Dr. Henry Wilson

Image Henry F Wilson
Research Scientist

Dr. Wilson’s research is providing science that will enhance the agriculture sector’s resiliency to increasing hydrological and climatic variability. This science is focused on the development of knowledge to increase the sectors ability to respond to market demands for sustainably produced products, to mitigate the effects of hydrologic extremes (flooding and drought), to increase efficiency of nutrient use, to increase carbon retention and sequestration, and to develop new opportunities for the agricultural sector to improve water quality and reduce water quantity issues for all stakeholders. 

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Current research and/or projects

  • Sustainable Agricultural Practices for the Lake Winnipeg Basin: Building resilient agroecosystems from field to farm to watershed. 
  • The Eastern Prairie Living Laboratory.

Research and/or project statements

  • Identification of factors controlling carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus runoff from agricultural lands and interaction with climate.
  • Improvement of hydrological process understanding and representation in cold-climate agricultural watersheds.
  • Understanding aqueous organic matter biogeochemistry, influence on ecosystem function, links with the transport and cycling of N and P in agricultural watersheds.

Professional activities / interests

  • scientific research
  • mentoring of students and postdocs
  • project planning and managment

Education and awards

  • B.Sc (Hons.) Geography, Brandon University, 2005.
  • Ph.D. Watershed Ecosystems, Trent University, 2009.

International experience and/or work

Yale Institute for Biospheric Studies Posdoctoral Fellow.

Key publications

For a complete list of publications, please visit: AAFC Online

  • Martel, M., Glenn, A., Kröbel, R., and Wilson, H. (2017). “Simulation of actual evapotranspiration from  agricultural landscapes in the Canadian Prairies”. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies. 15, 105-118
  • Barnes, R.T., D.E. Butman, H.F. Wilson and P.A. Raymond (2018) Riverine export of aged carbon driven by flow path depth and residence time. Environmental science & technology 52: 1028-1035.
  • Guest, G., W. Smith, B. Grant, B. McConkey, A. Chipanshi, K. Reid, et al. (2018) Comparing the performance of the DNDC, Holos, and VSMB models for predicting the water partitioning of various crops and sites across Canada. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 98: 212-231. doi:10.1139/cjss-2017-0112.
  • Kaushal, S.S., A.J. Gold, S. Bernal, T.A.N. Johnson, K. Addy, A. Burgin, et al. (2018). Watershed ‘chemical cocktails’: forming novel elemental combinations in Anthropocene fresh waters. Biogeochemistry 141: 281-305. doi:10.1007/s10533-018-0502-6.
  • McMillan, S.K., H.F. Wilson, C.L. Tague, D.M. Hanes, S. Inamdar, D.L. Karwan, et al. (2018). Before the storm: antecedent conditions as regulators of hydrologic and biogeochemical response to extreme climate events. Biogeochemistry 141: 487-501. doi:10.1007/s10533-018-0482-6.
  • Satchithanantham, S., B. English and H. Wilson. (2018). Seasonality of Phosphorus and Nitrate Retention in Riparian Buffers. Journal of Environmental Quality. doi:10.2134/jeq2018.07.0280.
  • Ali, G., Haque, A., Basu, N., Badiou, P., Wilson, H. (2017). “Groundwater-Driven Wetland-Stream Connectivity in the Prairie Pothole Region: Inferences Based on Electrical Conductivity Data”. Wetlands. 37(4), 773-785
  • Ali, G., Wilson, H., Elliott, J., Penner, A., Haque, A., Ross, C., Rabie, M. (2017). “Phosphorus export dynamics and hydrobiogeochemical controls across gradients of scale, topography and human impact”. Hydrological Processes. 31, 3130–3145.
  • Satchithantham, S., Wilson, H.F., Glenn, A.J. (2017). “Contrasting patterns of groundwater evapotranspiration in grass and tree dominated riparian zones of a temperate agricultural catchment”. Journal of Hydrology. 459 (2017), 654-666. 
  • Chen, G. , Elliott, J.A., Lobb, D.A., Flaten, D.N., Braul, L., Wilson, H.F. (2017). “Changes in runoff chemistry and soil fertility after multiple years of cattle winter bale feeding on annual cropland on the Canadian prairies”. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 240, 1-13.
  • Cordeiro, M. R. C. , Wilson, H. F., Vanrobaeys, J., Pomeroy, J. W., and Fang, X. (2016). “Simulating cold-region hydrology in an intensively drained agricultural watershed in Manitoba, Canada, using the Cold Regions Hydrological Model”. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., doi:10.5194/hess-2016-462, 21, 3483-3506.
  • Wilson, H.F., Satchithanantham, S. , Moulin, A.P., Glenn, A.J. (2016) "Soil phosphorus spatial variability due to landform, tillage, and input management: A case study of small watersheds in southwestern Manitoba.", Geoderma, 280, 14-21
  • Wilson, H.F., Raymond, P.A., Saiers, J.E., Sobczak, W.V., and Xu, N.  (2015). "Increases in humic and bioavailable dissolved organic matter in a forested New England headwater stream with increasing discharge.", Marine & Freshwater Research, 67(9): 1279-1292
  • Butman, D.E., Wilson, H.F., Barnes, R.T., Xenopoulos, M.A., Raymond, P.A.  (2015). "Increased mobilization of aged carbon to rivers by human disturbance", Nature Geoscience, 8(2), pp 112-116.
  • Wilson, H.F., Saiers, J.E, Raymond, P.A., Sobczak, W.V.  (2013). "Hydrologic drivers and seasonality of dissolved organic carbon concentration, nitrogen content, bioavailability, and export in a forested New England stream", Ecosystems, 16(4), pp 604-616.
  • Wilson, H.F. and Xenopoulos, M.A. (2013). "Diel changes of dissolved organic matter in streams of varying watershed land use", River Research and Applications, 29(10), pp 1330-1339
  • Xu, N., Wilson, H.F., Saiers, J.E., and Entz, M.H. (2013). "Effects of crop rotation and management system on water extractable organic matter concentration, structure, and bioavailability in a Chernozemic agricultural soil", Journal of Environmental Quality, 42(1), pp 179-190. doi: 10.2135/jeq2012.0126
  • Xu, N., Saiers, J.E., Wilson, H.F., and Raymond, P.A. (2012). "Simulating streamflow and dissolved organic matter export from a forested watershed", Water Resources Research, 48(5), pp. W05519. doi: 10.1029/2011WR011423
  • Williams, C.J., Scott, A.B., Wilson, H.F., and Xenopoulos, M.A. (2012). "Effects of land use on water column bacterial activity and enzyme stoichiometry in stream ecosystems", Aquatic Sciences - Research Across Boundaries, 74(3), pp. 483-494. doi: 10.1007/s00027-011-0242-3