Denis Gilbert

Image Gilbert, Denis
Climate Research Scientist

I am a physicist working for the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) since 1991. I study climate variability and global climate warming (temperature, salinity, oxygen) in the ocean.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Current research and/or projects

  • Ocean climate variability, trends and projections
  • Dissolved oxygen and coastal hypoxia
  • Argo profiling floats
  • Time series analysis and statistics

Research and/or project statements

DFO web pages:

Argo Canada

 

Education and awards

B.Sc. in Physics, University of Quebec at Chicoutimi, 1985

Ph.D. in physical oceanography, Dalhousie University, 1990

DFO's Prix d'Excellence, 2012

DFO's Prix d'Excellence, 2015

 

Key publications

Primary Publications:

  1. 2018 Claret, M., Galbraith, E.D., Palter, J.B., Bianchi, D., Fennel, K., Gilbert, D. and Dunne, J.P. Rapid coastal deoxygenation due to ocean circulation shift in the northwest Atlantic. Nature Climate Change, 8: 868-872.  doi: 10.1038/s41558-018-0263-1
  2. 2018 Wolf, M.K., Hamme, R.C., Gilbert, D., Yashayaev, I. & Thierry, V.Oxygen Saturation Surrounding Deep Water Formation Events in the Labrador Sea From Argo-O2 DataGlobal Biogeochem. Cycles, 32: 635-653. doi: 10.1002/2017GB005829
  3. 2018 Breitburg, D., Levin, L. A., Oschlies, A., Grégoire, M., Chavez, F. P., Conley, D. J., Garçon, V., Gilbert, D., Gutiérrez, D., Isensee, K., Jacinto, G. S., Limburg, K. E., Montes, I., Naqvi, S. W. A., Pitcher, G. C., Rabalais, N. N., Roman, M. R., Rose, K. A., Seibel, B. A., Telszewski, M., Yasuhara, M. & Zhang, J. Declining oxygen in the global ocean and coastal watersScience, 359, 11p.
  4. 2018 Mucci, A., Levasseur, M., Gratton, Y., Martias, C., Scarratt, M., Gilbert, D. Tremblay, J.-É., Ferreyra, G. and Lansard, B. Tidally induced variations of pH at the head of the Laurentian ChannelCan. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 75: 1128-1141. doi: 10.1139/cjfas-2017-0007
  5. 2017 Lavoie, D., Lambert, N. & Gilbert, DProjections of Future Trends in Biogeochemical Conditions in the Northwest Atlantic Using CMIP5 Earth System Models. Atmosphere-Ocean, 23p. doi: 10.1080/07055900.2017.1401973
  6. 2017 Hudon, C.; Gagnon, P.; Rondeau, M.; Hébert, S.; Gilbert, D.; Hill, B.; Patoine, M. & Starr, M. Hydrological and biological processes modulate carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus flux from the St. Lawrence River to its estuary (Quebec, Canada). Biogeochemistry, 135: 251-276, doi: 10.1007/s10533-017-0371-4.
  7. 2017 Peterson, I., B. Greenan, D. Gilbert & D. Hebert. Variability and wind forcing of ocean temperature and thermal fronts in the Slope Water region of the Northwest AtlanticJ. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 122, 7325-7343. doi: 10.1002/2017JC012788
  8. 2017 Gilbert, D. Oceans lose oxygen. Nature, 542: 303-304. doi: 10.1038/542303a
  9. 2016 Palter, J. B.; Caron, C.-A.; Law, K. L.; Willis, J. K.; Trossman, D. S.; Yashayaev, I. M. & Gilbert, D. Variability of the directly observed, middepth subpolar North Atlantic circulation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 43: 2700-2708. doi: 10.1002/2015GL067235
  10. 2016 Riser, S. C., Freeland, H. J., Roemmich, D., Wijffels, S., Troisi, A., Belbeoch, M., Gilbert, D., Xu, J., Pouliquen, S., Thresher, A., Le Traon, P.-Y., Maze, G., Klein, B., Ravichandran, M., Grant, F., Poulain, P.-M., Suga, T., Lim, B., Sterl, A., Sutton, P., Mork, K.-A., Velez-Belchi, P. J., Ansorge, I., King, B., Turton, J., Baringer, M. & Jayne, S. R., Fifteen years of ocean observations with the global Argo array. Nature Clim. Change, 6, 145-153, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2872
