbein H. and Devlin, R.H. 2009. No Evidence for Enhanced Parvalbumin Concentration in Light Muscle of Transgenic Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). European Food Research and Technology 229:579–584.

Leggatt, R.A., Raven, P.A., Mommsen,   T.P.,  Sakhrani , D., Higgs, D. and Devlin R.H. 2009. Growth hormone transgenesis influences carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism capacity for energy production in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Comp. Physiol. Biochem., Part B 154: 121–133.

Sundström, L.F.,  Tymchuk, W.E., Lõhmus, M., and Devlin, R.H. 2009. Sustained predation effects of hatchery-derived growth hormone transgenic coho salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch in semi-natural environments. Journal of Applied Ecology 46: 762–769.

Tymchuk, W.E., Beckman, B., and Devlin, R.H. 2009. Altered Expression of Growth Hormone/Insulin-Like Growth Factor I Axis Hormones in Domesticated Fish. Endocrinology 150:1809–1816.

Devlin, R.H., Sakhrani, D., Tymchuk, W.E., Rise, M.L., and Goh, B. 2009. Domestication and growth hormone transgenesis cause similar changes in gene expression profiles in salmon. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106: 3047-3052.

Higgs, D.A, Sutton, J., Kim, H., Oakes, J.D, Smith, J., Biagi, C., Rowshandeli, M. and Devlin, R.H.  2009. Influence of dietary concentrations of protein, lipid and carbohydrate on growth, protein and energy utilization, body composition, and plasma titres of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 in non-transgenic and growth hormone transgenic coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum). Aquaculture 286: 127-137.

von Schalburg, K.P., Yazawa, R., de Boer, J., Lubieniecki, K.P., Goh, B., Straub, C.A., Beetz-Sargent, M.R., Robb, A., Davidson, W.S., Devlin, R.H., Koop, B.F.  2008. Isolation, characterization and comparison of Atlantic and Chinook salmon BACs containing growth hormone 1 and 2.  BMC Genomics 9:522, doi:10.1186/1471-2164-9-522

Miguel-Queralt, S., Underhill, C., Devlin, R.H., and Hammond, G.L.  2008. Characterization and measurement of the plasma α and ß sex hormone-binding globulin paralogs in salmon. Endocrinology 150(1): 366-375.

Raven, P.A., Uh , M., Sakhrani, D., Beckman, B.R., Cooper, K., Pinter, J., Leder, E., Silverstein, J., Devlin, R.H. 2008. Endocrine effects of growth hormone overexpression in transgenic coho salmon. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 159:26-37.

Neregard, L., Sundt-Hansen, L., Hindar, K., Einum, S., Johnsson, J. I., Devlin, R. H., Fleming, I. A. and Bjornsson, B. Th. 2008. Wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. strains have greater growth potential than a domesticated strain selected for fast growth. J. Fish Biology  73: 79–95.

Jayaraj, J., Devlin, R., and Punja, Z. 2008. Metabolic engineering of novel ketocarotenoid production in carrot plants. Transgenic Research 17(4): 489-501.

Lõhmus, M., Raven, P.A., Sundström, L.F., and Robert H. Devlin. 2008. Disruption of seasonality in growth hormone-transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and the role of cholecystokinin in seasonal feeding behaviour. Hormones and behaviour 54: 506-513.

Sundstrom, L.F., Lohmus, M., Tymchuk, W.E., and Devlin, R.H.  2007. Gene–environment interactions influence ecological consequences of transgenic animals. Proc Natl. Acad . Sci. USA 104: 3889-3894.

Tymchuk, W.E.,  Sundström, L.F., and Devlin, R.H.  2007.  Growth and survival tradeoffs leading to outbreeding depression in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Evolution 61: 1225-1237.

Sundström, L.F., Lohmus-Sundström, M., Johnsson, J.I., and Devlin, R.H. 2007. Dispersal Potential is Affected by Growth-Hormone Transgenesis in Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).  Ethology 113: 403-410.

Sundt-Hansen, L.,  Sundström, L.F., Einum, S., Hindar, K., Fleming, I.A., and R. H. Devlin. 2007. Genetically enhanced growth causes increased mortality in hypoxic environments. Biol. Lett. 3: 165–168

Phillips, R.B., DeKoning, J., Morasch, M.R., Park, L.K., and Devlin, R.H. 2007. Identification of the sex chromosome pair in chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) and pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha). Cytogenet Genome Res 116: 298–304.

Oakes, J.D., Higgs, D.A., Eales, J.G., and Devlin, R.H. 2007. Influence of ration level on the growth performance and body composition of non-transgenic and growth-hormone-transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). Aquaculture 265: 309-324.

Wright, J.J., Lubieniecki, K.P., Park, J.W., Ng, S.H.S., Devlin, R.H., Leong , J., Koop, B.F. and Davidson, W.S.  2007. Sixteen Type 1 polymorphic microsatellite markers from chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) expressed sequence tags.  Animal Genetics 39: 84-85.

Mori, T., Hiraka, I., Kurata,Y., Kawachi, H., Devlin, R.H., Nagoya, H., and Araki, K. 2007. Changes in hepatic gene expression related to innate immunity, growth and iron metabolism in GH-transgenic amago salmon (Oncorhynchus masou) by cDNA subtraction and microarray analysis.  General and Comparative Endocrinology 151: 42-54.

Fernandez, M.P., Campbell, P.M., Courtenay, S.C., Ikonomou, M.G., Devlin, R.H., MacLatchy, D.L., Royston, S. 2007. Assessment of environmental estrogens and the intersex/sex reversal capacity for Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in primary and final municipal wastewater effluents. Environment International 33: 391–396.

