Hwashin Hyun Shin
- developing research topics and proposals on Canadian public health (Health Canada mandate)
- applying for funding
- creating internal and external collaborations
- making publications and knowledge transfer
- supervising and mentoring
Current research and/or projects
- Research Projects & Funding (as principal investigator)
1. Air Health Trend Indicator (AHTI) Project: On-going $300K/Y funded under the CESI of Environment and Climate Change Canada, 2006-Present.
2. Autism in children in Ontario project: 70K/Y for 3 years, 2019-2022, funded under the Clean Air Regulatory Agenda (CARA) Program of Health Canada (pending).
3. Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) project: 70K/Y for 3 years, 2019-2022, funded under the Clean Air Regulatory Agenda (CARA) Program of Health Canada (pending).
4. Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) project: 5K for 1 year, 2018-2019, funded by Water and Air Quality Bureau (WAQB) of Health Canada.
5. PM Component Project: $60K/Y for 3 years, 2016-2019, funded under the CARA Program of Health Canada.
6. 3-Pollutant Model Project: $60K/Y for 3 years, 2016-2019, funded under the CARA Program of Health Canada.
7. Refinery Closure Project: $60K/Y for 3 years, for 2012-2015, funded under the Clean Air Regulatory Agenda (CARA) Program of Health Canada.
- Research Projects (as collaborator)
1. Modern Spectrum Methods in Time Series Analysis: Applications in Physical Science, Environmental Science, and Computer Modeling for 2015-17, funded under the Collaborative Research Team (CRT) projects by the Canadian Statistical Sciences Institute.
2. Critical time window in low birth weight attributable to PM2.5 & NO2 under Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) study for 2014-16, funded under the CARA program.
Research and/or project statements
Hwashin H. Shin is a Research Scientist in the Environmental Health Science and Research Bureau of Health Canada and an adjunct professor in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics of Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Her research areas include statistical model development for environmental health risk, epidemiology, risk assessment and optimal experimental design. She has recently worked on Public health risk estimates, Bias correction in risk estimates attributable to short-term exposure to ambient air pollution, Meta-analysis, and Critical time windows during pregnancy in relation with birth weight and autism in children.
Professional activities / interests
- Committee membership
1. ISES-ISEE joint conference preparation committee (Pre-Conference Courses Committee & Plenary Speaker Committee), 2017-18.
2. CCHO climate change and health intradepartmental committee, 2013-2015.
3. Internal Science Review Working Group of Health Canada Clean Air Regulatory Agenda Research Program, 2012-13.
4. Executive member of Ottawa Chapter of Statistical Society of Canada and American Statistical Association, 2011-2013.
5. Panel members of session “Accountability/Communicating Health Risks and Benefits”, CARA (Clean Air Regulatory Agenda) Research, 2010.
6. Scientific Planning Committee of the Canadian Society for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, 2008.
7. Research and Development Committee for Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicator (CESI), Environment Canada, 2006-present.
Education and awards
• Postdoctoral ResearcherDepartment of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen's University, 1999-2001.
• Ph.D. Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen's University, 1996-1999.Thesis Title: Experimental Designs for Orientation Models
• M.Sc.Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Queen's University, 1995-1996.Thesis Title: The Calibration of a Sensor with Rotation Movements in 3-dimensional Space
• B.Sc.Department of Mathematics Education, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea, 1978-1982.
• The Canadian Journal of Statistics Best Paper Award 2008Optimal designs for calibration of orientations. Canadian Journal of Statistics, vol 35(3). (https://ssc.ca/en/awards?field_award_year_value%5Bvalue%5D%5Byear%5D=2008&tid=1320&=Apply)
International experience and/or work
External advisor of Research Support Center for Korean Children’s Environmental health Study, Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea. 2017-2021.
US National Academy of Sciences (NAS) Committee on “Assessing Toxicologic Risks to Human Subjects Used in Controlled Exposure Studies of Environmental Pollutants”, 2015-2017. http://www8.nationalacademies.org/cp/committeeview.aspx?key=49685
Outdoor Air Pollution Committee of Global Burden Disease (GBD), 2011-2016.
Detroit Exposure and Aerosol Research Study (DEARS), 2009-2015.
Authors/Title/Journal (*corresponding author)
Burr WS, Dales R, Liu L, Stieb D, Smith-Doiron M, Jovic B, Kauri LM, Shin HH*. The Oakville Oil Refinery Closure and Its Influence on Local Hospitalizations: A Natural Experiment on Sulfur Dioxide. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(9):2029.
Wesley Burr, Hwashin Shin, Glen Takahara. Synthetically Lagged Models. Statistics and Probability Letters (2018), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spl.2018.07.008.
Shin HH*, Burr WS, Stieb D, Haque L, Kalayci H, Jovic B, Smith-Doiron. Air Health Trend Indicator: Association between Short-Term Exposure to Ground Ozone and Circulatory Hospitalizations in Canada for 17 Years, 1996–2012. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(8):1566.
Hiatt R. et al. Shin HH. Controlled Human Inhalation-Exposure Studies atEPA. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24618.
