Guylaine Talbot, Ph.D.

Research Scientist

Research Scientist in Microbial Ecology

Current research and/or projects

  • Improving the environmental performance, which includes research focused on ways to improve the efficiency of nutrient utilization and recycling and mitigate the greenhouse gas production, and therefore reduce the environmental footprint of the livestock sector.
  • Assessment and management of water and air quality risks associated with the use of organic fertilizers. Examination of the link between microbial communities, pathogen survival, physico-chemical properties and greenhouse gas emissions and odours from swine slurry and cattle manure storage pits
  • Characterization of microbial communities during low-temperature anaerobic digestion of swine slurry and cattle manure to reduce odours and pathogens and to produce renewable energy (biogas) and value added agronomic by-products
  • Development of novel feeding strategies aiming to improve gut development, defence functions, health and performance of piglets. Study of the effect of dietary strategies on microbial communities in the digestive system of piglets
  • Development of dietary strategies and technology to improve intestinal health and mitigate use of antibiotics in monogastric animal productions.

Research and/or project statements

  • Study of the impact of diverse manure treatments on the mitigation of greenhouse gas emission and pathogen survival.

  • Study of the impact of alternatives to the use of in-feed antibiotics on the swine gut microbial ecology.

Professional activities / interests

Adjunct Professor at the Faculty of Science, Université de Sherbrooke

Education and awards

Ph.D. in Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Université de Sherbrooke

Key publications

  1. Khan, I.U.H., Miltenburg, M.G., Cloutier, M., Islam, O., Lapen, D.R., Wilkes, G., Talbot, G., Topp, E. 2018. Quantitative assessment of agricultural water quality, human and animal feces for prevalence of Arcobacter faecis and A. lanthieri. ASM (American Society for Microbiology) Microbe 2018. June 07-11, 2018, Atlanta, GA.

    2018 - View publication details

  2. Talbot, G., Lessard, M., Yergeau, E., Gagnon, N., Lo Verso, L., Lapointe, J., Bissonnette, N., Bueno Dalto, D., Ouattara, B., Guay, F., and Matte, J.J. (2016). "Microbiota of the small intestine of piglets affected by perinatal administration of copper and vitamins A and D.", 18th International Conference on Microbiota Buenos Engineering, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 27-28 October, 2016.

    2016 - View publication details

  3. Talbot, G., Lessard, M., Yergeau, E., Gagnon, N., Lo Verso, L., Lapointe, J., Bissonnette, N., Bueno Dalto, D., Ouattara, B., Guay, F., and Matte, J.J. (2016). "Effects of different sources and routes of administration of copper and vitamins A and D on piglets gut microbiota.", Journal of Animal Science, 94(Supp. 2). (Abstract)

    2016 - View publication details

  4. Lo Verso, L., Matte, J.J., Talbot, G., Bissonnette, N., Lapointe, J., Gagnon, N., Ouattara, B., Guay, F., and Lessard, M. (2016). "Effects of different sources and routes of administration of copper and vitamins A and D on gut volatile fatty acids and gene expression involved in regulation of innate and acquired immunity in piglets.", Journal of Animal Science, 94(Supp. 2). (Abstract)

    2016 - View publication details

  5. Fernando, D.M., Khan, I.U.H., Patidar, R., Lapen, D.R., Talbot, G., Topp, E., Kumar, A. (2016). Isolation and characterization of acinetobacter baumannii recovered from campylobacter selective medium, 7(NOV), http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.01871

    2016 - View publication details

  6. Whiteduck-Léveillée, J., Cloutier, M., Topp, E., Lapen, D.R., Talbot, G., Villemur, R., Khan, I.U.H. (2016). Development and evaluation of multiplex PCR assays for rapid detection of virulence-associated genes in Arcobacter species, 121 59-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mimet.2015.12.017

    2016 - View publication details

  7. Chakravarty, B., Yin, X., Lepp, D., Gagnon, N., Auffret, M., Talbot, G., and Diarra, M.S. (2015). "Antibiotic-susceptibility and genome analysis of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from dairy cattle manures.", Guelph Food Safety Seminar Series - Food Safety: Compliance to Commitment (GFSS 11th Annual Symposium), Guelph, Ontario, Canada, October 21, 2015. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

  8. Talbot, G., Auffret, M., Gagnon, N., Masse, L., Barret, M., and Topp, E. (2015). "Relationship between methanogenesis and transcriptional activity of Methanoculleus spp. In stored dairy cow and swine manures.", 65th Annual Canadian Society of Microbiologists Annual Conference, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 15-18, 2015, Invited speaker – short talk SAE-04 in the Applied and Environmental Microbiology Section.