Shrimpton, J.M., Sentlinger, A.M.C., Heath, J.W., Devlin, R.H., Heath, D.D. 2007. Biochemical and molecular differences in diploid and triploid ocean-type chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) smolts. Fish Physiol. Biochem. 33, 259-268.

Leggatt, R.A., Brauner, C.J., Iwama, G.K., Devlin, R.H. 2007. The glutathione antioxidant system is enhanced in growth hormone transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). J Comp Physiol B: 177:413–422.

 Campbell, P.M., Fernandez, M.P., Royston, S., Smith, J.L., van Poppelen, P., Ikonomou, M.G. and Devlin, R.H. 2006. Male Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) Exposed to a Time-Course of Urban Sewage Effluent Exhibit a Sporadic Low Incidence of Sex Reversal and Intersex. Water Qual. Res. J. Canada 41: 235–243.

Tymchuk, W.E. Devlin, R.H., and Withler, R.E. 2006. The role of genotype and environment in phenotypic differentiation among wild and domesticated salmonids. Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2450: 1-63

Uh, M., Khattra, J., and Devlin, R.H. 2006.Transgene constructs in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) are repeated in a head-to-tail fashion and can be integrated adjacent to horizontally-transmitted parasite DNA.  Transgenic Research 15: 711-727.

Rise, M.L., Douglas, S.E, Sakhrani, D., Williams, J., Ewart, K.V., Rise, M., Davidson, W.S., Koop, B.F. and Devlin, R.H. 2006.   Multiple microarray platforms utilized for hepatic gene expression profiling of GH transgenic coho salmon with and without ration restriction. Journal of Molecular Endocrinology 37:259-282.

Raven, P.A., Devlin, R.H., and Higgs, D.A. 2006. Influence of dietary digestible energy content on growth, protein and energy utilization and body composition of growth hormone transgenic and non-transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).  Aquaculture 254: 730-747.

Devlin R.H, Sundstrom, L.F., and Muir, W.F 2006.  Interface of biotechnology and ecology for environmental risk assessments of transgenic fish.  Trends in Biotechnology 24: 89-97.

Tymchuk, W. E., C. Biagi, R. Withler, and R. H. Devlin. 2006. Growth and behavioural consequences of introgression of a domesticated aquaculture genotype into a native strain of coho salmon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 135: 442-455.

Phillips, R. B., Morasch, M. R., Park, L. K., Naish, K. A., and Devlin, R. H. 2005. Identification of the sex chromosome pair in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): lack of conservation of the sex linkage group with chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Cytogenetic & Genome Research 111: 166-170.

Hostetler, H.A., Collodi, P., Devlin, R.H. and Muir, W.M. 2005. Improved Phytate Phosphorus Utilization by Japanese Medaka Transgenic for the Aspergillus niger Phytase Gene. Zebrafish 2: 19-31.

Sundström, L.F., Lõhmus, M. and Devlin, R.H.  2005. Selection on increased intrinsic growth rates in coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Evolution 59: 1560-1569.

Devlin, R.H., Park, L., Sakhrani, D.M., Baker, J.D., Marshall, A.R., LaHood, E., Kolesar, S.E., Mayo, M.E., Biagi, C.A., and Uh, M. 2005. Variation of Y-chromosomal DNA markers in chinook salmon populations.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 62: 1386–1399

Tymchuk W. E.,  Abrahams M. V., and Devlin R. H.  2005. Competitive ability and mortality of growth-enhanced transgenic coho salmon (Onchorhynchus kisutch) when foraging for food. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 134: 381-389.

Tymchuk, W.E. and Devlin, R.H.  2005. Growth differences among first and second generation hybrids of domesticated and wild rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).  Aquaculture 245: 295-300.

Fitzpatrick, J.L., Henry, J.C., Liley, N.R., Devlin, R.H. 2005. Sperm Characteristics and Fertilization Success of Masculinized Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).  Aquaculture 249: 459– 468..

Stevens, E.D. and Devlin, R.H. 2005. Is enhancement of digestive capacity a direct effect of GH transgenesis or an indirect effect of enhanced appetite? J. Fish. Biol. 66: 1-16.

Devlin, R.H.  2004.  Transgenic fish for aquaculture:  Assessing benefits and risks.  Marine Biotechnology 6:15-19.

Devlin, R.H., D'Andrade, M., Uh, M., and Biagi, C.A. 2004. Population effects of GH transgenic salmon are dependant upon food availability and genotype by environment interactions.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101:9303-9308.

Sundström, L.F., Lõhmus, M., Johnsson, J.I. & Devlin, R.H. 2004. Growth hormone transgenic salmon pay for growth potential with increased predation mortality. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London –Series B 271 (S5): 350-352.

Bessey C., Devlin R.H., Liley N. R., and Biagi, C.A. 2004. Reproductive Performance of Growth-Enhanced Transgenic Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).  Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 133: 1205–1220.

Huang, C-H., Oakes, J., Higgs, D. and Devlin, R.H.  2004. In vivo vitamin E requirements for prevention of lipid oxidation and impacted immune function in growth enhanced transgenic salmon.  Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 139: 199-204.

Eales, J.G., Devlin, R., Higgs, D.A., McLeese, J.M., Oakes, J.D., and Plohman, J. 2004. Thyroid function  in growth-hormone-transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus  kisutch).  Can. J. Zool. 82: 1225-1229.

Afonso, L.O.B., Basu, N., Nakano, K., Devlin, R.H. and Iwama, G.K.  2004. Sex-related differences in the organismal and cellular stress response in juvenile salmon exposed to treated bleached kraft mill effluent. Fish Physiol. Biochem. 29: 173–179.

