Francis J. Larney

Image Francis Larney
Research Scientist

Soil conservation

Current research and/or projects

Current research projects focus on soil health, soil erosion and productivity, soil reclamation, beef feedlot manure management, organic amendments, and dryland and irrigated cropping systems.

Research and/or project statements

1. Integrating multiple beneficial management practices (BMPs) in organic cropping systems: Soil health, weed and insect interactions.

2. Assessment of occurrence of synthetic hormones (melengestrol acetate & trenbolone acetate) and beta agonist (ractopamine) in cattle operations and associated environments.

3. Optimizing agroecosystems resiliency – Systems productivity, resilience and sustainability in the major Canadian ecozones.

4. Use of legume crops to enhance N use efficiency, carbon sequestration, soil health and soil biodiversity in three ecoregions chosen to represent the different climatic conditions of Canada.

5. Resilient crop-livestock systems – Unravelling C and N stabilization and restitution mechanisms in manured soils.

Professional activities / interests

Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, 1995-2004

Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Soil Science, University of Manitoba, 2010-16

Adjunct Professor, Dept. of Biological Sciences, University of Lethbridge, 2015-18

Education and awards

B.Agr.Sc., General Agriculture, The National University of Ireland (University College Dublin), 1979

M.Agr.Sc., Soil Science, The National University of Ireland (University College Dublin), 1981

Ph.D., Soil Science, The National University of Ireland (University College Dublin), 1985

Fellow Award, Canadian Society of Soil Science, 2010

Fellow Award, Soil Science Society of America, 2012

Canadian Society of Agronomy, Best Paper Award, Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 2017

Outstanding Reviewer Award, Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 2017

Canadian Society for Horticultural Science, Best Paper Award, Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 2018

International experience and/or work

Visiting Scientist, Dept. of Land & Water Conservation, Gunnedah, New South Wales, Australia, 1997-98

Key publications

  1. Larney, F.J., Pearson, D.C., Dill, G.H, Schwinghamer, T.D., Zvomuya, F., Blackshaw, R.E. and Lupwayi, N.Z. 20xx. Soil water dynamics over 12 growing seasons on irrigated fully-phased dry bean–potato–wheat–sugar beet rotations under conventional and conservation management. Can. J. Soil Sci. (In press).

    2021 - View publication details

  2. Challis, J.K., Cantin, J.L., Curtis, A.W., Sura, S., Shade, S., Giesy, J.P., McAllister, T.A.,Jones, P.D. and Larney, F.J. 2020. Environmental fate of melengestrol acetate, trenbolone acetate, and ractopamine in beef cattle feedlots Poster Abstr., 57th Annual Alberta Soil Science Workshop, February 19-20, 2020, Lethbridge, AB.

    2020 - View publication details

  3. Larney, F.J., Janzen, H.H., Curtis, A.W., Shade, K.M. and Olson, B.M. 2020. Thirty years young: The Lethbridge simulated erosion study, 1990–2020. Oral Abstr., 57th Annual Alberta Soil Science Workshop, February 19-20, 2020, Lethbridge, AB.

    2020 - View publication details

  4. Larney, F.J., Catton, H.A. Geddes, C.M., Lupwayi, N.Z., Forge, T.A., Lemke, R.L., and Helgason, B.L. 2020. Cover cropping for organic carrot production. Oral presentation. Organic Alberta and Holistic Management Canada Conference, January 31-February 2, 2020, Camrose, AB.

    2020 - View publication details

  5. Jen Owens, Xiying Hao, Ben W. Thomas, Jessica L. Stoeckli, Francis J. Larney, Karen A. Beauchemin, Tim A. McAllister. 2018. Do the effects of dietary greenhouse gas inhibitors persist in beef cattle manure during composting and stockpiling? 2018 Joint Meeting of the CGU-CSSS-CIG-CSAFM-ESSSA. June 10-14, 2018. Niagara Falls, ON. Canada.

    2018 - View publication details

  6. Miller, J.J., Beasley, B.W., Drury, C.F., Larney, F.J., Hao, X., Chanasyk, D.S. (2018). Influence of long-term feedlot manure amendments on soil hydraulic conductivity, water-stable aggregates, and soil thermal properties during the growing season, 98(3), 421-435.

    2018 - View publication details

  7. Larney, F.J., Pearson, D.C., Blackshaw, R.E., Lupwayi, N.Z. (2017). Soil surface cover on irrigated rotations for potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), and soft white spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in southern Alberta, 72(6), 584-596.