  11. 2015 Johnson, K.S., J.N. Plant, S.C. Riser and D. Gilbert. Air oxygen calibration of oxygen optodes on a profiling float array. J. Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32, 2160-2172, doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0101.1
  12. 2013 Takeshita, Y., T.R. Martz, K.S. Johnson, J.N. Plant, D. Gilbert, S.C. Riser, C. Neill, and B. Tilbrook, A climatology-based quality control procedure for profiling float oxygen data. J. Geophys. Res. 118: 5640-5650. doi: 10.1002/jgrc.20399
  13. 2012 Lefort, S., Y. Gratton, A. Mucci, I. Dadou, and D. Gilbert. Hypoxia in the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary: How physics controls spatial patternsJ. Geophys. Res., 117, C07018, doi: 10.1029/2011JC007751  NOTE: A computer code error was discovered after this paper was published, invalidating its main conclusions. For more details, see: Bourgault, D. and Cyr, F. Hypoxia in the St. Lawrence Estuary: How a Coding Error Led to the Belief that “Physics Controls Spatial Patterns”PLoS ONE, 2015, 10, e0138858. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0138858
  14. 2012 Prakash, S., T.M. Balakrishnan Nair, T.V.S. Udaya Bhaskar, P. Prakash and D. Gilbert. Oxycline variability in the central Arabian Sea: An Argo-oxygen study. J. Sea Research, 71: 1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.seares.2012.03.003
  15. 2011 Juranek, L. W., R. A. Feely, D. Gilbert, H. Freeland, and L. A. Miller. Real-time estimation of pH and aragonite saturation state from Argo profiling floats: Prospects for an autonomous carbon observing strategy, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L17603.
  16. 2011 Mucci, A., M. Starr, D. Gilbert and B. Sundby. Acidification of Lower St. Lawrence Estuary bottom waters. Atmosphere-Ocean, 49: 206-218.
  17. 2011 Genovesi, L., A. de Vernal, C. Hillaire-Marcel, A. Mucci and D. Gilbert. Recent changes in bottom water oxygenation and temperature in the Gulf of St. Lawrence: Micropaleontological and geochemical evidence. Limnol. Oceanogr., 56: 1319-1329.
  18. 2010 Thibodeau, B., M. F. Lehmann, J. Kowarzyk, A. Mucci, Y. Gélinas, D. Gilbert, R. Maranger and M. Alkhatib. Benthic nutrient fluxes along the Laurentian Channel: Impacts on the N budget of the St. Lawrence marine system. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 90: 195-205.
  19. 2010 Gilbert, D., N.N. Rabalais, R.J. Diaz, and J. Zhang. Evidence for greater oxygen decline rates in the coastal ocean than in the open ocean. Biogeosciences, 7: 2283-2296.
  20. 2010 Ekau, W., H. Auel, H.-O. Portner, and D. Gilbert. Impacts of hypoxia on the structure and processes in pelagic communities (zooplankton, macroinvertebrates and fish). Biogeosciences, 7: 1669-1699.
  21. 2010 Zhang, J., D. Gilbert, A. J. Gooday, L. Levin, S. W. A. Naqvi, J. J. Middelburg, M. Scranton, W. Ekau, A. Pena, B. Dewitte, T. Oguz, P. M. S. Monteiro, E. Urban, N. N. Rabalais, V. Ittekkot, W. M. Kemp, O. Ulloa, R. Elmgren, E. Escobar-Briones, and A. K. Van der Plas. Natural and human-induced hypoxia and consequences for coastal areas: synthesis and future development. Biogeosciences, 7: 1443-1467.
  22. 2010 Peña, M. A., S. Katsev, T. Oguz, and D. Gilbert. Modeling dissolved oxygen dynamics and hypoxia. Biogeosciences, 7, 933-957.
