Luigi Faucitano

Image Luigi Faucitano
Research scientist

I coordinate a research program on 1) Preslaughter management of pigs and its effects on animal welfare and meat quality and 2) Validation of indicators for the reliable assessment of stress response preslaughter and prediction of meat quality variation.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Current research and/or projects

  • Application of dietary and management strategies to manipulate preslaughter muscle glycogen level and improve meat quality in pigs. Funded by AAFC Science Technology Branch.

  • Development of an assessment tool to improve production practices (from birth to slaughter), animal welfare and meat quality under the Canadian commercial conditions. Funded by AAFC Science Technology Branch.

  • Optimisation de la qualité microbiologique et de l’innocuité des produits de porc frais et transformés. Funded by the Canadian Food Innovators Cluster Program.

  • Effects of improved design trailers on the welfare of pigs transported under Canadian conditions. Funded by AAFC-Agriscience

  • Effects of producing heavier market weight pigs on their easiness of handling and space requirements during transport to slaughter. Funded by  AAFC-Agriscience.

Research and/or project statements

Livestock handling and transport are major issues for all of the agricultural animal industries in Canada at this time. The interest of the Canadian pork industry is based on the need (1) to reduce profit losses due to mortality rate during transport to slaughter and carcass trim losses and restrictions on marketing, particularly for exporting poor quality pork, and (2) to market animal welfare and high quality certified pork. These objectives can be met by developing novel, reliable and easy to use under commercial conditions animal welfare monitoring tools. These issues are the objectives of Dr. Faucitano’s current research program and meet two objectives of the AAFC Science and Innovation Strategy Plan, in terms of increasing productivity and food quality attributes.

Professional activities / interests

1) Expert member of AAFC-CFIA Animal Welfare Advisory group and of the International Cooperation Committee of Animal Welfare (ICCAW, Beijing, China)

2)  Member of the scientific committee organizing the symposium “Meat Science and Muscle Biology” at the ASAS-CSAS Joint Annual Meeting and the 2020 International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (ICoMST)

3) Associate editor of the Canadian Journal of Animal Science

4) Supervision of 10 Master and 11 PhD students, and 7 post-doc fellows and participation in the evaluation of 16 thesis dissertations.

Education and awards

B.Sc. in Science for Animal Production, University of Bologna, Italy, 1990

PhD in Animal Science, University of Bologna, Italy, 1996

Recipient of the Canadian Society of Animal Science Award in Excellence in Nutrition and Meat Science., 2015.

Recipient of the Canadian Society of Animal Science Technical Innovation in Enhancing Production of Safe Affordable Food Award, 2018.

International experience and/or work

Participation in the following international projects:

1) Study of the impact of preslaughter handling on welfare and pork quality in pigs. Funded by Embrapa (Brazil)

2) Study of the efficiency of different slaughter systems, in terms of animal welfare and beef quality. Funded by UNESP (Brazil)

3) The role of cognitive bias in animal emotions, its effect on animal welfare and meat quality and the search for potential biomarkers of ante- and peri-slaughter stress factors. Funded by the Ministerio de Ciencia y Investigacion de España (Spain)

4) Analysis of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in plasma from slaughter pigs after transport. Funded by the German Ministry for Science and Technology/Ligandis Biomarker Research (Germany) 

5) Effects of temperament of beef cattle kept in feedlot at different space allowances on growth performance, and carcass and meat quality traits. Funded by FAPESP (Brazil)

Provided more than 30 invited talks in USA, Europe, Central and South America, and Asia.