    2015 - View publication details

  9. Bissonnette, N., Jiang, X-R., Matte, J.J., Talbot, G., Guay, F., Gong, J., Wang, Q., Bontempo, V., and Lessard, M. (2015). "Effect of a post-weanling diet supplemented with gut health-enhancing feed additives on ileum transcriptome activity and serum cytokines in piglets challenged with lipopolysaccharides (LPS)", ADSA-ASAS JAM (Joint Annual Meeting) 2015, Orlando, Florida, USA, July 12-16, 2015, 2-15, Poster Session.

    2015 - View publication details

  10. Talbot, G., Yin, X., Service, C., Ziebell, K.A., Gagnon, N., Auffret, M., Topp, E., and Diarra, M.S. (2015). "Characterization of ceftiofur-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from dairy cattle manures.", 65th Annual Canadian Society of Microbiologists Annual Conference, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 15-18, 2015, AE37. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

  11. Ibeagha-Awemu, E.M., Dudemaine, P.-L., Chiquette, J., Talbot, G., and Bissonnette, N. (2015). "Involvement of microRNAs in calves’ intestinal growth and development and probable modulatory role of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.", Symposium on Gut Health in Production of Food Animals, Kansas City, Missouri, USA, November 9-11, 2015. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

  12. Khan, I.U.H., Cloutier, M., Lapen, D.R., Topp, E., Wilkes, G.A., Jones, T.H., Brassard, J., Edge, T.A., and Talbot, G. (2015). "Quantitative detection and assessment of occurrence of human and animal viruses in agricultural aquatic environment.", 65th Annual Canadian Society of Microbiologists Annual Conference, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 15-18, 2015. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

  13. Fernando, E., Khan, I.U.H., Loewen, P., Lapen, D.R., Talbot, G., Topp, E., and Kumar, A. (2015). "Expressions and characterization of Acinetobacter spp. From Canadian Agricultural niches.", 65th Annual Canadian Society of Microbiologists Annual Conference, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 15-18, 2015, AE46PC. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

  14. Bissonnette, N., Jiang, X-R., Matte, J.J., Talbot, G., Guay, F., Gong, J., Wang, Q., Bontempo, V., and Lessard, M. (2015). "Effect of a post-weanling diet supplemented with gut health-enhancing feed additives on ileum transcriptome activity and serum cytokines in piglets challenged with lipopolysaccharides (LPS).", Journal of Dairy Science (JDS), 98(Suppl. 2), pp. 659. (Abstract)

    2015 - View publication details

  15. Fomenky, B., Beaudoin, F., Chiquette, J., Talbot, G., Bissonnette, N., Chouinard, P.Y., Lessard, M., and Ibeagha-Awemu, E.M. (2015). "Amélioration du développement immunitaire chez les veaux laitiers par les probiotiques.", Symposium sur les bovins laitiers 2015, Drummondville, QC, Canada, Octobre 29, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  16. Ibeagha-Awemu, E.M., Beaudoin, F., Chiquette, J., Talbot, G., Bissonnette, N., and Lessard, M. (2015). "Probiotics administration enhances calves’ lymphoproliferation responses to vaccination during the early weeks of growth.", 2015 Conference of the Canadian Society of Animal Science and the Canadian Meat Council, Ottawa, Canada, May 6-8, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  17. Khan, I.U.H., Topp, E., Chen, W., Lapen, D.R., Lévesque, C.A., Pintar, K.D.M., Tambong, J.T., Talbot, G., and Wilkes, G.A. (2015). "Assessment of Zoonotic Pathogens in Agroecosystem.", Biodiversity, Bioresources and Collection Science Day, Ottawa Research and Development Center, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada, December 1-2, 2015. (Presentation)

    2015 - View publication details

  18. Khan, I.U.H., Cloutier, M., Lapen, D.R., Topp, E., Wilkes, G.A., Jones, T., Brassard, J., Edge, T.A., and Talbot, G. (2015). "Quantitative detection and assessment of occurrence of human and animal viruses in agricultural aquatic environment.", 65th Annual Canadian Society of Microbiologists Annual Conference, University of Regina, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, June 15-18, 2015, S4-06. (Poster)

    2015 - View publication details

  19. Masse, L., Puig-Bargués, J., Mondor, M., Deschênes, L., Talbot, G. (2015). Efficiency of EDTA, SDS, and NaOH Solutions to Clean RO Membranes Processing Swine Wastewater, 50(16), 2509-2517. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01496395.2015.1062395

    2015 - View publication details

  20. Brousseau, J.P., Talbot, G., Beaudoin, F., Lauzon, K., Roy, D., Lessard, M. (2015). Effects of probiotics Pediococcus acidilactici strain MA18/5M and Saccharomyces cerevisiae subsp. boulardii strain SB-CNCM I-1079 on fecal and intestinal microbiota of nursing and weanling piglets, 93(11), 5313-5326. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas.2015-9190

    2015 - View publication details

Research facility

2000 College Street
Sherbrooke, QC J1M 1Z3
Canada

Affiliations

  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Université de Sherbrooke

  • Swine and Poultry Infectious Diseases Research Center

  • Canadian Society of Microbiologists

Language

English
French