Roberts, S.B., McCauley, L.A.R., Devlin, R.H., and Goetz, F.W.  2004. Transgenic salmon overexpressing growth hormone exhibit decreased myostatin transcript and protein expression. J. Exp. Biol. 207: 3741-3748

McKay, S.J., Trautner, J., Smith, M.J., Koop, B.F. and Devlin, R.H. 2004. Evolution of duplicated growth hormone genes in autotetraploid salmonid fishes. Genome 47: 714-723.

Devlin, R.H., Biagi, C.A., and Yesaki, T.Y.  2004. Growth, viability and genetic characteristics of GH transgenic coho salmon strains. Aquaculture 236:607-632.

Kang, D.-Y. and Devlin, R.H. 2004. Effects of 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) and 6-n-propyl-2-thiouracil (PTU) on growth of GH-transgenic coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Fish Physiol. Biochem. 29: 77-85.

Sundström L.F., Lõhmus M., Devlin R.H., Johnsson J.I., Biagi C.A.  & Bohlin T.  2004. Feeding on profitable and unprofitable prey: comparing behaviour of growth-enhanced transgenic and normal coho salmon.  Ethology 110: 381-396.

Rise, M.L. and 23 other authors. 2004 Development and application of a salmonid EST database and cDNA microarray: data mining and interspecific hybridization characteristics.  Genome Research 14: 478 - 490.

Nagler, J.J., Cavileer, T., Steinhorst, K., Devlin, R.H. 2004. Determination of genetic sex in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) using the male-linked growth hormone pseudogene by real-time PCR. Mar. Biotechnol. 6: 186–191.

Jhingan, E., Devlin, R.H., and Iwama, G.K. 2003. Disease resistance, stress response and effects of triploidy in Growth Hormone transgenic coho salmon. J. Fish Biol. 63:806-823.

Sundström, L.F., Devlin, R.H., Johnsson, J.I, and Biagi, C.A. 2003. Vertical position reflects increased feeding motivation in growth-transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).  Ethology 109: 701-712.

Leggatt, R.A., Devlin, R.H., Farrell, A.P., and Randall, D.J.  2003.  Oxygen uptake of growth hormone transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) during starvation, feeding, and swimming.  J. Fish Biol.62: 1053-1066.

Lee, C.G., Devlin, R.H., and Farrell, A.P. 2003.  Swimming performance, oxygen uptake and oxygen debt in adult transgenic and ocean-ranched coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch, Walbaum). J. Fish Biol 62: 753-766.

Thorgaard, G.H., Bailey, G.S., Williams, D., Buhler, D.R., Kaattari, S.L., Ristow, S.S., Hansen, J.D., Winton, J.R., Bartholomew, J.L., Nagler, J.J., Walsh, P.J., Vijayan, M.M., Devlin, R.H., Hardy, R.W., Overturf, K.E., Young, W.P., Robison, B.D., Rexroad, C. III, and Palti, Y. 2002. Status and opportunities for genomics research with rainbow trout.  Comp. Biochem. Physiol.  B., 133:  609-646.

Blier, P., Lemieux, H., and Devlin, R.H. 2002. Is the growth rate of fish set by digestive enzymes or metabolic capacity of the tissues?  Insight from transgenic coho salmon.  Aquaculture 209:379-384.

Masri, S., Rast, H., Ripley, T., James, D., Green, M., Jia, X.,  and Devlin, R.H.  2002. Detection of genetically modified coho salmon using an optimized polymerase chain reaction amplification (PCR).  J. Agriculture and Food Chemistry 50:3161-3164.

Devlin, R.H. and Nagahama, Y.  2002. Sex determination and differentiation in fish: An overview of genetic, physiological, and environmental influences.  Elsevier Special Publication, 225 pages. Aquaculture 208: 191-364.

Rehbein, H., Devlin, R.H. and Rüggeberg, H. 2002. Detection of a genetic alteration and species identification of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch): a collaborative study. Eur Food Res Technol (2002) 214: 352-355

St-Hilaire, S., Boichuk, M., Higgins, M., Barnes, D., Devlin, R.H., Withler, R., Khattra, J., Jones, S., and Kieser, D. 2002. Epizootiology of Parvicapsula minibicornis in Fraser River sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka).  J. Fish Diseases 25:107-120.

Afonso, L.O.B., Smith, J.L., Ikonomou, M.G., Devlin, R.H.  2002.  Y-chromosomal DNA markers for discrimination of chemical substance and effluent effects on sexual differentiation in salmon.  Env. Health Persp. 110: 881-887.

Zhang, Q., Nakayama, I., Fujiwara, A., Kobayashi, T., Oohara, I., Masaoka, T., Kitamura, S., and Devlin, R.H.  2001.  Sex identification by male-specific growth hormone pseudogene (GH-P) in Oncorhynchus masou complex and a related hybrid.  Genetica 111: 111-118.

Devlin, R.H., Biagi, C.A., and Smailus, D.E. 2001. Genetic mapping of Y-chromosomal DNA markers in Pacific salmon. Genetica 111: 43-58.

Kent, M.L., Andree, K.B., Bartholomew, J.L., El-Matbouli, M., Desser, S.S., Devlin, R.H., Feist, S.W., Hedrick, R.P., Hoffmann, R.W., Khattra, J., Hallett S.A., Lester, R.J.G., Longshaw, M., Palenzeula, O., Siddall, M.E., and Xiao, C.   2001.  Recent advances in our knowledge of the Myxozoa.  J. Euk. Microbiol. 48: 395-413.

Stein, J., Phillips, R.B., and Devlin, R.H.  2001.  Identification of the Y chromosome in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha).  Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 92: 108-110.