Key publications

For a complete list of publications, please visit: AAFC Online

  1. Faucitano, L. and Lambooij, E. (2019). Transport of pigs. In: Livestock Handling and Transport (T. Grandin, ed.), CABI Publ., Wallingford, UK (in press). 
  2. Pereira, T.L., Conte, S., Devillers, N., Sommavilla, R., Diesel, T., Dalla Costa, F.A., Titto, E.A.L., Guay, F., Friendship, R., Crowe, T. and Faucitano, L. (2018). Use of fan-misters bank for cooling pigs kept in a stationary trailer before unloading: effects on trailer microclimate, and pig behavior and physiological response. Livest. Sci. 216, 67-74.
  3. Faucitano, L. and Goumon, S. (2018). Transport to slaughter and associated handling. In: M. Špinka (ed.), “Advances in Pig Welfare”, Woodhead Publ., London, UK, pp. 261-294.
  4. Faucitano, L., Martelli, G., Nannoni, E. and Widowski, T.M. (2017). Fundamentals of animal welfare in meat animals and consumer attitudes to animal welfare. In: P. Purslow (ed.), “Meat Quality Aspects: From Genes to Ethics”, Woodhead Publ., London, UK, pp. 537-568.
  5. Wirthgen, E., Kunze, M., Walz, C., Spitschak, M., Brenmoehl, J., Kanitz, E., Tuchscherer, M., Otten, W., Gimsa, U., Schön, P., Manteuffel, C., Tuchscherer, A., Pfuhl, R., Höflich, C., Erdmann, S., Goumon, S., Faucitano. L. and Höflich, A. (2017). Interference of stress with the somatotropic axis in pigs – lights on new biomarkers. Sci. Rep. 7, 12055 (Open access, www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-11521-5).
  6. Vitali, M., Conte, S., Lessard, M., Deschêne, K., Benoit-Biancamano, M.O., Celeste, C., Martelli, G., Sardi, L., Guay, F. and Faucitano, L. (2017). Use of the spectrophotometric color method for the determination of the age of skin lesions on the pig carcass and its relationship with gene expression and histological and histochemical parameters. J. Anim. Sci. 95, 3873-3884.
  7. Rocha, L.M., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Saucier, L. and Faucitano, L.  (2016). Can the monitoring of animal welfare parameters predict pork meat quality variation through the supply chain (from farm to slaughter)? J. Anim. Sci. 94, 359-376.
  8. Dalla Costa, F.A., Devillers, N., Paranhos da Costa, M.J.R. and Faucitano, L. (2016). Effects of applying preslaughter feed withdrawal at the abattoir on behaviour, blood parameters and meat quality in pigs. Meat Sci. 119, 89-94.
  9. Rocha, L.M., Dionne, A., Saucier, L., Nannoni, E. and Faucitano, L. (2015). Hand-held lactate analyzer as a tool for the real-time measurement of physical fatigue before slaughter and pork quality prediction. Anim. 9, 707-714.
  10. Conte, S., Faucitano, L., Bergeron, R., Torrey, S., Gonyou, H.W., Crowe, T. and Widowski, T.M. (2015) Effects of season, truck type and location within truck on gastrointestinal tract temperature of market-weight pigs during transport. J. Anim. Sci. 93, 5840-5848.
  11. Fox, J., Widowski, T., Torrey, S., Nannoni, E., Bergeron, R., Gonyou, H.W., Brown, J.A., Crowe, T., Mainau, E. and Faucitano, L. (2014). Water sprinkling market pigs in a stationary trailer. 1. Effects on pig behaviour, gastrointestinal tract temperature and trailer micro-climate. Livest. Sci. 160, 113-123.
  12. Nannoni, E., Widowski, T., Torrey, S., Fox, J., Rocha, L.M., Gonyou, H.W., Weschenfelder, A.V., Crowe, T. and Faucitano, L. (2014). Water sprinkling market pigs in a stationary trailer. 2. Effects on selected exsanguination blood parameters and carcass and meat quality variation. Livest. Sci. 160, 124-131.
  13. Goumon, S., Faucitano, L., Bergeron, R., Crowe, T., Connor, M.L. and Gonyou, H.W. (2013) Effect of ramp configuration on easiness of handling, heart rate and behavior of near-market pigs at unloading. J. Anim. Sci. 91, 3889-3898. 
  14. Weschenfelder, A.V., Torrey, S., Devillers, N., Crowe, T., Bassols, A., Saco, Y., Piñeiro, M., Saucier, L. and Faucitano, L. (2013) Effects of trailer design on animal welfare parameters and carcass and meat quality of three Pietrain crosses being transported over a short distance. Livest. Sci. 157, 234-244.
  15. Goumon, S., Faucitano, L., Bergeron, R., Crowe, T., Connor, M.L. and Gonyou, H.W. (2013) Effect of ramp configuration on easiness of handling, heart rate and behavior of near-market pigs at unloading. J. Anim. Sci. 91, 3889-3898.                                                                
  16. Rocha, L.M., Bridi, A.M., Mormède, P., Weschenfelder,, A.V., Devillers, N., Bertoloni, W. and Faucitano, L. (2013) Effects of ractopamine administration and castration method on the response to pre-slaughter stress and carcass and meat quality in pigs of two Pietrain genotypes. J. Anim. Sci. 91, 3965-3977.
  17. Weschenfelder, A.V., Maldague, X., Rocha, L.M., Schaefer, A.L., Saucier, L. and Faucitano, L. (2013). The use of orbital infra-red thermography for the measurement of the physiological condition of pigs just prior to slaughter and pork quality prediction. Meat Sci. 95, 616-620.
  18. Weschenfelder, A. V., Torrey, S., Devillers, N., Crowe, T., Bassols, A., Saco, Y., Piñeiro, M., Saucier, L. and Faucitano, L. (2012). Effects of trailer design on animal welfare parameters and carcass and meat quality of three Pietrain crosses being transported over a long distance. J. Anim. Sci. 90, 3220-3231.
  19. Correa, J.A., Torrey, S., Devillers, N., Laforest, J.P., Gonyou, H.W. and Faucitano, L. (2010). Effects of different moving devices at loading on stress response and meat quality in pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 88, 4086-4093.
  20. Faucitano, L. and Geverink, N.A. (2008) Effects of preslaughter handling on stress response and meat quality in pigs. In: L. Faucitano and A.L. Schaefer (eds.), “The Welfare of Pigs - from Birth to Slaughter”, Wageningen Academic Publ., pp. 197-224.
  21. Faucitano, L., Huff, P., Teuscher, F., Gariépy, C. and Wegner, J. (2005). Application of computer-image analysis to measure pork marbling characteristics. Meat Sci. 72, 91-99.
  22. Faucitano, L., Rivest, J., Levésque, Daigle, J.P. and Gariépy, C. (2004). Distribution of intramuscular fat and marbling in the longissimus dorsi muscle of pigs. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 84, 57-61.
  23. Faucitano, L. (2001). Causes of skin damages to pig carcasses. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 81, 39-45.

Affiliations

  • Associate professor, Université Laval, Département des sciences animales (Québec)

  • Associate professor, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Department of Animal Science, Brazil

  • Associate professor, University of Guelph, Departement of Animal Biosciences, Guelph, ON, Canada

Language

English
French

Other languages

Italian, Spanish, Portuguese