Julie Brassard

Image Julie Brassard
Research scientist

Dr. Julie Brassard has been a research scientist in food virology for Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada since 2004. She has multi-disciplinary expertise in biochemistry, microbiology and virology, among others. Her area of expertise is the study of viruses that cause food-borne illnesses and, in particular, determining the source of human pathogenic viruses and viruses with zoonotic potential in horticultural and animal production and in the food chain; and developing and applying concentration methods, molecular tools and model/substitute viruses to detect and study virus persistence/survival and develop farm-to-table control strategies; virome studies and improve the gut health. 

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Current research and/or projects

Enteric infections affecting both human and animal intestinal health are recognized as having negative impacts on the agri-food sector and animal production due to the economic losses they generate each year. Pathogenic and zoonotic enteric viruses represent a threat to the value chain as they are present in the food chain and in the Canadian livestock causing disease in animals and some of these viral agents can be transmitted to humans through Agri-food products and some agricultural practices. J. Brassard has expertise in veterinary microbiology and food virology, which gives her unique expertise in the field. She participates in integrated approaches in order to face the challenges and issues in animal health and food safety through her various collaborative projects.

Research and/or project statements

  • Determining the source of human pathogenic viruses and viruses with zoonotic potential in horticultural and animal production and in the food chain
  • Developing and applying concentration methods, molecular tools and model/substitute viruses to detect and study virus persistence/survival and develop farm-to-table control strategies
  • Virome studies and improve the gut health
  • Intestinal health gut improving by the use probiotics against enteric viruses 

Professional activities / interests

  • Lead and collaborate on research projects
  • Supervision of graduate students
  • Ad hoc reviewer for several scientific journals
  • Member of the local biosafety and biosecurity committee of the Saint-Hyacinthe RDC  

Education and awards

Academic qualifications

B. Sc. Biochemistry,  Université Laval, 1997

Ph.D. Veterinary sciences, opt. Microbiology, Université de Montréal, 2003

Postdoctoral fellow, Food virology, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 2003

 

Awards

Bourse Canada, Gouvernement du Canada  (1994-1997)

Bourse de la Faculté des Études Supérieures de l’Université de Montréal  (2000)

Bourse de la Faculté des Études Supérieures de l’Université de Montréal  (2001)

Bourse de rédaction de la Faculté des Études Supérieures de l'Université de Montréal (2002)

Key publications

For a complete list of publications, please visit: AAFC Online

Scientific publications (last five years)

