Dr. Franck Stefani

Image Franck Stefani
Research scientist
  • Curator of the Canadian Collection of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (CCAMF)
  • Soil microbiome and numerical ecology
  • Taxonomy, systematics and genetics of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
  • In vivo and in vitro cultures of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi

Current research and/or projects

The research performed within the laboratory of mycorrhizal symbiosis aims at improving knowledge about the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and understanding how to maximise their benefit to plants and soil fertility. In order to achieve these research objectives, the lab activities are carried out by AAFC technicians Claudia Banchini and Sylvie Séguin, the postdoctoral researcher Dr. Vasilis Kokkoris (co-supervision, Dr. J. Dettman and prof. N. Corradi, UOttawa) and the master's student Dane Goh (co-supervision prof. A MacLean, UOttawa). Over the long-term, this research program will contribute to the transition towards sustainable agriculture.

Research and/or project statements

  • Stefani, F. / Canadian Government, Departmental A-base funding / Canadian Survey of Soil Biodiversity / $ 450K / 2021-2024.
  • Hambleton, S. / Canadian Government, Departmental A-base funding / Fungal and Bacterial Biosystematics - bridging taxonomy and “omics” technology in agricultural research and regulation/ $ 3,000K / 2019-2024. Stefani: participant, responsible for objective "Taxonomy, molecular systematics and metagenomics of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi".
  • Lybaert, A. / Canadian Government, Departmental A-base funding / Management and enhancement of AAFC's biological collections / $ 3,000K / 2019-2024. Stefani: participant, curator of the Canadian collection of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (CCAMF).

Publications

  1. Stefani F, Dupont S, Laterrière M, Knox R, Ruan Y, Hamel C, Hijri M. (2020). Similar arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in 31 durum wheat cultivars (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) under field conditions in eastern Canada. Frontiers in Plant Science 11: 1206. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.01206

  2. Kokkoris V, Stefani F, Dalpé Y, Dettman J, Corradi N. (2020). Nuclear dynamics in the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Trends in Plant Science  25(8): 765-778. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2020.05.002

  3. Stefani F, Bencherif K, Sabourin S, Hadj-Sahraoui A, Banchini C, Séguin S, Dalpé Y. (2020). Taxonomic assignment of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in an 18S metagenomic dataset: a case study with saltcedar (Tamarix aphylla). Mycorrhiza 30: 243–255. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00572-020-00946-y

  4. Pacé M, Fenton NJ, Paré D, Stefani F, Massicotte HB, Tackaberry LE, Bergeron Y. (2018). Lichens contribute to open woodland stability in the boreal forest through detrimental effects on pine growth and root ectomycorrhizal development. Ecosystems 22(1): 189-201. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-018-0262-0

  5. Stefani F, Isabel N, Morency M-J, Lamothe M, Nadeau S, Lachance D, Li EHY, Greer C, Yergeau E, Pinno BD, Séguin A. (2018). The impact of reconstructed soils following oil sands exploitation on aspen and its associated belowground microbiome. Scientific Reports 8: 2761. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-20783-6

  6. Yu J, Baninasab B, Xu S, Tabori M, Zhang Y, Wang X, DeSchiffart I, Dalpé Y, Stefani F, Séguin S, Ma B, Xu C and Khanizadeh S. (2017). Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on tolerance and growth of selected spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) lines under salinity stress. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment 15: 40–47. https://doi.org/10.1234/4.2017.5459

  7. Klopfenstein NB et al. (2017). Insights into the phylogeny of Northern Hemisphere Armillaria: Neighbor-net and Bayesian analyses of translation elongation factor 1-α gene sequences. Mycologia 109 (1): 75-91. http://doi.org/10.1080/00275514.2017.1286572

  8. Badri A, Stefani F, Lachance G, Roy-Arcand L, Beaudet D, Vialle A, Hijri M. (2016). Molecular diagnostic toolkit for Rhizophagus irregularis isolate DAOM- 197198 using quantitative PCR assay targeting the mitochondrial genome. Mycorrhiza 26 (7): 721-733. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00572-016-0708-1

  9. Bell TH, Stefani F, Abram K, Champagne J, Yergeau E, Hijri M, St-Arnaud M. (2016). A Diverse soil microbiome degrades more crude oil than specialized bacterial assemblages obtained in culture. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 82: 5530– 5541. http://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01327-16

