Martin Chantigny, Ph.D.

Image Martin Chantigny
Scientist, Soil Biochemistry and Nutrient Cycling

My work aims at improving our understanding of the biogeochemistry of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus derived from organic wastes used in agriculture. The goal is to retain these elements in the soil-plant system to minimize transfer to air and water. The results are used to define best management practices that maximize carbon accumulation in soil and nutrient use efficiency by the crops, and that minimize greenhouse gas emissions and nutrient transfer to water courses.

Current research and/or projects

Principal Investigator

  • Living Laboratory of the Lac-St-Pierre (In preparation)

  • Resilient crop-livestock systems – Evidencing the mechanisms of C and N stabilisation and restitution in manured soils.

  • Designing resilient dairy production systems in eastern Canada.

  • Agri-environmental assessment of Canadian dairy farms: Towards eco-efficient management of forage crops and manure.

Collaborations:

  • Understanding the role of the soil microbiome in promoting resilient and sustainable agroecosystems.

  • Interdisciplinary Research Laboratories for resilient agroecosystems​: Frelighsburg, Sherbrooke and the Missisquoi Bay.

  • Integrated modelling approach for identifying efficient and resilient BMPs for diverse cropping systems across Canada.

  • Holos and Life Cycle Analysis.

Research and/or project statements

  • Efficient use of organic wastes nitrogen by the crops.

  • Developing integrated crop-livestock systems with resilience to climate change.

  • Understanding the mechanisms of carbon and nitrogen accumulation and restitution in agricultural soils.

  • Developing economically and environmentally sustainable solutions at the farm scale. 

Professional activities / interests

  • Eco-efficient use of livestock effluents.

  • Long-term collaborations with New-Zealand (Plant and Food Research; University of Lincoln), le Denmark (Aarhus University; University of Southern Denmark), France (Agro-Campus Ouest et INRA, Rennes), and Brazil (Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; Universidade Federal de Rio do Grande do Sul).

  • Supervision of several graduate students and post-doctoral fellows.

Education and awards

  • B.Sc. (spec.) in agronomy, Université Laval, 1990

  • Ph.D. Agronomy (spec.) Soil Science, Université Laval, 1996.

  • Fellowships of the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), 1990-1996.

 

International experience and/or work

My international collaborations mainly deal with the understanding of mechanisms involved in the accumulation and restitution of carbon and nitrogen in agricultural soils as a function of management practices pertaining to the use of livestock effluents, plant diversity in crop rotations, and soil tillage. Measuring gaseous nitrogen emissions (ammonia and nitrous oxide) is also an important aspects of my interactions with colleagues from Denmark and Brazil. I currently lead an international network of long-term experiments (Canada, France, Sweden, Brazil, New-Zealand, China) exploring the impact of repeated application of livestock effluents on soil health and fertility, under the project entitled “Resilient crop-livestock systems – Evidencing the mechanisms of C and N stabilisation and restitution in manured soils”.

Key publications

  1. Jégo, G., Delmotte, S., Crépeau, M., Larbi-Youcef, Y., Chantigny, M., Qian, B. Simulation par une approche participative de l’effet de systèmes agroécologiques sur l’évolution de la matière organique des sols. XIII STICS Seminar STICS, 13-16 November 2023, Bordeaux, France.

    2023 - View publication details

  2. Masse J., Leewis M.-C., Maillard É., Chantigny M., Martineau C. (2023) Belowground biodiversity: Accessing fields and riparian buffers microbiome. Poster presented during the journée de terrain Innovation et adaptation des fermes québécoises aux changements climatiques dans International as part as the Forum on Agroecosystem Living Labs. Saint-Barthélemy (Canada). October 6th 2023.

    2023 - View publication details

  3. Thivierge, M.-N., Pelletier, K., Khechine, M.T., Chantigny, M.H., Bélanger, G., Maillard, É., Angers, D.A., Lachance, C., Brégard, A., Vanasse, A., and Halde, C. 2023. "Arrière-effet des rotations de cultures sur les traits racinaires du maïs fourrager et du soya". 2023-2024 Seminar Series from the Quebec Research and Development Centre of AAFC, Quebec City, Canada, 28 September 2023. Oral presentation.

