Dr. Lauren E. Des Marteaux

Image Lauren Des Marteaux
Field Crop Entomologist

I am involved in insect pest monitoring, integrated pest management, biodiversity surveying, and development of novel tools for insect biocontrol. I have a background in insect physiology, particularly in relation to cold tolerance and diapause (overwintering).

Current research and/or projects

I aim to improve insect surveying methods, understand how agricultural practices influence native insect biodiversity, develop new biocontrol tools that protect both the environment and Canadian agriculture, and ensure that Canada is prepared for new and anticipated insect pests.

I have a background in insect overwintering physiology and cryobiology, which I hope to apply at AAFC. Prior to joining AAFC, I studied mechanisms of extreme freeze tolerance in malt flies at the Biology Centre CAS (Czech Republic), after which I studied circadian clock outputs in bean bugs at Osaka City University (Japan). 

Research and/or project statements

  • Biomonitoring of orchard pests and Japanese beetles in Southwestern Ontario
  • Developing molecular tools to identify cecidomyiid midge pest presence in cruciferous field crops
  • Surveying and assessing native insect biocontrol agents for tomato pests
  • Surveying beneficial insects in various organic field crop systems

Professional activities / interests

  • Science communication and outreach
  • Science graphics
  • Cryobiology
  • International networking

Education and awards

EDUCATION

B.Sc. (Hons.) Zoology, University of Guelph, 2008
M.Sc. Environmental Biology/School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, 2012
Ph.D. Biology - Physiology and Biochemistry, University of Western Ontario, 2017

AWARDS / SCHOLARSHIPS / FELLOWSHIPS

KAKEN Grant-in-Aid for JSPS fellows
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Fellowship
NSERC Postdoctoral Fellowship (declined)
Dr. Irene Uchida Fellowship in Life Sciences
NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarship (Doctoral)
Western Science Dean's Doctoral Scholarship
Ontario Graduate Scholarship in Science and Technology
​NSERC Canada Graduate Scholarship (Masters)
Sable Systems Student & Young Scientist Award
Faculty of Science Graduate Student Teaching Award
Entomological Society of Canada President's Prize
Graduate Teaching Assistant Award
Entomological Society of Ontario President's Prize (2x)
Ontario Fruit & Vegetable Growers' Association Meeting 1st place prize
XXV International Congress of Entomology 2nd place prize

International experience and/or work

Postdoctoral fellow 2019 (Oct) – 2020 (Sep)
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan
Project: Identifying molecular outputs of the insect circadian clock

Postdoctoral fellow 2017 (May) – 2019 (Sep)
Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Institute of Entomology), České Budějovice, Czech Republic.
Project: Mechanisms of extreme freeze tolerance in the malt fly

Key publications

Štětina, T., Des Marteaux, L.E., and Koštál, V. 2020. Insect mitochondria as targets of freezing-induced injury. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 287(1931):20201273

Des Marteaux, L.E., Hůla, P., and Koštál, V. 2019. Transcriptional analysis of insect extreme freeze tolerance. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 286(1913):20192019

Brown, J.J., Mihaljevic, J.R., Des Marteaux, L.E., and Hrček, J. 2019. Metacommunity theory for transmission of heritable symbionts within insect communities. Ecology and Evolution 10(3): 1703-1721

Des Marteaux, L.E., Štětina, T., and Koštál, V. 2018. Insect fat body cell morphology and response to cold stress is modulated by acclimation. Journal of Experimental Biology. 221:jeb189647 (Shortlisted for the JEB Outstanding Paper Prize)

Des Marteaux, L.E., Habash, M.B., Schmidt, J.M., and Hallett, R.H. 2015. Patterns of diapause frequency and emergence in swede midges of southern Ontario. Agricultural and Forest Entomology. 17(1): 77-89

Des Marteaux, L.E., Habash, M.B., Schmidt, J.M., and Hallett, R.H. 2012. A method for induction and quantification of diapause entry in swede midge (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). The Canadian Entomologist, 144: 792-800             

Xue, Y., Bahlai, C. A., Frewin, A., McCreary, C.M., Des Marteaux, L.E., Schaafsma, A.W., and Hallett, R.H. 2012. Intraguild predation of the aphid parasitoid Aphelinus certus by Coccinella septempunctata and Harmonia axyridis. BioControl, 57: 627-634