Peter Galbraith

Image Galbraith, Peter
Research Scientist

Research on mixing processes and the climate of the Gulf of St Lawrence

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Current research and/or projects

Peter Galbraith is a research scientist in physical oceanography with interests in the climate of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in mixing rates and turbulence, and how these interact with and affect biology. He is interested in identifying the underlying processes that drive the mixing that can lead to enhanced productivity. His study regions include the St. Lawrence estuary (a mixing hot spot), the Saguenay Fjord and ice-covered seas such as the Gulf of St. Lawrence in winter and the waters of the Canadian Arctic.

 

Research and/or project statements

He sits on the permanent management comittee of the Atlantic Zone Monitoring Program and is responsible for delivering its scientific program in the Quebec region. With the input of colleagues, he also produces the annual Research Document on the state of the ocean for the physical oceanography of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and co-leads the production of the zonal environmental overview published as scientific advice. He contributes to DFO's monitoring program by running a helicopter-based winter survey of the temperature and salinity conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.

Professional activities / interests

Professor at:

  • Institut national de la recherche scientifique Eau, Terre & Environnement (INRS-ETE) - Invited researcher co-supervising Caroline Sévigny (Ph.D. defended 2013-12-03)
  • Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR-ISMER) - Associate professor, co-supervised Frédéric Cyr (Ph.D. defended 2014-03-27), Mélany Belzile (M.Sc., 2012-2015) and Alexandre Livernoche (M.Sc.,  2015-2017)

Education and awards

Ph.D. Oceanography, Dalhousie University, 1992

B.Sc.A. Engineering Physics, Laval University, 1986

Key publications

Primary Publications:

  1. Galbraith, P.S., D. Bourgault, M. Belzile. 2018. Circulation et renouvellement des masses d'eau du fjord du Saguenay. Naturaliste Canadien, in press.
  2. Bourgault, D., P.S. Galbraith, D. Dumont. Hydrographie du golfe du Saint-Laurent. Chapître 2 de: Archambault P., Schloss I.R., Grant C., Plante S. (2018) Les hydrocarbures dans le golfe du Saint-Laurent - Enjeux sociaux, économiques et environnementaux. Notre Golfe, Rimouski, Qc, Canada, 324 p.
  3. Le Bris, A., J.A.D. Fisher, H.M. Murphy, P.S. Galbraith, M. Castonguay, T. Loher, D. Robert. 2017. Migration patterns and putative spawning habitats of Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) in the Gulf of St. Lawrence revealed by geolocation of pop-up satellite archival tags. ICES ICES Journal of Marine Science, 75(1):135-147, doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsx098.
  4. Ouellet, P., D. Chabot, P. Calosi, D. Orr, P. S. Galbraith. 2017. Regional variations in early life stages response to a temperature gradient in the northern shrimp Pandalus borealis and vulnerability of the populations to ocean warming. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 497, 50-60.
  5. Bélanger, S., C. Carrascal-Leal, T. Jaegler, P. Larouche, P.S. Galbraith. 2017. Assessment of radiometric data from a buoy in the St Lawrence Estuary. J. Atm. Ocean. Tech., in press.
  6. Savenkoff, C., J. A. Gagné, M. Gilbert, M. Castonguay, D. Chabot, J. Chassé, S. Comtois, J.-D. Dutil, P. S. Galbraith, J.-F. Gosselin, F. Grégoire, R. Larocque, P. Larouche, D. Lavoie, M. Lebeuf, V. Lesage, F. Maps, I. H. McQuinn, A. Mosnier, C. Nozères, P. Ouellet, S. Plourde, B. Sainte-Marie, L. Savard, M. Scarratt, M. Starr. 2016. Le concept d'approche écosystémique appliqué à l'estuaire du Saint-Laurent (Canada). NRC Research Press, Dossiers environnement, Environmental Reviews, 72 pp.
  7. Bourgault, D., P. S. Galbraith and C. Chavanne. 2016. Generation of internal solitary waves by frontally forced intrusions in geophysical flows. Nat. Commun. 7, 13606 doi: 10.1038/ncomms13606
  8. Grue, J., D. Bourgault and P. S. Galbraith. 2016. Supercritical dead water : effect of nonlinearity and comparison with observations. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 803, 436-465. doi:10.1017/jfm.2016.518
  9. Albouy-Boyer, S., S. Plourde, P. Pepin, C. Johnson, C. Lehoux, P. S. Galbraith, D. Hebert, G. Lazin and C. Lafleur. 2016. Habitat modelling of key copepod species in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean based on the Atlantic Zone Monitoring Program. Journal of Plankton Research, doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbw020.
  10. Larouche, P. and P. S. Galbraith. 2016. Canadian coastal seas and Great Lakes sea surface temperature climatology and recent trends. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 42:3, 243-258, DOI: 10.1080/07038992.2016.1166041
  11. Bourgault, D., C. Chavanne, D. Dumont, É. Morin, P. S. Galbraith et Louis Gostiaux. 2016. Le point sur les marées d'équinoxes dans l'estuaire du Saint-Laurent. Naturaliste Can., 104:73-84
  12. Belzile, M., P. S. Galbraith, D. Bourgault. 2016. Water renewals in the Saguenay Fjord. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, 638-657, doi:10.1002/ 2015JC011085.
  13. Ouellet, P., C. Savenkoff, H.P. Benoît, P.S. Galbraith. 2015. A comparison of recent trends in demersal fish biomass and their potential drivers for three ecoregions of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. ICES Journal of Marine Science. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv133
  14. Lavoie, D., J. Chassé, Y. Simard, N. Lambert, P.S. Galbraith, N. Roy, D. Brickman. 2015. Control of large-scale atmospheric and oceanic forcing on krill transport into the St. Lawrence estuary investigated using a 3D numerical model. Atmosphere-Ocean. doi: 10.1080/07055900.2015.1082965
  15. Plourde, S., F. Grégoire, C. Lehoux, P.S. Galbraith, M. Castonguay, M. Ringuette. 2015. Effect of environmental variability on body condition and recruitment success of Atlantic Mackerel (Scomber scombrus L.) in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Fisheries Oceanography. doi: 10.1111/fog.12113
  16. Sévigny, C., Y. Gratton, P.S. Galbraith. 2015. Frontal structures associated with coastal upwelling and ice-edge subduction events in southern Beaufort Sea during the Canadian Arctic Shelf Exchange Study. J. Geophys. Res., 120(4): 2523-2539. doi: 10.1002/2014JC010641
  17. Cyr, F., D. Bourgault, P.S. Galbraith, M. Gosselin. 2015. Turbulent nitrate fluxes in the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary. J. Geophys. Res., 120(3): 2308-2330, doi: 10.1002/2014JC010272
  18. Pepin, P., Johnson, C.L., Harvey, M., Casault, B., Chassé, J, Colbourne, E.B., Galbraith, P.S., Hebert, D., Lazin, G., Maillet, G., Plourde, S., Starr, M. 2015. A multivariate evaluation of environmental effects on zooplankton community structure in the western North Atlantic Progress in Oceanography. Prog. in Oceanography, 134:197-220, doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2015.01.017
  19. Cyr, F., D. Bourgault, P.S. Galbraith. 2015. Behavior and mixing of a cold intermediate layer near a sloping boundary. Ocean Dynamics, 65(3):357-374, doi: 10.1007/s10236-014-0799-1
