Dr. Kelin Wang

Image Wang, Kelin
Research Scientist

Research in subduction zone geodynamics and hazards

Current research and/or projects

Kelin Wang is a senior Research Scientist with the Geological Survey of Canada. Most of his current research is on geodynamics of subduction zones and related earthquake and tsunami hazards, but he has also worked on a range of other topics regarding the thermal, mechanical, and hydrogeological processes of Earth’s lithosphere. He is particularly interested in exploring how different components of the subduction zone affect one another, addressing questions like how mantle flow and slab metamorphism affect earthquake generation and arc volcanism, how stresses and stress changes along subduction faults affect intraplate stress and deformation, how mantle rheology controls deformation cycles of subduction earthquakes, and how sediment accretion at the trench is related to great earthquakes, etc. He is an Adjunct Professor at the University of Victoria and an Honorary or Guest Professor for several other scientific institutions. He is Editor-in-Chief for scientific journal Tectonophysics and was or still is on the Editorial Boards of a number of other journals such as Journal of Geophysical Research, Geology, Journal of Geodynamics, Science in China (Earth Science), and Earthquake Science. He was formerly the Secretary of the Canadian Geophysical Union and Chair of the International Professionals for the Advancement of Chinese Earth Sciences. In 2015, he was awarded the J. Tuzo Wilson Medal by the Canadian Geophysical Union and elected the Birch Lecturer by the American Geophysical Union.

Education and awards

B.Sc. Geology, Peking University, 1982

Ph.D. Geophysics, University of Western Ontario, 1989

Awarded J. Tuzo Wilson Medal by the Canadian Geophysical Union, 2015

Elected Birch Lecturer by the American Geophysical Union, 2015

Elected Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, 2016

Named Honorary Research Professor, University of Victoria, 2017

Key publications


Wang, K. (2020). Force takes control in mountain-height debate. Nature, 582, 189–190.

Hutchinson, J., Kao, H., Riedel, M., Obana, K., Wang, K., Kodaira, S.,  Takahashi, T., & Yamamoto, Y. (2020). Significant geometric variation of the subducted plate beneath the northernmost Cascadia subduction zone and its tectonic implications as revealed by the 2014 MW 6.4 earthquake sequence. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116569

Luo, H., Ambrosius, B., Russo, R. M., Mocanu, V., Wang, K., Bevis, M., & Fernandes, R. (2020). A recent increase in megathrust locking in the southernmost rupture area of the giant 1960 Chile earthquake. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 537. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2020.116200.

Uchida, N., Nakajima, J., Wang, K., Takagi, R., Yoshida, K., Nakayama, T., Hino, R., Okada, T., & Asano, Y. (2020). Stagnant forearc mantle wedge inferred from mapping of shear-wave anisotropy using S-net seafloor seismometers. Nature Communications, in press.

Yousefi, M., Milne, G., Li, S., Wang, K. & Bartholet, A. (2020). Constraining interseismic deformation of the Cascadia subduction zone: New insights from estimates of vertical land motion over different timescales. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 125, e2019JB018248. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JB018248.

Zhu, Y., Wang, K., & He, J. (2020). Effects of earthquake recurrence on localization of interseismic deformation around locked strike?slip faults. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 125, e2020JB019817. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JB019817


Wang, K., L. Brown, Y. Hu, K. Yoshida, J. He, and T. Sun (2019), Stable forearc stressed by a weak megathrust: Mechanical and geodynamic implications of stress changes caused by the M=9 Tohoku-oki earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 124, 6179 – 6194. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JB017043

Cao, L., H. Kao, K. Wang, C. Chen, J. Mori, S. Ohmi, and Y. Gao (2019), Spatiotemporal variation of crustal anisotropy in the source area of the 2004 Niigata, Central Japan, earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 109(4), 1331–1342. doi: 10.1785/0120180195

Hutchinson, J., H. Kao, G. Spence, K. Obana, K. Wang, and S. Kodaira, Seismic Characteristics of the Nootka Fault Zone: Results from the Seafloor Earthquake Array Japan–Canada Cascadia Experiment (SeaJade), Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 109(6), 2252–2276. doi:10.1785/0120190008

Itoh, Y., K. Wang, T. Nishimura, and J. He (2019), Compliant volcanic arc and back-arc crust in southern Kurile suggested by interseismic geodetic deformation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 11790–11798. doi:10.1029/GL084656

Luo, H., K. Wang, H. Sone, and J. He (2019), A model of shallow viscoelastic relaxation for seismically induced tension cracks in the Chile-Peru forearc, Geophys. Res. Lett., 46, 10,773 – 10,781. doi:10.1029/GL084536


Wang, K., T. Sun, L. Brown, R. Hino, F. Tomita, M. Kido, T. Iinuma, S. Kodaira, and T. Fujiwara (2018), Learning from crustal deformation associated with the M=9 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake, Geosphere, 14 (THEMED ISSUE: Subduction Top to Bottom 2), doi:10.1130/GES01531.1.

Gao, D., K. Wang, T. L. Insua, M. Sypus, M. Riedel, T. Sun (2018) Defining megathrust tsunami sources for northernmost Cascadia, Nat. Hazards, 94, 445 – 469. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-018-3397-6.

Kemp, A. C., N. Cahill, S. E. Engelhart, A. D. Hawkes, and K. Wang (2018), Revising Estimates of Spatially Variable Subsidence during the A.D. 1700 Cascadia Earthquake Using a Bayesian Foraminiferal Transfer Function, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., doi: 10.1785/0120170269.

