M. Robin Anderson

Marine Habitat Research Scientist
Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Current research and/or projects

RESEARCH INTERESTS ARE:

  • quantitative aquatic ecology (marine and freshwater)
  • the role of the microbial loop in carbon cycling in the oceans
  • effects of human activity on marine habitat
  • requirements for environmentally sustainable finfish and shellfish aquaculture
  • environmental effects of marine tailings disposal
  • the fate and effects of drilling wastes at offshore oil sites
  • accumulation of mercury in fish and foodchains
  • cumulative effects of human activities

Professional activities / interests

Professor at:

  • Memorial University

Education and awards

PhD Biology (1985) McGill University

MSc Biology (1982) Laval University

BSc Biology (1978) Laval University

Key publications

  1. Anderson, M. R., 1982. Un pattron de croissance alternatif pour Laminaria longicruris. M.Sc. thesis, Université Laval, Quebec.
  2. Anderson, M. R., 1985. The relationship between sediment nutrients and aquatic macrophyte biomass in situ. PhD thesis, McGill University, Montreal.
  3. Anderson, M. R. 1992. Lutte biologique contre les plantes aquatiques et les algues. pp. 375 392. In: C. Vincent and D. Coderre (eds.) La lutte biologique, Gaetan Morin, Montreal 671p
  4. Tlusty, M. F., V. A. Pepper and M. R. Anderson, 2005. Reconciling aquaculture’s influence on the water column and benthos of an estuarine fjord – a case study from Bay d’Espoir Newfoundland. Chapt. 6. In: B. T. Hargrave (Ed.) Environmental Effects of Marine Finfish Aquaculture. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry Vol 5. Water Pollution. Springer Verlag. Pp.115-128.
  5. Anderson, M. R., M. F. Tlusty and V. A. Pepper, 2005. Organic enrichment at cold water aquaculture sites – the case of coastal Newfoundland. Chapt. 5. In: B. T. Hargrave (Ed.) Environmental Effects of Marine Finfish Aquaculture. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry Vol 5. Water Pollution. Springer Verlag. Pp. 99-114.
  6. Lucotte, M. R. Canuel, S. Boucher de Grosbois, M. Amyot, M. R. Anderson, P. Arp, L. Atikesse, J. Carreau, L. Chan, S. Garceau, D. Mergler, C. Ritchie, M. J. Robertson & C. Vanier. 2005. An ecosystem approach to describe the mercury issue in Canada: from mercury sources to human health. CH. 19, In: Dynamics of Mercury Pollution on Regional and Global Scales: Atmospheric Processes, Human Exposure Around the World, N. Pirrone and K. Mahaffey (Editors), Springer Publisher, Norwell, MA, USA. Chapter-2, pp. 451-466.
  7. Anderson, M. R. and J. Kalff, 1986. Nutrient limitation of Myriophyllum spicatum growth in situ. In: Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) and related Haloragaceae Species. The Aquatic Plant Management Society Inc. Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA.
  8. Anderson, M. R., A. Cardinal and J. Larochelle, 1981. An alternative growth pattern for Laminaria longicruris. J. Phycol. 17: 405 411.
  9. Downing, J. A. and M. R. Anderson, 1985. Estimating the standing biomass of aquatic macrophytes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42: 1860 1869.
  10. Anderson, M. R. and J. Kalff, 1986. The regulation of plant species distribution in a uniform area of a community: a test of two hypotheses. J. Ecol. 74: 953 961.
  11. Anderson, M. R. and J. Kalff, 1986. Nutrient limitation of Myriophyllum spicatum in situ. Freshwater Biol. 16: 735 743.
  12. Anderson, M. R., R. Fortin and S. Loranger, 1986. Comment on the use of the Relative Yield Index to determine relationships between Morphoedaphic Index and fish yield by Adams and Olver (1977). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 43: 1677.