  20. Émond, K., B. Sainte-Marie, P. S. Galbraith, J. Bêty. 2015. Top-down versus bottom-up drivers of recruitment in a key marine invertebrate: investigating early life stages of snow crab. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 72(5), 1336-1348. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsu240
  21. Le Bris, A., A. Fréchet, P. S. Galbraith, J. S. Wroblewski. 2013. Evidence for alternative migratory behaviours in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence population of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.). ICES Journal of Marine Science, 70:793-804. doi.10.1093/icesjms/fst068
  22. Truchon, M.-H., L. Measures, V. L'Hérault, J.-C. Brêthes, P. S. Galbraith, M. Harvey, S. Lessard, M. Starr, N. Lecomte. 2013. Marine mammal strandings and environmental changes: a 15-year study in the St. Lawrence ecosystem. PLoS ONE 8(3): e59311. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0059311
  23. Richards, C., D. Bourgault, P.S. Galbraith, A. Hay, D.E. Kelley, 2013. Measurements of shoaling internal waves and turbulence in an estuary. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118(1):273-286, doi:10.1029/2012JC008154.
  24. Bourgault, D., F. Cyr, P.S. Galbraith, E. Pelletier. 2012. Relative importance of pelagic and sediment respiration in causing hypoxia in a deep estuary. JGR-Oceans, 117, C08033, 13 pp., doi:10.1029/2012JC007902
  25. Galbraith, P.S., P. Larouche, J. Chasse and B. Petrie, 2012. Sea-surface temperature in relation to air temperature in the Gulf of St. Lawrence: interdecadal variability and long term trends. Deep Sea Res. II, V77-80, 10-20.
  26. Estrada, R. , M. Harvey M. Gosselin, M. Starr, P. S. Galbraith, F. Straneo. 2012. Late-summer zooplankton community structure, abundance, and distribution in the Hudson Bay system (Canada) and their relationships with environmental conditions, 2003-2006. Prog. in Oceanography, 101 (1): 121-145.
  27. Bourgault, D., P. S. Galbraith and G. Winkler, 2012. Exploratory observations of winter oceanographic conditions in the Saguenay Fjord. Atmosphere-Ocean, 50 (1): 17-30.
  28. Tamdrari, H., M. Castonguay, J.-C. Brêthes, P. S. Galbraith and D. E. Duplisea, 2012. The dispersal pattern and behaviour of cod in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence: results from tagging experiments, Can. J. of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 69: 112-121.
  29. F. Cyr, D. Bourgault, P.S. Galbraith, 2011. Interior versus boundary mixing of a cold intermediate layer. J. Geophys. Res. (Oceans), J. Geophys. Res., 116, C12029, doi:10.1029/2011JC007359
  30. Bourgault, D., C. Hamel, F. Cyr, J.‐É. Tremblay, P. S. Galbraith, D. Dumont, and Y. Gratton, 2011, Turbulent nitrate fluxes in the Amundsen Gulf during ice‐covered conditions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L15602, doi:10.1029/2011GL047936.
  31. Galbraith, P.S. and P. Larouche, 2011. Sea-surface temperature in Hudson Bay and Hudson Strait in relation to air temperature and ice cover breakup, 1985-2009. J. Mar. Systems, 87, 66-78.
  32. Bourgault D., D. C. Janes, P. S. Galbraith. 2011. Observations of a large-amplitude internal wavetrain and its reflection off a steep slope. J. Phys. Ocean., 41, 586–600.
  33. Dutil, J.-D., P. Dumont, D. K. Cairns, P. S. Galbraith, G. Verreault, M. Castonguay and S. Proulx. 2009. Anguilla rostrata glass eel migration and recruitment in the estuary and Gulf of St Lawrence. Journal of Fish Biology, 74, 1970–1984
  34. Harvey, M., P.S. Galbraith, A. Descroix, 2009. Vertical distribution and diel migration of macrozooplankton in the St. Lawrence marine system (Canada) in relation with the cold intermediate layer thermal properties. Prog. Oceanogr., 80(1-2): 1-21.
  35. Bourgault, D., D.E. Kelley, P.S. Galbraith, 2008. Turbulence and boluses on an internal beach. J. Mar. Res., 66(5): 563-588.
  36. Galbraith, P.S., 2006. Winter water masses in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. J. Geophys. Res. (C Oceans), 111, art. no. C06022, 23 p
  37. Bourgault, D., D.E. Kelley, P.S. Galbraith, 2005. Interfacial solitary wave run-up in the St. Lawrence Estuary. J. Mar. Res., 63(6): 1001-1015
  38. Descroix, A., Harvey, M., Roy, S. & Galbraith, P.S. 2005. Macrozooplankton community patterns driven by water circulation in the St. Lawrence marine system, Canada. Marine Ecology Progress Series 302:103-119
  39. Galbraith, P.S., H.I. Browman, R.G. Racca, A.B. Skiftesvik & J.-F. St-Pierre. 2004. The effect of turbulence on the energetics of foraging in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) larvae. Marine Ecology Progress Series 281: 241-257
  40. Minnett, P.J., F. Bignami, E. Bohm, G. Budeus, P.S. Galbraith, P. Gudmandsen, T.S. Hopkins, R.G. Ingram, M.A. Johnson, H.J. Niebauer, R.O. Ramseier, W. Schneider, 1997. A summary of the formation and seasonal progression of the northeast water polynya. J. Mar. Syst., 10: 79-85.
  41. Galbraith, P.S., D.E. Kelley. 1996. Identifying overturns in CTD profiles. J. Atm. Ocean. Tech. 13: 688-702
  42. Galbraith, P.S. 1992. Relating Overturns to Mixing and Buoyancy Flux. Ph.D. Thesis, Dalhousie University
  43. Larouche, P., P.S. Galbraith, 1989. Factors affecting fast-ice consolidation in southeastern Hudson Bay, Canada. Atmos.-Ocean, 27: 367-375