Li, S., K. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Jiang, and S. E. Dosso (2018), Geodetically inferred locking state of the Cascadia megathrust based on a viscoelastic Earth model, J. Geophys. Res., 123. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JB015620.

Sun, T., K. Wang, and J. He, Crustal deformation following great subduction earthquakes controlled by earthquake size and mantle rheology, J. Geophys. Res., 123, 5323–5345. https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JB015242.

van Keken, P. E., I. Wada, G. A. Abers, B. R. Hacker, and K. Wang (2018), Mafic high-pressure rocks are preferentially exhumed from warm subduction settings, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 19. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GC007624.


Wang, K., and G. C. Rogers (2017), Beating fear with hope: On sustaining earthquake preparedness, Seismol. Res. Lett., 88(1), 171–176, doi:10.1785/0220160106.

Cao, L., H. Kao, and K. Wang (2017), Contrasting upper-mantle shear wave anisotropy across the transpressive Queen Charlotte margin, Tectonophysics, 717, 311–320, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2017.07.025.

Gao, D., K. Wang, E. E. Davis, Y. Jiang, T. L. Insua, and J. He (2017), Thermal state of the Explorer segment of the Cascadia subduction zone: Implications for seismic and tsunami hazards, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 18, doi:10.1002/2017GC006838.

Gao, X., and K. Wang (2017), Rheological separation of the megathrust seismogenic zone and Episodic Tremor and Slip, Nature, 543, 416–419, 10.1038/nature21389.

Horton, B. P., Y. Milker, T. Dura, K. Wang, W. T. Bridgeland, L. Brophy, M. Ewald, N. S. Khan, S. E. Engelhart, A. R. Nelson, and R. C. Witter (2017), Microfossil measures of rapid sea-level rise: timing of response of two microfossil groups to a sudden tidal-flooding experiment in Cascadia, Geology, 45(6), 535–538, doi:10.1130/G38832.1.

Priest, G. R., R. C. Witter, Y. Zhang, C. Goldfinger, K. Wang, and J. C. Allen (2017), New constraints on coseismic slip during southern Cascadia subduction zone earthquakes over the past 4,600 years implied by tsunami deposits and marine turbidites, Nat. Hazards, doi:10.1007/s11069-017-2864-9.

Sun, T., E. E. Davis, K. Wang, and Y. Jiang (2017), Trench-breaching afterslip following deeper coseismic slip of the 2012 Mw7.6 Costa Rica earthquake constrained by near-trench pressure and land-based geodetic observations, Earth Planet. Res. Lett., 479, 263–272.

Sun, T., K. Wang, T. Fujiwara, S. Kodaira, and J. He (2017), Large fault slip peaking at trench in the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake, Nature Commun., 8, 14044, doi:10.1038/ncomms14044.

Tonegawa, T., K. Obana, Y. Yamamoto, S. Kodaira, K. Wang, M. Riedel, H. Kao, and G. Spence (2017), Fracture alignments in marine sediments off Vancouver Island from Ps splitting analysis, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 107, 387-402, doi:10.1785/0120160090.


Wang, K., and A. M. Tréhu (2016), Invited review paper: Some outstanding issues in the study of great megathrust earthquakes – the Cascadia example, J. Geodyn., doi:10.1016/j.jog.2016.03.010.

Hu, Y., R. Bürgmann, P. Banerjee, L. Feng, E. M. Hill, T. Ito, T. Tabei, and K. Wang (2016), Oceanic Asthenosphere Rheology From Postseismic Deformation of the 2012 Indian Ocean Earthquake, Nature, 538, 368–372.

Riedel, M., A. Malinverno, K. Wang, D. Goldberg, and G. Guerin (2016), Horizontal compressive stress regime on the northern Cascadia margin inferred from borehole breakouts, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 17(9), 3529–3545, doi:10.1002/2016GC006443.


Wang, K., J. He, F.Schulzeck, R. D. Hyndman, and M. Riedel (2015), Thermal condition of the 27 October 2012 Mw=7.8 Haida Gwaii subduction earthquake at the obliquely convergent Queen Charlotte margin, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am.,150 (2B), 1290–1300.

Brown, L., K. Wang, and T. Sun (2015), Static stress drop in the Mw 9 Tohoku-oki earthquake: Heterogeneous distribution and low average value, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL066361.

Haeussler, P.,R. Witter, and K. Wang (2015), Intertidal biological indicators of coseismic deformation of the Mw 7.8 Haida Gwaii, Canada, earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 150(2B),1265–1279.

Kioka, A., J. Ashi, A. Sakaguchi, T. Sato, S. Muraoka, A. Yamaguchi, H. Hamamoto, K. Wang, H. Tokuyama (2015), Possible mechanism of mud volcanism at the prism-backstop contact in the western Mediterranean Ridge Accretionary Complex, Marine Geol., 363, 52–64.

Nykolaishen, L., H. Dragert, K. Wang, T. James, and M. Schmidt (2015), GPS observations of crustal deformation associated with the Mw 7.8 Haida Gwaii earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 150(2B), 1241–1252.

Obana, K., M. Scherwath, Y. Yamamoto, S. Kodaira, K. Wang, G. Spence, M. Riedel, and H. Kao (2015), Earthquake activity in northern Cascadia subduction zone off Vancouver Island revealed by ocean bottom seismograph observations, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 150(1), 489–495.

Sun, T., and K. Wang (2015), Viscoelastic relaxation following subduction earthquakes and its effects on afterslip determination, J. Geophys. Res., 120,doi:10.1002/2014JB011707.


