Guylaine Talbot, Ph.D.

Research Scientist

Research Scientist in Microbial Ecology

Current research and/or projects

  • Improving the environmental performance, which includes research focused on ways to improve the efficiency of nutrient utilization and recycling and mitigate the greenhouse gas production, and therefore reduce the environmental footprint of the livestock sector.
  • Assessment and management of water and air quality risks associated with the use of organic fertilizers. Examination of the link between microbial communities, pathogen survival, physico-chemical properties and greenhouse gas emissions and odours from swine slurry and cattle manure storage pits
  • Characterization of microbial communities during low-temperature anaerobic digestion of swine slurry and cattle manure to reduce odours and pathogens and to produce renewable energy (biogas) and value added agronomic by-products
  • Development of novel feeding strategies aiming to improve gut development, defence functions, health and performance of piglets. Study of the effect of dietary strategies on microbial communities in the digestive system of piglets
  • Development of dietary strategies and technology to improve intestinal health and mitigate use of antibiotics in monogastric animal productions.

Research and/or project statements

  • Study of the impact of diverse manure treatments on the mitigation of greenhouse gas emission and pathogen survival.

  • Study of the impact of alternatives to the use of in-feed antibiotics on the swine gut microbial ecology.

Professional activities / interests

Adjunct Professor at the Faculty of Science, Université de Sherbrooke

Education and awards

Ph.D. in Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Université de Sherbrooke

Key publications

  1. Brousseau, J.P., Talbot, G., Beaudoin, F., Lauzon, K., Roy, D., Lessard, M. (2015). Effects of probiotics Pediococcus acidilactici strain MA18/5M and Saccharomyces cerevisiae subsp. boulardii strain SB-CNCM I-1079 on fecal and intestinal microbiota of nursing and weanling piglets. Journal of Animal Science, [online] 93(11), 5313-5326. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas.2015-9190

    2015 - View publication details

  2. Whiteduck-Léveillée, K., Whiteduck-Léveillée, J., Cloutier, M., Tambong, J.T., Xu, R., Topp, E., Arts, M.T., Chao, J., Adam, Z., Lévesque, C.A., Lapen, D.R., Villemur, R., Talbot, G., Khan, I.U.H. (2015). Arcobacter lanthieri sp. Nov., isolated from pig and dairy cattle manure. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (IJSEM), [online] 65(8), 2709-2716. http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.000318

    2015 - View publication details

  3. Barret, M., Gagnon, N., Morissette, B., Kalmokoff, M.L., Topp, E., Brooks, S.P.J., Matias, F., Neufeld, J.D., Talbot, G. (2015). Phylogenetic identification of methanogens assimilating acetate-derived carbon in dairy and swine manures. Systematic and Applied Microbiology, [online] 38(1), 56-66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.syapm.2014.11.006

    2015 - View publication details

  4. Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., Saucier, L. (2015). Influence of preslaughter feed withdrawal time applied at the abattoir on carcass microbial quality. Meat Science, [online] 99 143. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.07.016

    2015 - View publication details

  5. Chiquette, J., Lagrost, J., Girard, C.L., Talbot, G., Li, S., Plaizier, J.C., and Hindrichsen, I.K. (2015). "Efficacy of the direct-fed microbial Enterococcus faecium alone or in combination with Saccharomyces cerevisiae or Lactococcus lactis during induced subacute ruminal acidosis.", Journal of Dairy Science (JDS), 98(1), pp. 190-203. doi : 10.3168/jds.2014-8219

    2015 - View publication details

  6. Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., Guay, F., Saucier, L. (2015). Pre-slaughter strategies to improve pork carcass microbial quality. Meat Science, [online] 99 153. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.07.006

    2015 - View publication details

  7. Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., Guay, F., Gosselin, A., Desjardins, Y., and Saucier, L. (2014). "Pre-slaughter strategies to improve the microbial quality of pork carcasses.", International Union of Microbiological Societies Congress (IUMS 2014), Montréal, QC, Canada, July 27-August 1, 2014.

    2014 - View publication details

  8. Lo Verso, L., Lessard, M.-H., Talbot, G., Subirade, M., and Fliss, I. (2014). "Isolation and selection of strains from pig gastrointestinal tract for probiotic use.", 7e Symposium Swine and Poultry Infectious Disease Research Center of the Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire de l’Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada, June 3-4, 2014. (Poster)

    2014 - View publication details

  9. Barret, M., Auffret, M., Gagnon, N., Topp, E., Masse, L., Massé, D.I., and Talbot, G. (2014). "Influence of seasonal temperature variation on methanogen communities and methanogenesis in manure storage tanks.", XVIth International Congress of Virology - International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS 2014), July 27 - August 1, 2014, Montréal, Québec, Canada. (Poster)

    2014 - View publication details

  10. Khan, I.U.H., Cloutier, M., Topp, E., Lapen, D.R., Lévesque, C.A., Edge, T.A., Tambong, J.T., Talbot, G., and Wilkes, G.A. (2014). "Quantitative Detection and Identification of Arcobacter, Campylobacter and Helicobacter Species in a Canadian Agricultural Watershed.", XVIth International Congress of Virology - International Union of Microbiological Societies (IUMS 2014), July 27 - August 1, 2014, Montréal, Québec, Canada, July 27-August 1, 2014.

