Julia Baak

Image Julia Baak
Conservation Biologist

Contributing to Environment and Climate Change Canada’s mandate to ensure wildlife is monitored, protected and conserved by: 

  • Monitoring seabird and sea duck populations across the three northern territories to inform harvest regulation, status and trends reporting, and evidence-based decision-making. 
  • Providing expert scientific advice on seabirds and sea ducks to support Marine Conservation Targets, Ocean Protection Plan initiatives, and to broadly support marine use and conservation planning by partners and other parties. 

Education and awards

MSc in Biology, Acadia University

BSc Honours in Environmental Science, Dalhousie University


Key publications

Gutowsky, S.E., Baak J.E., Craik S.R., Mallory M.L., Knutson N., d’Entremont A.A., Allard K.A. (2023). Seasonal and circadian patterns of herring gull (Larus smithsoniansus) movements reveal temporal shifts in industry and coastal island interaction. Ecological Solutions and Evidence 4(3): e12274.

Pollet I.L., Baak J.E., Feld L., Grøsvik B.E., Liboiron M., Mallory M.L., Provencher J.F., Strand J. (2023). Monitoring litter on Arctic and subarctic shorelines: current status and next steps for monitor-ing programs. Arctic Science: 9(4): 807-824. 

Haarr M.L., Bach L., Chambers C.P., Falk-Andersson J., Juul-Pedersen T., Metcalfe R.A., Sinisalo A., Strand J., Svendsen H., Baak J.E., Björnsdóttir H.H., Brenner E.M.K., Christiansen S., Delattre C., Gauthier M., Georgiou R.H., Ljuba Günther L., Hägg F., Markussen U., Martínez K.B.P., Wittwer L. (2023). Beach litter sources around Nuuk, Greenland: An analysis by UArctic summer school graduate course students. Marine Pollution Bulletin 191: 114914.

Fackelmann G., Pham C.K., Rodríguez Y., Mallory M.L, Provencher J.F., Baak J.E., Sommer S (2023). Current levels of microplastic pollution impact wild seabird gut microbiomes. Nature Ecology & Evolu-tion 7(5): 698–706.

Mallory M.L., Petersen A., Thorstensen S., Spooner I., O'Driscoll N.J., Baak J.E., McIntyre J.A. (2023). Mercury in soils of seabird nesting islands in West Iceland. Arctic 76 (1): 48 – 59.

Lusher A.L., Provencher J.F., Baak J.E., Hamilton B.M., Vorkamp K., Hallanger I.G., Pijogge L., Li-boiron M., Bourdages M.P.T., Hammer S., Gavrilo M., Vermaire J.C., Linnebjerg J.F., Mallory M.L., Ga-brielsen G.W. (2022). Monitoring litter and microplastics in Arctic mammals and birds. Arctic Science 8(4): 1217-1235.

Hamilton B.M., Baak J.E., Vorkamp K., Hammer S., Granberg M., Herzke D., Provencher J.F. (2022). Plastics as a carrier of chemical additives to the Arctic: possibilities for strategic monitoring across the circumpolar North. Arctic Science 9(2): 284-296.

Grøsvik B.E., Granberg M.E., Kögel T., Lusher A.L., Gomiero A., Halldorsson H.P., Madsen A.K., Baak J.E., Guls H.D., Magnusson K. Microplastics in arctic invertebrates: Status on occurrence and rec-ommendations for future monitoring. Arctic Science 9(1): 165-175).

Provencher J.F., Kögel T., Lusher A.L., Vorkamp K., Gomiero A., Peeken I., Granberg M., Hammer S., Baak J.E., Larsen J.R., Farmen E. An ecosystem-scale litter and microplastics monitoring plan under the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP). Arctic Science 8(4) 1067-1081.