  23. 2010 Rabalais, N. N., R. J. Diaz, L. A. Levin, R. E. Turner, D. Gilbert, and J. Zhang. Dynamics and distribution of natural and human-caused hypoxia. Biogeosciences, 7: 585-619.
  24. 2009 Kemp, W. M., J. M. Testa, D. J. Conley, D. Gilbert, and J. D. Hagy. Temporal responses of coastal hypoxia to nutrient loading and physical controls. Biogeosciences, 6: 2985-3008.
  25. 2009 Freeland, H. J. and D. Gilbert, Estimate of the steric contribution to global sea level rise from a comparison of the WOCE one-time survey with 2006–2008 Argo observations. Atmosphere-Ocean, 47: 292-298.
  26. 2009 Lehmann, M. F., B. Barnett, Y. Gélinas, D. Gilbert, R. J. Maranger, A. Mucci, B. Sundby, and B. Thibodeau. Aerobic respiration and hypoxia in the Lower St. Lawrence Estuary: stable isotope ratios of dissolved oxygen constrain oxygen sink partitioning. Limnology and Oceanography, 54: 2157-2169.
  27. 2007 Oguz, T. and D. Gilbert. Abrupt transitions of the top-down controlled Black Sea pelagic ecosystem during 1960–2000: Evidence for regime-shifts under strong fishery exploitation and nutrient enrichment modulated by climate-induced variations. Deep-Sea Research I, 54: 220-242.
  28. 2005 Gilbert, D., B. Sundby, C. Gobeil, A. Mucci, G.-H. Tremblay. A seventy-two-year record of diminishing deep-water oxygen in the St. Lawrence estuary: The northwest Atlantic connection. Limnol. Oceanogr., 50: 1654-1666. (PDF 1.1 Mb)
  29. 2004 Drinkwater, K.F. and D. Gilbert. Hydrographic variability in the waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Scotian Shelf and the eastern Gulf of Maine (NAFO Subarea 4) during 1991–2000. J. Northw. Atl. Fish. Sci., 34: 85-101. (PDF 4.2 Mb)
  30. 2003 Saucier, F.J., F. Roy, D. Gilbert, P. Pellerin and H. Ritchie. Modeling the formation and circulation processes of water masses and sea ice in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canada. J. Geophys. Res., 108(C8): 3269. doi:10.1029/2000JC000686
  31. 2003 Dionne, M., B. Sainte-Marie, E. Bourget and D. Gilbert. Distribution and habitat selection of early benthic stages of snow crab Chionoecetes opilio. Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., 259: 117-128.
  32. 1999 Dutil, J.-D., M. Castonguay, D. Gilbert and D. Gascon. Growth, condition and environmental relationships in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence and implications for management strategies in the northwest Atlantic. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 56: 1818-1831.
  33. 1999 Castonguay, M., C. Rollet, A. Fréchet, P. Gagnon, D. Gilbert and J.-C. Brêthes. Distribution changes of Atlantic cod (Gadhus morhua L.) in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence in relation to an oceanic cooling. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 56: 333-344.
  34. 1997 Gilbert, D. and B. Pettigrew. Interannual variability (1948-1994) of the CIL core temperature in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 54 (Suppl. 1): 57-67. (PDF 250 kb)
  35. 1995 Castonguay, M. and D. Gilbert. Effects of tidal streams on migrating Atlantic mackerel, Scomber scombrus L. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 52: 941-954.
  36. 1993 Gilbert, D. A search for evidence of critical internal wave reflection on the continental rise and slope off Nova Scotia. Atmosphere-Ocean, 31: 99-122. (PDF 1.3 Mb)
  37. 1989 Gilbert, D. and C.J.R. Garrett. Implications for ocean mixing of internal wave scattering off irregular topography. J.Phys. Oceanogr., 19: 1716-1729.