    2017 - View publication details

  8. Stoeckli, J., Thomas, B.W., Hao, X., Larney, F.J., Chantigny, M.H., and Goyer, C. (2016). "Water-extractable organic C, ammonium and nitrate dynamics over two non-growing seasons in response to cover crop species and fertilizer source.", 2016 Alberta Soil Science Workshop, Grand Prairies, AB, Canada, February 16-18, 2016. (Abstract)

    2016 - View publication details

  9. Yanni, S.F., Janzen, H.H., Gregorich, E.G., Ellert, B.H., Larney, F.J., Olson, B.M., Zvomuya, F. (2016). Organic carbon convergence in diverse soils toward steady state: A 21-year field bioassay, 80(6), 1653-1662.

    2016 - View publication details

  10. Larney, F.J., Nitschelm, J.J., Regitnig, P.J., Pearson, D.C., Blackshaw, R.E. and Lupwayi, N.Z. 2016. Sugar beet response to rotation and soil management in a 12-year irrigated study in southern Alberta. Can. J. Plant Sci. 96: 776–789.

    2016 - View publication details

  11. Larney, F.J., Li, L., Janzen, H.H., Angers, D.A. and Olson, B.M. 2016. Soil quality attributes, soil resilience and legacy effects following topsoil removal and one-time amendments. Can. J. Soil Sci. 96: 177–190.

    2016 - View publication details

  12. Sura, S., Degenhardt, D., Cessna, A.J., Larney, F.J., Olson, A.F. and McAllister, T.A. 2016. Transport of three antimicrobials in runoff from windrows of composting beef cattle manure. J. Environ. Qual. 45: 494–502.

    2016 - View publication details

  13. Amarakoon, I.D., Sura, S., Zvomuya, F., Cessna, A.J., Larney, F.J., and McAllister, T.A. 2016. Dissipation of antimicrobials in a seasonally-frozen soil following beef cattle manure application. J. Environ. Qual. 45: 1644–1651.

    2016 - View publication details

  14. Amarakoon, I.D., Zvomuya, F., Sura, S., Larney, F.J., Cessna. A.J., Xu, S. and McAllister, T.A. 2016. Dissipation of antimicrobials in feedlot manure compost after oral administration versus fortification after excretion. J. Environ. Qual. 45: 503–510.

    2016 - View publication details

  15. McAllister, T.A., Sura, S., Larney, F.J., Cessna, A.J., Amarakoon, I.D., Tymensen, L.D., Charest, J., Olson, A.F., Headley, J.V., and Zvomuya, F. (2015). "The Fate of Antimicrobial Residues in Livestock Manure.", Manure Management Update 2015, Lethbridge, AB, Canada, January 19, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  16. Chantigny, M.H., Angers, D.A., Rochette, P., Larney, F.J., Bittman, S., Hunt, D.E., and Lapen, D.R. (2015). "Overwinter transformation and fate of fall-applied manure nitrogen. (", Waste to Worth: Spreading Science and Solutions, Seattle, WA, USA, March 31-April 3, 2015, Keynote speaker.

    2015 - View publication details

  17. Beres, B.L., Pageau, D., Dion, Y., Turkington, T.K., Lupwayi, N.Z., Larney, F.J., Ellert, B.H., and Smith, E.G. (2015). "Rotational diversity effects in a cereal-based cropping system.", Canadian Journal of Plant Science. (Abstract)

    2015 - View publication details

  18. Hao, X., Larney, F.J., Ellert, B.H., Alexander, T.W., and McAllister, T.A. (2015). "Co-composting cattle feedlot manure with construction and demolition waste.", International Compost Conference, Beijing, China, November 22-25, 2015. (Abstract)

    2015 - View publication details

  19. Beres, B.L., Pageau, D., Dion, Y., Turkington, T.K., Lupwayi, N.Z., Larney, F.J., Ellert, B.H., and Smith, E.G. (2015). "Rotational Diversity Effects in a Cereal-Based Cropping System.", Botany 2015, Shaw Convention Center, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, July 25-29, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details

  20. Khakbazan, M., Huang, J., Larney, F.J., Berry, N., and Pearson, D.C. (2015). "Soil quality and profitability effects of conventional and conservation irrigated potato rotation systems in western Canada.", 70th Soil and Water Conservation Society Conference, Greensboro, NC, USA, July 26-29, 2015.

    2015 - View publication details