Secondary Publications:

  1. MPO (Pepin, P., Galbraith, P.S. et al). 2017. Conditions océanographiques dans la Zone Atlantique en 2016. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO, Avis sci. 2016/031.
  2. Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Caverhill, C., Nicot, P., Gilbert, D., Pettigrew, B., Lefaivre, D., Brickman, D., Devine, L., and Lafleur, C. 2017. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2016. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2017/044. vi + 91 p.
  3. Bourdages, H., Brassard, C., Desgagnés, M., Galbraith, P., Gauthier, J., Légaré, B., Nozères, C., Parent, E. 2016. Preliminary results from the groundfish and shrimp multidisciplinary survey in August 2016 in the Estuary and northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2016/004. v + 87 p. [En, Fr]
  4. MPO (Pepin, P., Galbraith, P.S. et al). 2016. Conditions océanographiques dans la Zone Atlantique en 2015. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO, Avis sci. 2016/041.DFO. 2016. Oceanographic conditions in the Atlantic zone in 2015. DFO Can. Sci. Advis . Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2016/041
  5. Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Caverhill, C., Nicot, P., Gilbert, D., Pettigrew, B., Lefaivre, D., Brickman, D., Devine, L., and Lafleur, C. 2016. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2015. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2016/056. v + 90 p.
  6. Bourdages, H., Brassard, C., Desgagnés, M., Galbraith, P., Gauthier, J., Légaré, B., Nozères, C., Parent, E. and Schwab P. 2016. Preliminary results from the groundfish and shrimp multidisciplinary survey in August 2015 in the Estuary and northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2016/004. v + 87 p.
  7. Pepin P., Azetsu-Scott K., Starr M., Punshon S., Maillet G., Chassé J., Galbraith P., Greenan B., Lavoie D. & C. Johnson (2015). Preliminary Results of an ACCASP Funded Study of the Delineation of Ocean Acidification and Calcium Carbonate Saturation State of the Atlantic Zone. NAFO SCR Doc. 15/12, 20 p.
  8. Devine, L., Plourde, S., Starr, M., St-Pierre, J.-F., St-Amand, L., Joly, P. and Galbraith, P. S.. 2015. Chemical and Biological Oceanographic Conditions in the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence during 2014. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2015/071. v + 46 pp.
  9. MPO (Pepin, P., Galbraith, P.S. et al). 2015. Conditions océanographiques dans la Zone Atlantique en 2014. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO, Avis sci. 2015/030.DFO. 2015. Oceanographic conditions in the Atlantic zone in 2014. DFO Can. Sci. Advis . Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2015/030.
  10. Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Nicot, P., Caverhill, C., Gilbert, D., Pettigrew, B., Lefaivre, D., Brickman, D., Devine, L., and Lafleur, C. 2015. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2014. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2015/032. v + 82 p.
  11. Chassé, J., Galbraith, P.S., Lambert, N., Moriyasu, M., Wade, E., Marcil, J. and Pettipas, R.G. 2015. Environmental conditions in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence relevant to snow crab. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2015/009. v + 28 p.
  12. Devine, L., Plourde, S., Starr, M., St-Pierre, J.-F., St-Amand, L., Joly, P. and Galbraith, P. S.. 2015. Chemical and Biological Oceanographic Conditions in the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence during 2013. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2015/013. v + 45 pp.
  13. Galbraith, P.S. et Grégoire, F. 2015. Habitat thermique du maquereau bleu; profondeur de l'isotherme de 8 °C dans le sud du golfe du Saint-Laurent entre 1960 et 2014. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO. Doc. de rech. 2014/116. v + 13 p.
  14. Bourdages, H., Brassard, C., Desgagnés, M., Galbraith, P., Gauthier, J., Lambert, J., Légaré, B., Parent, E. and Schwab P. 2015. Preliminary results from the groundfish and shrimp multidisciplinary survey in August 2014 in the Estuary and northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2014/115. v + 96 p.
  15. Galbraith, P.S. et al., 2014. Programme de monitorage de la zone Atlantique. OGSL.
  16. Plourde, S., Grégoire, F., Lehoux, C., Galbraith, P.S., and Castonguay, M. 2014. Effect of environmental variability on the Atlantic Mackerel (Scomber scombrus L.) stock dynamics in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2014/092. v + 30 p.