Secondary Publications:

  1. 2017 Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Caverhill, C., Nicot, P., Gilbert, D., Pettigrew, B., Lefaivre, D., Brickman, D., Devine, L., and Lafleur, C. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2016. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2017/044. v + 91 p.
  2. 2017 Pettigrew, B., Gilbert, D. and Desmarais R. Thermograph network in the Gulf of St. Lawrence: 2014-2016 update. Can. Tech. Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci. 317: vii + 54 p.
  3. 2016 Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Caverhill, C., Nicot, P., Gilbert, D., Pettigrew, B., Lefaivre, D., Brickman, D., Devine, L., and Lafleur, C. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2015. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2016/056. v + 90 p.
  4. 2016 Pettigrew, B., Gilbert, D. and Desmarais, R. Thermograph network in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Can. tech. report of hydrography and ocean sciences, 311, vii + 77p.
  5. 2016 Thierry V., D. Gilbert, T. Kobayashi, K. Sato, C. Schmid, H. Bittig, 2016: Processing Argo oxygen data at the DAC level (version 2.1). doi:10.13155/39795
  6. 2015 Lavoie, D., M. Starr, J. Chassé, D. Gilbert and N. Lambert. The Gulf of St. Lawrence biogeochemical model: a tool to study the evolution of hypoxic conditions and other habitat changes.ICES CM 2015/R:14.
  7. 2015 Galbraith, P.S., J. Chassé, P.Nicot, C.Caverhill, D. Gilbert, B. Pettigrew, D.Lefaivre, D. Brickman, L. Devine, and C. Lafleur. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2014. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2015/032. v + 82 p.
  8. 2014 Gilbert, D. Enhancements to the Argo array. CMOS Bulletin, 42(6), 183-184.
  9. 2014 Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Gilbert, D., Larouche, P., Caverhill, C., Lefaivre, D., Brickman, D., Pettigrew, B., Devine, L., and Lafleur, C.. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2013. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2014/062. vi + 84 p.
  10. 2013 Galbraith, P.S., Chassé, J., Larouche, P., Gilbert, D., Brickman, D., Pettigrew, B., Devine, L., and Lafleur, C. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2012. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2013/026. v + 89 p.
  11. 2013 Chabot, D. and D. Gilbert Description of the Atlantic Large Aquatic Basin as a habitat for marine fish and invertebrates. Ch. 1 (p.1–15) In: Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerabilities and Opportunities Analysis of the Marine Atlantic Basin [Shackell, N.L, B.J.W. Greenan, P. Pepin, D. Chabot and A. Warburton (Eds.)]. Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3012: xvi + 366 p.
  12. 2013 Gilbert, D. Argo’s millionth profile milestone. CNC-SCOR Newsletter, 69: 2-3.
  13. 2012 Freeland, H.J., D. Gilbert, M. Ouellet, A. Tran, I. Yashayaev. One million Argo float profiles. CMOS Bulletin, 40: 185-188.
  14. 2012 Galbraith, P.S., J. Chassé, D. Gilbert, P. Larouche, D. Brickman, B. Pettigrew, L. Devine, A. Gosselin, R.G. Pettipas, and C. Lafleur. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2011. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2012/023. iii + 85p. 
  15. 2011 Thierry, V., D. Gilbert and T. Kobayashi. Processing Argo oxygen data at the DAC level (version 1.2). 12 p.
  16. 2011 Pettigrew, B., P. Larouche and D. Gilbert. Validation des images composites des températures de surface produites au laboratoire de télédétection de l’Institut Maurice-Lamontagne. Rapp. tech. can. hydrogr. sci. océan. 270 : viii + 31 p. (PDF 335 kb)
  17. 2011 de Vernal, A., G. St-Onge and D. Gilbert. Oceanography and Quaternary geology of the St. Lawrence Estuary and the Saguenay fjord. IOP Conf Series: Earth and Environ. Science, 14, 012004.
  18. 2011 Galbraith, P.S., J. Chassé, D. Gilbert, P. Larouche, D. Brickman, B. Pettigrew, L. Devine, A. Gosselin, R.G. Pettipas and C. Lafleur. Physical oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2010. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2011/045, iv + 82 p.
  19. 2011 Gilbert, D. Aller en ligne droite sur une planète qui tourne : la force de Coriolis. Accromath, 6(2): 24-29. (PDF 1.1 Mb)