Wang, K., and S. L. Bilek (2014), Invited review paper: Fault creep caused by subduction of rough seafloor relief, Tectonophysics, 610, 1-24.

Wang, K., and R. C. Rogers (2014), Earthquake preparedness should not fluctuate on a daily or weekly basis, Seismol. Res. Lett., 85(3), 569-571. doi: 10.1785/0220130195.

Gao, X., and K. Wang (2014), Strength of stick-slip and creeping subduction megathrusts from heat flow observations, Science, 345, 1038-1041. doi:10.1126/science.1255487

Hu, Y., R. Bürgmann, J. T. Freymueller, P. Banerjee, K. Wang, Contributions of poroelastic rebound and a weak volcanic arc to the postseismic deformation of the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, Earth Planets Space 66:106. doi:10.1186/1880-5981-66-106

Kirby, S. H., K. Wang, and T. M. Brocher (2014), A large mantle water source for the northern San Andreas fault system: a ghost of subduction past, Earth Planets Space 66:67. doi:10.1186/1880-5981-66-67

Priest, G. R., Y. Zhang, R. C. Witter, K. Wang, C. Goldfinger, and L. Stimely (2014), Tsunami impact to Washington and northern Oregon from segment ruptures on the southern Cascadia subduction zone, Nat. Hazards, DOI 10.1007/s11069-014-1041-7.

Sun, T., K. Wang, T. Iinuma, R. Hino, J. He, H. Fujimoto, M. Kido, Y. Osada, S. Miura, Y. Ohta, and Y. Hu, Prevalence of viscoelastic relaxation after the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake, Nature, 513. Doi:10.1038/nature13778


Wang, K. (2013), Megathrust surprises, Nature Geoscience, 6, 11-12.

Wang, K., and M. Kinoshita (2013), Dangers of being thin and weak, Science, 342, 1178-1180.

Wang, K. and K. Moran (2013), NEPTUNE Canada: Science, operation, and management, Adv. Earth Sci., 28(5), 521-528. (In Chinese with English abstract)

Engelhart, S. E., B. P. Horton, A. R. Nelson, A. D. Hawkes, R. C. Witter, K. Wang, P.-L. Wang, and C. H. Vane (2013), Testing the use of microfossils to reconstruct great earthquakes at Cascadia, Geology, 41, 1067-1070.

Davis, E. E., M. Kinoshita, K. Becker, K. Wang, Y. Asano, Y. Ito (2013), Episodic deformation and inferred slow slip at the Nankai subduction zone during the first decade of CORK borehole pressure and VLFE monitoring, Earth Planet. Res. Lett., 368, 110-118.

James, T., G. C. Rogers, J. C. Cassidy, H. Dragert, R. D. Hyndman, L. Leonard, L. Nykolaishen, M. Riedel, M. Schmidt, and K. Wang, Field Studies Target 2012 Haida Gwaii Earthquake, Eos Trans. AGU, 94(22), 197-198.

Smith, G. L., L. C. McNeill, K. Wang, J. He, and T. J. Henstock (2013), Thermal structure and megathrust seismogenic potential of the Makran subduction zone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1–6, doi:10.1002/grl.50374.

Wang, P.-L., S. E. Engelhart, K. Wang, A. D. Hawkes, B. P. Horton, A. R. Nelson, and R. C. Witter (2013), Heterogeneous rupture in the great Cascadia earthquake of 1700 inferred from coastal subsidence estimates, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 1–14, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50101.

Witter, R. C., Y. J. Zhang, K. Wang, G. R. Priest, C. Goldfinger, L. Stimely, J. T. English, and P. A. Ferro (2013), Simulated tsunami inundation for a range of Cascadia megathrust earthquake scenarios at Bandon, Oregon, USA, Geosphere 9(6), 1-21.


Wang, K., Y. Hu, and J. He (2012), Deformation cycles of subduction earthquakes in a viscoelastic Earth, Nature, 484, 327-332.

Hu, Y., and K. Wang (2012), Spherical-Earth finite element model of short-term postseismic deformation following the 2004 Sumatra earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B05404, doi:10.1029/2012JB009153.

Witter, R. C., Y. Zhang, K. Wang, C. Goldfinger, G. R. Priest, and J. C. Allan (2012), Coseismic slip on the southern Cascadia megathrust implied by tsunami deposits in an Oregon lake and earthquake-triggered marine turbidites, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B10303, doi:10.1029/2012JB009404.


Wang, K., and S. L. Bilek (2011), Do subducting seamounts generate or stop large earthquakes? Geology, 39, 819–822.

Davis, E. E., M. Heesemann, and K. Wang (2011), Evidence for episodic aseismic slip across the subduction seismogenic zone off Costa Rica: CORK borehole pressure observations at the subduction prism toe, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 306, 299-305.

Dragert, H., and K. Wang (2011), Temporal evolution of an ETS event along the northern Cascadia margin, J. Geophys. Res., 116, B12406, doi:10.1029/2011JB008609.

Hamamoto, H., M. Yamano, S. Goto, M. Kinoshita, K. Fujino, and K. Wang (2011), Heat flow distribution and thermal structure of the Nankai subduction zone off the Kii Peninsula, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 12, Q0AD20, doi:10.1029/2011GC003623.

Scherwath, M., G. Spence, K. Obana, S. Kodaira, K. Wang, M. Riedel, J. McGuire, and J. Collins (2011), Seafloor seismometers monitor northern Cascadia earthquakes, Eos Trans. AGU, 92(47), 421-422.