  1. Julie Brassard, Marie-Josée Gagné. 2018. An efficient recovery method for enteric viral particles from agricultural soils. Journal of Virological Methods, Nov 261: 1-5. https://doi.org/10.​1016/​j.​jviromet.​2018.​06.​014.
  2. Virginie Lachapelle; Ann Letellier; Philippe Fravalo; Julie Brassard ; Yvan L’Homme. 2017   Dynamics of viral distribution in a defined swine production network using enteric viruses as molecular markers. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2017 Feb 1;83(4). pii: e03187-16.
  3. Tineke H. Jones, Julie Brassard, Edward Topp, Graham Wilkes and David R. Lapen. 2017 Waterborne Viruses and F-Coliphage in Mixed-Use Watersheds: Microbial Associations, Host Specificity, and Affinities with Environmental/Land Use Factors. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 2017 Jan 17;83(3). pii: e02763-16
  4. Danielle Leblanc, Douglas G. Inglis, Valerie F. Boras, Julie Brassard, Alain Houde. 2017, The prevalence of enteric RNA viruses in stools from diarrheic and non-diarrheic people in southwestern Alberta, Canada. Archives of Virology, 2017 Jan;162(1):117-128
  5. Nantel-Fortier, N., Lachapelle, V., L’Homme, Y., Letellier, A., Fravalo, P., Brassard, J*. 2016 Phylogenetic analysis of Hepatitis E virus and contamination sources in a Canadian swine production network. Food and Environmental Virology, 2016 Dec;8(4):296-304.
  6. Brassard, J.*, Gagné, M.-J., Leblanc, D., Poitras, E., Houde, A., D., Boras, V., Inglis, D. 2015 Association of age and gender with Torque teno virus detection in stools from diarrheic and non-diarrheic people. Journal of Clinical Virology, 72, 55-59.
  7. Gagné, M.-J., Barrette, J., Savard, T., Brassard, J.* 2015 Evaluation of survival of murine norovirus-1 during sauerkraut fermentations and storage under standard and sodium reduction conditions. Food Microbiology, 52, 119-123.
  8. Ward, P., Leblanc, D., Houde, A., Brassard, J.  2015 Analysis of complete genome sequences of swine hepatitis E virus and V239A substitution in helicase domain of genotype 3 hepatitis E virus strains isolated from human and swine in Canada. Archives of Virology, 160(7):1767-73.
  9. Wilhelm, B.J., Leblanc, D., Houde, A., Brassard, J., Gagné, M.-J., Plante, D., Bellon-Gagnon, P., Jones, T. H., Muehlhauser, V., Janecko, N., Avery, B., Rajic, A., McEwen, S., 2014  Survey of Canadian retail pork chops and pork livers for detection of hepatitis E virus, Norovirus, or rotavirus using real time RT-PCR. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 18; 185:33-40.
  10. Wilkes, G., Brassard, J., Edge, T.A., Gannon, V. Gottschall, N., Jokinen, C.C., Jones, T. H., Khan, I., Marti, R., Sunohara, M., Topp, E., Lapen, D.R. 2014. Long term monitoring of pathogens and microbial source tracking markers in paired agricultural watersheds under controlled and conventional tile drainage management. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 80(12):3708-20.
  11. Béland, K., Dore-Nguyen, M., Gagné, M.-J., Patey, N., Brassard, J., Alvarez, F., Halac, U. 2014. TTV viral load as a biomarker of immunosuppression? New hopes and insights., Journal of Infectious Diseases, 210(4):668-70.
  12. Lachapelle, V., Sohal, J.S., Lambert, M.-C., Brassard, J., Letellier, A., Fravalo, P., L’Homme, Y., 2014. Genetic diversity of group A rotavirus in swine from Canada, Archives of Virology, 159(7):1771-9.
  13. Leblanc, D. Houde, A. Gagné, M-J. Plante, D., Bellon-Gagnon, P., Jones, T., Muelhauser, V., Wilhelm, B., Avery, B., Janecko, N., Brassard, J*. 2014. Presence, viral load and characterization of Torque teno sus viruses in liver and pork chop samples at retail. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 178:60-64.
  14. Béland, K., Dore-Nguyen, M., Gagné, M.-J., Patey, N., Brassard, J., Alvarez, F., Halac, U. 2014. Torque Teno Virus in children with orthotopic liver transplantation: new insights about a common pathogen. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 209(2):247-54.
  15. Wilkes, G., Brassard, J., Edge, T., Gannon, V.,  Jokinen, C., Jones, T., Neumann, N., Pintar, K.D.M., Ruecker, N., Schmidt, P., Sunohara, M., Topp, E., and Lapen, D.R. 2013 Bacteria, viruses, and parasites in an intermittent stream protected from and exposed to pasturing cattle: prevalence, densities, and quantitative microbial risk assessment. Water Research. 47(16):6244-57
  16. Wilkes G., Brassard J., Edge T., Gannon V., Jokinen C., Jones T., Marti R.,  Neumann N., Ruecker N., Sunohara M., Topp E., Lapen D.R. 2013. Coherence among microbial source tracking markers and host specific viruses, parasites, and bacterial pathogens in a small agricultural stream with and without riparian zone protection from cattle. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 79(20):6207-19.
  17. Brassard, J.*, Gagné, M.-J., Leblanc, D. 2013 Real-time PCR study of the infection dynamics of Torque teno sus viruses in naturally infected pigs from nursery to slaughterhouse. The Veterinary Journal. 197, 506-508.
  18. Ward, P., Poitras, E., Leblanc, D., Gagnon, C., Brassard, J., Houde, A. 2013 Comparison of different TaqMan RT-qPCR assays for the detection of human and bovine group A rotaviruses and characterization by sequences analysis of genes encoding VP4 and VP7 capsid proteins. Journal of Applied in Microbiology, 114(5):1435-48.

 

Books and books chapters

  1. Delaquis P, Brassard J, Gajadhar A. 2016. Pathogenic Viruses and Protozoa Transmitted by Soil, In Yates M, Nakatsu C, Miller R, Pillai S (ed), Manual of Environmental Microbiology, 4th Edition. ASM Press, Washington, DC. p 3.3.1-1-3.3.1-14. doi: 10.1128/9781555818821.ch3.3.1
  2. Julie Brassard, Sébastien Hantz, Sophie Alain. Anelloviridae, in Thomas Mourez, Sonia Burrel, David Boutolleau, Sylvie Pillet (ed), Traité de Virologie Médicale, 2ième édition, Éditions ESTEM, Paris, France. Accepté pour publication, avril 2018.

Affiliations

Associate professor to the Pathology and microbiology department of the Veterinary medicine faculty of the University of Montréal

Member of the Editorial and revision Board of the Journal of Food Protection

Associate member to the Centre de recherche en infectiologie porcine et avicole (CRIPA).

Language

English
French