    2023 - View publication details

  4. Thivierge, M.-N., Chantigny, M., Lafond, J., Maillard, É., Leewis, M.-C., Bertrand, N., Lachance, C., Duchesneau, R.-F., Khechine, M.T., Pelletier, K., Houde, S., Pelster, D., Halde, C., Charbonneau, É., Hassanat, F., Jégo, G., Angers, D.A., Bélanger, G., Tremblay, G., Vanasse, A., Samson, M.-É., and Royer, I. 2023. The PERMANENCE project: legacy effect of perennials and organic fertilizers in crop rotations for dairy farms. Hosting of a provincial team of MAPAQ farm advisors and visit to research plots, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, QC, September 1, 2023.

    2023 - View publication details

  5. Halde, C., Durocher, L., D’Amours, J., Gagné, S., Menchari, Y., Bocoum, I., Chantigny, M., Thivierge, M.-N., Angers, D., Maillard, É., and Pelster, D. 2023. Solar corridor cropping systems: Effects of row spacings and interseeded cover crops on soil health, N2O emissions, and crop yields. Annual meeting of the Canadian Society of Soil Science (CSSS), Truro, Canada, 26−29 June 2023. Oral presentation.

    2023 - View publication details

  6. Thivierge, M.-N., Chantigny, M., Lafond, J.A., Royer, I., Lachance, C., Duchesneau, R.-F., Maillard, É., Leewis, M.-C., Pelster, D., Khechine, M.T., Pelletier, K., Halde, C., Hassanat, F., Bélanger, G., Angers, D.A., Samson, M.-É., Jégo, G., Charbonneau, É., and Tremblay, G.F. 2023. Le projet PERMANENCE: démonstration des mesures prises au champ et sommaire des principaux résultats. 37th Annual Meeting of the Association québécoise des spécialistes en sciences du sol (AQSSS), Québec, Canada, May 23–25, 2023. Oral presentation.

    2023 - View publication details

  7. Maillard, É., Chantigny, M., Smith, E., Fuller, K.D., Vandersaag, A., Gregorich, E., Samson, M.-É., Pelster, D., Angers, D., and Thivierge, M.-N. 2023. Réponse à court terme d’indicateurs de santé du sol à des pratiques de gestion associées à la production laitière dans l’Est du Canada. 37th Annual Meeting of the Association québécoise des spécialistes en sciences du sol (AQSSS), Québec, Canada, May 23–25, 2023. Oral presentation

    2023 - View publication details

  8. Halde, C., Durocher, L., D’Amours, J., Gagné, S., Menchari, Y., Bocoum, I., Chantigny, M., Thivierge, M.-N., Angers, D., Maillard, É., and Pelster, D. 2023. Santé des sols et émission de N2O dans les systèmes de corridors solaires avec cultures de couverture intercalaires dans des sols de deux textures contrastées. 37th Annual Meeting of the Association québécoise des spécialistes en sciences du sol (AQSSS), Québec, Canada, May 23–25, 2023. Oral presentation.

    2023 - View publication details

  9. Leewis, M.-C., Michaud, J., D’Amours, E., Maillard, É., Chantigny, M., and Thivierge, M.-N.. 2023. L’arrière-effet des cultures et des engrais organiques sur le microbiome du sol. 37th Annual Meeting of the Association québécoise des spécialistes en sciences du sol (AQSSS), Québec, Canada, May 23–25, 2023. Oral presentation.

    2023 - View publication details

  10. Thivierge, M.-N., Lachance, C., Houde, S., Chantigny, M., Maillard, É., Khechine, M.T., Thériault, M., Halde, C., Bélanger, G., and Angers, D. 2023. Évolution de la biomasse racinaire de prairies pendant les quatre années suivant leur établissement. 37th Annual Meeting of the Association québécoise des spécialistes en sciences du sol (AQSSS), Québec, Canada, May 23–25, 2023. Oral presentation.

    2023 - View publication details

  11. Pelletier, K., Thivierge, M.-N., Chantigny, M.H., Bélanger, G., Angers, D.A., Lachance, C., Maillard, É. et Halde, C. 2023. Croissance racinaire du maïs fourrager favorisée par les cultures fourragères pérennes en rotation. Journée de printemps « Adaptation des systèmes fourragers et biométhanisation ». Club Agri Conseils Maska, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, 5 avril 2023.