    2014 - View publication details

  11. Lessard, M.-H., Bergeron, N., Deschêne, K., Matte, J.J., Guay, F., Bissonnette, N., Talbot, G., Quessy, S., and Letellier, A. (2014). "Influence of Salmonella infection and diets supplemented with gut health-enhancing feed additives on expression of intestinal genes involved in immune response of pigs.", 7ième Symposium du CRIPA, Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada, 3-4 juin 2014. (Abstract)

    2014 - View publication details

  12. Morisette, B., Lessard, M., Yergeau, E., Lapointe, J., Guay, F., Bissonnette, N., Matte, J.J., Letellier, A., Quessy, S., Bergeron, N., Beaulieu, C., and Talbot, G. (2014). "Influence of Feed Additives as an Alternative to Antibiotics on Gut Microbiota of Weaned Piglets Infected with Salmonella Typhimurium.", 114th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, May 17-20, 2014.

    2014 - View publication details

  13. Ko, K., Ying, X., Ng, A., Rempel, H., McCormick, L., Gagnon, N., Auffret, M., Talbot, G., and Diarra, M.S. (2014). "Antibiotic resistance and pathogenic bacteria from dairy cow manure.", Guelph Food Safety Seminar Series - Food Safety: Compliance to Commitment (GFSS 11th Annual Symposium), Guelph, Ontario, Canada, October 22, 2014, Award winner. (Poster)

    2014 - View publication details

  14. Morisette, B., Lessard, M.-H., Yergeau, E., Lapointe, J., Guay, F., Bissonnette, N., Matte, J.J., Letellier, A., Quessy, S., Bergeron, N., Beaulieu, C., and Talbot, G. (2014). "Influence of Feed Additives as an Alternative to Antibiotics on Gut Microbiota of Weaned Piglets Infected with Salmonella Typhimurium.", 114th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, May 17-20, 2014. (Abstract)

    2014 - View publication details

  15. Saucier, L., Faucitano, L., Devillers, N., Talbot, G., and Guay, F. (2014). Des stratégies pour l’amélioration de la qualité de la viande de porc. Final report submitted to MAPAQ, 16 p. (Report)

    2014 - View publication details

  16. Gil, M., Faucitano, L., Talbot, G., Devillers, N., and Saucier, L. (2014). "Influence of preslaughter feed withdrawal applied either at the farm or at the abattoir on carcass microbial quality.", Canadian Meat Council's 94th Annual Conference, Toronto, ON, Canada, May 7-9, 2014.

    2014 - View publication details

  17. Adam, Z., Whiteduck-Leveillee, K., Cloutier, M., Chen, W., Lewis, C.T., Lévesque, C.A., Topp, E., Lapen, D.R., Tambong, J.T., Talbot, G., and Khan, I.U.H. (2014). "Draft genome sequence of Arcobacter cibarius Strain LMG21996{SUP}T{/SUP} isolated from broiler carcasses.", Genome Announcements, 2(1), pp. e00034-14. doi : 10.1128/genomeA.00034-14

    2014 - View publication details

  18. Masse, L., Mondor, M., Talbot, G., Deschênes, L., Drolet, H., Gagnon, N., St-Germain, F., Puig-Bargués, J. (2014). Fouling of Reverse Osmosis Membranes Processing Swine Wastewater Pretreated by Mechanical Separation and Aerobic Biofiltration. Separation Science and Technology, [online] 49(9), 1298-1308. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01496395.2014.881880

    2014 - View publication details

  19. Adam, Z., Whiteduck-Léveillée, K., Cloutier, M., Chen, W., Lewis, C.T., Lévesque, C.A., Topp, E., Lapen, D.R., Tambong, J.T., Talbot, G., Khan, I.U.H. (2014). Draft genome sequences of two Arcobacter strains isolated from human feces. Genome Announcements, [online] 2(2), http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/genomeA.00113-14

    2014 - View publication details

  20. Masse, L., Mondor, M., Puig-Bargués, J., Deschênes, L., Talbot, G. (2014). The efficiency of various chemical solutions to clean reverse osmosis membranes processing swine wastewater. Water Quality Research Journal of Canada, [online] 49(4), 295-306. http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wqrjc.2014.008

    2014 - View publication details

Research facility

2000 College Street
Sherbrooke, QC J1M 1Z3
Canada

Affiliations

  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Université de Sherbrooke

  • Swine and Poultry Infectious Diseases Research Center

  • Canadian Society of Microbiologists

Language

English
French