Devlin, R.H., Biagi, C.A., Yesaki, T.Y., Smailus, D.E., and Byatt, J.C.  2001.  Growth of domesticated transgenic fish.  Nature 409: 781-782.

Devlin, R.H., Swanson, P., Clarke, W.C., Plisetskaya, E., Dickhoff, W., Moriyama, S., Yesaki, T.Y., and Hew, C.L. 2000. Seawater adaptability and hormone levels in growth-enhanced transgenic coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch.  Aquaculture 191:367-385.

Jia, X., Patrzykat, A., Devlin, R.H., Ackerman, P.A., Iwama, G.K., and Hancock, R.E.W. 2000. Antimicrobial peptides protect coho salmon from Vibrio anguillarum infections. Appl. Env. Microbiol. 66:1928-1932.

Kent, M.L., Khattra, J., Hedrick, R.P., and Devlin, R.H. 2000.  Tetracapsula renicola n.sp.  Myxozoa:Saccosporidae); The PKX myxozoan - the cause of proliferative kidney disease of salmonid fishes.  J. Parisitol. 86: 103-111.

Stevens, E.D. and Devlin, R.H.  2000.  Gill morphometry in growth hormone transgenic Pacific coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch. Environmental Biology of Fishes 58: 113-117.

Khattra, J.S., Gresoviac, S.J., Kent, M.L., M.S. Myers, Hedrick, R.P., and Devlin, R.H.  2000.  Molecular detection and phylogenetic placement of a microsporidian from English sole (Pleuronectes vetulus) affected by X-cell pseudotumors.  J. Paristol. 86:867-871.

Stevens, E.D. and Devlin, R.H.  2000.  Intestinal morphology in growth hormone transgenic Pacific coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch Walbaum.  J. Fish Biol 56: 191-195.

Gresoviac, S.J., Khattra, J.S., Kent, M.L., Devlin, R.H., Vivares, C.P., de la Fuente, E., and Hedrick, R.P.  2000.  Comparison of small subunit ribosomal RNA gene and internal transcribed spacer region sequences among isolates of the intranuclear microsporidian Nucelospora salmonis.  J. Euk Microbiol. 47: 379-387.

Hill, J.A., Kiessling, A., and Devlin, R.H.  2000.  Coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) transgenic for a growth hormone gene construct exhibit increased rates of muscle hyperplasia and detectable levels of differential gene expression.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 57: 939-950.

Docker, M.F., Youson, J.H., Beamish, R.J., and Devlin, R.H.  1999.  Phylogeny of Lamprey genus Lampetra inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome b and ND3 gene sequences.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56: 2340-2349.

Kent, M.L., Docker, M., Khattra, J., Vossbrinck, C.R., Speare, D.J. and Devlin, R.H. 1999. A New Microsporidium Sp. (Microsporidia) From the Musculature of the Mountain, Whitefish Prosopium williamsoni from British Columbia: Morphology and Phylogeny. J. Parisitology 85: 1114-1119.

Mori, T. and Devlin, R.H. 1999. Transgene and host GH gene expression in pituitary and nonpituitary tissues of normal and GH transgenic salmon.  Molec. Cell. Endocrinol. 149:129-139.

Devlin, R.H., Johnsson, J.I., Smailus, D.E., Biagi, C.A., Johnsson, E., and Bjornsson, B.T.  1999.  Increased ability to compete for food by growth hormone transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch Walbaum).  Aquaculture Research 30: 479-482.

McKay, S.J., Nakayama, I., Smith, M.J., and Devlin, R.H.  1998.  Genetic relationships between masu and amago salmon examined through sequence analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA.  Zoological Science 15:971-979.

Nakayama, I., Biagi, C.A., Koide, N., and Devlin, R.H.  1998.  Identification of a sex-linked GH pseudogene in one of two species of Japanese salmon (Oncorhynchus masou and O. rhodurus).  Aquaculture 173:65-72.

Devlin, R.H., Stone, G.W., and Smailus, D.E.  1998.  Extensive direct-tandem organization of a long repeat DNA sequence on the Y chromosome of chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)  J. Molec. Evol. 46:277-287.

Ostenfeld, T.H., Devlin, R.H., and McLean, E.  1998.  Transgenesis changes body and head shape in Pacific salmon.  J. Fish Biol. 52:850-854.

Kent, M.L., Khattra, J., Hervio, D.M.L., and Devlin, R.H.  1998.  Ribosomal DNA sequence analysis of isolates of the PKX myxosporean and their relationship to members of the geneus Sphaerospora.  J. Aquatic Animal Health 10:12-21.

Warner, T.S., Sinclair, D.A., Fitzpatrick, K.A., Singh, M., Devlin, R.H., and Honda, B.M.  1998.  The light gene of Drosophila melanogaster is a homologue of VPS41, a gene involved in cellular protein trafficking.  Genome 41: 236-243.

Hervio, D.M.L., Kent, M.L., Khattra, J., Sakanari, J., Yokoyama, H., and Devlin, R.H.  1997.  Taxonomy of Kudoa species (Myxosporea: Multivalvulida) using small subunit ribosomal DNA sequence.  Can. J. Zool. 75:2112-2119.

Mclean, E., Devlin, R.H., Byatt, J.C., Clarke, W.C., and Donaldson, E.M.  1997.  Impact of a controlled release formulation of recombinant bovine growth hormone on growth and sea-water adaptation in coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and chinook (Oncorhynchus tshawtscha) salmon.  Aquaculture 156:113-128.

Shaw, R.W., Hervio, D.M.L., Devlin, R.H., and Adamson, M.L.  1997.  Infection of Aulorhynchus flavidus (Gill) (Osteichthyes: Gasterosteiformes) by Kudoa thyrsites (Gilchrist) (Myxosporea: Multivalvulida).  J. Parisitol. 83:810-814.

Campbell, P.M. and Devlin, R.H.  1997.  Increased CYP1A1 and ribosomal protein L5 gene expression: the response of juvenile chinook salmon to coal dust exposure.  Aquatic Toxicology 38: 1-15.

Afonso, L.O.B., Campbell, P.M., Iwama, G.K., Devlin, R.H., and Donaldosn, E.M.  1997.  The effects of the aromatase inhibitor fadrozole and two polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons on sex-steroid secretion by ovarian follicles of coho salmon.  Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 106:169-174.

Docker, M.F., Devlin, R.H., Richard, J., and Kent, M.L.  1997.  Sensitive and specific polymerase chain reaction assay for detection of Loma salmonae (Microsporea).  Dis. Aquat. Org. 29:41-48.

Shaw, R.W., Kent, M.L., Docker, M.F., Brown, A., Devlin, R.H., and Adamason, M.L.  1997. A new Loma species (Microsporea) in shiner perch (Cymatogaster aggregata).  J. Parasitol. 83:296-301.

Baxter, J.S., Taylor, E.B., Devlin, R.H., Hagen, J. and McPhail, J.D.  1997.  Evidence for natural hybridization between bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) and Dolly Varden (S. malma) char in a northcentral British Columbia watershed.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54: 421-429.

Docker, M.F., Kent, M.L., Hervio, D.M.L., Khattra, J.S., Weiss, L.M., Cali, A., and Devlin, R.H.  1997.  Ribosomal DNA sequence of Nucleospora salmonis Hedrick, Groff and Baxa, 1991 (Microsporea: Enterocytozoonidae):  Implications for Phylogeny and Nomenclature.  J. Euk. Microbiol. 44:55-60

McKay, S.J., Smith, M.J., and Devlin, R.H.  1997.  Polymerase chain reaction-based species identification of anadromous salmon and trout in British Columbia.  Mol. Mar. Biol. and Biotech.  6: 131-140.

Farrell, A.P., Bennett, W., and Devlin, R.H.  1997.  Growth-enhanced transgenic salmon can be inferior swimmers.  Can. J. Zool. 75: 335-337.

Heath D.D., Devlin, R.H., Heath, J.W., Sweeting, R.M., McKeown, B.A., and Iwama, G.K.  1996.  Growth and hormonal changes associated with precocious sexual maturation in male chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawtscha).  J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 208:239-250.

McLean, E., Devlin, R.H., Donaldson, E.M., and Byatt, J.C.  1996.  Bovine placental lactogen invokes rapid growth in chinook salmon.  Aquaculture Nutrition 2: 243-248.

Campbell, P.M.,  Kruzynski, G.M., Birtwell, I.K., and Devlin, R.H.  1996.  The quantitation of dose-dependent increases in CYP1A1 mRNA levels in juvenile chinook salmon exposed to treated BKME using two field sampling techniques.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 15: 1119-1123.

McKay, S.J., Devlin, R.H., and Smith, M.J.  1996.  The phylogeny of Pacific salmon and trout based on growth hormone type-2 (GH2) and mitochondrial NADH dehydogenase subunit 3 (ND3) DNA sequences.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53: 1165-1176.

Campbell, P.M. and Devlin, R.H.  1996.  Expression of CYPIA1 in livers and gonads of Pacific salmon: Quantitation of mRNA by RT-cPCR.  Aquatic Toxicology 34: 47-69.

Devlin, R.H., Yesaki, T.Y., Donaldson, E.M. and Hew, C.L.  1995.  Transmission and phenotypic effects of an antifreeze/GH gene construct in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).  Aquaculture 137: 161-169. 

Shrimpton, J.M., Devlin, R.H., McLean, E., Byatt, J.C., Donaldson, E.M. and Randall, D.J.  1995.  Increases in gill corticosteroid receptor abundance and saltwater tolerance in juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) treated with growth hormone and placental lactogen.  Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 98: 1-15.

Devlin, R.H., Yesaki, T.Y., Donaldson, E.M., Du, S.J., and Hew, C.L.  1995.  Production of germline transgenic Pacific salmonids with dramatically increased growth performance.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 52: 1376-1384.

Heath, D.D., Devlin, R.H., Hilbish, T.J., and Iwama, G.K. 1995.  Multi-locus DNA fingerprints in seven species of salmonids.  Can. J. Zool. 73:600-606.

Devlin, R.H., Yesaki, T.Y., Biagi, C.A., Donaldson, E.M., Swanson, P., and Chan, W.-K.  1994.  Extraordinary salmon growth.  Nature 371: 209-210.

Devlin, R.H., McNeil, B.K., Solar, I.I., and Donaldson, E.M.  1994.  A rapid PCR-based test for Y-chromosomal DNA allows simple production of all-female strains of chinook salmon.  Aquaculture 128: 211-220.

Heath, D.D., Iwama, G.K., and Devlin, R.H.  1994.  DNA fingerprinting used to test for family effects on precocious sexual maturation in two populations of Oncorhynchus tshawystscha (Chinook salmon).  Heredity 73: 616-624.

Piferrer, F., Zanuy, S., Carrillo, M., Solar, I.I., Devlin, R.H., and Donaldson, E.M.  1994.  Brief treatment with an aromatase inhibitor during sex differentiation causes chromosomally females to develop as normal, functional males.  J. Exp. Zool. 270: 255-262.

Heath, D.D., Devlin, R.H., Heath, J.W., and Iwama, G.K.  1994.  Genetic, environmental, and interaction effects on the incidence of jacking in Oncorhynchus tshawystscha (chinook salmon).  Heredity 72: 146-154.