    2023 - View publication details

  12. Khechine, M.T., Thivierge, M.-N., Chantigny, M. H., Charbonneau, É., Brégard, A., Tremblay, G. F., Bélanger, G., Hassanat, F., Jégo, G., and Halde, C. 2023. Arrière-effet des engrais organiques et des prairies sur la performance des rotations de cultures. Journée d’information scientifique – Bovins laitiers et plantes fourragères, Drummondville, QC, February 8, 2023. Oral presentation.

    2023 - View publication details

  13. Pelletier, K., Thivierge, M.-N. , Chantigny, M.H., Bélanger, G., Angers, D.A., Lachance, C., Maillard, É., and Halde, C. 2023. Croissance racinaire du maïs fourrager favorisée par les cultures fourragères pérennes en rotation. Journée d’information scientifique – Bovins laitiers et plantes fourragères, Drummondville, QC, February 8, 2023. Oral presentation.

    2023 - View publication details

  14. Chantigny, M. 2023. Comprendre les bases pour minimiser les risques d'émission de protoxyde d'azote (N2O) associée aux épandages d'effluents d'élevages. Webinaire de 40 minutes dans le cadre de la formation pour agronomes « Des solutions pour lutter contre les changements climatiques et leurs répercussions en production fourragère ». Lactanet et Conseil pour le développement de l’agriculture du Québec (CDAQ).

    2023 - View publication details

  15. Khechine, M.T., Thivierge, M.-N, Chantigny, M.H., Charbonneau, É., Tremblay, G.F., Hassanat, F., Jégo, G., Brégard, A., Bélanger, G., and Halde, C. Six years, six rotations: How much yield? 13th annual conference of the Canadian Forage and Grassland Association (CFGA), Moncton, NB, and online (Zoom), November 29-December 2, 2022. Poster presentation, virtual.

    2022 - View publication details

  16. Khechine, M.T., Thivierge, M.-N., Chantigny, M.H., Charbonneau, É., Tremblay, G.F., Hassanat, F., Jégo, G., Brégard, A., and Halde, C. 2022. Six ans, six rotations : Quels rendements en fourrages ? 46e Symposium sur les bovins laitiers, Drummondville, QC, November 2, 2022. Poster (hybrid mode).

    2022 - View publication details

  17. Thivierge, M.-N., Pelster, D., Leewis, M.-C., Halde, C., Chantigny, M., Lafond, J., Bertrand, N., Robichaud, A., Khechine, M.T., Pelletier, K., 2022. Le projet PERMANENCE. Field day, Station agronomique de recherche de l'Université Laval, Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, QC, June 29, 2022. Oral presentation.

    2022 - View publication details

  18. https://www.acfas.ca/evenements/congres/programme/89/200/206/c

    2022 - View publication details

  19. Pelletier, K., Thivierge, M.-N., Halde, C., Chantigny, M., Maillard, É., Bélanger, G., and Angers D.A. Croissance racinaire du maïs fourrager favorisée par les cultures fourragères pérennes en rotation. 89e Congrès annuel de l’Association francophone pour le savoir (Acfas), Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada, May 9–13, 2022. Oral presentation, virtual.

    2022 - View publication details

  20. Thivierge, M.N., Royer, I., Halde, C., Chantigny, M.H., Bélanger, G., Lachance, C., Lavergne, S. (2021). Root recovery and elemental composition in a perennial grass as affected by soaking conditions. Agronomy Journal, [online] 113(5), 3952-3967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/agj2.20821

    2021 - View publication details

Research facility

2560 Hochelaga Boulevard
Québec, QC G1V 2J3
Canada

Affiliations

  • Invited scientist, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Departamento do solos, Brasil.

  • Associate Professor, Faculté des sciences de l'agriculture et de l'alimentation, Département de phytologie, Université Laval.

  • Associate Professor, Faculté des sciences de l'agriculture et de l'alimentation, Dépt. de Science du sol et de Génie Agroalimentaire, Université Laval.

  • Adjunct Professor, Dept. Of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph.

Language

English
French