  17. Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Gilbert, D., Larouche, P., Caverhill, C., Lefaivre, D., Brickman, D., Pettigrew, B., Devine, L., and Lafleur, C. 2014. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2013. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2014/062. vi + 84 p.
  18. MPO (Pepin, P., Galbraith, P.S. et al). 2014. Conditions océanographiques dans la Zone Atlantique en 2013. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO, Avis sci. 2014/050.DFO. 2014. Oceanographic conditions in the Atlantic zone in 2013. DFO Can. Sci. Advis . Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2014/050.
  19. Johnson, C., Pepin, P., Curtis, K.A., Lazin, G., Casault, B., Colbourne, E., Galbraith, P.S., Harvey, M., Hebert, D., Maillet, G., and Starr, M. 2014. Indicators of Pelagic Habitat Status in the Northwest Atlantic. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2014/047. v + 74 p.
  20. Plourde, S., Starr, M., Devine, L., St-Pierre, J.-F., St-Amand, L., Joly, P., and Galbraith, P.S.. 2014. Chemical and biological oceanographic conditions in the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence during 2011 and 2012. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2014/049. v + 46 pp.
  21. Galbraith, P.S., S. Plourde et M. Starr. 2014. Suivi de l'état du Saint-Laurent : Les processus océanographiques dans l'estuaire et le golfe. Publication du Plan d'Action Saint-Laurent.
  22. Chassé, J., N. Lambert, M. Comeau, P.S. Galbraith, P. Larouche and R.G. Pettipas. 2014. Environmental conditions in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence relevant to lobster. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2014/031. v + 25 p.
  23. Archambault, D., Bourdages, H., Brassard, C., Galbraith, P., Gauthier, J., Grégoire, F., Lambert, J. and Nozeres, C. 2014. Preliminary results from the groundfish and shrimp multidisciplinary survey in August 2013 in the Estuary and northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2014/010. v + 97 p.
  24. Plourde, S., Galbraith, P., Lesage, V., Grégoire, F., Bourdages, H., Gosselin, J.-F., McQuinn, I., and Scarratt, M. 2014. Ecosystem perspective on changes and anomalies in the Gulf of St. Lawrence: a context in support of the management of the St. Lawrence beluga whale population. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2013/129. v + 29 p.
  25. Loder, J.W., G. Han, P.S. Galbraith, J. Chassé and A. van der Baaren (Eds.). 2013. Aspects of climate change in the Northwest Atlantic off Canada. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3045: x +192 p.
  26. Galbraith, P.S. and P. Larouche. 2013. Trends and variability in eastern Canada sea-surface temperatures. Ch.1 In: Aspects of climate change in the Northwest Atlantic off Canada [Loder, J.W., G. Han, P.S. Galbraith, J. Chassé and A. van der Baaren (Eds.)]. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3045: x + 192 p.
  27. Galbraith. P.S., D. Hebert, E. Colbourne and R. Pettipas. 2013. Trends and variability in eastern Canada sub-surface ocean temperatures and implications for sea ice. Ch.5 In: Aspects of climate change in the Northwest Atlantic off Canada [Loder, J.W., G. Han, P.S. Galbraith, J. Chassé and A. van der Baaren (Eds.)]. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3045: x + 192 p.
  28. Gagné, J.A., Ouellet, P., Savenkoff, C., Galbraith, P.S., Bui, A.O.V. et Bourassa, M.-N. Éd. 2013. Rapport intégré de l'initiative de recherche écosystémique (IRÉ) de la région du Québec pour le projet : les espèces fourragères responsables de la présence des rorquals dans l'estuaire maritime du Saint-Laurent. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO. Doc. de rech. 2013/086. vi + 181 p.
  29. Galbraith, P.S., J. Chassé, A. O. V. Bui. 2013. Caractéristiques physico-chimiques. Ch. 1.2 In: Rapport intégré de l'initiative de recherche écosystémique (IRÉ) de la région du Québec pour le projet : les espèces fourragères responsables de la présence des rorquals dans l'estuaire maritime du Saint-Laurent. [Gagné, J.A., Ouellet, P., Savenkoff, C., Galbraith, P.S., Bui, A.O.V. et Bourassa, M.-N. (Eds.)] Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO. Doc. de rech. 2013/086. vi + 181 p.
  30. Simard, Y., N. Roy, P. Galbraith, D. Lavoie, J. Chassé, N. Lambert et S. Plourde. 2013. Approvisionnement de l'estuaire depuis le golfe : courants et transport du krill. Ch. 3.4.1 In: Rapport intégré de l'initiative de recherche écosystémique (IRÉ) de la région du Québec pour le projet : les espèces fourragères responsables de la présence des rorquals dans l'estuaire maritime du Saint-Laurent. [Gagné, J.A., Ouellet, P., Savenkoff, C., Galbraith, P.S., Bui, A.O.V. et Bourassa, M.-N. (Eds.)] Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO. Doc. de rech. 2013/086. vi + 181 p.