Chan, W.K., T.H. Tan, L.S. Lim and R.H. Devlin.  1994.  Stable expression of supercoiled plasmids injected into the muscles of zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio). Asian Fisheries Forum 3: 622-625.

Devlin, R.H., Byatt, J.C., McLean, E., Yesaki, T.Y., Krivi, G.G., Jaworski, E.G., Clarke, W.C., and Donaldson, E.M.  1994.  Bovine placental lactogen is a potent stimulator of growth and displays strong binding to hepatic liver receptor sites of coho salmon.  Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 95: 31-41.

Heath, D.D., Iwama, G.K., and Devlin, R.H.  1994.  PCR primed with VNTR core sequences yields species-specific patterns and hypervariable probes.  Nucl. Acids Res. 21: 5782-5785.

Chan, W.K. and Devlin, R.H.  1993.  Polymerase chain reaction amplification and functional characterization of sockeye salmon histone H3, metallothionein-B, and protamine promoters.  Mol. Mar. Biol. Biotech. 2(5) 308-318.

Donaldson, E.M., Devlin, R.H., Piferrer, F., and Solar, I.I.  1993.  The development of technologies for the control and determination of sex in aquacultured salmonids.  Biology International 28: 81-86.

Du, S.J., Devlin, R.H., and Hew, C.L.  1993.  Genomic structure of growth hormone genes in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha): presence of two functional genes, GH-I and GH-II, and a male-specific pseudogene, GH-P.  DNA and Cell Biology 12: 739-751.

Devlin, R.H.  1993.  Sequence of Sockeye Salmon Type 1 and 2 Growth Hormone Genes and the Relationship of Rainbow Trout with Atlantic and Pacific Salmon.  Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 50: 1738-1748.

Wallis, A.E. and Devlin, R.H..  1993.  Duplicate IGF-I genes display alternative splicing in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha).  Molec. Endocrinol. 7:409-422.

Devlin, R.H., McNeil, B.K., Groves, T.D.D., and Donaldson, E.M.   1991.  Isolation of Y-chromosomal DNA probe capable of determining genetic sex in chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha).  Can. J. Fish.  Aquat. Sci. 48: 1606-1612.

McLean, E., Sadar, M.D., Devlin, R.H., Donaldson, E.M. and Souza, L.M. 1991.  Promotion of growth in diploid and triploid coho salmon following parenteral delivery of a recombinant porcine somatotropin.  Aquat. Liv. Resources 4: 1-6.

Devlin, R.H., Deeb, S., Brunzell, J., and Hayden, M.R.  1990.  Partial gene duplication involving exon-Alu interchange results in lipoprotein lipase deficiency.  Am. J. Hum. Genet.  40: 112-119.

Devlin, R.H., Holm, D.G., Morin, K.R. and Honda, B.M. 1990.  Identifying a single-copy DNA sequence associated with the expression of a heterochromatic gene, the light locus of Drosophila melanogaster.  Genome 33: 405-415.

Devlin, R.H., Bingham, B., and Wakimoto, B.T.  1990.  The organization and expression of the light gene, a heterochromatic gene of Drosophila melanogaster.  Genetics 125: 129-140.

Monsalve, M.V., Henderson, H., Roederer, G., Julien, P., Deeb, S. Kastelein, J.J.P., Peritz, L.L., Devlin, R., Bruin, T., Murthy, M.R.V., Gagne, C., Davignon, J., Lupien, P.J., Bruzell, J.D., and Hayden, M.R. 1990.  A missense mutation at codon 188 of the human lipoprotein lipase gene is a frequent cause of lipoprotein lipase deficiency in persons of different ancestries.  J. Clin. Invest. 86: 728-734.  

Henderson, H.E., Devlin, R.H., Peterson, J., Brunzell, J.D., and Hayden, M.R.  1990.  A frameshift mutation in exon 3 of the lipoprotein lipase gene causes a premature stop codon and lipoprotein lipase deficiency.  Molecular Biol. Med. 7:511-517.

Devlin R.H., Holm, D.G., and Grigliatti, T.A. 1988.  The influence of whole-arm trisomy on gene expression in Drosophila.  Genetics 118:87-101

Honda, B.M., Devlin, R.H., Nelson, D.W., and Khosla, M. 1986. Transcription of class III genes in cell-free extracts from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.  Nucl. Acids Res. 14:869-881

Withler R.E., McPhail, J.D., and Devlin, R.H. 1986.  Electrophoretic polymorphism and sexual dimorphism in the freshwater and anadromous threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) of the Little Campbell River, British Columbia.  Biochem. Genet. 24:701-713

Devlin R.H., Grigliatti, T.G., and Holm, D.G. 1985.  Gene dosage compensation in trisomies of Drosophila melanogaster.  Dev. Genet. 6:39-58

Devlin R.H., Holm, D.G., and Grigliatti, T.A. 1985.  Regulation of dosage compensation in X-chromosomal trisomies of Drosophila melanogaster.  Mol. Gen. Genet. 198:422-426

Devlin R.H., Grigliatti, T.G., and Holm, D.G. 1984.  Dosage compensation is transcriptionally regulated in autosomal trisomies of Drosophila.  Chromosoma 91:65-73

Devlin R.H., Holm, D.G., and Grigliatti,T.A. 1982.  Autosomal dosage compensation in Drosophila melanogaster strains trisomic for the left arm of chromosome two.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 79:1200-1204


Book Chapters and other Articles

Sundström L.F, Leggatt RA,  Devlin, R. H. 2015.  Growth-enhanced transgenic salmon. Chapter 13.  In: Evolutionary Biology of the Atlantic Salmon. Eds. Tomislav Vladic, Erik Petersson. CRC Press.

