Dave Stieb, MD, MSc, FRCPC

Public Health Physician/ Epidemiologist

Current research and/or projects

  • Epidemiologic studies of effects of air pollution, primarily using large administrative datasets
  • Application of epidemiology to risk analysis, modeling, economic evaluation and risk communication
  • Application of systematic review and meta-analysis methods to risk assessment

Research and/or project statements

  • Examining effects of air pollution on risks of death, hospital admissions and birth outcomes such as preterm birth and low birth weight using national data on air pollution exposures and health

  • Applying findings from these and other studies to quantify public health impacts from air pollution, in cost-benefit analyses and to communicate with the public using tools like the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI)

  • Working with risk assessors to more systematically evaluate the worldwide evidence in developing air quality standards

Education and awards

MD (Queen's)

MSc (Health Research Methods, McMaster)

FRCP (Public Health, McMaster)

Key publications

Lavigne E, Lima I, Hatzopoulou M, Van Ryswyk K, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Chen H, Stieb DM, Crighton E, Burnett RT, Weichenthal S. Ambient ultrafine particle concentrations and incidence of childhood cancers, Environ Int 2020; 145 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.106135.

Stieb DM, Evans GJ, To TM, Brook JR, Burnett RT. An ecological analysis of long-term exposure to PM2.5 and incidence of COVID-19 in Canadian health regions. Environ Res. 2020 Aug 26;191:110052. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.110052.

Trieu J, Yao J, McLean KE, Stieb DM, Henderson SB. Evaluating an Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) amendment for communities impacted by residential woodsmoke in British Columbia, Canada. J Air Waste Manag Assoc. 2020 Aug 19:1-13. doi: 10.1080/10962247.2020.1797927.

Liu X, Bertazzon S, Villeneuve PJ, Johnson M, Stieb D, Coward S, Tanyingoh D, Windsor JW, Underwood F, Hill MD, Rabi D, Ghali WA, Wilton SB, James MT, Graham M, McMurtry MS, Kaplan GG. Temporal and spatial effect of air pollution on hospital admissions for myocardial infarction: a case-crossover study. CMAJ Open. 2020 Oct 9;8(4):E619-E626. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20190160.

Stieb DM, Zheng C, Salama D, Berjawi R, Emode M, Hocking R, Lyrette N, Matz C, Lavigne E, Shin HH. Systematic review and meta-analysis of case-crossover and time-series studies of short term outdoor nitrogen dioxide exposure and ischemic heart disease morbidity. Environ Health. 2020 May 1;19(1):47. doi: 10.1186/s12940-020-00601-1.

Matz CJ, Egyed M, Xi G, Racine J, Pavlovic R, Rittmaster R, Henderson SB, Stieb DM. Health impact analysis of PM2.5 from wildfire smoke in Canada (2013-2015, 2017-2018). Sci Total Environ. 2020 Jul 10;725:138506. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138506.

Nielsen CC, Amrhein CG, Shah PS, Stieb DM, Osornio-Vargas AR. Space-time hot spots of critically ill small for gestational age newborns and industrial air pollutants in major metropolitan areas of Canada. Environ Res 2020 Apr 8;186:109472. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.109472.

Elten M, Donelle J, Lima I, Burnett RT, Weichenthal S, Stieb DM, Hystad P, van Donkelaar A, Chen H, Paul LA, Crighton E, Martin RV, Decou ML, Luo W, Lavigne É. Ambient air pollution and incidence of early-onset paediatric type 1 diabetes: A retrospective population-based cohort study. Environ Res. 2020 Feb 22;184:109291.doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.109291.

Liu L, Urch B, Nanthakumar K, Chen L, Smith-Doiron M, Brook JR, Speck M, Silverman F, Stieb DM. Air Pollution, Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Function of Patients with Implanted Cardioverter Defibrillators: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Indoor Versus Outdoor Activity. J Occup Environ Med. 2019 Dec 26. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001795.

To T, Zhu J, Stieb D, Gray N, Fong I, Pinault L, Jerrett M, Robichaud A, Ménard R, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Hystad P, Brook JR, Dell S. Early life exposure to air pollution and incidence of childhood asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema. Eur Respir J. 2020 Feb 20;55(2). pii: 1900913. doi:10.1183/13993003.00913-2019.