Völker, D., I. Grevemeyer, M. Stipp, K. Wang, and J. He (2011), Thermal control of the seismogenic zone of Southern Central Chile, J. Geophys. Res., 116, B10305, doi:10.1029/2011JB008247.

Wada, I., C. Rychert, and K. Wang (2011), Sharp Thermal Transition in the Forearc Mantle Wedge as a Consequence of Nonlinear Mantle Wedge Flow, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L13308, doi:10.1029/2011GL047705.

Witter, R. C., Y. Zhang, K. Wang, G. R. Priest, C. Goldfinger (2011), Simulating Tsunami Inundation at Bandon, Coos County, Oregon, Using Hypothetical Cascadia and Alaska Earthquake Scenarios, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Special Paper 43, 57 pp.


Wang, K. (2010), Finding fault in fault zones, Science, 329, 152-153.

Wang, K., Y. Hu, R. von Huene, and N. Kukowski (2010), Interplate earthquakes as a driver for shallow subduction erosion, Geology, 38(5), 431–434, doi: 10.1130/G30597.1.

Kao, H., K. Wang, H. Dragert, J. Y. Kao, and G. C. Rogers (2010), Estimating seismic moment magnitude (Mw) of tremor bursts in northern Cascadia: Implications to the seismic efficiency of episodic tremor and slip, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L19306, doi:10.1029/2010GL044927.

Chen, Q.-F., and K. Wang (2010), The 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and earthquake prediction in China, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 100(5B), 2840–2857, November 2010, doi: 10.1785/0120090314.

Gomberg, J., and the Cascadia 2007 and Beyond Working Group (2010), Slow-slip Phenomena in Cascadia from 2007 and Beyond: A Review, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 122(7/8), 963–978, doi: 10.1130/B30287.1.

Wada, I., S. Mazzotti, and K. Wang (2010), Intraslab stresses in the Cascadia subduction zone from inversion of earthquake focal mechanisms, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 100(5A), 2002–2013, doi: 10.1785/0120090349.


Wang, K., Y. Hu, and J. He (2009), Wedge mechanics: Relation with subduction zone earthquakes and tsunamis, in Encyclopedia of Complexity and System Science, Entry 355, 10,047-10,058, Editor-in-Chief: R. Meyers, Springer, New York, 10370 p.

Davis, E. E., K. Becker, K. Wang, M. Kinoshita (2009), Co-seismic and post-seismic pore-fluid pressure changes in the Philippine Sea plate and Nankai decollement in response to a seismogenic strain event off Kii Peninsula, Japan, Earth Planets Space, 61, 649-657.

James, T. S., E. J. Gowan, I. Wada, and K. Wang (2009), Viscosity of the asthenosphere from glacial isostatic adjustment and subduction dynamics at the northern Cascadia subduction zone, British Columbia, Canada, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B04405, doi:10.1029/2008JB007077.

Priest, G. P., Chris Goldfinger, K. Wang, R. C. Witter, Y. Zhang, and A. M. Baptista (2009), Confidence levels for tsunami-inundation limits in northern Oregon inferred from a 10,000-year history of great earthquakes at the Cascadia subduction zone, Nat. Hazards, doi:10.1007/s11069-009-9453-5.

Spinelli, G. A., and K. Wang (2009), Links between fluid circulation, temperature, and metamorphism in subducting slabs, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L13302, doi:10.1029/2009GL038706.

Wada, I., and K. Wang (2009), Common Depth of Slab-Mantle Decoupling: Reconciling Diversity and Uniformity of Subduction Zones, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 10(10), Q10009, doi:10.1029/2009GC002570.


Wang, K., and J. He (2008), Effects of frictional behavior and geometry of subduction fault on coseismic seafloor deformation, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 98(2), 571-579.

Wang, K., H. Dragert, H. Kao, and E. Roeloffs (2008), Characterizing an “uncharacteristic” ETS event in northern Cascadia, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L15303, doi:10.1029/2008GL034415.

Hu, Y., and K. Wang (2008), Coseismic Strengthening of the shallow portion of the subduction fault and its effects on wedge taper, J. Geophys. Res., 113, B12411, doi:10.1029/2008JB005724.

Hutnak, M., A.T. Fisher, R. Harris, C.A. Stein, K. Wang, G. Spinelli, M. Schindler, H. Villinger, and E. Silver, (2008), Enormous heat and fluid fluxes driven through midplate outcrops on ocean crust, Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo264.

Spinelli, G. A., and K. Wang (2008), Effects of fluid circulation in subducting crust on seismogenic zone temperatures, Geology, 36(11), 887-890.

Taylor, A. E., and K. Wang (2008), Geothermal inversion of Canadian Arctic ground temperatures and effect of permafrost aggradation at emergent shorelines, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 9(7), Q07019, doi:10.1029/2008GC002064.

Wada, I., K. Wang, J. He, and R. D. Hyndman (2008), Weakening of the subduction interface and its effects on surface heat flow, slab dehydration, and mantle wedge serpentinization, J. Geophys. Res., 113, B04402, doi:10.1029/2007JB005190.

Marcaillou, B., G. Spence, K. Wang, J.-Y. Collot, and A. Ribodetti (2008), Thermal segmentation along the N. Ecuador – S. Colombia margin (1-4°N): prominent influence of sedimentation rate in the trench, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 272, 296–308.