  31. Galbraith P.S. and J. Chassé. 2013. Variabilité des conditions océanographiques physiques. Ch. 5.1 In: Rapport intégré de l'initiative de recherche écosystémique (IRÉ) de la région du Québec pour le projet : les espèces fourragères responsables de la présence des rorquals dans l'estuaire maritime du Saint-Laurent. [Gagné, J.A., Ouellet, P., Savenkoff, C., Galbraith, P.S., Bui, A.O.V. et Bourassa, M.-N. (Eds.)] Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO. Doc. de rech. 2013/086. vi + 181 p.
  32. MPO (Pepin, P., Galbraith, P.S. et al). 2013. Conditions océanographiques dans la Zone Atlantique en 2012. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO, Avis sci. 2013/057.
  33. DFO. 2013. Oceanographic conditions in the Atlantic zone in 2012. DFO Can. Sci. Advis . Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2013/057.
  34. Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Larouche, P., Gilbert, D., Brickman, D., Pettigrew, B., Devine, L., and Lafleur, C., 2013. Physical Oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2012. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2013/026, v + 89 p.
  35. N. Steiner, K. Azetsu-Scott, P. Galbraith, J. Hamilton, K. Hedges, X. Hu, M. Y. Janjua, N. Lambert, P. Larouche, D. Lavoie, J. Loder, H. Melling, A. Merzouk, P. G. Myers, W. Perrie, I. Peterson, R. Pettipas, M. Scarratt, T. Sou, M. Starr, R. F. Tallmann, A. van der Baaren. 2013. Climate Change Assessment in the Arctic Basin Part 1: Trends and Projections - A Contribution to the Aquatic Climate Change Adaptation Services Program. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3042: xv + 163 p. [PDF]
  36. White, A.L., R.I. Perry, M.A. Koops, R.G. Randall, A. Bundy, P. Lawton, M. Koen-Alonso, D. Masson, P.S. Galbraith, M. Lebeuf, M. Lanteigne, and C. Hoover. 2013. A National Synthesis of the Fisheries and Oceans Canada Ecosystem Research Initiative. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2013/027. v + 31 p.
  37. Archambault, D., Bourdages, H., Bernier, B., Galbraith, P., Gauthier, J., Grégoire, F., Lambert, J. and Savard, L. 2012. Preliminary results from the groundfish and shrimp multidisciplinary survey in August 2012 in the Estuary and northern Gulf of St. Lawrence. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2012/144. iv + 107 p.
  38. Dutil, J.-D., Proulx, S., Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Lambert, N. and Laurian, C., 2012. Coastal and epipelagic habitats of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3009: ix + 87 p. [PDF]
  39. MPO (Ouellet, P., S. Savenkoff, Galbraith, P.S.), 2012. Avis de l'initiative de recherche écosystémique : espèces fourragères responsables de la présence du rorqual bleu (Balaenoptera musculus) dans l'estuaire maritime du Saint-Laurent. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO, Avis sci. 2012/052.
  40. Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Gilbert, D., Larouche, P., Brickman, D., Pettigrew, B., Devine, L., Gosselin, A., Pettipas, R.G. and Lafleur, C., 2012. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2011. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2012/023. iii + 85 p.
  41. Hammill, M.O. and P.S. Galbraith, 2012. Changes in seasonal sea-ice cover and its effect on marine mammals, in State-of-the-Ocean Report for the Gulf of St. Lawrence Integrated Management (GOSLIM) Area, H. P. Benoît, J. A. Gagné, C. Savenkoff, P. Ouellet and M.-N. Bourassa, Eds. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2986: viii + 73 pp.
  42. Benoît, H.P., C. Savenkoff, P. Ouellet, P.S. Galbraith, J. Chassé and A. Fréchet, 2012. Impacts of fishing and climate-driven changes in exploited marine populations and communities with implications for management, in State-of-the-Ocean Report for the Gulf of St. Lawrence Integrated Management (GOSLIM) Area, H. P. Benoît, J. A. Gagné, C. Savenkoff, P. Ouellet and M.-N. Bourassa, Eds. Canadian Manuscript Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2986: viii + 73 pp.
  43. Galbraith, P.S., J Chassé, D. Gilbert, P. Larouche, D. Brickman, B. Pettigrew, L. Devine, A. Gosselin, R.G. Pettipas and C. Lafleur. 2011. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2010. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2011/045. iv + 82 p.
  44. Galbraith, P.S., P. Larouche, D. Gilbert, J Chassé, B. Petrie. 2010. Trends in sea-surface and CIL temperatures in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in relation to air temperature. Atlanctic Zone Monitoring Program Bulletin, Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, No. 9 :20-23.