Cohen AJ, Brauer M, Burnett R, et al., Shin HH, et al. Estimates and 25-year trends of the global burden of disease attributable to ambient air pollution: an analysis of data from the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2015. Lancet. 2017; 389(10082):1907-1918.
Wang H et al., Shin HH, GBD 2015 Child Mortality Collaborators. Global, regional, national, and selected subnational levels of stillbirths, neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet. 2016;388(10053):1725-1774
Wang H et al., Shin HH, GBD 2015 HIV Collaborators. Estimates of global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and mortality of HIV, 1980-2015: the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet HIV. 2016;3(8):e361-87
Kim, Y., Oh, S., Yoon, S., & Shin, HH. (2016). Closing the green gap: The impact of environmental commitment and advertising believability. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 44, 339-352.
Wesley Burr, Glen Takahara, Hwashin Shin*. Bias Correction in Estimation of Public Health Risk Atributable to Short-term Air Pollution Exposure. Environmetrics 2016. Vol26 (4), Pages 298-311. doi.org/10.1002/env.2337.
Stieb DM, Judek S, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Brand K, Shin HH, Burnett RT, Smith-Doiron MH. Estimated public health impacts of changes in concentrations of fine particle air pollution in Canada, 2000 to 2011. Can J Public Health. 2015; 106(6):e362-8.
Forouzanfar MH et al., Shin HH, GBD 2013 Risk Factors Collaborators. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet 2015; 386(10010):2287-323.
Shin HH, Cohen AJ, Pope CA 3rd, Ezzati M, Lim SS, Hubbell BJ, Burnett RT. Meta-Analysis Methods to Estimate the Shape and Uncertainty in the Association between Long-term Exposure to Ambient Fine Particulate Matter and Cause-Specific Mortality over the Global Concentration Range, Risk Analysis. doi: 10.1111/risa.12421.
Hwashin H. Shin, Paul Jones, Robert D. Brook, Robert Bard, Karen Oliver, Ron Williams. Associations between personal exposures to VOCs and alterations in cardiovascular physiology: Detroit Exposure and Aerosol Research Study (DEARS). Atmospheric Environment, Vol 104, Pages 246-255.
David M Stieb, Stan Judek, Kevin Brand, Richard T. Burnett, Hwashin H Shin. Approximations for Estimating Change in Life Expectancy Attributable to Air Pollution in Relation to Multiple Causes of Death Using a Cause Modified Life Table. Risk Analysis, 35(8):1468-78.
Dan L. Crouse, Paul A. Peters, Paul J. Villeneuve, Marc-Olivier Proux, Hwashin H. Shin, Mark S. Goldberg, Markey Johnson, Amanda Wheeler, Ryan W. Allen, Dominic Odwa Atari, Michael Jerrett, Michael Brauer, Jeffrey R. Brook, Richard T. Burnett. The Space-Time Association between exposure to nitrogen dioxide between and within 10 Canadian cities and mortality using the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, 25(5):482-9.
WS Burr and HH Shin. Discrete prolate spheroidal sequences as filters in generalized additive models. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics, Volume 117, 2015, Pages 113-119.
WS Burr and HH Shin. Accounting for temperature when modeling population health risk due to air pollution. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics, Volume 117, 2015, Pages 105-112.
Hwashin H. Shin, Neal Fann, Rick Burnett, Aaron Cohen, and Bryan Hubbell. Outdoor fine particles and nonfatal strokes: systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiology, 25(6):835-42.
Murray CJ, Ortblad KF, Guinovart C, Lim SS, Wolock TM, Roberts DA, Dansereau EA, Graetz N, et al., Hwashin H. Shin et al. Global, regional, and national incidence and mortality for HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. The Lancet, 384(9947):1005-70. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60844-8.
Shin HH*, Cakmak S, Brion O, Villeneuve P, Turner MC, Goldberg MS, Jerrett M, Chen H, Crouse D, Peters P, Pope CA 3rd, Burnett RT. Indirect Adjustment for Multiple Missing Variables Applicable to Environmental Epidemiology Environmental research, 134:482-7. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2014.05.016.
Nicholas J Kassebaum, Amelia Bertozzi-Villa, Megan S Coggeshall, Katya A Shackelford, Caitlyn Steiner, Kyle R Heuton, et al., Hwashin H. Shin et al. (2014) Global, regional, and national levels and causes of maternal mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013, The Lancet, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60696-6.
Haidong Wang, Chelsea A Liddell, Matthew M Coates, Meghan D Mooney, Carly E Levitz, Austin E Schumacher, et al., Hwashin H. Shin et al. (2014). Global, regional, and national levels of neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. The Lancet, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60497-9.
Burnett RT, Pope CA, Ezzati M, Olives C, Lim SS, Mehta S, Shin HH, Singh G, Hubbell B, Brauer M, Anderson HR, Smith KR, Balmes JR, Bruce NG, Kan H, Laden F, Prüss-Ustün A, Turner MC, Gapstur SM, Diver WR, Cohen A. An Integrated Risk Function for Estimating the Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Exposure. Environ Health Perspect. 2014 Apr;122(4):397-403. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1307049.