Kao, H., K. Wang, R.-Y. Chen, I. Wada, J. He, and S. Malone (2008), Identifying rupture plane of the 2001 Nisqually, Washington, earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 98(3), 1546–1558.

van Keken, P. E., C. Currie, S. D. King, M. D. Behn, A. Cagnioncle, J. He, R. F. Katz, S.-C. Lin, E. M. Parmentier, M. Spiegelman, K. Wang (2008), A community benchmark for subduction zone modeling, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 171, 187-197.


Wang, K. (2007), Elastic and viscoelastic models of subduction earthquake cycles, in The Seismogenic Zone of Subduction Thrust Faults, edited by T. H. Dixon and J. C. Moore, pp. 540–575, Columbia Univ. Press, New York, 640 p.

Wang, K., Y. Hu, M. Bevis, E. Kendrick, R. Smalley, R. B. Vargas, and E. Lauria (2007), Crustal motion in the zone of the 1960 Chile earthquake: Detangling earthquake-cycle deformation and forearc-sliver translation, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 8(10), Q10010, doi:10.1029/2007GC001721.

Cherniawsky, J. Y., V. V. Titov, K. Wang, J.-Y. Li (2007), Numerical simulations of tsunami waves and currents for southern Vancouver Island from a Cascadia megathrust earthquake, Pure Appl. Geophys., 164, 465–492.

Hutnak, M., A.T. Fisher, C.A. Stein, R. Harris, K. Wang, E. Silver, G. Spinelli, M. Pfender, H. Villinger, and R. MacKnight, etc. (2007), The thermal state of 18-24 Ma upper lithosphere subducting below the Nicoya Peninsula, northern Costa Rica margin. in The Seismogenic Zone of Subduction Thrust Faults, edited by T. Dixon and J. C. Moore, pp. 86-122, Columbia University Press, New York, 640 p.


Wang, K., and Y. Hu (2006), Accretionary prisms in subduction earthquake cycles: The theory of dynamic Coulomb wedge, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B06410, doi:10.1029/2005JB004094.

Wang, K., J. He, and Y. Hu (2006), A note on pore fluid pressure ratios in the Coulomb wedge theory, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L19310, doi:10.1029/2006GL027233.

Wang, K., Q.-F. Chen, S. Sun, and A. Wang (2006), Predicting the 1975 Haicheng earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 96(3), 757-795.

Davis, E. E. , K. Becker, K. Wang, K. Obara, Y. Ito, M. Kinoshita (2006), A discrete episode of seismic and aseismic deformation of the Nankai trough subduction zone accretionary prism and incoming Philippine Sea plate, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 242, 73– 84.

Hu, Y., and K. Wang (2006), Bending-like behavior of thin wedge-shaped elastic fault blocks, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B06409, doi:10.1029/2005JB003987.

Kao, H., S. Shan, H. Dragert, G. Rogers, J. Cassidy, K. Wang, T. James, and K. Ramachandran (2006), Spatial-temporal patterns of seismic tremors in northern Casdadia, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B03309, doi:10.1029/2005JB003727.

Marcaillou, B., G. Spence, J.-Y. Collot, and K Wang (2006), Thermal regime from bottom simulating reflectors along the north Ecuador–south Colombia margin: Relation to margin segmentation and great subduction earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B12407, doi:10.1029/2005JB004239.

Taylor, A. E., K. Wang, S. L. Smith, M. M. Burgess, and A. S. Judge (2006), Canadian Arctic Permafrost Observatories: Detecting contemporary climate change through inversion of subsurface temperature time series, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B02411, doi:10.1029/2004JB003208.

Walters, R. A., J. Goff, and K. Wang (2006), Tsunamigenic sources in the Bay of Plenty, New Zealand, Sci. Tsunami Hazards, 24(5), 339-347.


Yoshioka, S., K. Wang, and S. Mazzotti (2005), Interseismic locking of the plate interface in the northern Cascadia subduction zone, inferred from inversion of GPS data, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 231, 239– 247.


Wang, K. (2004), Understanding processes and estimating parameters using mathematical models, in Hydrogeology of the Oceanic Lithosphere, edited by E. Davis and H. Elderfield, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 376-413.

Wang, K., and T. Dixon (2004), “Coupling” semantics and science in earthquake research, Eos Trans. AGU, 85(18), 4 May, page 180.

Wang, K., and T. Dixon (2004), Reply to comment on “Coupling semantics and science in earthquake research”, Eos Trans. AGU, 85(36), 7 September, page 340.

Wang, K., I. Wada, and Y. Ishikawa (2004), Stresses in the subducting slab beneath Southwest Japan and relation with plate geometry, tectonic forces, slab dehydration, and damaging earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B08304, doi:10.1029/2003JB002888.

Wang, K., J. Cassidy, I. Wada, and A.J. Smith (2004), Effects of metamorphic crustal densification on earthquake size in warm slabs, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L01605, doi:10.1029/2003GL018644.

Currie, C. A., K. Wang, R. D. Hyndman, and J. He (2004), The thermal effects of slab-driven mantle flow above a subducting plate: The Cascadia subduction zone and backarc, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 223, 35-48.

Davis, E. E., K. Becker, R. Dziak, J. Cassidy, K. Wang, and M. Lilley (2004), Hydrologic response to a seafloor spreading episode on the Juan de Fuca Ridge: Evidence for co-seismic net crustal dilatation, Nature, 430, 335-338.

Dragert, H., K. Wang, and G. Rogers (2004), Geodetic and seismic signatures of episodic tremor and slip in the northern Cascadia subduction zone, Earth, Planets Space, 56(12), 1143-1150.

