Dr. Michael B. Parsons
Studies the geochemistry of metals and mine wastes, and develops new methods to characterize and mitigate the environmental impacts of metal mining activities.
Current research and/or projects
Dr. Parsons is currently working under NRCan’s Environmental Geoscience Program where he is developing new methods to characterize the risks associated with metal mine tailings, and optimizing remediation strategies to protect ecosystems and human health.
Research and/or project statements
Characterizing the geochemical and mineralogical controls on arsenic release from historical gold mine tailings under various remediation scenarios.
Developing new methods for determining baseline metal concentrations in soils, sediments and surface waters from mineralized areas.
Identifying key controls on the transport and fate of metals, radionuclides, and rare earth elements from decommissioned uranium and niobium mine tailings.
Studying the effects of climate change on baseline geochemical conditions near metal mines in Northern Canada.
Professional activities / interests
Areas of expertise: geology; environmental geochemistry; analytical chemistry.
Interests: geochemistry and mineralogy of metal mine wastes; determination of baseline concentrations at mine sites; cycling of metals in freshwater and marine sediments; geochemical modeling; speciation of redox-sensitive elements.
Dr. Parsons holds Adjunct Professorships at Dalhousie and Queen’s universities and regularly co-supervises students who are involved in his research activities.
Parsons’ studies have reduced ecosystem and human health risks associated with metals in the environment, and provided a sound scientific basis for improved environmental quality guidelines and for managing contaminated sites.
Education and awards
- B.Sc. (Hons.) Chemistry and Earth Sciences, Dalhousie University, 1994
- Ph.D. Geological and Environmental Sciences, Stanford University, 2001
Miller, C.B., Parsons, M.B., Jamieson, H.E., Ardakani, O.H., Gregory, B.R.B., Galloway, J.M. (2020) Influence of late-Holocene climate change on the solid-phase speciation and long-term stability of arsenic in sub-Arctic lake sediments. Science of the Total Environment 709, Article 136115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.136115
Miller, C.B., Parsons, M.B., Jamieson, H.E., Swindles, G.T., Nasser, N.A., Galloway, J.M. (2019) Lake-specific controls on the long-term stability of mining-related, legacy arsenic contamination and geochemical baselines in a changing northern environment, Tundra Mine, Northwest Territories, Canada. Applied Geochemistry 109, Article 104403. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.104403
Galloway, J.M., Swindles, G.T., Jamieson, H.E., Palmer, M., Parsons, M.B., Sanei, H., Macumber, A.L., Patterson, R.T., Falck, H. (2018) Organic matter control on the distribution of arsenic in lake sediments impacted by ~65 years of gold ore processing in subarctic Canada. Science of the Total Environment 622–623: 1668–1679. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.10.048
DeSisto, S.L., Jamieson, H.E., and Parsons, M.B. (2017) Arsenic mobility in weathered gold mine tailings under a low-organic soil cover. Environmental Earth Sciences 76: 773. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-017-7041-7
DeSisto, S.L., Jamieson, H.E., and Parsons, M.B. (2016) Subsurface variations in arsenic mineralogy and geochemistry following long-term weathering of gold mine tailings. Applied Geochemistry 73: 81–97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.07.013
Parsons, M.B. and Little, M.E. (2015) Establishing geochemical baselines in forest soils for environmental risk assessment at the Montague and Goldenville gold districts, Nova Scotia, Canada. Atlantic Geology 51: 364–386. https://doi.org/10.4138/atlgeol.2015.017
Little, M.E., Parsons, M.B., Law, B.A., Milligan, T.G., and Smith, J.N. (2015) Impact of historical gold mining activities on marine sediments in Wine Harbour, Nova Scotia, Canada. Atlantic Geology 51: 344–363. https://doi.org/10.4138/atlgeol.2015.016
Jamieson, H.E., Walker, S.R., and Parsons, M.B. (2015) Mineralogical characterization of mine waste. Applied Geochemistry 57: 85–105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.12.014
Piatak, N.M., Parsons, M.B., and Seal, R.R., II (2015) Characteristics and environmental aspects of slag: A review. Applied Geochemistry 57: 236–266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.04.009
Desbarats, A.J., Parsons, M.B., and Percival, J.B. (2015) Arsenic mobility in mildly alkaline drainage from an orogenic lode gold deposit, Bralorne Mine, British Columbia. Applied Geochemistry 57: 45–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.11.015
Parsons, M.B., Little, M.E., Desbarats, A.J., Percival, J.B., LeBlanc, K.W.G., Vaive, J.E., and Pelchat, P. (2013) Baseline geochemistry and controls on mine drainage composition in the Bridge River Mining District, British Columbia; Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 6435, 269 p.; https://doi.org/10.4095/292203
Parsons, M.B., LeBlanc, K.W.G., Hall, G.E.M., Sangster, A.L., Vaive, J.E., and Pelchat, P. (2012) Environmental geochemistry of tailings, sediments and surface waters collected from 14 historical gold mining districts in Nova Scotia; Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7150, 326 p.; https://doi.org/10.4095/291923
Desbarats, A.J., Parsons, M.B., Percival, J.B., Beauchemin, S., and Kwong, Y.T.J. (2011) Geochemistry of mine waters draining a low-sulfide, gold-quartz vein deposit, Bralorne, British Columbia. Applied Geochemistry 26: 1990–2003. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.06.029
Meunier, L., Walker, S.R., Wragg, J., Parsons, M.B., Koch, I., Jamieson, H.E., and Reimer, K.J. (2010) Effects of soil composition and mineralogy on the bioaccessibility of arsenic from tailings and soil in gold mine districts of Nova Scotia. Environmental Science & Technology 44: 2667-2674. https://doi.org/10.1021/es9035682
Walker, S.R., Parsons, M.B., Jamieson, H.E., and Lanzirotti, A. (2009) Arsenic mineralogy of near-surface tailings and soils: Influences on arsenic mineralogy and bioaccessibility in the Nova Scotia gold mining districts. Canadian Mineralogist 47: 533–556. https://doi.org/10.3749/canmin.47.3.533
Parsons, M.B. and Cranston, R.E. (2006) Influence of lead smelter emissions on the distribution of metals in marine sediments from the Bay of Chaleur, Eastern Canada. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis 6: 259–275. https://doi.org/10.1144/1467-7873/05-082
Parsons, M.B. and Percival, J.B. (eds.) (2005) Mercury: Sources, Measurements, Cycles, and Effects. Mineralogical Association of Canada Short Course Series, Volume 34, 297 p.
Parsons, M.B., Bird, D.K., Einaudi, M.T., and Alpers, C.N. (2001) Geochemical and mineralogical controls on trace element release from the Penn Mine base-metal slag dump, Calaveras County, California. Applied Geochemistry 16: 1567–1593. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-2927(01)00032-4
Recent publications are available on GEOSCAN at the NRCan Library web site.
- Geochemical Society
- Geological Association of Canada
- Atlantic Geoscience Society