Stieb D, Shutt RH, Kauri LM, Mason-Renton S, Chen L, Szyszkowicz M, Dobbin NA, Rigden M, Jovic B, Mulholland M, Green MS, Liu L, Pelletier G, Weichenthal SA, Dales RE, Andrade J, Luginaah I. Associations between air pollution and cardio-respiratory physiological measures in older adults exercising outdoors. Int J Environ Health Res. 2019 Dec 12:1-14. doi: 10.1080/09603123.2019.1699506.

Serrano-Lomelin J, Nielsen CC, Jabbar MSM, Wine O, Bellinger C, Villeneuve PJ, Stieb D, Aelicks N, Aziz K, Buka I, Chandra S, Crawford S, Demers P, Erickson AC, Hystad P, Kumar M, Phipps E, Shah PS, Yuan Y, Zaiane OR, Osornio-Vargas AR. Interdisciplinary-driven hypotheses on spatial associations of mixtures of industrial air pollutants with adverse birth outcomes. Environ Int. 2019 Oct;131:104972. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.104972.

Yao J, Stieb DM, Taylor E, Henderson SB. Assessment of the Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) and four alternate AQHI-Plus amendments for wildfire seasons in British Columbia. Can J Public Health. 2020 Feb;111(1):96-106. doi:10.17269/s41997-019-00237-w.

Lavigne E, Lima I, Hatzopoulou M, Van Ryswyk K, Decou ML, Luo W, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Chen H, Stieb DM, Crighton E, Gasparrini A, Elten M, Yasseen AS 3rd, Burnett RT, Walker M, Weichenthal S. Spatial variations in ambient ultrafine particle concentrations and risk of congenital heart defects. Environ Int. 2019 Sep;130:104953. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.104953.

Stieb DM, Huang A, Hocking R, Crouse DL, Osornio-Vargas AR, Villeneuve PJ. Using maps to communicate environmental exposures and health risks: Review and best-practice recommendations. Environ Res. 2019 Sep;176:108518. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2019.05.049.

Lavigne E, Donelle J, Hatzopoulou M, Van Ryswyk K, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Chen H, Stieb DM, Gasparrini A, Crighton E, Yasseen Iii AS, Burnett RT, Walker M, Weichenthal S. Spatiotemporal Variations in Ambient Ultrafine Particles and the Incidence of Childhood Asthma. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 Feb 20. doi:10.1164/rccm.201810-1976OC

Stieb DM, Yao J, Henderson SB, Pinault L, Smith-Doiron MH, Robichaud A, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Ménard R, Brook JR. Variability in ambient ozone and fine particle concentrations and population susceptibility among Canadian health regions. Can J Public Health. 2019 Apr;110(2):149-158. doi: 10.17269/s41997-018-0169-8.

Stieb DM, Lavigne E, Chen L, Pinault L, Gasparrini A, Tjepkema M. Air pollution in the week prior to delivery and preterm birth in 24 Canadian cities:  a time to event analysis. Environ Health. 2019 Jan 3;18(1):1. doi: 10.1186/s12940-018-0440-8.

Burr WS, Dales R, Liu L, Stieb D, Smith-Doiron M, Jovic B, Kauri LM, Shin HH. The Oakville Oil Refinery Closure and Its Influence on Local Hospitalizations: A Natural Experiment on sulfur dioxide. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 Sep17;15(9). pii: E2029. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15092029.

Stieb DM, Shutt R, Kauri LM, Roth G, Szyszkowicz M, Dobbin NA, Chen L, Rigden M, Van Ryswyk K, Kulka R, Jovic B, Mulholland M, Green MS, Liu L, Pelletier G, Weichenthal SA, Dales RE. Cardiorespiratory Effects of Air Pollution in a Panel Study of Winter Outdoor Physical Activity in Older Adults. J Occup Environ Med. 2018;60:673-682. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001334.

Lavigne É, Burnett RT, Stieb DM, Evans GJ, Godri Pollitt KJ, Chen H, van Rijswijk D, Weichenthal S. Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Adverse Birth Outcomes: Effect Modification by Regional Nonvolatile Oxidative Potential. Environ Health Perspect. 2018;126:077012. doi: 10.1289/EHP2535.

Matz CJ, Stieb DM, Egyed M, Brion O, Johnson M. Evaluation of daily time spent in transportation and traffic-influenced microenvironments by urban Canadians. Air Qual Atmos Health. 2018;11:209-220. doi: 10.1007/s11869-017-0532-6.