Hu, Y., K. Wang, J. He, J. Klotz, and G. Khazaradze (2004), Three-dimensional viscoelastic finite element model for postseismic deformation of the great 1960 Chile earthquake. J. Geophys. Res., 109, B1240, doi:10.1029/2004JB003163.


Wang, K., and E. E. Davis (2003), High permeability of young oceanic crust constrained by thermal and pressure observations, in Land and Marine Hydrogeology, edited by M. Taniguchi, K. Wang, and T. Gamo, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 165-188.

Wang, K, R. Wells, S. Mazzotti, R. D. Hyndman, and T. Sagiya (2003), A revised dislocation model of interseismic deformation of the Cascadia subduction zone, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B1), 2009, doi:10.1029/2001JB001227.

Davis, E. E., K. Wang, K. Becker, R. E. Thomson, and I. Yashayaev (2003), Deep-ocean temperature variations and implications for error in seafloor heat flow determinations, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B1), 2034, doi:10.1029/2001JB001695.

English, J. M., S. T. Johnson, and K. Wang (2003), Thermal modeling of Laramide orogeny: Testing the flat-slab subduction hypothesis, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 214, 619-632.

Fisher, A. T., C. A. Stein, R. N. Harris, K. Wang, E. A. Silver, M. Pfender, M. Hutnak, A. Cherkaoui, R. Bodzin, and H. Villinger (2003), Abrupt thermal transition reveals hydrothermal boundary and role of seamounts within the Cocos Plate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(11), 1550, doi:10.1029/2002GL016766.

Satake, K., K. Wang, and B. F. Atwater (2003), Fault slip and seismic moment of the 1700 Cascadia earthquake inferred from Japanese tsunami descriptions, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B11), 2535, doi:10.1029/2003JB002521.

Smith, A. J., R. D. Hyndman, J. F. Cassidy, and K. Wang (2003), Structure, seismicity, and thermal regime of the Queen Charlotte transform margin, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B1), 2539, doi:10.1029/202JB002247.


Wang, K. (2002), Unbending combined with dehydration embrittlement as a cause for double and triple seismic zones, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(18), 1889, doi:10.1029/2002GL015441.

Currie, C. A., R. D. Hyndman, K. Wang, and V. Kostoglodov (2002), Thermal models of the Mexico subduction zone: Implications for the megathrust seismogenic zone, J. Geophys. Res., 107(B12), 2370, doi:10.1029/2001JB000886.

Davis, E. E., K. Wang, K. Becker (2002), Forum comment on Geli et al. (Eos article), Eos Trans. AGU, 83, 196-197.

Harris, R. N., and K. Wang (2002), A thermal model of the Middle America Trench at the Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(21), 2010, doi:10.1029/2002GL015406.

Khazaradze, G., K. Wang, J. Klotz, Y. Hu, and J. He (2002), Prolonged post-seismic deformation of the 1960 great Chile earthquake and implications for mantle rheology, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(22), 2050, doi:10.1029/2002GL015986.


Wang, K., J. He, H. Dragert, and T. James (2001), Three-dimensional viscoelastic interseismic deformation model for the Cascadia subduction zone, Earth Planets Space, 53, 295-306.

Dragert, H., K. Wang, and T. S. James (2001), A silent slip event on the deeper Cascadia subduction interface, Science, 292, 1525-1528.

Nagihara, S., and K. Wang (2001), Century-scale variation of seafloor temperatures inferred from offshore borehole geothermal data, in Geological Perspectives of Global Climate Change, (Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Studies in Geology #47), Tulsa Oklahoma, pp.372, 121-136.

Miller, M. M., D. J. Johnson, C. M. Rubin, H. Dragert, K. Wang, A. Qamar, and C. Goldfinger (2001), GPS-determination of along-strike variation in Cascadia margin kinematics: Implications for relative plate motion, subduction zone coupling, and permanent deformation, Tectonics, 20, 161-176.

Zhao, D., K. Wang, G. C. Rogers, and S. M. Peacock (2001), Tomographic image of low P velocity anomalies above slab in northern Cascadia subduction zone, Earth Planets Space, 53, 285-293.

Davis, E. E., K. Wang, R. E. Thomson, K. Becker, J. F. Cassidy (2001), An episode of seafloor spreading and associate plate deformation inferred from crustal fluid pressure transients, J. Geophys. Res., 106(B10), 21,953-21,963.

He, L., K. Wang, L. Xiong, J.-Y. Wang (2001), Heat flow and thermal history of the South China Sea, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 126, 211-220.


Wang, K. (2000), Stress-strain "paradox", plate coupling, and forearc seismicity at the Cascadia and Nankai subduction zones, Tectonophys., 319, 321-338.

Wang, K., and H. Kao (2000), Earthquake's geophysical environments (in Chinese), Physics Bimonthly (Taiwan), 22(4), 365-369.

Davis, E. E., K. Wang, K. Becker, and R. Thomson (2000), Formation-scale hydraulic and mechanical properties of oceanic crust inferred from pore-pressure to periodic seafloor loading, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 13,423-13,435.

James, T. S., J. J. Clague, K. Wang, and I. I. Hutchinson (2000), Postglacial rebound at the northern Cascadia subduction zone, Quart. Sci. Rev., 19, 1527-1541.

Kennedy, P. L., A. D. Woodbury, and K. Wang (2000), Minimum Relative Entropy: Theory and application to surface temperature reconstruction from borehole temperature measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 3081-3084.

Nagihara, S., and K. Wang (2000), Geothermal regime of the western margin of the Great Bahama Bank, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol. 166, edited by P. K. Swart, G. P. Eberli, M. J. Malone, and J. F. Sarg, 113-120.