Sühring R., Baak J.E., Letcher R.J., Braune B.M., de Silva A., Dey C., Fernie K., Lu Z., Mallory M.L., Avery-Gomm S., Provencher J.F. (2022). Co-contaminants of microplastics in two seabird species from the Canadian Arctic. Environmental Science and Ecotechnology 12: 100189.

Baak J.E., Brown Z.O., Provencher J.F., Mallory M.L. (2022). A rapid assessment technique for coastal plastic debris sampling: Applications for remote regions and community science. Marine Pollu-tion Bulletin 178: 113641.

Gutowsky S.E., Baak J.E., Gaston A.J., Mallory M.L. (2022). Sea ice extent and phenology influ-ence breeding of high-Arctic seabirds: 4 decades of monitoring in Nunavut, Canada. Oecologia 198: 393–406.

Baak J.E., Mallory M.L., Anderson C.M., Auger-Méthé M., Macdonald C.A., Janssen M.H., Gilchrist H.G., Provencher J.F., Gutowsky S.E. (2021). Inter-individual variation in the migratory behaviour of a generalist seabird, the herring gull (Larus smithsoniansus), from the Canadian Arctic. Animal Migra-tion 8(1): 144-155.

Baak J.E., Patterson A., Gilchrist H.G., Elliott K.H. (2021). First evidence of diverging migration and overwintering strategies in glaucous gulls (Larus hyperboreus) from the Canadian Arctic. Animal Mi-gration 8(1): 98-109.

Jardine A.M., Provencher J.F., Pratte I., Holland E.R., Baak J.E., Roberston G.J., Mallory M.L. (2021). Annual plastic ingestion and isotopic niche patterns of two sympatric gull species at Newfoundland, Canada. Marine Pollution Bulletin Baseline 173: 112991.

Baak J.E., Leonard M.L, Gjerdrum C., Dodds M.D., Ronconi R.A. (2021). Non-breeding movements and foraging ecology of the black guillemot Cepphus grylle in Atlantic Canada. Marine Ornithology 49: 57-70.

Mallory M.L, Baak J.E., Gjerdrum C., Mallory O.E., Manley B., Swan C., Provencher J.F. (2021). An-thropogenic litter in marine waters and coastlines of Arctic Canada and West Greenland. Science of the Total Environment 783: 146971.

Linnebjerg J.F, Baak J.E., Barry T., Gavrilo M.V., Mallory M.L., Merkel F.R., Price C., Strand J., Walker T.R., Provencher J.F. (2020). Review of plastic pollution policies of Arctic countries in relation to sea-birds. FACETS 6(1): 1-25.

Baak J.E., Provencher J.F., Mallory M.L. (2020). Changes in organ size and nutrient reserves of arctic terns (Sterna paradisaea) breeding near a High Arctic polynya. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 52(1), 596-604.

Bourdages M.P.T., Provencher J.F., Baak J.E., Mallory M.L., Rochman C.M., Vermaire, J.C. (2020). Breeding seabirds as vectors of microplastics from sea to land: Evidence from colonies in Arctic Cana-da. Science of the Total Environment, 142808.

Baak J.E., Linnebjerg J.F, Barry T., Gavrilo M.V., Mallory M.L., Price C., Provencher J.F. (2020). Plastic ingestion by seabirds in the circumpolar Arctic: A review. Environmental Reviews 28(4): 506-516.

Loseto L.L., Breton-Honeyman K., Etiendem D.N., Johnson N., Pearce T., Allen J., Amos A., Arqviq J., Baak J.E., Bélanger É., Bourdages M., Brammer J.R., Fawcett D., Gérin Lajoie J., Gilbert G., Hansen-Craik K., Loring E., Perrin A., Slavitch M. (2020). Indigenous participation in peer review publications and the editorial process: Reflections from a workshop. Arctic Science 6: 352-360.

Baak J.E., Provencher J.F., Mallory M.L. (2020). Plastic ingestion by four seabird species in the Ca-nadian Arctic: Comparisons across species and time. Marine Pollution Bulletin 158, 111386.