Brook JR, Setton EM, Seed E, Shooshtari M, Doiron D; CANUE – The Canadian Urban Environmental Health Research Consortium. The Canadian Urban Environmental Health Research Consortium - a protocol for building a national environmental exposure data platform for integrated analyses of urban form and health. BMC Public Health. 2018;18:114. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-5001-5.

Weichenthal S, Kulka R, Lavigne E, van Rijswijk D, Brauer M, Villeneuve PJ, Stieb D, Joseph L, Burnett RT. Biomass Burning as a Source of Ambient Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Acute Myocardial Infarction. Epidemiology. 2017;28:329-337. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000636.

Lavigne E, Gasparrini A, Stieb DM, Chen H, Yasseen AS 3rd, Crighton E, To T, Weichenthal S, Villeneuve PJ, Cakmak S, Coates F, Walker M. Maternal Exposure to Aeroallergens and the Risk of Early Delivery. Epidemiology. 2017;28:107-115.

Stieb DM, Boot CR, Turner MC. Promise and pitfalls in the application of big data to occupational and environmental health. BMC Public Health 2017;17. doi: 10.1186/s12889-017-4286-8

Stieb DM, Shutt R, Kauri L, Mason S, Chen L, Szyszkowicz M, Dobbin NA, Rigden M, Jovic B, Mulholland M, Green MS, Liu L, Pelletier G, Weichenthal SA, Dales RE, Luginaah I. Cardio-Respiratory Effects of Air Pollution in a Panel Study of Outdoor Physical Activity and Health in Rural Older Adults. J Occup Environ Med 2017;59:356-364. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000954

Stieb DM, Chen L, Hystad P, Beckerman BS, Jerrett M, Tjepkema M, Crouse DL, Omariba DW, Peters PA, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Burnett RT, Liu S, Smith-Doiron M, Dugandzic RM. A national study of the association between traffic-related air pollution and adverse pregnancy outcomes in Canada, 1999-2008. Environ Res 2016;148:513-526. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2016.04.025

Lavigne E, Yasseen AS, Stieb DM, Hystad P, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Brook JR, Crouse DL, Burnett RT, Chen H, Weichenthal S, Johnson M, Villeneuve PJ, Walker M. Ambient air pollution and adverse birth outcomes: Differences by maternal comorbidities. Environ Res 2016;148:457-466. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2016.04.026

Stieb DM, Chen L, Beckerman BS, Jerrett M, Crouse DL, Omariba DW, Peters PA, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Burnett RT, Gilbert NL, Tjepkema M, Liu S, Dugandzic RM. Associations of Pregnancy Outcomes and PM2.5 in a National Canadian Study. Environ Health Perspect. 2016;124:243-9. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1408995.

Stieb DM, Judek S, van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Brand K, Shin HH, Burnett RT, Smith-Doiron MH. Estimated public health impacts of changes in concentrations of fine particle air pollution in Canada, 2000 to 2011. Can J Public Health 2015;106:e362-e368. doi: 10.17269/CJPH.106.4983

Stieb DM, Judek S, Brand K, Burnett RT, Shin HH. Approximations for Estimating Change in Life Expectancy Attributable to Air Pollution in Relation to Multiple Causes of Death Using a Cause Modified Life Table. Risk Anal 2015;35:1468-1478. doi: 10.1111/risa.12355

Dell SD, Jerrett M, Beckerman B, Brook JR, Foty RG, Gilbert NL, Marshall L, Miller JD, To T, Walter SD, Stieb DM. Presence of other allergic disease modifies the effect of early childhood traffic-related air pollution exposure on asthma prevalence. Environ Int 2014;65:83-92. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.01.002

Wheeler AJ, Gibson MD, MacNeill M, Ward TJ, Wallace LA, Kuchta J, Seaboyer M, Dabek-Zlotorzynska E, Guernsey JR, Stieb DM. Impacts of air cleaners on indoor air quality in residences impacted by wood smoke. Environ Sci Technol. 2014;48:12157-63. doi: 10.1021/es503144h.

Stieb DM, Chen L, Eshoul M, Judek S. Ambient air pollution, birth weight and preterm birth: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Environ Res 2012;117:100-111. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2012.05.007

Dell SD, Foty RG, Gilbert NL, Jerrett M, To T, Walter SD, Stieb DM. Asthma and allergic disease prevalence in a diverse sample of Toronto school children: Results from the Toronto child health evaluation questionnaire (T-cheq) study. Can Respir J 2010;17:e1-e6.


School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa