Francis J. Larney

Image Francis Larney
Research Scientist

Soil conservation

Current research and/or projects

Current research projects focus on soil health, soil erosion and productivity, soil reclamation, beef feedlot manure management, organic amendments, and dryland and irrigated cropping systems.

Research and/or project statements

1. Integrating multiple beneficial management practices (BMPs) in organic cropping systems: Soil health, weed and insect interactions.

2. Assessment of occurrence of synthetic hormones (melengestrol acetate & trenbolone acetate) and beta agonist (ractopamine) in cattle operations and associated environments.

3. Optimizing agroecosystems resiliency – Systems productivity, resilience and sustainability in the major Canadian ecozones.

4. Use of legume crops to enhance N use efficiency, carbon sequestration, soil health and soil biodiversity in three ecoregions chosen to represent the different climatic conditions of Canada.

5. Resilient crop-livestock systems – Unravelling C and N stabilization and restitution mechanisms in manured soils.

Professional activities / interests

Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, 1995-2004

Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Soil Science, University of Manitoba, 2010-16

Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Biological Sciences, University of Lethbridge, 2015-18

Education and awards

B.Agr.Sc., General Agriculture, The National University of Ireland (University College Dublin), 1979

M.Agr.Sc., Soil Science, The National University of Ireland (University College Dublin), 1981

Ph.D., Soil Science, The National University of Ireland (University College Dublin), 1985

Fellow Award, Canadian Society of Soil Science, 2010

Fellow Award, Soil Science Society of America, 2012

Canadian Society of Agronomy, Best Paper Award, Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 2017

Outstanding Reviewer Award, Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 2017

Canadian Society for Horticultural Science, Best Paper Award, Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 2018

International experience and/or work

Visiting Scientist, Dept. of Land & Water Conservation, Gunnedah, New South Wales, Australia, 1997-98

Key publications

  1. 2022. Kubota, H., Liu, K., Tedla, H.A., Curtis, T., Entz, M., Khakbazan, M., Larney, F., Lemke, R., Lupwayi, N., Kapiniak, A., Peng, G., Ramirez, G.H., Semach, G., St.Luce, M., Strydhorst, S., Tidemann, B., Gan, Y. Evaluating cropping systems for productivity, sustainability, and resilience in Northern Alberta. 2022 Beaverlodge Research Farm Spring Seminars held using MS Teams on April 1, 2022, and organized by J. Otani at Beaverlodge, Alberta.

    2022 - View publication details

  2. Larney, F.J., Pearson, D.C., Dill, G.H, Schwinghamer, T.D., Zvomuya, F., Blackshaw, R.E. and Lupwayi, N.Z. 20xx. Soil water dynamics over 12 growing seasons on irrigated fully-phased dry bean–potato–wheat–sugar beet rotations under conventional and conservation management. Can. J. Soil Sci. (In press).

    2021 - View publication details

  3. Owens, J.L., Thomas, B.W., Stoeckli, J.L., Beauchemin, K.A., McAllister, T.A., Larney, F.J., Hao, X. (2020). Greenhouse gas and ammonia emissions from stored manure from beef cattle supplemented 3-nitrooxypropanol and monensin to reduce enteric methane emissions. Scientific Reports, [online] 10(1), http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-75236-w

    2020 - View publication details

  4. Challis, J.K., Cantin, J.L., Curtis, A.W., Sura, S., Shade, S., Giesy, J.P., McAllister, T.A.,Jones, P.D. and Larney, F.J. 2020. Environmental fate of melengestrol acetate, trenbolone acetate, and ractopamine in beef cattle feedlots Poster Abstr., 57th Annual Alberta Soil Science Workshop, February 19-20, 2020, Lethbridge, AB.

    2020 - View publication details

  5. Larney, F.J., Janzen, H.H., Curtis, A.W., Shade, K.M. and Olson, B.M. 2020. Thirty years young: The Lethbridge simulated erosion study, 1990–2020. Oral Abstr., 57th Annual Alberta Soil Science Workshop, February 19-20, 2020, Lethbridge, AB.

    2020 - View publication details

  6. Larney, F.J., Catton, H.A. Geddes, C.M., Lupwayi, N.Z., Forge, T.A., Lemke, R.L., and Helgason, B.L. 2020. Cover cropping for organic carrot production. Oral presentation. Organic Alberta and Holistic Management Canada Conference, January 31-February 2, 2020, Camrose, AB.

