Ram Yerubandi

Research Manager, Water Science and Technology

Current research and/or projects

Research on hydrodynamics and modelling for rehabilitation and conservation of lakes and inland waters.

  • Create new knowledge of physical processes and water quality by conducting field studies in large lakes
  • Circulation and Transport modelling in Lakes and Coastal Oceans
  • Coupled atmosphere-lake modelling system
  • Physical Limnology information for Source Water Protection, Taste & Odour, Algal blooms, Attached Algae and Aquaculture

Professional activities / interests

Associate Editor, Journal of Great Lakes Research

Editorial Board Member, International Journal of Lakes and Rivers

Special Issue editor for Journal of Great Lakes Research, Atmosphere & Ocean, Water Quality Research Journal of Canada

As an adjunct faculty at two universities, conducts co-operative research and supervises students

Organize special sessions by participating in scientific and organizing committees, chairing sessions, contribute to special editorial boards of journals, peer-reviews for journals and research grant proposals

Education and awards

NSERC Visiting Fellow, National Water Research Institute, Burlington

Ph.D., Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi

Key publications

Y.R. Rao, T. Howell, S. Watson and S. Abernethy. On hypoxia and fishkills along the north shore of Lake Erie, J Great Lakes Res, 10.1016/j.jglr.2013.11.007

Beletsky, D., N. Hawley, Y. R. Rao Modeling summer circulation and thermal structure of Lake Erie, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: OCEANS, VOL. 118, 1–15, doi:10.1002/2013JC008854, 2013.

W. Zhang, S.B. Watson, Y. R. Rao and H. Kling. A linked hydrodynamic, water quality and algal biomass model for a large, multi-basin lake: a working management tool, Ecological Modelling, 269C, 37-50, 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.08.018

Y.R. Rao (2012) Thermal Structure, Circulation and Turbulent Diffusion Processes in the Great Lakes, Encyclopedia of Lakes and Reservoirs, Springer Publishers.

Y.R. Rao and D.J. Schwab (2012) Interaction of coastal and offshore waters in the Laurentian Great Lakes, Encyclopedia of Lakes and Reservoirs, Springer Publishers.

Damien Bouffard, Leon Boegman, and Y. R. Rao 2012. Poincaré wave induced mixing in a large lake, Limnol & Oceanogr., 57(4), 1201-1216

Dupont, F., Padala Chittibabu, Vincent Fortin, Y.R. Rao and Youyu Lu, Assessment of a NEMO-based hydrodynamic modelling system for the Great Lakes Water Quality Research Journal of Canada

Beletsky, D., N. Hawley, Y.R. Rao, H.A. Vanderploeg, R. Beletsky, D.J. Schwab, S. Ruberg, 2012. Extra-ordinary summer thermocline of Lake Erie- Ekman pumping at work in large stratified lakes, Geophys. Res. Letters, VOL. 39, L06605, doi:10.1029/2012GL051002, 2012.

Huang, A. and Y.R. Rao, W. Zhang, 2012. On recent trends in atmosphere and lake variables in Lake Ontario, J. Climate, 25, 5807-5816

Y. R. Rao, J.E. Milne and C.H. Marvin, 2012.Hydrodynamics and Water Quality in western Lake Ontario, Journal of Great Lakes Res

Y.R. Rao, A. Huang, W.M. Schertzer, W. Rouse, Modelling of physical processes and assessment of climate change impacts in Great Bear Lake, Atmos & Ocean, 2012

Paturi, S., Boegman, L. and Y. R. Rao. Hydrodynamics of Eastern Lake Ontario and upper St. Lawrence River. J. Great Lakes Res, 2011

W. Zhang, and Y.R. Rao Application of a Eutrophication Model for Lake Winnipeg” , J. Great Lakes Res doi:10.1016/j.jglr.2011.01.003, 2011.

Jun Zhao, Y.R. Rao and L.I. Wassenaar, Numerical Modeling of Hydrodynamics and Tracer Dispersion During Ice-free Period in Lake Winnipeg ” J. Great Lakes Res doi:10.1016/j.jglr.2011.02.005, 2011.

Huang, Y. R. Rao, Youyu Lu and Jun Zhao. Hydrodynamic Modeling of Lake Ontario: An Intercomparison of Three Models” J of Geophys Res., 2010 vol 115, C12076, doi:10.1029/2010JC006269, 2010.

Huang, A. Y.R. Rao and Y. Lu. 2010. Evaluation of a 3-D hydrodynamic model and atmospheric forecast forcing using observations in Lake Ontario, 115, J of Geophys Res. C02004, doi:10.1029/2009JC005601.

Rao, Y.R., C. M. Marvin, J. Zhao. 2009. Application of a numerical model for circulation, temperature and pollutant distribution in Hamilton Harbour, J. Great Lakes Res., 35, 61-73.

Rao, Y.R., Nathan Hawley, M. N. Charlton and W. M. Schertzer. 2008. Physical processes and hypoxia in the central basin of Lake Erie, Limnol & Oceanogr. 52 (5) 2007-2020.

Rao, Y.R. and D.J. Schwab. 2007. Transport and mixing between the coastal and offshore waters in the Great Lakes: a review. J. Great Lakes Res. 33(1):202-218.

J. Sheng and Y.R. Rao. 2006. Circulation and thermal structure in Lake Huron and Georgian Bay: Application of a nested grid model. Cont. Shelf Res. 26(12-13):2006, 1496-1518.

Rao, Y.R., M.J. McCormick, and C.R. Murthy. 2004. Circulation during winter and northerly storm events in southern Lake Michigan. J. Geophys. Res. 109: C01010, 12 pp.

Rao, Y.R. M.G. Skafel, and M. Charlton. 2004. Circulation and turbulent exchange characteristics during the thermal bar in Lake Ontario, Limnol & Oceanogr. 49(6), 2190-2200.

Rao, Y.R., M.G. Skafel, T. Howell and C.R. Murthy. 2003. Physical processes controlling taste and odour episodes in Lake Ontario drinking water. J. Great Lakes Res. 29(1):70-78.

Rao, Y.R. and C.R. Murthy. 2001. Near-shore currents and turbulent exchange characteristics during upwelling and downwelling events in Lake Ontario. J Geophys. Res. 106(C2):2667-2678.

Rao, Y.R. and C.R. Murthy. 2001. Coastal Boundary Layer Characteristics during Summer Stratification in Lake Ontario. J. Phys. Oceanogr.. 31(4):1088-1104.

Research facility

867 Lakeshore Rd.
Burlington, ON L7S 1A1


Adjunct Professor, University of Toronto, Scarborough; Queen's University, Kingston

University of Waterloo, Waterloo (2006-11)

Member of International Association for Great Lakes Research, Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society and the American Geophysical Union