  10. Nadimi M, Stefani F, Hijri M. (2016). The large (134.9 kb) mitochondrial genome of the glomeromycete Funneliformis mosseaeMycorrhiza 26 (7): 747-755. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00572-016-0710-7

  11. Stefani F, Klimaszewski J, Morency M-J, Blais M, Labrie P, Séguin S, Venier L. (2016). Diversity of fungal gut associates of rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in boreal forest. Fungal Ecology 23: 164-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2016.05.001

  12. Stefani F, Bell TH, Marchand C, de la Providencia IE, El Yassimi A, St- Arnaud M, Hijri M. (2015). Culture-dependent and independent methods capture different microbial community fractions in hydrocarbon-contaminated soils. PLoSONE 10: e0128272, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128272

  13. de la Providencia IE, Stefani F, Labridy M, St-Arnaud M, Hijri M. (2015). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity in an extreme petroleum hydrocarbon- polluted sedimentation basin. FEMS Microbiology Letters 362 (12): fnv081. https://doi.org/10.1093/femsle/fnv081

  14. Chapman TF, May TW, Stefani F, Bougher NL, Robinson RM. (2015). Fungal hyphae of Coprinopsis found in a bilby (Macrotis lagotis) burrow spoil- mound. Australasian Mycologist 32: 6-9.

  15. Nadimi M, Stefani F, Hijri M. (2014). The mitochondrial genome of the glomeromycete Rhizophagus sp. DAOM 213198 reveals an unusual organization consisting of two circular chromosomes. Genome Biology and Evolution 7(1): 96–105. https://doi.org/10.1093/gbe/evu268

  16. Hassan SE, Bell TH, Stefani F, Denis D, Hijri M, St-Arnaud M. (2014). Contrasting the community structure of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from hydrocarbon- contaminated and uncontaminated soils following willow (Salix spp. L.) planting. PLoSONE 9: e102838. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102838

  17. Stefani F, RH Jones, TW May. (2013). Concordance of seven gene genealogies compared to phenotypic data reveals multiple cryptic species in Australian dermocyboid Cortinarius (Agaricales). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 71: 249-260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.10.019

  18. Lamarche J, Stefani F, Séguin A, Hamelin RC. (2011). Impact of endochitinase transformed white spruce on soil fungal communities. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 76: 199-208. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2011.01041.x

  19. Stefani F and Hamelin RC. (2010). The current state of genetically modified plant on target and non-target fungi. Environmental Reviews 18: 441-475. https://doi.org/10.1139/A10-022

  20. Stefani F, Sokolski S, Wurtz TL, Piché Y, Hamelin RC, Fortin JA, Bérubé JA. (2010). Morchella tomentosa: a unique belowground structure and a new clade of morels. Mycologia 102(5): 1082-1088. https://doi.org/10.3852/09-294

  21. Stefani F, Tanguay P, Piché Y and Hamelin RC. (2010). Impact of endochitinase transformed white spruce on soil fungal biomass and ectendomycorrhizal symbiosis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 76(8): 2607-2614. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.02807-09

  22. Stefani F, Moncalvo J-M, Séguin A, Bérubé JA, Hamelin RC. (2009). Impact study of an 8-year-old transgenic poplar plantation on the ectomycorrhizal fungal community. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 75(23): 7527-7536. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.01120-09

  23. Stefani F and Bérubé JA. (2006). Evaluation of foliar fungal endophyte incidence in field-grown transgenic Bt white spruce trees. Canadian Journal of Botany 84: 1573-1580. https://doi.org/10.1139/b06-110

  24. Stefani F and Bérubé JA. (2006). Biodiversity of foliar fungal endophytes in white spruce (Picea glauca) from southern Québec. Canadian Journal of Botany 84: 777-790. https://doi.org/10.1139/b06-022

 

Professional activities / interests

  • Impact of agricultural practices on soil microbiome and AMF communities
  • New species of AMF
  • Transition from conventionnal agricultural practices to sustainable agricultural practices
  • Soil fertility restoration and carbon sequestration in soil

Education and awards

  • PhD in Forestry Science, Université Laval, 2010
  • DEA (postgraduate research degree programme), specialty in Environmental Sciences, University of Corsica, 2004
  • IUP (Institut Universitaire Professionnel), graduate degree in Environmental Engineering, University of Corsica, 2002
  • BTSA (Advanced Agricultural Technician Certificate), forestry specialty, Lycée agricole de Poisy-Annecy, 2000

