Paul K. Abram, Ph.D.

Image Paul K. Abram
Research Scientist, Biological Control of Insect Pests

My research program is focused on the biology, behaviour, and ecology of beneficial insects (insect parasitoids) that help manage insect crop pests.  The main goals of my research are to develop, test, and implement theory and methods for: (i) measuring the biological control impact of parasitoids on invasive crop pests; and (ii) forecasting the potential for non-target ecological effects of introduced parasitoids on native Canadian fauna.

I also have a broad range of other research interests that focus on bridging the gap between fundamental ecological research and applied biological pest control.   These include projects on insect symbionts and viruses, different aspects of global change (artificial lighting, anthropogenic noise, temperature increases), and the ecological importance of within-species (intraspecific) trait variation in biological control agents. 

Current research and/or projects

  • Biological control of invasive agricultural insect pests (spotted wing Drosophila, brown marmorated stink bug) with parasitoid wasps.
  • Ecological risks and benefits of accidentally introduced parasitoid wasps that attack invasive crop pests.
  • Ecological effects of disruptive vibrations and daylength extensions with artificial lighting on pest/natural enemy associations in vegetable greenhouses.
  • Interactions between viruses and microbial symbionts of the invasive spotted wing Drosophila.
  • Parasitoid wasps attacking pest and non-pest leafhoppers in vineyard and adjacent natural habitats.
  • Tolerance and resistance of newly developed blueberry and raspberry selections to various insect pests.

Research and/or project statements

Additional key publications:

For full publication list, see Google Scholar page.

P.K. Abram, A.E. McPherson, R. Kula, T. Hueppelsheuser, J. Thiessen, S.J. Perlman, C.I. Curtis, J.L. Fraser, J. Tam, J. Carillo, M. Gates, S. Scheffer, M. Lewis, and M. Buffington (2020). New records of LeptopilinaGanaspis, and Asobara species associated with Drosophila suzukii in North America, including detections of L. japonica and G. brasiliensisJournal of Hymenoptera Research 78:1-17. doi: 10.3897/jhr.78.55026

P.K. Abram, R.M. Labbe, and P.G. Mason (2020). Ranking the host range of biological control agents with quantitative metrics of taxonomic specificity. Biological Control 152: 104427. doi: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2020.104427

P.K. Abram, N. Mills, and E. Beers (2020). Classical biological control of invasive stink bugs with egg parasitoids: what does success look like? Pest Management Science 76: 1980-1992. doi: 10.1002/ps.5813  

P.K. Abram, E.J. Talamas, S. Acheampong, P.G. Mason, and T.D. Gariepy (2019). First detection of the samurai wasp, Trissolcus japonicus (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) in Canada. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 68: 29–36. doi:10.3897/jhr.68.32203 

P.K. Abram, J. Brodeur, A. Urbaneja, and A. Tena (2019). Non-reproductive effects of insect parasitoids on their hosts. Annual Review of Entomology 64:259-276. doi: 10.1146/annurev-ento-011118-111753 

P.K. Abram and C.E. Moffat (2018). Rethinking biological control programs as planned invasions. Current Opinion in Insect Science 27:9-15. doi: 10.1016/j.cois.2018.01.011  

P.K. Abram, K.A. Hoelmer, A. L. et al. [+47 Authors] (2017). Indigenous arthropod natural enemies of the brown marmorated stink bug in North America and Europe. Journal of Pest Science 90:1009-1020. doi: 10.1007/s10340-017-0891-7   

P.K. Abram, G. Boivin, J. Moiroux, and J. Brodeur (2017). Behavioural effects of temperature on ectothermic animals: unifying thermal physiology and behavioural plasticity. Biological Reviews 92: 1859-1876. 

Education and awards

  • Ph.D., Biological Sciences, Université de Montréal (2016)
  • MSc, Biology, Carleton University (2012)
  • BSc (Honours), Biology, Queen's University (2009)

Key publications

  1. P.K. Abram (2022). How do we best estimate the biological control impact of parasitoids on mobile, polyphagous agricultural pests? Visiting presentation to the Research Group on Mathematical Modelling of Biological Control Interaction to Support Agriculture and Conservation, Israel Institute For Advanced Studies, February 6, 2022 (Invited virtual guest lecture).

    2022 - View publication details

  2. P.K. Abram (2022). Biological control as a key component of sustainable pest management systems: successes and complexity. University of British Columbia advanced topics course, February 3, 2021 (Invited virtual guest lecture).

    2022 - View publication details

  3. Earley, N.G., C.E. Moffat, P.K. Abram. (eds.) 2022: Proceedings of the North American spotted-wing drosophila biological control working group, Canada, December 9-10 2020.

    2022 - View publication details

  4. Earley, N.G., C.E. Moffat, P.K. Abram. (eds.) 2022: Proceedings of the North American spotted-wing drosophila biological control working group, Canada, December 9-10 2020.