  45. Gagné J.A. et al. (AZMP Monitoring group). 2010. Physical, Chemical and Biological Status of the Environment. Atlantic Zonal Monitoring Program Bulletin, Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans. No. 9: 3-10.
  46. Galbraith, P.S., Pettipas, R.G., Chassé, J., Gilbert, D., Larouche, P., Pettigrew, B., Gosselin, A., Devine, L. and Lafleur, C. 2010. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2009. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2010/035. 75 p.
  47. Dufour, R., H. Benoît, M. Castonguay, J. Chassé, L. Devine, P. Galbraith, M. Harvey, P. Larouche, S. Lessard, B. Petrie, L. Savard, C. Savenkoff, L. St-Amand and M. Starr. 2010. Ecosystem status and trends report: Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence ecozone. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2010/030. 193 p.
  48. MPO (Galbraith, P.S.). 2009. État de l'océan en 2008 : Conditions océanographiques physiques dans le golfe du Saint-Laurent. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO, Avis sci. 2009/019.
  49. Galbraith, P.S., Pettipas, R.G., Chassé, J., Gilbert, D., Larouche, P., Pettigrew, B., Gosselin, A., Devine, L. and Lafleur, C. 2009. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2008. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2009/014. iv + 69 p.
  50. Mitchel M. et al. (AZMP Monitoring group). 2009. Physical, Chemical and Biological Status of the Environment. Atlantic Zonal Monitoring Program Bulletin, Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans. No. 8:3-11.
  51. Harvey, M., Galbraith, P.S., 2009. Macrozooplankton diel migration in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Estuary: Links to abiotic factors. Atlantic Zonal Monitoring Program Bulletin, Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans. No. 8: 28-35.
  52. MPO (Galbraith, P.S.). 2008. État de l'océan en 2007 : Conditions océanographiques physiques dans le golfe du Saint-Laurent. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO, Avis sci. 2009/019.
  53. Galbraith, P.S., D. Gilbert, R. Pettipas, J. Chassé, C. Lafleur, B. Pettigrew et L. Devine. 2008. Physical oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2007. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc., 2008/001, 55p.
  54. MPO (Galbraith, P.S.), 2007. État de l'océan en 2006 : Conditions d'océanographie physique dans le golfe du Saint-Laurent. Secr. can. de consult. sci. du MPO, Avis sci. 2007/036.
  55. Galbraith, P.S., D. Gilbert, C. Lafleur, P. Larouche, B. Pettigrew, J. Chassé, R.G. Pettipas and W.M. Petrie. 2007. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2006. Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Research Document 2007/024. 56pp.
  56. Galbraith, P.S., R. Desmarais, R. Pigeon et S. Cantin. 2006. Ten Years of Monitoring Winter Water Masses in the Gulf of St. Lawrence by Helicopter. Atlantic Zone Monitoring Program Bulletin, Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, No. 5 :32-35. [PDF]
  57. Gilbert, D., P.S. Galbraith, C. Lafleur et B. Pettigrew. 2004. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2003. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc., 2004/061 :63p.
  58. Starr, M., L. St-Amand, L. Devine, L. Bérard-Therriault et P.S. Galbraith. 2004. State of phytoplankton in the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence during 2003. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc., 2004/123 :35p.
  59. Galbraith, P.S., F.J. Saucier, N. Michaud, D. Lefaivre, R. Corriveau, F. Roy, R. Pigeon et S. Cantin. 2002. Shipborne monitoring of near-surface temperature and salinity in the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. Atlanctic Zone Monitoring Program Bulletin, Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, No. 2 :26-30.
  60. Therriault, J.-C., P.S. Galbraith, M. Starr et M. Harvey. 2002. Intrusions of Labrador Shelf waters into the Gulf of St. Lawrence and their potential influence on the plankton community and higher trophic levels. Atlanctic Zone Monitoring Program Bulletin, Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, No. 2 :12-15.
  61. Galbraith, P.S., 2000. Le rôle de l'hiver dans la production biologique dans le golfe du Saint-Laurent. Naturaliste can., 124(1): 59-60.
  62. Kelley, D.E. and P.S. Galbraith, 2000. Gri: A Language for Scientific Illustration. Linux Journal, 75: 92-101.
  63. Gilbert, D., B. Pettigrew, D. Swain, P. Galbraith, K. Drinkwater, 1998. Oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1997. Science, Stock Status Report, G4-01, 8 p.
  64. Gilbert, D., A. Vézina, B. Pettigrew, D. Swain, P. Galbraith, L. Devine et N. Roy. 1997. État du golfe du Saint-Laurent: Conditions océanographiques en 1995. Rap. Tech. Can. Hydrogr. Sci. Océan. 191: xii + 113p.