Priest, G. R., E. Myers, A. M. Baptista, P. Flück, K. Wang, and C. D. Peterson (2000), Source simulation for tsunamis: Lessons learned from fault rupture modeling of the Cascadia subduction zone, North America, Sci. Tsunami Hazards, 18, 77-106.


Wang, K. (1999), Simple mechanical issues about locking and unlocking of subduction faults, Proceedings of the International Workshop on Recurrence of Great Subduction Earthquakes and its Mechanisms, Kochi, Jan.20-21, 137-143.

Wang, K., and J. He (1999), Mechanics of low-stress forearcs: Nankai and Cascadia, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 15,191-15,205.

Wang, K., and K. Suyehiro (1999), How does plate coupling affect crustal stresses in Northeast and Southwest Japan? Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 2307-2310.

Wang, K., G. van der Kamp, and E. E. Davis (1999), Limits of tidal energy dissipation by fluid flow in subsea formations, Geophys. J. Int., 139, 763-768.

Davis, E. E., D. S. Chapman, K. Wang, H. Villinger, A. T. Fisher, S. W. Robinson, J. Grigel, D. Pribnow, J. Stein, and K. Becker (1999), Regional heat-flow variations across the sedimented Juan de Fuca ridge eastern flank: Constraints on lithospheric cooling and lateral hydrothermal heat transport, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 17,675-17,688.

Fisher, A., R. P. von Herzen, P. Blum, B. Hoppie, and K. Wang (1999), Evidence may indicate recent warming of shallow slope bottom water off New Jersey shore (feature article), Eos Trans. AGU, 80, 165 and 172-173.

Oleskevich, D. A., R. D. Hyndman, and K. Wang (1999), The updip and downdip limits to great subduction zone earthquakes: Thermal and structural models of Cascadia, South Alaska, SW Japan, and Chile, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 14,956-14,991.

Peacock, S. M., and K. Wang (1999), Seismic consequences of warm versus cool subduction metamorphism: Examples from Southwest and Northeast Japan, Science, 286, 937-939.


Wang, K., E. E. Davis, and G. van der Kamp (1998), Theory for the effects of free gas in subsea formations on tidal pore pressure variations and seafloor displacements, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 12,339-12,353.

Lehmann, H., K. Wang, and C. Clauser (1998), Parameter identification and uncertainty analysis for heat transfer at the KTB drill site using a 2-D inverse method, Tectonophys., 291, 179-194.

Lewis, T. J., and K. Wang (1998), Geothermal evidence for deforestation induced warming: Implications for the climatic impact of land development, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 535-538.


Wang, K., J. He, and E. E. Davis (1997), Transform push, oblique subduction resistance, and intraplate stress of the Juan de Fuca plate, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 661-674.

Wang, K., J. He, and E. E. Davis (1997), Influence of basement topography on hydrothermal circulation in sediment buried igneous oceanic crust, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 146, 151-164.

Davis, E. E., K. Wang, J. He, D. S. Chapman, H. Villiger, and A. Rosenberger (1997), An unequivocal case for high Nusselt-number hydrothermal convection in sediment-buried igneous oceanic crust, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 146, 137-150.

Flück, P., R. D. Hyndman, and K. Wang (1997), 3-D dislocation model for great earthquakes of the Cascadia subduction zone, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 20,539-20,550.

Priest, G. R., E. Myers, A. M. Baptista, P. Flück, K. Wang, and C. D. Peterson (1997), Cascadia subduction zone tsunamis: hazard mapping at Yaquina Bay, Oregon, Oregon State Dept. Geol. Miner. Indus. Open-File Report O-97-34.


Wang, K. (1996), Simplified analysis of horizontal stresses in a buttressed forearc sliver at an oblique subduction zone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 2021-2024.

Wang, K. and E. E. Davis (1996), Theory for the propagation of tidally induced pore pressure variations in layered subseafloor formations, J. Geophys. Res, 101, 11,483-11,495.

Wang, K. (1996), Thermal history of a passive continental margin: northern South China Sea, in Geothermics in China, edited by J.-Y. Wang, Seismological Press, Beijing, pp.299, 275-292.

Hyndman, R.D., G.C. Rogers, H. Dragert, K. Wang, J.J. Clague, J. Adams, and P.T. Bobrowsky (1996), Giant earthquakes beneath Canada's west coast, Geosci. Can., 23, 63-72.


Wang, K. (1995), Coupling of tectonic loading and earthquake fault slips at subduction zones, Pure Appl. Geophys., 145, 537-559.

Wang, K., R. D. Hyndman, and M. Yamano (1995), Thermal regime of the Southwest Japan subduction zone: Effects of age history of the subducting plate, Tectonophys., 248, 53-69.

Wang, K., T. Mulder, G. C. Rogers, and R. D. Hyndman (1995), Case for very low coupling stress on the Cascadia subduction fault, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 12,907-12,918.

Davis, E. E., K. Becker, K. Wang, and B. Carson (1995), Long-term observations of pressure and temperature in hole 892B, Cascadia accretionary prism, ODP Proceedings, Scientific Results, Vol. 146, edited by B. Carson, G. K. Westbrook, R. J. Musgrave, and E. Suess, 299-311.

He, L., L. Xiong, J. Wang, and K. Wang (1995), Computing stretch factors in modelling multi-stretching sedimentary basins (in Chinese), Chinese Sci. Bull., 40, 2261-2263.