    2022 - View publication details

  5. J. Fraser, P.K. Abram, M. Dorais (2021). Utilisation de l’éclairage artificiel en serre afin de moduler le comportement des parasitoïdes et ainsi améliorer la lutte biologique contre les pucerons. 148 ième Réunion annuelle de la Société d’entomologie du Québec, November 25-26, 2021 (Virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  6. M. Gaudreau, F. LeBlanc, P.K. Abram, J. Brodeur (2021). Cherche et trouve chez des parasitoïdes d’œufs : le poids des UV. 148 ième Réunion annuelle de la Société d’entomologie du Québec, November 25-26, 2021 (Virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  7. J.-P. Parent, P.K. Abram (2021). Les vibrations sont-elles suffisantes pour déloger des pucerons installés confortablement? 148 ième Réunion annuelle de la Société d’entomologie du Québec, November 25-26, 2021 (Virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  8. N. Demers, P.K. Abram, J.-P. Parent (2021). Puceron-limace, l’effet perturbateur des vibrations sur la production de juvéniles du puceron vert du pêcher Myzus persicae. 148 ième Réunion annuelle de la Société d’entomologie du Québec, November 25-26, 2021 (Virtual poster presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  9. P.K. Abram, J. Brodeur, J. Doyon, and T.D. Gariepy (2021). Unsuccessful attack by native parasitoids and unintentional biocontrol by exotic parasitoids: the story of brown marmorated stink bug parasitoids in Canada. 2021 Entomological Society of Canada and Entomological Society of Ontario's Joint Annual Meeting, November 15-18, 2021 (Invited virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  10. J.-P. Parent, P.K. Abram (2021). Are cozy aphids less likely to be disrupted by substrate-borne vibrations? 2021 Entomological Society of Canada and Entomological Society of Ontario's Joint Annual Meeting, November 15-18, 2021 (Virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  11. S. Legault, A. Vossen, P.K. Abram, J. Brodeur, A. Firlej (2021). Diapause induction in two exotic parasitoids of the invasive spotted wing drosophila: Could they survive our cold Canadian winters? 2021 Entomological Society of Canada and Entomological Society of Ontario's Joint Annual Meeting, November 15-18, 2021 (Virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  12. C.E. Moffat, P.K. Abram (2021). Rethinking biological control programs as planned invasions. 2021 Entomological Society of Canada and Entomological Society of Ontario's Joint Annual Meeting, November 15-18, 2021 (Invited virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  13. J. Fraser, P.K. Abram, M. Dorais (2021). Manipulating parasitoid behaviour with LED greenhouse lighting to improve biocontrol of aphids. 2021 Entomological Society of Canada and Entomological Society of Ontario's Joint Annual Meeting, November 15-18, 2021 (Virtual Oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  14. M.T. Franklin, J. Sherwood, P.K. Abram, T. Hueppelsheuser, G. Gibson, Tim Haye (2021). A first step: exploration of biocontrol agents for the newly established strawberry blossom weevil, Anthonomus rubi. 2021 Entomological Society of Canada and Entomological Society of Ontario's Joint Annual Meeting, November 15-18, 2021 (Invited virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  15. N. Demers, P.K. Abram, and J.-P. Parent (2021). Slug-like aphids, the disruptive effect of vibrations on the offspring of the green peach aphid Myzus persicae. 2021 Entomological Society of Canada and Entomological Society of Ontario's Joint Annual Meeting, November 15-18, 2021 (Virtual poster presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  16. Moffat, C.E., P. K. Abram. 2021. Rethinking biological control programs as planned invasions. Entomological Society of Canada (virtual), 15-18 November 2021. Invited?

    2021 - View publication details

  17. J. Hepler, K. Athey, D. Enicks, P.K. Abram, T.D. Gariepy, E. Talamas, E.H. Beers (2021). Hidden host mortality from Trissolcus japonicus: Conventional and molecular evaluation of non-target risk to native pentatomids. Entomology 2021: Virtual Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America. October 31-November 1, 2021 (Virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  18. Guerra-Grenier, E., Abram, P.K., Brodeur, J. (2021). Asymmetries affecting aggressive contests between solitary parasitoids: The effect of host species. Behavioral Ecology, [online] 31(6), 1391-1400. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/beheco/araa096

    2021 - View publication details

  19. Q. Geissmann, P.K. Abram, D. Wu, C. Haney, and J. Carrillo (2021). Sticky Pi, an AI-powered smart insect trap for community circadian ecology. Entomology 2021: Virtual Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America. October 31-November 1, 2021 (Virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

  20. J. Fraser, P.K. Abram, M. Dorais (2021). Manipulating parasitoid biocontrol of aphids with artificial light. Entomology 2021: Virtual Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America. October 31-November 1, 2021 (Virtual oral presentation).

    2021 - View publication details

Research facility

6947 Highway 7
PO Box 1000
Agassiz, BC V0M 1A2
Canada

Affiliations

  • Adjunct Professor, University of British Columbia, Faculty of Land and Food Systems
  • Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria, Department of Biology
  • Adjunct Professor, Université Laval, Département de Phytologie

Language

English
French