Infoceans:

  1. Pigeon, R. et P.S. Galbraith, 2017. Capacité accrue de monitorage de l'environnement marin grâce à l'achat de quatre bouées scientifiques / Increased Marine Environmental Monitoring Capability with the Purchase of Four Scientific Buoys. Infocéans Vol. 20 no. 1.
  2. Galbraith, P.S., 2017. Une année marquée par une hausse des températures des eaux et la diminution du couvert de glace dans le golfe du Saint-Laurent / A Year Marked by Rising Water Temperatures and Decreasing Ice Cover in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Infocéans Vol. 20 no. 1.
  3. Pigeon, R. et P.S. Galbraith, 2015. Collecte d'information scientifique à partir d'une bouée / Gathering Scientific Information from a Buoy. Infocéans Vol. 18 no. 6.
  4. Galbraith, P.S., 2015. Conditions océanographiques physiques dans le golfe du Saint-Laurent en 2014 / Physical Oceanography Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2014. Infocéans Vol. 18 no. 1.
  5. Galbraith, P.S., 2014. Des eaux plus froides en 2013-2014 / Colder Water in 2013-2014. Infocéans Vol. 17 no. 2.
  6. Galbraith, P.S., 2014. Quoi de neuf dans le golfe du Saint-Laurent? / What's New in the Gulf of St. Lawrence? Infocéans Vol. 17 no. 1.
  7. Galbraith, P.S., 2012. Les eaux du golfe scrutées à la loupe / Gulf Waters Carefully Scrutinized. Infocéans Vol. 15 no. 2.
  8. Galbraith, P.S., 2010. Le golfe du Saint-Laurent exceptionnellement chaud. / The Gulf of St. Lawrence unusually warm. Infocéans Vol. 13 no. 3.

DFO Videos:

  1. Vidéo montrant les opérations du prélèvement des échantillons sur la glace / Video showing samples being collected on the ice.
  2. Vidéo montrant les opérations du prélèvement des échantillons en vol stationnaire / Video of sampling operations in stationary flight.
  3. Nos scientifiques d'un océan à l'autre / Our scientists from coast to coast