International experience and/or work

  • 2016 – Present, Research scientist (Mycology), Laboratory of mycorrhizal symbiosis, Ottawa Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Curator of the Canadian Collection of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi. Adjunct professor at Université Laval, department of forestry, geography and geomatics. Adjunct professor at UOttawa, department of biology.
  • 2015 – 2016, Postdoctoral Fellow (NSERC Visiting Fellowship in Canadian Government Laboratories), NRCAN CFS LFC, Quebec QC. Supervisor: Dr. A. Séguin. Research project: Innovative land reclamation approaches following oil sands mining: a phytoremediation approach based on tree — soil microbiome interactions.
  • 2012 – 2014, Postdoctoral Fellow (NSERC CREATE), Université de Montréal Institut de Recherche en Biologie Végétale, Montréal QC. Supervisor: Prof. M. Hijri. Research projects: i) Molecular identification and quantification of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in agricultural soil and bioproducts, Métagénomique des communautés microbiennes présentes dans les sols pollués aux hydrocarbures. ii) Bioremediation and phytoremediation of PAH and heavy metal polluted soils (GenoRem Project – Génome Canada). Molecular identification of the Boletales collections from the Cercles des Mycologues de Montréal.
  • 2010 – 2012, Postdoctoral Fellow, Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne VIC. Supervisor: Dr. T. May. Research project: Molecular taxonomy and phylogeny of Dermocybe collections (genus Cortinarius) from Southern Australia.

Key publications

  1. Stefani, F., Isabel, N., Morency, M.J., Lamothe, M., Nadeau, S., Lachance, D., Li, E.H.Y., Greer, C., Yergeau, É., Pinno, B.D., Séguin, A. (2018). The impact of reconstructed soils following oil sands exploitation on aspen and its associated belowground microbiome, 8(1), http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-20783-6

    2018 - View publication details

  2. F. Stefani (Invited speaker). Identification of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: past, present, future. 5eJFM, Dunkerque, France. June 27-29, 2018.

    2018 - View publication details

  3. Stefani, F. 2018. Soil and plant microbiome in the context of the Biodiversity and Bioresources Science Strategy. 3rd ed. AgriScience Day.

    2018 - View publication details

  4. Junjie Yu, Bahram Baninasab, Shuhui Xu, Mirko Tabori, Yuxue Zhang, Xuelian Wang, Ian DeSchiffart, Yolande Dalpé, Franck Stefani , Sylvie Séguin, Baoluo Ma, Chenwu Xu, & Shahrokh Khanizadeh, 2017. Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on tolerance and growth of selected spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) lines under salinity stress. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment (JFAE) Vol.15 (3&4):40- 47

    2017 - View publication details

  5. Stefani, F. 2017. The twisted world of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. 2017 Annual Meeting of the Canadian Botanical Association. Waterloo University.

    2017 - View publication details

  6. Klopfenstein, N.B., Stewart, J.E., Ota, Y., Hanna, J.W., Richardson, B.A., Ross-Davis, A.L., Elías-Román, R.D., Korhonen, K., Keča, N., Iturritxa, E., Alvarado-Rosales, D., Solheim, H., Brazee, N.J., Łakomy, P., Cleary, M.R., Hasegawa, E., Kikuchi, T., Garza-Ocañas, F., Tsopelas, P., Rigling, D., Prospero, S., Tsykun, T., Bérubé, J.A., Stefani, F.O.P., Jafarpour, S., Antonín, V., Tomšovský, M., McDonald, G.I., Woodward, S., Kim, M.S. (2017). Insights into the phylogeny of northern hemisphere Armillaria: Neighbor-net and bayesian analyses of translation elongation factor 1-α gene sequences, 109(1), 75-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00275514.2017.1286572

    2017 - View publication details

  7. Stefani, F., Banchini, C., Dalpé, Y., Cayouette, J., Redhead, S. A. 2017. Exploration of the fungal diversity at ᑕᒥᐅᔭᖅ (Umiujaq, Quebec) through DNA barcoding. Poster and abstract. Canada's Arctic Biodiversity: The Next 150 Years, Museum of Nature Ottawa 2017/01/26 - 2017/01/27.

    2017 - View publication details

Research facility

960 Carling Avenue
Ottawa, ON K1A 0C6
Canada

Affiliations

Language

English
French