  20. 2011 Ouellet, M., B. Petrie, J. Chassé, D. Gilbert. Temporal and spatial scales of temperature, salinity and current velocity on the Newfoundland Grand Banks and in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Can. Tech. Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci., 272: vi + 78p. (PDF 3.3 Mb)
  21. 2010 Gruber, N., S.C. Doney, S.R. Emerson, D. Gilbert, T. Kobayashi, A. Körtzinger, G.C. Johnson, K.S. Johnson, S.C. Riser and O. Ulloa. Adding oxygen to Argo: Developing a global in-situ observatory for ocean deoxygenation and biogeochemistry. In “Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2)”, Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., Harrison D.E. & Stammer, D., Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306. (PDF 1.45 Mb)
  22. 2010 Dale, V.H., C. Kling, J.L. Meyer, J. Sanders, H. Stallworth, T. Armitage, D. Wangsness, T.S. Bianchi, A. Blumberg, W. Boynton, D.J. Conley, W. Crumpton, M.B. David, D. Gilbert, R.W. Howarth, R. Lowrance, K. Mankin, J. Opaluch, H. Paerl, K. Reckhow, A.N. Sharpley, T.W. Simpson, C. Snyder, and D. Wright. Hypoxia in the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Springer, New York, 284p.
  23. 2010 Galbraith, P.S., R.G. Pettipas, J. Chassé, D. Gilbert, P. Larouche, B. Pettigrew, A. Gosselin, L. Devine and C. Lafleur, Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2009. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2010/035. iv + 73p. (PDF 11.0 Mb)
  24. 2010 Thierry, V., D. Gilbert and T. Kobayashi. Processing Argo oxygen data at the DAC level, version 1.0, 11p. (PDF 114 kb)
  25. 2010 DFO. National advisory meeting on ocean fertilization consequences and impacts; September 29 and 30, 2009. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Proceed. Ser. 2010/025.
  26. 2010 DFO. Ocean Fertilization: Mitigating Environmental Impacts of Future Scientific Research. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2010/012, 14p.
  27. 2010 Christian, J., A. Peña, K. Denman, D. Gilbert, and P. Lyon. Information in support of Science Advisory Report (SAR) 2010/012: “Ocean Fertilization: Mitigating Environmental Impacts of Future Scientific Research”. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2010/106. iv + 17 p.
  28. 2009 Galbraith, P.S., Pettipas, R.G., Chassé, J., Gilbert, D., Larouche, P., Pettigrew, B., Gosselin, A., Devine, L. and Lafleur, C. Physical Oceanographic Conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2008. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2009/014. iv + 69 p. (PDF 8.85 Mb)
  29. 2009 Rabalais, N.N. and D. Gilbert. Distribution and consequences of hypoxia. In Watersheds, bays, and bounded seas: The science and management of semi-enclosed marine systems, E. R. Jr. Urban, B. Sundby, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, and J. Mellilo (editors), volume 70 of Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) Series, Island Press, Washington, DC., pp. 209-225. (email me for PDF)
  30. 2009 MacCracken, M., E. Escobar-Briones, D. Gilbert, G. Korotaev, W. Naqvi, G.M.E. Perillo, T. Rixen, E. Stanev, B. Sundby, H. Thomas, D. Unger, and E.R.Jr. Urban. Vulnerability of semi-enclosed marine systems to environmental disturbances. In Watersheds, bays, and bounded seas: The science and management of semi-enclosed marine systems, E. R. Jr. Urban, B. Sundby, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, and J. Mellilo (editors), volume 70 of Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) Series, Island Press, Washington, DC., pp. 9-29. (email me for PDF)
  31. 2009 Fennel, W., D. Gilbert, and J. Su. Physical processes in semi-enclosed marine systems. In Watersheds, bays, and bounded seas: The science and management of semi-enclosed marine systems, E. R. Jr. Urban, B. Sundby, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, and J. Mellilo (editors), volume 70 of Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) Series, Island Press, Washington, DC., pp. 97-114. (email me for PDF)
  32. 2009 Gilbert, D., Argo float of the month - Crossing the Gulf Stream by a float with an oxygen sensor (PDF 313 kb)
  33. 2009 Gilbert, D. and P. Cummins. Preface: The interacting scales of ocean dynamics – a tribute to Chris Garrett. Atmosphere-Ocean, 47-4: i-vi.
  34. 2008 Gilbert, D. and E. Nault. Temperature, salinity and oxygen measurements from Argo profiling floats in the Slope Water region. AZMP Bulletin PMZA, 7: 47-52. (PDF 3.2 Mb)