Sundström LF and Devlin RH. 2015. Ecological implications of genetically modified (GM) fishes in freshwater fisheries, with a focus on salmonids. Chapter 6 In: Freshwater Fisheries Ecology. Ed: John F. Craig. Wiley-Blackwell

Leggatt, R.A., O’Reilly, P.T., Blanchfield, P./J., McKindsey, C.W., and Devlin, R.H.  2010. Pathway of effects of escaped aquaculture organisms or their reproductive material on natural ecosystems in Canada. Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Research Document 2010/019

Devlin, R.H. and Sundström, L.F. 2010. Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Engineered Salmon. In "Molecular Insights into Natural Resource Conservation and Management" Editors, J.A. De Woody and K. Nichols.  Cambridge University Press.

Devlin, R.H., Raven, P.A., Sundström, L.F., and Uh, M. 2009. Issues and methodology for development of transgenic fish for aquaculture with a focus on growth enhancement. In "Molecular Research in Aquaculture". Overturf, K., editor. CABI International.

Devlin, R.H., Sundström, L. F., Johnsson, J.I., Fleming, I.A., Hayes, K.R., Ojwang, W.O., Bambaradeniya, C., and Zakaraia-Ismail, M.  2007. Assessing Ecological Effects of Transgenic Fish Prior to Entry into Nature. Chapter 6, In “Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms,  Volume 3: Methodologies for Transgenic Fish”  Edited by A R Kapuscinski, K R Hayes,  S Li,  G Dana. CABI International, USA.

Hayes, K.R., Kapucinski, A., Dana, G., Sifa, Li and Devlin, R. 2007. Overview of the risk assessment framework. Chapter 1, In “Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms,  Volume 3: Methodologies for Transgenic Fish”  Edited by A R Kapuscinski, K R Hayes,  S Li,  G Dana. CABI International, USA.

Gong, Z., Maclean, N., Devlin, R.H., Martinez, R., Omitigun, O., and Estrada, M.P. 2007. Gene construct and Expression: Information relevant for risk assessment and management. Chapter 4, In “Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms,  Volume 3: Methodologies for Transgenic Fish”  Edited by A R Kapuscinski, K R Hayes,  S Li,  G Dana. CABI International, USA.

Kapuscinski, A., Hard, J., Neira, R., Paulson, K., Ponniah, A., Kamonrat, W., Mwanja, W., Fleming, I., Gallardo, J., Devlin, R., and Trisak, J. 2007. Approaches to assessing gene flow. Chapter 5, In “Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms,  Volume 3: Methodologies for Transgenic Fish”  Edited by A R Kapuscinski, K R Hayes,  S Li,  G Dana. CABI International, USA.

Kapuscinski1, A., Dana, G., Hayes, K., Li, S., Nelson, L.K., Nam, Y.K., Gong, Z., Devlin, R., Mair, G.,  and Senanan, W. 2007. Risk Assessment of Transgenic Fish: Synthesis and Conclusions. Chapter 10, In “Environmental Risk Assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms,  Volume 3: Methodologies for Transgenic Fish”  Edited by A R Kapuscinski, K R Hayes,  S Li,  G Dana. CABI International, USA.

Devlin, R.H. 2006. Variables influencing risk assessment data derived from laboratory-contained GH transgenic coho salmon. In: Assessment of Environmental and Indirect Human Health Effects of Genetically Modified Aquatic Organisms. Proceedings of the Fisheries and Oceans Canada and Health Canada Experts Meeting, March 30-31, 2004, Vancouver, BC. Edited by: Robert H. Devlin. Can Tech Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2581. 219 pp.

Devlin, R.H. 2006. Risk assessment of transgenic fish.  Aquabiology 28: 171-176.   (Translated to Japanese)

Devlin, R.H., Biagi, C.A., Uh, U. Scientific and social factors influencing utility of transgenic fish for aquaculture.  In, Proceeding Of Aquaculture Europe 2004, Barcelona, Spain, October 20-23, 2004. European Aquaculture Society special publication number 34.

Sundström, L.F., Johnsson, J.I. & Devlin, R.H. 2004. Genetically modified fish. In: Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, vol. 2, Ed. Marc Bekoff. Greenwood Press, pp. 667-669.

Devlin, R.H. 2004. Variables influencing risk assessment data derived from laboratory-contained GH transgenic coho salmon. In, Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on the Biosafety of Genetically modified Organisms. Montpelier, France, September 25-30, 2004.

Henry, J., Sakhrani, D., and Devlin, R.H. 2004. Production of all-female populations of coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, using Y-chromosomal DNA markers.  Bull. Aquacult. Assoc. Can. 104 (2): 34–38.

Devlin, R.H. 2003. Assessing  benefits and risks of transgenic fish for aquaculture.  In: Proceedings of the "Aquaculture and Fisheries Genomics" conference, Jeju, Korea, November 11-14, 2003. 23pp.

Devlin, R.H. 2000 Difficulties in Ecological Risk Assessment of Transgenic and Domesticated Fish.  Workshop on "Aquaculture and the Protection of Wild Salmon".  Simon Fraser University, March 2-3, 2000.  12pp.

McLean, E. and Devlin, R.H. 2000. Application of biotechnology to enhance growth of salmonids and other fish. In: Recent Advances in Marine Biotechnology. M. Fingerman, R. Nagabhushnam and M.-F. Thompson (editors), pp. 17-55. Science Publishers Incorporated, Enfield, New Hampshire, USA.

Devlin, R.H.  1998. Benefits, limitations, and risks of transgenic fish for aquaculture.  ICES Session: Use Of Genetics In Aquaculture. ICES Science Conference, Sept 16-19, 1998, Cascais Portugal. Document CM 1998/K:11 (Denmark).