Hyndman, R. D., K. Wang, and M. Yamano (1995), Thermal constraints to the seismogenic portion of the southwestern Japan subduction thrust, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 15,373-15,392.

Hyndman, R. D., and K. Wang (1995), The rupture zone of Cascadia great earthquakes from current deformation and thermal regime, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 22,133-22,154.

Shen, P. Y., H. N. Pollack, S. Huang, and K. Wang (1995), Effects of subsurface heterogeneity on the inference of climate change from borehole temperature data: model studies and field examples from Canada, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 6383-6396.


Wang, K. (1994), Kinematic models of dewatering accretionary prisms, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 4429-4438.

Wang, K., H. Dragert, and H. J. Melosh (1994), Finite element study of strain and uplift across southern Vancouver Island, Can. J. Earth Sci., 31, 1510-1522.

Wang, K., T. J. Lewis, D. Belton, and P. Y. Shen (1994), Differences in recent ground surface warming in eastern and western Canada: Evidence from borehole temperatures, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2689-2692.

Wang, K. and G. C. Rogers (1994), An explanation for the double seismic layers north of the Mendocino Triple Junction, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 121-124.

Davis, E. E., and K. Wang (1994), Present and past temperatures of sediments at ODP site 857, Middle Valley, northern Juan de Fuca Ridge, in Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol. 139, edited by M. J. Mottl, E. E. Davis, A. A. Fisher, and J. F. Slack, 565-570.

Dragert, H., R. D. Hyndman, G. C. Rogers, and K. Wang (1994), Constraints on the seismogenic zone of the northern Cascadia subduction thrust from current deformation, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 653-668.


Wang, K., R. D. Hyndman, and E. E. Davis (1993), Thermal effects of sediment thickening and fluid expulsion in accretionary prisms: model and parameter analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 9975-9984, 1993.

Hyndman, R. D., K. Wang, T. Yuan, and G. D. Spence (1993), Tectonic sediment thickening, fluid expulsion, and the thermal regime of subduction zone accretionary prisms: the Cascadia margin off Vancouver Island, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 21,865-21,876.

Hyndman, R. D. and K. Wang (1993), Thermal constraints on the zone of possible major thrust earthquake failure on the Cascadia margin, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 2039-2060.


Wang, K. (1992), Estimation of ground surface temperatures from borehole temperature data, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 2095-2106.

Wang, K. and E. E. Davis (1992), Thermal effects of marine sedimentation in hydrothermally active areas, Geophys. J. Int., 110, 70-78.

Wang, K. and T. J. Lewis (1992), Geothermal evidence from Canada for a cold period before recent climatic warming, Science, 256, 1003-1005.

Wang, K, T. J. Lewis, and A. M. Jessop (1992), Climatic changes in central and eastern Canada inferred from deep borehole temperature data, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. (Global and Planetary Change Section), 98, 129-141.

Beck, A. E., P. Y. Shen, H. Beltrami, J. C. Mareschal, J. Safanda, S. Sebagenzi, G. Vassuer, and K. Wang (1992), Report on IASPEI Workshop WS6, Vienna 1991: a comparison of five different analyses on five data sets, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. (Global and Planetary Change Section), 98, 101-112.

Lewis, T. J., and K. Wang (1992), Influence of terrain on bedrock temperatures, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. (Global and Planetary Change Section), 98, 87-100,

Lewis, T. J., and K. Wang (1992), Geothermal research related to past climate (feature article), Eos Trans. AGU, 73, 265 and 269.

Shen, P. Y., K. Wang, H. Beltrami, J. C. Mareschal (1992), A comparative study of inverse methods for estimating climatic history from borehole temperature data, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclim. Palaeoecol. (Global and Planetary Change Section), 98, 113-127.


Wang, K. (1991), Groundwater flow and geotemperature patterns, in Encyclopedia of Earth System Science, editor-in-chief: W.A. Nierenberg, Academic Press, San Diego, 441-453.

Shen, P. Y., K. Wang and A. E. Beck (1991), Crustal thermal models along east European geotraverses: inverse solutions, Tectonophys., 194, 363-385.


Shen, P. Y., K. Wang and A. E. Beck (1990), Two-dimensional inverse modeling of crustal thermal regime with application to east European geotraverses, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 19,903-19,925.


Wang, K. (1989), An Inverse Finite Element Method for the Study of Steady State Terrestrial Heat Flow Problems, 221 pp, Ph.D. thesis, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario.

Wang, K. and A. E. Beck (1989), An inverse approach to heat flow study in hydrologically active areas, Geophys. J. Int., 95, 69-84.

Wang, K., P. Y. Shen and A. E. Beck (1989), A solution to the inverse problem of the coupled hydrological and thermal regimes, in Hydrological regimes and their subsurface thermal effects, edited by A.E. Beck, L. Stegena and G. Garven, AGU monograph series, Washington, 7-21.


Wang, K. and A. E. Beck (1987), Heat flow measurement in lacustrine or oceanic sediments without recording water bottom temperature variations, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 12837-12845.


Wang, K., P. Y. Shen and A. E. Beck (1986), On the effects of thermal properties structure and water bottom temperature variation on temperature gradients in lake sediments, Can. J. Earth Sci., 23, 1257-1264.


Beck, A. E., K. Wang and P. Y. Shen (1985), Sub-bottom temperature perturbations due to temperature variations at the boundary of inhomogeneous lake or oceanic sediments. Tectonophys., 121, 11-24.

Research facility

9860 W. Saanich Road
Sidney, BC V8L 4B2


Member, Canadian Geophysical Union

Member, American Geophysical Union

Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria