Paul A. Bartlett

Image Paul A. Bartlett
Research Scientist - Surface process modelling and measurement

Testing and development of the CLASSIC land surface model using field measuremnts and simulations.

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Current research and/or projects

Contributing towards Environmental Prediction Science through the measurement and modelling of surface processes

  • Evaluation and development of the CLASSIC model
    • Formerly CLASS (Canadian Land Surface Scheme) and CTEM (Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model)
  • Modelling snow processes and vegetation-snow interaction
  • ESM-SnowMIP (Earth System Model Snow Model Intercomparison Study)
  • Surface energy, water and carbon budget modelling and measurement
  • Land cover data assessment

Professional activities / interests

President, Canadian Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 2009-2011.

Associated Professor and member of Graduate Faculty, Department of Land Resource Science, University of Guelph, 2008 - 2011.

Member of the SnowMIP2 (2nd Snow Models Intercomparison Project) Science Committee.

Reviewer of manuscripts for  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Agronomy Journal, Annals of Glaciology, Arctic Report Card, Atmosphere-Ocean, Canadian Forest Service,  Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Climate Dynamics, The Cryosphere, Ecological Modelling, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Environmental Science and Technology, Global Change Biology, Hydrological Processes, Hydrology and Earth System Science, Hydrology Research, International Journal of Agronomy, International Journal of Climatology, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Journal of Climate, Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, Journal of Hydrometeorology, Water Resources Research

Education and awards

Campbell Scientific Student Paper Award – Canadian Society of Agricultural Meteorology Annual Meeting, Saskatoon, SK, July 16, 2002

Ph.D. Queen's University, 2002; M.Sc. Queen's University, 1993; B.Sc. University of Toronto, 1989

Key publications

Ménard, C.B., Essery, R., Barr, A., Bartlett, P., Derry, J., Dumont, M., Fierz, C., Kim, H., Kontu, A., Lejeune, Y., Marks, D., Niwano, M., Raleigh, M., Wang, L., Wever, N.  2019. Meteorological and evaluation datasets for snow modelling at ten reference sites: description of in situ and bias-corrected reanalysis data, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 11, 865-880, 2019. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-11-865-2019.

Krinner, G., Derksen, C., Essery, R., Flanner, M., Hagemann, S., Clark, M., Hall, A., Rott, H., Brutel-Vuilmet, C., Kim, H., Ménard, C. B., Mudryk, L., Thackeray, C., Wang, L., Arduini, G., Balsamo, G., Bartlett, P., Boike, J., Boone, A., Chéruy, F., Colin, J., Cuntz, M., Dai, Y., Decharme, B., Derry, J., Ducharne, A., Dutra, E., Fang, X., Fierz, C., Ghattas, J., Gusev, Y., Haverd, V., Kontu, A., Lafaysse, M., Law, R., Lawrence, D., Li, W., Marke, T., Marks, D., Nasonova, O., Nitta, T., Niwano, M., Pomeroy, J., Raleigh, M. S., Schaedler, G., Semenov, V., Smirnova, T., Stacke, T., Strasser, U., Svenson, S., Turkov, D., Wang, T., Wever, N., Yuan, H., Zhou, W. 2018. ESM-SnowMIP: Assessing models and quantifying snow-related climate feedbacks, Geosci. Model Dev. doi: 10.5194/gmd-11-5027-2018.

Todt, M., Rutter, N., Fletcher, C.G., Wake, L.M., Bartlett, P.A., Jonas, T., Kropp, H., Loranty, M.M., Webster, C. 2018. Simulation of longwave enhancement in boreal and montane forests. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, doi: 10.1029/2018JD028719. 

Wang, L., Bartlett, P., Xiao, M. 2018. Mapping of plant functional type from satellite-derived land cover datasets for climate models. IGARSS 2018 - 2018 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, doi: 10.1109/IGARSS.2018.8518046.

Asaadi, A., Arora, V. K., Melton, J. R., Bartlett, P.  2018. An improved parameterization of leaf area index (LAI) seasonality in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS) and Canadian Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (CTEM) modelling framework, Biogeosciences, 15: 6885-6907, doi: 10.5194/bg-15-6885-2018.

Luo, X., Croft, H., Chen, J.M., Bartlett, P.A., Staebler, R., Froelich, N. 2018. Incorporating leaf chlorophyll content into a two-leaf terrestrial biosphere model for estimating carbon and water fluxes at a forest site. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 248, 156-168, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.09.012

Croft, H., Chen, J.M., Luo, X., Bartlett, P., Chen, B., Staebler, R.M. 2017. Leaf chlorophyll content as a proxy for leaf photosynthetic capacity. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.13599.

