Martin Chantigny, PhD

Image Martin Chantigny
Scientist, Soil Biochemistry and Nutrient Cycling

My work aims at improving our understanding of the biogeochemistry of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus derived from organic wastes used in agriculture. The goal is to retain these elements in the soil-plant system to minimize transfer to air and water. The results are used to define best management practices that maximize carbon accumulation in soil and nutrient use efficiency by the crops, and that minimize greenhouse gas emissions and nutrient transfer to water courses.

Current research and/or projects

Principal Investigator

  • Living Laboratory of the Lac-St-Pierre (In preparation)

  • Resilient crop-livestock systems – Evidencing the mechanisms of C and N stabilisation and restitution in manured soils.

  • Designing resilient dairy production systems in eastern Canada.

  • Agri-environmental assessment of Canadian dairy farms: Towards eco-efficient management of forage crops and manure.

Collaborations:

  • Understanding the role of the soil microbiome in promoting resilient and sustainable agroecosystems.

  • Interdisciplinary Research Laboratories for resilient agroecosystems​: Frelighsburg, Sherbrooke and the Missisquoi Bay.

  • Integrated modelling approach for identifying efficient and resilient BMPs for diverse cropping systems across Canada.

  • Holos and Life Cycle Analysis.

Research and/or project statements

  • Efficient use of organic wastes nitrogen by the crops.

  • Developing integrated crop-livestock systems with resilience to climate change.

  • Understanding the mechanisms of carbon and nitrogen accumulation and restitution in agricultural soils.

  • Developing economically and environmentally sustainable solutions at the farm scale. 

Professional activities / interests

  • Eco-efficient use of livestock effluents.

  • Long-term collaborations with New-Zealand (Plant and Food Research; University of Lincoln), le Denmark (Aarhus University; University of Southern Denmark), France (Agro-Campus Ouest et INRA, Rennes), and Brazil (Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; Universidade Federal de Rio do Grande do Sul).

  • Supervision of several graduate students and post-doctoral fellows.

Education and awards

  • B.Sc. (spec.) in agronomy, Université Laval, 1990

  • Ph.D. Agronomy (spec.) Soil Science, Université Laval, 1996.

  • Fellowships of the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), 1990-1996.

 

International experience and/or work

My international collaborations mainly deal with the understanding of mechanisms involved in the accumulation and restitution of carbon and nitrogen in agricultural soils as a function of management practices pertaining to the use of livestock effluents, plant diversity in crop rotations, and soil tillage. Measuring gaseous nitrogen emissions (ammonia and nitrous oxide) is also an important aspects of my interactions with colleagues from Denmark and Brazil. I currently lead an international network of long-term experiments (Canada, France, Sweden, Brazil, New-Zealand, China) exploring the impact of repeated application of livestock effluents on soil health and fertility, under the project entitled “Resilient crop-livestock systems – Evidencing the mechanisms of C and N stabilisation and restitution in manured soils”.

Key publications

  1. Thivierge, M.N., Angers, D.A., Chantigny, M.H., Seguin, P., Vanasse, A. (2016). Root traits and carbon input in field-grown sweet pearl millet, sweet sorghum, and grain corn, 108(1), 459-471. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2015.0291

    2016 - View publication details

  2. Congreves, K.A., Grant, B.B., Worth, D.E., Dutta, B., Smith, W.N., Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., and Desjardins, R.L. (2015). "Predicting ammonia volatilization from swine slurry application using DNDC: Model development.", Canadian Soil Science Society (IUSS-CSSS-AQSSS) Conference, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 5-10, 2015. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

  3. Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., Angers, D.A., and Goyer, C. (2015). "Nitrous Oxide Emissions in Snow-covered Agricultural Soils – manure-induced fluxes. (https://www.eiseverywhere.com/ehome/wastetoworth/182071/)", Waste to Worth: Spreading Science and Solutions, Seattle, WA, USA, March 31-April 3, 2015, Keynote speaker.

    2015 - View publication details

  4. Vaillancourt, M., Vanasse, A., Chantigny, M.H., Pageau, D., and Angers, D.A. (2015). "Impact of cover crops and organic and mineral fertilization on canola yields and nitrogen uptake.", Canadian Soil Science Society (IUSS-CSSS-AQSSS) Conference, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 5-10, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  5. Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., Royer, I., Massé, D.I., and Benchaar, C. (2015). "Gaz à effet de serre, stratégies alimentation et entreposage des déjections.", Le Producteur de Lait Québécois, Avril 2015, pp. 13-18.

    2015 - View publication details

  6. Maillard, É., Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Lévesque, G., Lafond, G.P., Pageau, D., Bitman, S., and Hunt, D.W.A. (2015). "Réduire son empreinte carbone grâce aux lisiers.", Le Producteur de Lait Québécois, 36(1), pp. 45-48.