Devlin, R.H.  1998.  Molecular Approaches for the Genetic Improvement of Cultured Salmon.  Proceedings of the Canadian Society of Animal Science Symposium.  July 5, 1998. Vancouver, B.C., Canada.  pp. 60-73. 

Devlin, R.H.  1998.  Production and evaluation of transgenic fish for aquaculture.  Australasian Biotechnology 8:222-227.

Dunham, R.A. and Devlin, R.H. 1998. Comparison of traditional breeding and transgenesis in farmed fish with implications for growth enhancement and fitness. In: Transgenic Animals in Agriculture.  Edited by J.D. Murray, G.B. Anderson, A.M. Oberbauer and M.M.  McGloughlin.  CAB International, Wallingford, U.K. pp 209-229.

Devlin, R.H.  1997.  Applications of Molecular Genetics in Salmon Aquaculture and Fisheries Biology.  Proc. of the First Joint Korea-Canada Symposium in Aquatic Biosciences. pp. 113-127.  Published by Institute of Fisheries Science, Pukyong National University.

Devlin, R.H.  1997.  Transgenic salmonids. Pages 105-117.  In: Transgenic animals: generation and use.  Edited by L.M. Houdebine.  Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Donaldson, E.M., R.H. Devlin, F. Piferrer and I.I. Solar.  1996.  Hormones and sex control in fish with particular emphasis on salmon.  Asian Fisheries Science 9:1-8.

Hew, C.L., Du, S.J., Xiong, F., Gong, Z., Shears, M., Fletcher, G.L., Davies, P.L., Saunders, R.L., Devlin, R.H., and Grinde, B.  1996.  Proceedings of FOID ‘96, Vol. 5.  Korean Research Center for Ocean Industrial Development.  pp. 15-30.

Donaldson, E.M. and Devlin, R.H. 1996.  Uses of Biotechnology to Enhance Production, p 969-1020.  In: Principles of Salmonid Culture.  Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, Volume 29.  Edited by W. Pennell and B. Barton.  Elsevier Publishers.

Campbell, P.M. and R.H. Devlin.  1995.  Assessing the exposure of fish to pollutants:  a sensitive molecular technique to quantitate CYP1A1 mRNA levels.  Bull. Aquacul. Assoc. Canada 95: 33-40.

Devlin, R.H., T.Y. Yesaki, C. Biagi, E.M. Donaldson and W.-K. Chan.  1994.  Production and breeding of transgenic salmon.  pp. 372-378.  In:  C. Smith, J.S. Gavora, B. Benkel, J. Chesnais, W. Fairfull, J.P. Gibson, B.W. Kennedy and E.B. Burnside (Eds.).  Vol. 19, Selection and Quantitative Genetics; Growth; Reproduction; Lactation; Fish; Fiber; Meat.  Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production.  Guelph, Ontario, August 7-12, 1994.

Donaldson, E.M., Devlin, R.H., Higgs, D.A. and Price, I.M.  1994.  Aquaculture biotechnology in Canada including the development of transgenic salmon.  OECD Documents, Aquatic Biotechnology & Food Safety, p. 47-57.  Bergen, Norway, June 10-13, 1992.

Devlin, R.H., E.M. Donaldson and G.W. Stone.  1994.  Development of sex-specific DNA probes for management of chinook salmon monosex culture.  pp. 101-106.  In:  L.M. Park, P. Moran & R.S. Waples (Eds.)  Proceedings of the workshop, Seattle, WA, March 22-23, 1993.

Devlin, R.H., T.Y. Yesaki, C. Biagi, E.M. Donaldson, P. Swanson and W.-K. Chan.  1994.  Growth enhancement of salmonids through transgenesis using an "all-salmon" gene construct.    pp. 343-345.  In:  D.D. MacKinlay (Ed.).  Proceedings of the International Fish Physiology Symposium.  "High Performance Fish".  Vancouver, B.C., July 16-21, 1994.

Donaldson, E.M., Devlin, R.H., Solar, I.I., and Piferrer, F.  1993.  The reproductive containment of genetically altered salmonids.  In: Genetic Conservation of salmonid fishes.  pp. 113-129.  Edited by J.G. Cloud and G.H. Thorgaard.  Plenum Press, NY.

Peterson, R.G., Winkelman, A., Devlin, R., Harrower, W. 1992. The effect of sex on growth of chinook salmon. Bull. Aquacult. Assoc. Can. 92:37-39.

Donaldson, E.M., Devlin, R.H., Piferrer, F., and Solar, I.I.  1992.  Hormones and sex control in fish with particular emphasis on salmon.  In: Proceedings of the 3rd Asian Fisheries Forum, Singapore.  Oct. 26-28, 1992.  4pp.

Devlin, R.H. and E.M. Donaldson. 1992.  Containment of Genetically altered Fish with Emphasis on Salmonids.  In: Transgenic Fish. Edited by Choy Hew and Garth Fletcher.  World Scientific Pub. Co., Singapore. pp. 229-265.

Devlin, R.H. and Donaldson, E.M.  1990.  Possibilities for biotechnological improvement in salmonids.  In: Aquaculture International Congress Proc., Vancouver, B.C., Sept. 4-7, 1990.  p. 113-120.



Devlin, R.H., Donaldson, E.M., Krivi, G.G., and Jaworski, E.G. 1991. Fish growth using bovine placental lactogen  U.S. Patent 5,122,513.

Devlin, R.H. and Donaldson, E.M.  2005.  Determination of Genetic Sex in Fish.  Canadian Patent Number 2,072,231.

Devlin, R.H.  1994.  Transgenic fish and vectors therefor. United States Patent 5,998,697.