  35. 2008 Craig, J. and D. Gilbert. Estimation of mixed layer depth at the AZMP fixed stations. AZMP Bulletin PMZA, 7: 37-42. (PDF 594 kb)
  36. 2008 Galbraith, P.S., D. Gilbert, R.G. Pettipas, J. Chassé, C. Lafleur, B. Pettigrew, P. Larouche, L. Devine. Physical oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2007. Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat, Research Document 2008/001, 55p. (PDF 8.34 Mb)
  37. 2008 Chabot, D. and D. Gilbert, The impact of hypoxia on cod from the Baltic and the Gulf of St. Lawrence. ICES CM 2008/J:15, 23p. (PDF 3.82 Mb)
  38. 2007 Gruber, N., S.C. Doney, S.R. Emerson, D. Gilbert, T. Kobayashi, A. Körtzinger, G.C. Johnson, K.S. Johnson, S.C. Riser and O. Ulloa. The Argo-Oxygen program : A white paper to promote the addition of oxygen sensors to the international Argo float program. 60 p. (PDF 2.3 Mb)
  39. 2007 Galbraith, P.S., D. Gilbert, C. Lafleur, P. Larouche, B. Pettigrew. Physical oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2006. Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat, Research Document 2007/024, 51p. (PDF 5.03 Mb)
  40. 2007 Gilbert, D., D. Chabot, P. Archambault, B. Rondeau, S. Hébert. Appauvrissement en oxygène dans les eaux profondes du Saint-Laurent marin: causes possibles et impacts écologiques. Le Naturaliste Canadien, 131: 67-75. (PDF 1.1 Mb)
  41. 2007 Environmental Protection Agency, Hypoxia in the northern Gulf of Mexico: An update by the U.S. EPA Science Advisory Board, Washington, D.C., xxx+303p. (PDF 4.9 Mb)
  42. 2005 Sainte-Marie, B., R. Dufour, L. Bourassa, D. Chabot, M. Dionne, D. Gilbert, A. Rondeau, J.-M. Sévigny. Critères et proposition pour une définition des unités de production du crabe des neiges (Chionoecetes opilio) dans l’estuaire et le nord du golfe du Saint-Laurent. Secrétariat canadien de consultation scientifique 2005/059, vi+20p. (PDF 659 kb)
  43. 2005 Pepin, P., B. Petrie, J.-C. Therriault, S. Narayanan, G. Harrison, J. Chassé, E. Colbourne, D. Gilbert, D. Gregory, M. Harvey, G. Maillet, M. Mitchel and M. Starr. The Atlantic Zone Monitoring Program (AZMP): review of 1998-2003. Can. Tech. Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci., 242: v + 87p. (PDF 4.8 Mb)
  44. 2004 Harrison, G., E. Colbourne, D. Gilbert and B. Petrie. Oceanographic observations and data products derived from large-scale fisheries resource assessment and environmental surveys in the Atlantic Zone. AZMP Bulletin PMZA No.4, 17-23. (PDF 300 kb)
  45. 2004 Gilbert, D., P.S. Galbraith, C. Lafleur, B. Pettigrew. Physical oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 2003. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec., Research Document 2004/061, 63p. (PDF 6.4 Mb)
  46. 2004 Gilbert, D. State of the Ocean 2003: Physical oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St.Lawrence. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Ecosystem Status Rep. 2004/002, 8p. (PDF 437 kb)
  47. 2004 Gilbert, D. Propagation of temperature signals from the northwest Atlantic continental shelf edge into the Laurentian Channel. ICES CM 2004/N:07, 12p. (PDF 155 kb)
  48. 2003 Gilbert, D. State of the Ocean 2002: Physical oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St.Lawrence. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Ecosystem Status Rep. 2003/006, 8p. (PDF 532 kb)
  49. 2002 Starr, M., M. Harvey, P.S. Galbraith, D. Gilbert, D. Chabot and J.C. Therriault. Recent intrusion of Labrador Shelf waters into the Gulf of St. Lawrence and its influence on the plankton community and higher trophic levels. ICES CM 2002/N:16. (PDF 695 kb)
  50. 2001 Plourde, J. et D. Gilbert. La plus longue période froide de l'histoire climatique récente du Golfe du Saint-Laurent. AZMP Bulletin PMZA No. 1, 18-19. (PDF 323 kb)
  51. 2001 Drinkwater, K.F., E. Colbourne and D. Gilbert. Overview of environmental conditions in the northwest Atlantic in 2000. NAFO SCR Doc. 01/36, 84p.
  52. 2000 Drinkwater, K.F., E. Colbourne and D. Gilbert. Overview of environmental conditions in the Northwest Atlantic in 1998. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 33: 39-87. (PDF 2.5 Mb)
  53. 2000 Drinkwater, K.F., E. Colbourne and D. Gilbert. Overview of environmental conditions in the northwest Atlantic in 1999. NAFO SCR Doc. 00/21, 87p.
  54. 1999 Drinkwater, K.F., E. Colbourne, D. Gilbert. Overview of environment conditions in the Northwest Atlantic in 1997. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 32: 75-121. (PDF 2.6 Mb)