  13. Anderson, M. R.and J. Kalff, 1988. Submerged aquatic macrophyte biomass in relation to sediment characteristics in ten temperate lakes. Freshwater Biol. 19:115 121.
  14. Gustafson, D. E. Jr., M. R. Anderson and R. B. Rivkin, 1991. Bacterioplankton abundance and productivity at the ice edge of McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Ant. J. US. 25:196-197.
  15. Rivkin, R. B., M. R. Anderson and D. E. Gustafson Jr. 1990. Seasonal pattern of bacteria and net- nano- and pico-phytoplankton in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica during the austral spring. Ant. J. US. 25:194-195.
  16. Anderson, M. R., R. B. Rivkin and D. E. Gustafson Jr. 1990. The fate of bacterial production in McMurdo Sound in the austral spring. Ant. J. US. 25:193-194.
  17. Rivkin, R. B., M. R. Anderson and D. E. Gustafson Jr. 1991. Ingestion of phytoplankton and bacterioplankton by polar and temperate echinoderm larvae. Ant. J. US. 26:156-158.
  18. Rivkin, R. B., M. R. Anderson and D. E. Gustafson Jr. 1991. Dynamics of bacterioplankton growth in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica: evidence for substrate sufficient growth. Ant. J. U. 26:145-146.
  19. Leduc, R. and M. R. Anderson, 1993. Management stategies for eutrophication and macrophyte growth in two urban lakes in St Bruno, Quebec. Water Poll. Res. J. Can. 27:383 402.
  20. Scruton, D. A., E. L. Petticrew, L. J. LeDrew, M. R. Anderson, U. P. Williams, B. A. Bennett and E. L. Hill, 1994. Methyl mercury levels in fish tissue from three reservoir systems in insular Newfoundland, Canada. In: Watras, C. J. and J. W. Huckabee (Eds.) Mercury as a Global Pollutant: Integration and Synthesis. p. 441 455.
  21. Anderson, M. R., D. S. Scruton, U. P. Williams and J. F. Payne, 1995. Mercury in fish in the Smallwood Reservoir, Labrador, twenty one years after impoundment. Water Air Soil Poll. 80:927 930.
  22. Rivkin R. B., M. R. Anderson, and C. Lajzerowicz, 1996. Microbial processes in cold oceans. High rates of growth at low temperatures. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 10:243-254.
  23. Rivkin, R. B., L. Legendre, D. Deibel, J. -E. Tremblay, B. Klein, K. Crocker, S. Roy, N. Silverberg, C. Lovejoy, F. Mesple, N. Romero, M. R. Anderson, P. Matthews, C. Savenkoff, A. Vezina, J. -C. Therriault, J. Wesson, C. Berube, and R. G. Ingram, 1996. Vertical fluxes of biogenic carbon in oceans: Is there food web control? Science 272:1163-1166.
  24. Anderson, M. R., J. T. Anderson, M. A. Barnes and B. J. Dempson, 1997. Estuarine and marine productive capacity in Newfoundland and Labrador. In: C. Levings, et al. (Eds.) Proceedings of the DFO Workshop on Research Priorities to Improve Methods for Assessing Productive Capacity For Fish Habitat Management and Impact Assessment, Sidney B.C., May 13-15, 1996. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. No. 2147.
  25. Catto, N. R., M. R. Anderson, D. A. Scruton, and U. P. Williams, 1997. Coastal classification of the Placentia Bay Shore. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. No. 2186.
  26. Rivkin, R. B., L. Legendre, D. Deibel, J. -E. Tremblay, B. Klein, K. Crocker, S. Roy, N. Silverberg, C. Lovejoy, F. Mesple, N. Romero, M. R. Anderson, P. Matthews, C. Savenkoff, A. Vezina, J. -C. Therriault, J. Wesson, C. Berube, and R. G. Ingram, 1996. Measuring biogenic carbon flux in the ocean. Science 275: 554-555.
  27. Rivkin, R. B. and M. R. Anderson, 1997. Inorganic nutrient limitation of oceanic bacterioplankton. Limnol. Oceanogr. 42: 730-740.
  28. French, K. J., M. R. Anderson, D. A. Scruton and L. J. LeDrew, 1998. Fish mercury levels in relation to characteristics of hydroelectric reservoirs in Newfoundland, Canada. Biogeochem. 40: 217-233.