    2015 - View publication details

  7. Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., and Goyer, C. (2015). "Nitrification occurs in frozen agricultural soils – consequences on fate and management of fall-applied and soil residual N under cold climate.", Canadian Soil Science Society (IUSS-CSSS-AQSSS) Conference, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 5-10, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  8. Chantigny, M.H., Royer, I., Rochette, P., Angers, D.A., Massé, D.I., Benchaar, C., and others (2015). "Influence des stratégies alimentaires et d’entreposage des effluents d’élevage sur la disponibilité de l’azote et les émissions de protoxyde d’azote des sols de fermes laitières.", Journée d’information scientifique – Bovins laitiers et plantes fourragère, Centre de référence en agriculture et agroalimentaire du Québec, Drummondville, QC, Canada, 25 février 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  9. Jégo, G., Pattey, E., Chantigny, M.H., Brin, L., Goyer, C., and Leonard, J. (2015). "Simulation of Nitrogen soil processes in agricultural fields in Northern climates with using the STICS soil-crop model.", ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting: Synergy in Science. Partnering for Solutions, Minneapolis, MN, USA, November 15-18, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  10. Jégo, G., Pattey, E., Chantigny, M.H., Brin, L., Goyer, C., and Léonard, J. (2015). "Coupling the STICS soil-crop model with a snow-cover model for improving simulation of agricultural soil nitrogen processes under northern climates.", ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting: Synergy in Science. Partnering for Solutions, Minneapolis, MN, USA, November 15-18, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  11. Yang, X.M., Drury, C.F., Bittman, S., Chantigny, M.H., Miller, J., Gregorich, E.G., Reynolds, W.D., and Yang, J.Y. (2015). "Microbial glucosamine. Galactosamine, and muramic acids in some Canadian agricultural soils.", ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting: Synergy in Science. Partnering for Solutions, Minneapolis, MN, USA, November 15-18, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  12. Yang, X.M., Drury, C.F., Bittman, S., Chantigny, M.H., Miller, J.J., Gregorich, E.G., Reynolds, W.D., and Yang, J.Y. (2015). "Microbial Glucosamine, Galactosamine and Muramic Acids in Some Canadian Agricultural soils.", ASA-CSSA-SSSA International Annual Meeting: Synergy in Science. Partnering for Solutions, Minneapolis, MN, USA, November 15-18, 2015. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

  13. Congreves, K.A., Worth, D.E., Grant, B.B., Dutta, B., Smith, W.N., VanderZaag, A.C., Chantigny, M.H., and Rochette, P. (2015). "Modelling NH3 emissions from soil and livestock facilities using the DNDC model.", Canada – Europe Ammonia Workshop, Ottawa, Canada, May 14-15, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  14. Brin, L., Goyer, C., Zebarth, B.J., Burton, D.L., Wertz, S., and Chantigny, M.H. (2015). "Changes in snow cover alter nitrogen cycling and gaseous emissions in agricultural soils.", Canadian Soil Science Society (IUSS-CSSS-AQSSS) Conference, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 5-10, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  15. Goyer, C., Wertz, S., Zebarth, B.J., Burton, D.L., Tatti, E., Chantigny, M.H., and Filion, M. (2015). "The amplitude of soil freeze-thaw cycles influences temporal dynamics of N2O emissions and denitrifier transcriptional activity and community structure.", Canadian Soil Science Society (IUSS-CSSS-AQSSS) Conference, Montreal, QC, Canada, July 5-10, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  16. Pageau, D., Verville, F., Vanasse, A., and Chantigny, M.H. (2015). "Les engrais verts : efficaces ou non ?", Conférence présentée à la Journée Grandes Cultures – Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, St-Bruno, QC, Canada, 25 février 2015. (Presentation)

    2015 - View publication details

  17. Faubert, P., Lemay-Bélisle, C., Bertrand, N., Bouchard, S., Chantigny, M.H., Durocher, S., Rochette, P., Tremblay, P., Ziadi, N., and Villeneuve, C. (2015). "La gestion des biosolides de papetières au Québec : quelle serait la meilleure option pour réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre? Pulp and paper mill sludge management in Quebec: what should be the best option to reduce greenhouse gas emissions?", Vecteur Environnement, 48(5), pp. 50-58.

    2015 - View publication details

  18. Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., Larney, F.J., Bittman, S., Hunt, D.E., and Lapen, D.R. (2015). "Overwinter transformation and fate of fall-applied manure nitrogen. (https://www.eiseverywhere.com/ehome/wastetoworth/182071/)", Waste to Worth: Spreading Science and Solutions, Seattle, WA, USA, March 31-April 3, 2015, Keynote speaker.

    2015 - View publication details

  19. Jégo, G., Chantigny, M.H., Pattey, E., Bélanger, G., Rochette, P., Vanasse, A., and Goyer, C. (2015). "Improved snow-cover model for multi-annual simulations with the STICS crop model under northern climates.", STICS workshop 2015, Rennes, France, March 24-26, 2015, pp. 2 pages.

    2015 - View publication details

  20. D'Amours, E., Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Maillard, É., Lafond, J., Lajeunesse, J., Pageau, D., and Vanasse, A. (2015). "Applications répétées de lisier de bovins: les impacts sur les stocks d’azote du sol.", Symposium sur les bovins laitiers – CRAAQ, Drummondville, Québec, Canada, October 29, 2015. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

Research facility

2560 Hochelaga Boulevard
Québec, QC G1V 2J3
Canada

Affiliations

  • Invited scientist, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Departamento do solos, Brasil.

  • Associate Professor, Faculté des sciences de l'agriculture et de l'alimentation, Département de phytologie, Université Laval.

  • Associate Professor, Faculté des sciences de l'agriculture et de l'alimentation, Dépt. de Science du sol et de Génie Agroalimentaire, Université Laval.

  • Adjunct Professor, Dept. Of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph.

Language

English
French