    2020 - View publication details

  7. Zaheer, R., Lakin, S.M., Polo, R.O., Cook, S.R., Larney, F.J., Morley, P.S., Booker, C.W., Hannon, S.J., Van Domselaar, G., Read, R.R., McAllister, T.A. (2019). Comparative diversity of microbiomes and Resistomes in beef feedlots, downstream environments and urban sewage influent. BMC Microbiology, [online] 19(1), http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12866-019-1548-x

    2019 - View publication details

  8. Miller, J.J., Beasley, B.W., Bremer, E., Drury, C.F., Larney, F.J., Hao, X., Chanasyk, D.S. (2019). Short-term legacy effects of feedlot manure amendments on irrigated barley yield and soil macronutrient supply. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, [online] 99(1), 100-115. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjss-2018-0064

    2019 - View publication details

  9. Lupwayi, N.Z., Larney, F.J., Blackshaw, R.E., Pearson, D.C., Eastman, A.H. (2018). Soil Microbial Biomass and Its Relationship with Yields of Irrigated Wheat under Long-term Conservation Management. Soil Science, [online] 183(5), 179-187. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SS.0000000000000242

    2018 - View publication details

  10. Jen Owens, Xiying Hao, Ben W. Thomas, Jessica L. Stoeckli, Francis J. Larney, Karen A. Beauchemin, Tim A. McAllister. 2018. Do the effects of dietary greenhouse gas inhibitors persist in beef cattle manure during composting and stockpiling? 2018 Joint Meeting of the CGU-CSSS-CIG-CSAFM-ESSSA. June 10-14, 2018. Niagara Falls, ON. Canada.

    2018 - View publication details

  11. Xu, S., Amarakoon, I.D., Zaheer, R., Smith, A., Sura, S., Wang, G., Reuter, T., Zvomuya, F., Cessna, A.J., Larney, F.J., McAllister, T.A. (2018). Dissipation of antimicrobial resistance genes in compost originating from cattle manure after direct oral administration or post-excretion fortification of antimicrobials. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A: Toxic - Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering, [online] 53(4), 373-384. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10934529.2017.1404337

    2018 - View publication details

  12. Miller, J.J., Beasley, B.W., Drury, C.F., Larney, F.J., Hao, X., Chanasyk, D.S. (2018). Influence of long-term application of stockpiled feedlot manure with straw or wood-chip bedding on net nitrogen mineralization and nitrification in a clay loam soil. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, [online] 98(2), 200-211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjss-2017-0082

    2018 - View publication details

  13. Miller, J.J., Beasley, B.W., Drury, C.F., Larney, F.J., Hao, X., Chanasyk, D.S. (2018). Influence of long-term feedlot manure amendments on soil hydraulic conductivity, water-stable aggregates, and soil thermal properties during the growing season. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, [online] 98(3), 421-435. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjss-2017-0061

    2018 - View publication details

  14. Lupwayi, N.Z., Larney, F.J., Blackshaw, R.E., Kanashiro, D.A., Pearson, D.C., Petri, R.M. (2017). Pyrosequencing reveals profiles of soil bacterial communities after 12 years of conservation management on irrigated crop rotations. Applied Soil Ecology, [online] 121 65-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2017.09.031

    2017 - View publication details

  15. Larney, F.J., Pearson, D.C., Blackshaw, R.E., Lupwayi, N.Z. (2017). Soil surface cover on irrigated rotations for potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), and soft white spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in southern Alberta, 72(6), 584-596. http://dx.doi.org/10.2489/jswc.72.6.584

    2017 - View publication details

  16. Larney, F.J., Pearson, D.C., Blackshaw, R.E., Lupwayi, N.Z., Conner, R.L. (2017). Soft white spring wheat is largely unresponsive to conservation management in irrigated rotations with dry bean, potato, and sugar beet. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, [online] 98(1), 155-171. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjps-2017-0150

    2017 - View publication details

  17. Hao, X., Larney, F.J. (2017). Greenhouse gas emissions during co-composting of cattle feedlot manure with construction and demolition (C&D) waste. Frontier of Environmental Science & Enginnering, [online] 11(3), http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11783-017-0955-1

    2017 - View publication details

  18. Lupwayi, N.Z., Larney, F.J., Blackshaw, R.E., Kanashiro, D.A., Pearson, D.C. (2017). Phospholipid fatty acid biomarkers show positive soil microbial community responses to conservation soil management of irrigated crop rotations. Soil & Tillage Research, [online] 168 1-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2016.12.003

    2017 - View publication details

  19. Khakbazan, M., Larney, F.J., Huang, J., Mohr, R., Pearson, D.C., Blackshaw, R.E. (2017). Energy Use Efficiency of Conventional versus Conservation Management Practices for Irrigated Potato Production in Southern Alberta. American Journal of Potato Research, [online] 94(2), 105-119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12230-016-9551-3

    2017 - View publication details

  20. Khakbazan, M., Larney, F.J., Huang, J., Mohr, R.M., Pearson, D.C., Blackshaw, R.E. (2017). Economics of conventional and conservation practices for irrigated dry bean rotations in southern Alberta. Agronomy Journal, [online] 109(2), 576-587. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2016.08.0480

    2017 - View publication details