  29. Tlusty, M. F., M. R. Anderson and V. A. Pepper, 1998. Assuring sustainable salmonid aquaculture in Bay d’Espoir, Newfoundland. Bull. Aquacul. Assoc. Canada 98:35-37.
  30. French, K. J., D. A. Scruton, M. R. Anderson and D. C. Schneider, 1999. Influence of physical and chemical characteristics on mercury in aquatic sediments. Water Air Soil Poll. 110:347-362.
  31. Catto, N. R., M. R. Anderson, D. A. Scruton and U. P. Williams, 1999. Coastal Classification of the Conception Bay Shore. Can. Tech Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2274.
  32. Tlusty, M. F., M. R. Anderson and V. A. Pepper, 1999 Environmental monitoring of finfish aquaculture sites in Bay d’Espoir Newfoundland during the winter of 1997. Can.Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2273.
  33. Rivkin, R. B., J. N. Putland, M. R. Anderson, and D. Deibel, 1999. Microzooplankton bacterivory and herbivory in the Subarctic Pacific. Deep Sea Res. 46:2579-2618.
  34. Catto, N. R., R. Hooper, M. R. Anderson, and D. A. Scruton, 1999. Biological and Geomorphological Classification of Placentia Bay, Newfoundland: a Preliminary Assessment. Can. Tech. Rep Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2289.
  35. Rivkin, R. B., and M. R. Anderson, 2000. Microbial Dynamics in Polar Oceans: A Bipolar Comparison. In: Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers. Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology. (Eds) M. Brylinsky, C. Bell, and P. Johnson-Green, Atlantic Canada Society for Microbial Ecology. P. 307-316.
  36. Tlusty, M. F., JEH Clark, J. Shaw, V. A. Pepper and M. R. Anderson, 2000. Groundtruthing multibeam bathymetric surveys of finfish aquaculture sites in the Bay d’Espoir estuarine fjord, Newfoundland. Mar. Technol. Soc. J. 34:59-67.
  37. Tlusty, M. F., V. A. Pepper and M. R. Anderson, 2000. Realizing the potential of frontier regions in aquaculture-the Newfoundland Salmonid Experience. World Aquacult. 31:50-54.
  38. Tlusty, M. F., K. Snook, V. Pepper and M. R. Anderson, 2000. The potential for soluble and transport loss of particulate aquaculture wastes. Aquaculture Res. 31:745-755.
  39. Veinott, G., J. Meade, C. Andrews, L. Fancey, F. Power, C. Stirling, P. Sylvester, M. R. Anderson and J. F. Payne, 2000. Impact of mine tailings in the marine environment: preliminary observations at a site in Little Bay. In: Penny, K. C., K. A. Coady, M. H. Murdoch, W. R. Parker and A. J. Niimi (Eds) Proceedings of the 27th Annual Aquatic Toxicity Workshop: October 1-4, 2000, St. John’s, Newfoundland. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2331:41-42
  40. Rivkin, R. B., R. Tian, M. R. Anderson, J. F. Payne and D. Deibel, 2000. Ecosystem level effects of offshore platform discharges- identification, assessment and modeling. In: Penny, K. C., K. A. Coady, M. H. Murdoch, W. R. Parker and A. J. Niimi (Eds) Proceedings of the 27th Annual Aquatic Toxicity Workshop: October 1-4, 2000, St. John’s, Newfoundland. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2331:3-12.
  41. Anderson, M. R., R. B. Rivkin and P. Warren, 2000. The influence of produced water on natural populations of bacteria. In: Penny, K. C., K. A. Coady, M. H. Murdoch, W. R. Parker and A. J. Niimi (Eds) Proceedings of the 27th Annual Aquatic Toxicity Workshop: October 1-4, 2000, St. John’s, Newfoundland. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2331:91-98.
  42. Veinott, G., S. Perron-Cashman and M. R. Anderson, 2000. Baseline metal concentrations in coastal Labrador sediments. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 42:187-192.
  43. Anderson, M. R. and R. B. Rivkin, 2001. Seasonal patterns in the grazer mortality of bacterioplankton in polar oceans: bipolar comparisons. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 25(2): 195-206.
  44. Veinott, G., M. R. Anderson, P.J. Sylvester, and D.O. Gani, 2001. Metal concentrations in bivalves living in and around copper mine tailings released after a tailings-dam breach. Bull. of Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 67:282-287.
  45. Rivkin, R. B., R. Tian, M. R. Anderson, and D. Deibel, 2001. Ecosystem Level Effects of Offshore Platform Discharges- Identification, Assessment and Modelling. SETAC Globe 2(2):00-00
  46. Tlusty, M. F., M. R. Anderson and V. Pepper, 2001. Holding capacity for salmonid aquaculture in Bay d’Espoir NF. P48-49. In B.T. Hargrave and G. T. Phillips (Eds.)Environmental studies for sustainable aquaculture (ESSA): 2001 Workshop Report. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2352.
  47. Laurel, B. J., J. A. Brown and M. R. Anderson, 2001. Behaviour, growth and survival of redfish larvae in relation to prey availability. J. Fish Biol. 59:884-901.
  48. Muir, D. M. R. Anderson, K. Droulliard, M. Evans, W. Fairchild, S. Guildford, D. Haffner, K. Kidd, J. Payne, M. Whittle, 2002. TSRI Project #236 Final Report: Biomagnification of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Mercury in Canadian freshwater subsistence fisheries and food webs.
  49. Hynes, T., M. R. Anderson, J. Payne, P. Sylvester, G. Veinott, J. Kwong, M. Blanchette, N. Davé, D. Gani, D. Hamoutene, J. Chaulk and J. Meade, 2002. A chemical and ecotoxicological assessment of the impact of Marine tailings disposal: TSRI Project 130 Final Report.
  50. Anderson, M. R. 2002. ESSA field observations in Bay d’Espoir Newfoundland: Comparison of summer and overwintering sites. P61. In B. T. Hargrave (Ed.) Environmental studies for sustainable aquaculture (ESSA): 2002 Workshop Report. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2411.
  51. Veinott, G., T. Hynes, R. Anderson, J. Payne, P. Sylvester, J. Kwong, M. Blanchette, N. Davé, D. Gani, D. Hamoutene, J. Chaulk, and J. Meade. 2002. A chemical and ecotoxicological assessment of the impact of marine tailings disposal at two former copper mine sites in Newfoundland. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2435: x + 58 p.
  52. Anderson, M. R. and R. B. Rivkin, 2002, Oceans as Major Reservoirs of Protein, in L. Legendre and F. Rassoulzadegan (eds). Biological Oceanography, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford,UK, [http://www.eolss.net]
  53. Laurel, B.J., J. A. Brown, J.A. and M. R. Anderson. 2003. The Use of Endogenous and Exogenous Resources During the Early Development of Atlantic Redfish (Sebastes spp.), pp. 119-123. In Gascon, D. (ed.) 2003. Redfish Multidisciplinary Research Zonal Program (1995-1998): Final Report. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2462: xiii + 155 p.
  54. Veinott,G. P. Sylvester, D. Hamoutene, M. R.Anderson, J. Meade and J. Payne, 2003. State of the Marine Environment at Little Bay Arm, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, 10 Years after a "Do Nothing" Response to a Mine Tailings Spill. J. Environ. Monit. 2003: 626 – 634.
  55. Anderson, M. R., C. Stirling, A. Roy, J. Ryan , T. Strang , and R. J. Thompson 2003. Assessing Potential For Habitat Modification Under Longline Mussel Farms Using Multibeam Acoustic Surveys. P58 In: Stirling, C. H. (Editor) Report of the National Science Workshop 2003, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, St. John’s, Newfoundland, Can. Tech. Rep., Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2530: 176 p.
  56. Anderson M.R., M.F. Tlusty and V. A. Pepper 2004. Organic enrichment at cold water aquaculture sites – the case of coastal Newfoundland. Pp. 17-18. In: Hargrave, B.T. (Ed.). 2004. Environmental Studies for Sustainable Aquaculture (ESSA): 2004 Symposium Report. Can Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2542: vi + 81 p.