Hammond D, Croghan C, Shin HH, Burnett R, Bard R, Brook R and Williams R. Cardiovascular impacts and micro-environmental exposure factors associated with continuous personal PM2.5 monitoring. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. doi:10.1038/jes.2013.46.
Mehta S, Shin HH, Burnett R, North T, Cohen AJ. Ambient Particulate Air Pollution and Acute Lower Respiratory Infections: A Systematic Review and Implications for Estimating the Global Burden of Disease. Air Qual Atmos Health. 6(1):69-83.
Vos T, Flaxman AD, Naghavi M, Lozano R, Michaud C, Ezzati M et al Shin HH et al. Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010, The Lancet, Vol.380 No.9859 pp 2163-2196.
Murray CJL, Vos T, Lozano R, Naghavi M, Flaxman AD, Michaud C et al Shin HH et al. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010, The Lancet, Vol.380 No.9859 pp 2197-2223.
Shin HH*, Stieb DM, Burnett RT, Takahara G, Jessiman B. Tracking National and Regional Spatial-Temporal Mortality Risk Associated with NO2 Concentrations in Canada: A Bayesian Hierarchical 2-level Cluster Model, Risk Analysis, 2012. Mar;32(3):513-30.
Williams R, Brook RD, Bard R, Conner T, Shin HH, and Burnett RT. Impact of personal and ambient-level exposures to nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter on cardiovascular function. Int J Environ Health Res. 2012;22(1):71-91. doi: 10.1080/09603123.2011.588437.
Brook RD, Shin HH, Bard RL, Burnett RT, Vette A, Croghan C, Thornburg J, Rodes C, Williams R. Can Personal Exposures to higher Nighttime and Early Morning Temperatures Increase Blood Pressure? J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2011 Dec;13(12):881-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2011.00545.x.
Ostro B, Lipsett M, Reynolds P, Goldberg D, Hertz A, Burnett RT, Hughes E, Shin HH, Garcia C, Henderson KD, Bernstein L. Revisiting Long-Term Exposure to PM2.5 Constituents in the California Teachers Study. Erratum. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118(3): doi:10.1289/ehp.0901181.
Brook RD, Shin HH, Bard RL, Burnett RT, Vette A, Croghan C, Thornburg J, Rodes C, Williams R. Exploration of the Rapid Effects of Personal Fine Particulate Matter Exposure on Hemodynamics and Vascular Function during the Same Day. Environ Health Perspect. 2011 May;119(5):688-94.
Kim YS, Shin HH. The Effectiveness of Environmental Claims in Advertising: An Individual Difference Approach. The Korean Journal of Advertising. Vol21 no.6. 207-233.
Brook RD, Bard RL, Burnett RT, Shin HH, Vette A, Croghan C, Phillips M, Rodes C, Thornburg J, Williams R. Differences in Blood Pressure and Vascular Responses Associated with Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Exposures Measured at the Personal versus Community Level. Occup Environ Med: doi:10.1136/oem.2009.053991.
Shin HH*, Stieb DM, Burnett RT, Jessiman B. Measuring Public Health Accountability of Air Quality Management. Air Quality, Atmosphere, and Health, vol 2:11-20.
Krewski D, Jerrett M, Burnett RT, Ma R, Hughes E, Shi Y, Turner MC, Pope CA 3rd, Thurston G, Calle EE, Thun MJ, Beckerman B, DeLuca P, Finkelstein N, Ito K, Moore DK, Newbold KB, Ramsay T, Ross Z, Shin HH, Tempalski B. (2009) Extended follow-up and spatial analysis of the American Cancer Society study linking particulate air pollution and mortality. Research report, Health Effects Institute. (140): 5-114; discussion 115-136.
Shin HH*, Stieb DM, Jessiman B, Goldberg MS, Brion O. Brook J, et al. A Temporal, Multi-City Model to Estimate the Effects of Short-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution on Health.Environmental Health Perspectives, vol 116(9):1147-1153.
Stieb DM, Burnett RT, Smith-Doiron M, Brion O, Shin HH, Economou V. A New Multipollutant, No-Threshold Air Quality Health Index Based on Short-Term Associations Observed in Daily Time-Series Analyses. J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc. 58(3):435–450.
Shin HH*, Takahara GK, Murdoch DJ. Optimal designs for calibration of orientations. The Canadian Journal of Statistics, vol. 35 (3), 365-380.
Shin HH*, Ramsay T, Krewski D, Zielinski JM. The effect of censoring on cancer risk estimates based on the Canadian National Dose Registry of occupational radiation exposure. J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol. 2005 Sep;15(5):398-406.
Shin HH*, Shin DS. Three Models for Calibration of Position Data Observed by Electromagnetic Sensors. Applied Mathematics and Computing, vol.11 (1): 327-340.
Shin HH, Takahara GK, Murdoch DJ. Uniqueness, Consistency and Optimality in Spherical Regression Experiment. Statistics and Probability Letters vol.54(1):61-65.