Martin Chantigny, PhD

Image Martin Chantigny
Scientist, Soil Biochemistry and Nutrient Cycling

My work aims at improving our understanding of the biogeochemistry of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus derived from organic wastes used in agriculture. The goal is to retain these elements in the soil-plant system to minimize transfer to air and water. The results are used to define best management practices that maximize carbon accumulation in soil and nutrient use efficiency by the crops, and that minimize greenhouse gas emissions and nutrient transfer to water courses.

Current research and/or projects

Principal Investigator

  • Living Laboratory of the Lac-St-Pierre (In preparation)

  • Resilient crop-livestock systems – Evidencing the mechanisms of C and N stabilisation and restitution in manured soils.

  • Designing resilient dairy production systems in eastern Canada.

  • Agri-environmental assessment of Canadian dairy farms: Towards eco-efficient management of forage crops and manure.

Collaborations:

  • Understanding the role of the soil microbiome in promoting resilient and sustainable agroecosystems.

  • Interdisciplinary Research Laboratories for resilient agroecosystems​: Frelighsburg, Sherbrooke and the Missisquoi Bay.

  • Integrated modelling approach for identifying efficient and resilient BMPs for diverse cropping systems across Canada.

  • Holos and Life Cycle Analysis.

Research and/or project statements

  • Efficient use of organic wastes nitrogen by the crops.

  • Developing integrated crop-livestock systems with resilience to climate change.

  • Understanding the mechanisms of carbon and nitrogen accumulation and restitution in agricultural soils.

  • Developing economically and environmentally sustainable solutions at the farm scale. 

Professional activities / interests

  • Eco-efficient use of livestock effluents.

  • Long-term collaborations with New-Zealand (Plant and Food Research; University of Lincoln), le Denmark (Aarhus University; University of Southern Denmark), France (Agro-Campus Ouest et INRA, Rennes), and Brazil (Universidade Federal de Santa Maria; Universidade Federal de Rio do Grande do Sul).

  • Supervision of several graduate students and post-doctoral fellows.

Education and awards

  • B.Sc. (spec.) in agronomy, Université Laval, 1990

  • Ph.D. Agronomy (spec.) Soil Science, Université Laval, 1996.

  • Fellowships of the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), 1990-1996.

 

International experience and/or work

My international collaborations mainly deal with the understanding of mechanisms involved in the accumulation and restitution of carbon and nitrogen in agricultural soils as a function of management practices pertaining to the use of livestock effluents, plant diversity in crop rotations, and soil tillage. Measuring gaseous nitrogen emissions (ammonia and nitrous oxide) is also an important aspects of my interactions with colleagues from Denmark and Brazil. I currently lead an international network of long-term experiments (Canada, France, Sweden, Brazil, New-Zealand, China) exploring the impact of repeated application of livestock effluents on soil health and fertility, under the project entitled “Resilient crop-livestock systems – Evidencing the mechanisms of C and N stabilisation and restitution in manured soils”.

Key publications

  1. Hafner, S.D., Pacholski, A., Bittman, S., Burchill, W., Bussink, W., Chantigny, M., Carozzi, M., Génermont, S., Häni, C., Hansen, M.N., Huijsmans, J., Hunt, D., Kupper, T., Lanigan, G., Loubet, B., Misselbrook, T., Meisinger, J.J., Neftel, A., Nyord, T., Pedersen, S.V., Sintermann, J., Thompson, R.B., Vermeulen, B., Vestergaard, A.V., Voylokov, P., Williams, J.R., Sommer, S.G. (2018). The ALFAM2 database on ammonia emission from field-applied manure: Description and illustrative analysis, 258 66-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2017.11.027

    2018 - View publication details

  2. Thomas, B.W.*, J.K. Whalen, M. Sharifi, M.H. Chantigny, X. Hao. 2018. Nitrogen mineralization in sandy loam and silty clay soils receiving liquid swine and dairy cattle manure. Joint Annual Meeting of Canadian Geophysical Union-Canadian Soil Science Society-Computational Infrastructure in Geodynamics-Eastern Section of the Seismological Society of America-Canadian Society for Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. Niagara Falls, ON, Canada. June 10–14, 2018.

    2018 - View publication details

  3. Zhang, L., Yang, X., Drury, C., Chantigny, M., Gregorich, E., Miller, J., Bittman, S., Dan Reynolds, W., Yang, J. (2018). Infrared spectroscopy estimation methods for water-dissolved carbon and amino sugars in diverse Canadian agricultural soils, 98(3), 484-499. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjss-2018-0027

    2018 - View publication details

  4. Faubert, P., Lemay-Bélisle, C., Bertrand, N., Bouchard, S., Chantigny, M.H., Durocher, S., Paré, M.C., Rochette, P., Tremblay, P., Ziadi, N., Villeneuve, C. (2017). Greenhouse gas emissions following land application of pulp and paper mill sludge on a clay loam soil, 250 102-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.07.040

    2017 - View publication details

  5. Cantú, R.R., Aita, C., Doneda, A., Giacomini, D.A., Dessbesell, A., Arenhardt, M., De Bastiani, G.G., Pujol, S.B., Rochette, P., Chantigny, M.H., Giacomini, S.J. (2017). Alternatives to regular urea for abating N losses in lettuce production under sub-tropical climate, 53(6), 589-599. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00374-017-1202-4

    2017 - View publication details

  6. Thomas, B.W., Larney, F.J., Chantigny, M.H., Goyer, C., Hao, X. (2017). Fall rye reduced residual soil nitrate and dryland spring wheat grain yield, 109(2), 718-728. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2016.10.0616

    2017 - View publication details

  7. Thomas, B.W., Hao, X., Larney, F.J., Goyer, C., Chantigny, M.H., Charles, A. (2017). Non-legume cover crops can increase non-growing season nitrous oxide emissions, 81(1), 189-199. http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2016.08.0269

    2017 - View publication details

  8. Charles, A., Rochette, P., Whalen, J.K., Angers, D.A., Chantigny, M.H., Bertrand, N. (2017). Global nitrous oxide emission factors from agricultural soils after addition of organic amendments: A meta-analysis, 236 88-98. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2016.11.021

    2017 - View publication details

  9. Gonzatto, R., Aita, C., Bélanger, G., Chantigny, M.H., Miola, E.C.C., Pujol, S.B., Dessbesel, A., Giacomini, S.J. (2017). Response of no-till grain crops to pig slurry application methods and a nitrification inhibitor, 109(4), 1687-1696. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2016.09.0547

    2017 - View publication details

  10. Goyer, C., Neupane, S., Nahar, S., Zebarth, B.J., Chantigny, M.H., Whitney, S., Clark, C., and Zeng, J. (2016). "Towards strategies to control common scab.", New Brunswick Seed Producers Workshop, Grand Falls, NB, Canada, January 26, 2016.

    2016 - View publication details

  11. Stoeckli, J., Thomas, B.W., Hao, X., Larney, F.J., Chantigny, M.H., and Goyer, C. (2016). "Water-extractable organic C, ammonium and nitrate dynamics over two non-growing seasons in response to cover crop species and fertilizer source.", 2016 Alberta Soil Science Workshop, Grand Prairies, AB, Canada, February 16-18, 2016. (Abstract)

    2016 - View publication details

  12. Lajeunesse, J., G. Bélanger, G.F. Tremblay et M. Chantigny. 2016. Gestion de coupes de mélanges à base de luzerne. Conférence présentée à l’atelier d’échanges du Groupe multi-conseil agricole du Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, Saint-Méthode, Qc le 8 décembre 2016.

    2016 - View publication details

  13. Dutta, B., Congreves, K.A., Smith, W.N., Grant, B.B., Rochette, P., Chantigny, M.H., Desjardins, R.L. (2016). Improving DNDC model to estimate ammonia loss from urea fertilizer application in temperate agroecosystems, 106(3), 275-292. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10705-016-9804-z

    2016 - View publication details

  14. Xueming Yang, Craig F. Drury, Shabtai Bittman, Martin Chantigny, Jim Miller, Edward G Gregorich, W. Dan Reynolds and Jingyi Yang. 2016. Applications of Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy to the Determinations of Soil Amino Sugars, POM-C and N and Water Soluble Carbon in Some Canadian Agricultural Soils. American Society of Agronomy | Crop Science Society of America | Soil Science Society of America, 2016-11-09. Phoenix, AZ. https://scisoc.confex.com/crops/2016am/webprogram/Paper99629.html

    2016 - View publication details

  15. D’Amours, E. Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Lafond, J. et Vanasse, A. 2016. Long term effect of liquid dairy manure application, crop rotation and tillage practices on soil nitrogen stocks. Affiche présentée au Congrès conjoint de la “Canadian society of agronomy and the Canadian Society for Horticultural Science”. Montréal, Qc, 24-26 juillet.

    2016 - View publication details

  16. D’Amours, E. Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Lafond, J. et Vanasse, A. 2016. Applications répétées de lisier de bovins : les impacts sur les stocks d’azote du sol. Conférence présentée au Congrès annuel de l’AQSSS. Québec, Qc. 31 mai-2 juin.

    2016 - View publication details

  17. Gonzatto, R., Chantigny, M.H., Aita, C., Giacomini, S.J., Rochette, P., Angers, D.A., Pujol, S.B., Zirbes, E., De Bastiani, G.G., Ludke, R.C. (2016). Injection and nitrification inhibitor improve the recovery of pig slurry ammonium nitrogen in grain crops in Brazil, 108(3), 978-988. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2015.0462

    2016 - View publication details

  18. Maillard, E., Angers, D.A., Chantigny, M.H., Lafond, J. and Pageau, D. 2016. Greater retention of manure-derived carbon under perennial than annual crops. Affiche présentée au Congrès annuel de la CSSS, Kamloops, BC. 14-19 May.

    2016 - View publication details

  19. Congreves, K.A., Grant, B.B., Dutta, B., Smith, W.N., Chantigny, M.H., Rochette, P., Desjardins, R.L. (2016). Predicting ammonia volatilization after field application of swine slurry: DNDC model development, 219 179-189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2015.10.028

    2016 - View publication details

  20. Thomas, B.W., Whalen, J.K., Sharifi, M., Chantigny, M., Zebarth, B.J. (2016). Labile organic matter fractions as early-season nitrogen supply indicators in manure-amended soils, 179(1), 94-103. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpln.201400532

    2016 - View publication details

Research facility

2560 Hochelaga Boulevard
Québec, QC G1V 2J3
Canada

Affiliations

  • Invited scientist, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Departamento do solos, Brasil.

  • Associate Professor, Faculté des sciences de l'agriculture et de l'alimentation, Département de phytologie, Université Laval.

  • Associate Professor, Faculté des sciences de l'agriculture et de l'alimentation, Dépt. de Science du sol et de Génie Agroalimentaire, Université Laval.

  • Adjunct Professor, Dept. Of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph.

Language

English
French