Huang, S., Bartlett, P.A., Arain, M.A. 2016.  An analysis of global terrestrial carbon, water and energy dynamics using the carbon-nitrogen coupled CLASS-CTEMN+ model. Ecological Modelling, 336, 36-56, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2016.05.019.

Wang, L., Cole, J., Bartlett, P.A., Verseghy, D.L., Derksen, C., Brown, R., von Salzen, K.  2016.  Investigating the spread in surface albedo for snow covered forests in CMIP5 models. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JD023824.

Huang, S., Bartlett, P., Arain, M.A.  2016.  Assessing nitrogen controls on carbon, water and energy exchanges in major plant functional types across North America using a carbon and nitrogen coupled ecosystem model. Ecological Modelling, 323, 12-27, doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.11.020

Bartlett, P.A. and Verseghy, D.L.  2015.  Modified treatment of intercepted snow improves the simulated forest albedo in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme. Hydrological Processes, doi: 10.1002/hyp.10431

Santos, E., Wagner-Riddle, C., Lee, X., Warland, J., Brown, S., Staebler, R., Bartlett, P., Kim, K.  2014.  Temporal dynamics of oxygen isotope compositions of soil and canopy CO2 fluxes in a temperate deciduous forest. Journal of Geophysical research: Biogeosciences, 119: 996-1013, doi:10.1002/2013JG002525.

Chang, K., Warland, J., Bartlett, P., Arain, A., Yuan, F.  2014.  A Simple Crop Phenology Algorithm in the Land Surface Model CN-CLASS. Agronomy Journal. 106: 297-308, doi:10.2134/agronj2013.0164.

Wang, L., MacKay, M., Brown, R., Harvey, R., Bartlett, P., Langlois, A.  2014. Application of satellite data for evaluating the cold climate performance of the Canadian Regional Climate model over Québec, Canada. Journal of Hydrometeorology. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-13-086.1.

Roy, A., Royer, A., Montpetit, B., Bartlett, P.A., Langlois, A.  2013. Snow specific surface area simulation using the one-layer snow model in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS). The Cryosphere, 7: 961-975, doi:10.5194/tc-7-961-2013.

Chang, K., Warland, J., Voroney, P., Bartlett, P., Wagner-Riddle, C.  2013. Using DayCENT to simulate carbon dynamics in conventional and no-till agriculture. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 77: 941-950, doi: 10.2136/sssaj2012.0354.

Santos, E., Wagner-Riddle, C., Lee, X., Warland, J., Brown, S., Staebler, R., Bartlett, P., Kim, K.  2012.  Use of the isotope flux ratio approach to investigate the C18O16O and 13CO2 exchange near the floor of a temperate deciduous forest. Biogeosciences, 9: 2385-2399, doi:10.5194/bg-9-2385-2012.

Marsh, P., Bartlett, P., Mackay, M., Pohl, S., Lantz, T. 2010. Snowmelt energetics at a shrub tundra site in the Western Canadian Arctic. Hydrological Processes, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7786.

Alavi, N., Berg, A.A., Warland, J.S., Parkin, G., Verseghy, D., Bartlett, P.  2010.  Evaluating the impact of assimilating soil moisture variability data on latent heat flux estimation in a land surface model. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 35(2): 157-172.

Essery, R., Rutter, N., Pomeroy, J., Baxter, R., Stähli, M., Gustafsson, D., Barr, A., Bartlett, P.,  Elder, K.  2009.  SnowMIP2 An evaluation of forest snow process simulations, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90: 1120-1135, DOI: 10.1175/2009BAMS2629.1

Rutter, N, Essery, R., Pomeroy, J., Altimir, N., Andreadis, K., Baker, I., Barr, A., Bartlett, P., Elder, K., Ellis, C., Feng, X., Gelfan, A., Goodbody, G., Gusev, Y., Gustafsson, D., Hellström, R., Hirota, T., Jonas, T., Koren, V., Li, W-P., Luce, C., Martin, E., Nasonova, O., Pumpanen, J., Pyles, D., Samuelsson, P., Sandells, M., Schädler, G., Shmakin, A., Smirnova, T., Stähli, M., Stöckli, R., Strasser, U., Su, Hua, Suzuki, K., Takata, K., Tanaka, K., Thompson, E., Vesala, T., Viterbo, P., Wiltshire, A., Xue, Y., Yamazaki, T.  2009. Evaluation of forest snow processes models (SnowMIP2), Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 114, D06111, doi:10.1029/2008JD011063.