  55. 1999 Gilbert, D. Oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1998 : physical oceanography. DFO Science, Stock Status Report, G4-01, 7 p. (PDF 292 kb)
  56. 1998 Drinkwater, K.F., E. Colbourne, D. Gilbert. Overview of environmental conditions in the Northwest Atlantic in 1996. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 31: 111-146. (PDF 1.4 Mb)
  57. 1998 Gilbert, D. Oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1997. DFO Science, Stock Status Report, G4-01, 8p. (PDF 350 kb)
  58. 1998 Dutil, J.-D., M. Castonguay, M.O. Hammill, P. Ouellet, Y. Lambert, D. Chabot, H. Browman, D. Gilbert, A. Fréchet, J.-A. Gagné, D. Gascon, L. Savard. Environmental influences on the productivity of cod stocks: some evidence for the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence, and required changes in management practices. Can. Stock Ass. Sec. Res. Doc. 98/18, 42p.
  59. 1998 Sainte-Marie, B. and D. Gilbert. Possible effects of changes in CIL temperature and thickness on population dynamics of snow crab, Chionoecetes opilio, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Can. Stock Ass. Sec. Res. Doc. 98/38, 19p.
  60. 1998 Grégoire, F. and D. Gilbert. The 1997 Atlantic Mackerel (Scomber Scombrus L.) Fishery in NAFO Subareas 2 to 6. Canadian Stock Assessment Secretariat, Research document 98/98, 49p.
  61. 1997 Gilbert, D. Oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1996. Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Science, Stock status report G4-01, 8p. (PDF 220 kb)
  62. 1997 Gilbert, D., A. Vézina, B. Pettigrew, D. Swain, P. Galbraith, L. Devine et N. Roy. État du golfe du Saint-Laurent: Conditions océanographiques en 1995. Rap. Tech. Can. Hydrogr. Sci. Océan. 191: xii + 113p. (PDF 6.8 Mb)
  63. 1996 Gilbert, D. and B. Pettigrew. Variations de la couche froide intermédiaire du golfe du Saint-Laurent de 1948 à 1995. Le Naturaliste Canadien, Été 1996, p. 69-70
  64. 1996 Gilbert, D., B. Pettigrew, D. Swain and M. Couture. State of the Gulf of St. Lawrence: oceanographic conditions in 1994. Can. Data Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci. 143: ix + 85p. (PDF 2.9 Mo)
  65. 1996 Gilbert, D. Oceanographic conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1995. Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Atlantic Fisheries, Stock status report 96/51, 7p.
  66. 1996 Drinkwater, K.F., E. Colbourne and D. Gilbert. Overview of environmental conditions in the Northwest Atlantic in 1994. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 25: 25-58. (PDF 11.7 Mb)
  67. 1996 Drinkwater, K.F., E. Colbourne and D. Gilbert. Overview of environmental conditions in the Northwest Atlantic in 1995. NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 27: 1-37 (PDF 9.8 Mb)
  68. 1996 Petrie, B., K. Drinkwater, A. Sandström, R. Pettipas, D. Gregory, D. Gilbert and P. Sekhon. Temperature, salinity and sigma-t atlas for the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Can. Tech. Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci. 178: v + 256pp. (PDF 12.3 Mb)
  69. 1994 Gratton, Y., B. Pettigrew, B. Pelchat, D. Gilbert, M. Couture and J. Landry. Overview of the environmental conditions in the Gulf of St. Lawrence in 1993. DFO Atl. Fish. Res. Doc. 94/55, 45 p.
  70. 1993 Gilbert, D. and B. Pettigrew. Current-meter data from Bonne Bay, Newfoundland, during the summer of 1991. Can. Data Rep. Hydrogr. Ocean Sci. 122: v + 63pp (PDF 2.3 Mb)
  71. 1991 Gilbert, D. Testing the critical reflection hypothesis. In Dynamics of Oceanic Internal Waves. Proceedings, Hawaiian Winter Workshop. P.Muller and D. Henderson, Eds. Hawaii Institute of Geophysics, Honolulu, p. 53-70. (email me for PDF)
  72. 1991 Gilbert, D. En route vers des modèles couplés Océan Atmosphère. Geoscience Canada, 18(3): 109-110. (email me for PDF)
  73. 1990 Gilbert, D. Theory and observations of internal wave reflection off sloping topography. Ph.D. thesis, Dalhousie University, xix + 183pp.
  74. 1988 Garrett, C.J.R. and D. Gilbert. Estimates of vertical mixing by internal waves reflected off a sloping bottom. In Small scale turbulence and mixing in the ocean, J.C.J. Nihoul and B.M. Jamart (editors), Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 405-423 (email me for PDF)