  57. Tlusty, M. F., V. A. Pepper and M. R. Anderson, 2005. Reconciling aquaculture’s influence on the water column and benthos of an estuarine fjord – a case study from Bay d’Espoir Newfoundland. Chapt. 6. In: B. T. Hargrave (Ed.) Environmental Effects of Marine Finfish Aquaculture. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry Vol 5. Water Pollution. Springer Verlag. Pp.115-128.
  58. Anderson, M. R., M. F. Tlusty and V. A. Pepper, 2005. Organic enrichment at cold water aquaculture sites – the case of coastal Newfoundland. Chapt. 5. In: B. T. Hargrave (Ed.) Environmental Effects of Marine Finfish Aquaculture. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry Vol 5. Water Pollution. Springer Verlag. Pp. 99-114.
  59. Wildish, D.J. G.W.Pohle, B.T.Hargrave, T.F. Sutherland & M.R.Anderson, 2005. Benthic monitoring methods for habitat management of finfish mariculture in Canada. CSAS Research Document 2005/039.
  60. Lucotte, M. R. Canuel, S. Boucher de Grosbois, M. Amyot, M. R. Anderson, P. Arp, L. Atikesse, J. Carreau, L. Chan, S. Garceau, D. Mergler, C. Ritchie, M. J. Robertson C. Vanier. 2005. An ecosystem approach to describe the mercury issue in Canada: from mercury sources to human health. CH. 19, In: Dynamics of Mercury Pollution on Regional and Global Scales: Atmospheric Processes, Human Exposure Around the World, N. Pirrone and K. Mahaffey (Eds), Springer, Norwell, MA. pp. 451-466.
  61. Canuel, R., S. Boucher de Grosbois, L. Atikessé, M. Lucotte, P. Arp, C. Ritchie, D. Mergler, H.M. Chan, M. Amyot, and M.R. Anderson, 2006. New evidences on variations of human body burden of methylmercury from fish consumption. Environ. Health Perspect. 114:302-306.
  62. McKindsey, C.W., M.R. Anderson, P. Barnes, S. Courtenay, T. Landry, M. Skinner. 2006. Effects of Shellfish Aquaculture on Fish Habitat. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2006/011.
  63. Cranford, P.J., R. Anderson, P. Archambault, T. Balch, S.S. Bates, G. Bugden, M.D. Callier, C. Carver, L. Comeau, B. Hargrave, W.G. Harrison, E. Horne, P.E. Kepkay, W.K.W. Li, A. Mallet, M. Ouellette, P. Strain. 2006. Indicators and Thresholds for Use in Assessing Shellfish Aquaculture Impacts on Fish Habitat. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2006/034.
  64. Anderson, M.R., P.J. Cranford, C.W. McKindsey, P. Strain, B.T. Hargrave, W.K.W. Li, W.G. Harrison. 2006. Cumulative and Far-Field Fish Habitat Effects. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2006/37.
  65. Anderson, M. R. 2007.ASLO 2008 Summer Meeting – St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador: Imagine this! Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin 16:61-62.
  66. Anderson, M. R. 2008. Aquatic Sciences 2008: Another Memorable Meeting In St. John’s. Limnol. Oceanogr. Bull. 17:87.
  67. Roux, M. J., M. R. Anderson, D. Planas. 2008. Integrating spatial patterns and processes in food web and environmental studies: from “who eats who” and “who eats where” to “who eats who and where”. Verh. Int. Theor. Angew. Limnol. 30: (4) 569-572
  68. Houde, M.; Muir, D. C. G.; Kidd, K.; Guildford, S.; Drouillard, K.; Wang, X.; Evans, M.; Anderson, R.; DeVault, D. S.; Whittle, M.; Haffner, D.; Payne, J., 2008. Influence of lake characteristics on the biomagnification of persistent organic pollutants in lake trout and their food webs. Environ Toxicol Chem 42: 8239-8244
  69. Anderson, M.R. R.B. Rivkin, D. Deibel, R.J. Thompson, T.J. Edwards, J.E. Stacey and J.R. Ryan. 2008. Ecosystem Interactions with Mussel Culture in Newfoundland Coastal Waters. ICES CM 2008/H:08