MacKay, M.D., Bartlett, P.A., Chan, E., Verseghy, D.L., Soulis, E.D., Seglenieks, F.R.  2008.  Chapter 25. The MAGS Regional Climate Modeling System: CRCM-MAGS, In Woo, M.-K. (Ed.) Cold Region Atmospheric and Hydrologic Studies. The Mackenzie GEWEX Experience Volume 1: Atmospheric Dynamics, Springer, New York, 494pp.

Bartlett, P.A., MacKay, M.D., Verseghy, D.L. 2006. Modified Snow Algorithms in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme: Model runs and Sensitivity Analysis at Three Boreal Forest Stands. Atmosphere-Ocean, 44: 207-222.

MacKay, M.D., Bartlett, P.A., Chan, E., Derksen, C., Guo, S., Leighton, H.  2006.  On the Problem of Regional Scale Sublimation over Boreal and Agricultural Landscapes. Atmosphere-Ocean, 44: 289-304.

Brown, R.D., Bartlett, P.A., MacKay, M.D., Verseghy, D.L. 2006.  Evaluation of snow cover in CLASS for SnowMIP. Atmosphere-Ocean, 44: 223-238.

MacKay, M.D and Bartlett, P.A.  2006.  Estimating canopy snow unloading timescales from observations of albedo and precipitation, Geophysical Research Letters, 33: L19405, doi:1029/2006GL027521.

Bernier, P.Y., Bartlett, P.A., Black, T.A., Barr, A.G., Kljun, N., McCaughey, J.H. 2006.   Drought constraints on transpiration and canopy conductance in mature aspen and jack pine stands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 140: 64-78.

Bartlett, P.A., McCaughey, J.H., Lafleur, P.M., Verseghy, D.L. 2003. Modelling evapotranspiration at three boreal forest stands using the CLASS: Tests of parameterizations for canopy conductance and soil evaporation. International J. of Climatology, 23: 427-451.

Bartlett, P.A., McCaughey, J.H., Lafleur, P.M., Verseghy, D.L.  2002.  A comparison of the mosaic and aggregated canopy frameworks for representing surface heterogeneity in the Canadian boreal forest using CLASS: A soil perspective.  Journal of Hydrology, 266: 15-39.

Delage, Y., Bartlett, P.A., McCaughey, J.H.  2002.  Study of ‘soft’ night-time surface-layer decoupling over forest canopies in a land-surface model.  Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 103: 253-276.

Bartlett, P.A., McCaughey, J.H., Lafleur, P.M., Verseghy, D.L.  2000.  Performance of the Canadian Land Surface Scheme at temperate aspen-birch and mixed forests, and a boreal young jack pine forest: Tests involving canopy conductance parametrizations.  Atmosphere-Ocean, 38: 113-140.

Joiner, D.W., Lafleur, P.M., McCaughey, J.H., Bartlett, P.A.  1999.  Interannual variability in carbon dioxide exchanges at a northern boreal wetland in the BOREAS northern study area. Journal of Geophysical Research, D22, 104: 27663-27672.

Joiner, D.W., McCaughey, J.H., Lafleur, P.M., Bartlett, P.A.  1999.  Water and carbon dioxide exchange at a boreal young jack pine forest in the BOREAS northern study area. Journal of Geophysical Research, D22, 104: 27641-27652.

Lafleur, P.M., McCaughey, J.H., Bartlett, P.A., Strachan, I.B.  1998. Observations of the micrometeorology of two forests in eastern Canada: I  Interannual variations in summer radiation and energy balance.  Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28: 514-523.

Lafleur, P.M., McCaughey, J.H., Joiner, D.W., Bartlett, P.A., Jelinski, D.E.  1997.  Seasonal trends in energy, water, and carbon dioxide fluxes at a northern boreal wetland.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 102: 29009-29020.

McCaughey, J.H., Lafleur, P.M., Joiner, D.W., Bartlett, P.A., Costello, A., Jelinski, D.E., Ryan, M.G.  1997.  Magnitudes and seasonal patterns of energy, water, and carbon exchanges at a boreal young jack pine forest in the BOREAS Northern Study Area.  Journal of Geophysical Research, 102: 28997-29007.