D. Wade Abbott, Ph. D.

Image Wade Abbott
Research Scientist

Agricultural Glycomics

Functional Genomics of Carbohydrate Utilization

Intestinal Microbiomes

Carbohydrate Active Enzymes

Current research and/or projects

  1. Principal Investigator. Abbott DW, Zandberg WF, Inglis GD, TA, T, Thomas, D., Ortega Polo, R. Title: “Muco-Screen: A platform technology to evaluate commercial and agriproduct based inhibitors for mitigation of necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens.”  Agriculture and Forestry $325K, Apr 2020-Mar 2023.

  2. Co-Applicant. Beauchemin, K, McAllister, TW, Abbott, DW, Gruninger, R. “Seaweeds and seaweed-ingredients to reduce enteric methane emissions from pasture-based sheep, cattle, and dairy cows (SeaSolutions).” A-base $500K, Apr 2019-Mar 2022.

  3. Co-Applicant. Inglis, GD, Abbott, DW, Carrillo, C, Hodges, L, Richman, M. “Rationale-based mitigation of relevant Campylobacter jejuni strains within the broiler production continuum.” GF2 Poultry Cluster $559K, Apr 2018-Mar 2023.

  4. Co-Principal Investigator. Zandberg, WF, Abbott, DW, Inglis, GD, Boraston, AB, Smith, SP, Capicciotti, C. “Mitigation of Necrotic Enteritis by improving the Integrity of intestinal mucin through small molecules and stress management.” GlycoNet $370K, Apr 2020-Mar 2022.

  5. Co-Applicant. Brumer H, Inglis, GD (Co-PI), Abbott, DW, Sheedy, C, Boras, V. Sly, L. Title: “Development of next-generation glyco-caged drugs to treat enteric inflammatory diseases in humans and livestock.” GlycoNet $400K, Apr 2020-Mar2022.

  6. Principal Investigator. Abbott DW, Beauchemin, K, McAllister, TA, T, Thomas, D., Ortega Polo, R. Title:” Structural and functional characterization of bovine rumen microbiomes adapted to the consumption of seaweed in natural and farm-intensive systems.” Abase-AAFC $360K, Apr 2019-Mar 2022.

  7. Principal Investigator. Abbott DW, Alexander, T, Thomas, D. Title: “Evidence-based prebiotic-probiotic solutions for improving gut health and feed efficiency in cattle.” Beef and Cattle Research Council $576K, Apr 2018-Mar 2023.

  8. Principal Investigator. Abbott DW, Inglis GD, Slominski B.Title: “Discovery pipeline for rapid development of tailored fibrolytic enzymes that improve the digestibility of canola meal for monogastric livestock” Agriculture Funding Consortium. $234,600 Apr 2018-Mar 2020.

  9. Co- Principal Investigator. McAllister, TA (PI), Abbott, DW (Co-PI), Yang WZ. Title: “Development of novel feed enzymatic products to enhance ruminal digestion of low quality forage fiber.” Alberta Agriculture and Forestry. $315K, Apr 2018-Mar 2020.

Research and/or project statements

Agricultural Glycomics

Functional Genomics of Carbohydrate Utilization

Intestinal Microbiomes

Carbohydrate Active Enzymes

Enzyme discovery

Alternatives to antibiotics for livestock production

Education and awards

PhD, Biochemistry University of Victoria (2005). PhD thesis awarded the University of Victoria Governor General’s Gold Medal (2006) and Nominated for NSERC Silver Medal (2006)

BSc (Great Distinction), BIology (Major), Geography (Concentration), Trinity Western University (2000).

Key publications

  1. Luis, A.S., Briggs, J., Zhang, X., Farnell, B., Ndeh, D., Labourel, A., Baslé, A., Cartmell, A., Terrapon, N., Stott, K., Lowe, E.C., McLean, R., Shearer, K., Schückel, J., Venditto, I., Ralet, M.C., Henrissat, B., Martens, E.C., Mosimann, S.C., Abbott, D.W., Gilbert, H.J. (2018). Dietary pectic glycans are degraded by coordinated enzyme pathways in human colonic Bacteroides, 3(2), 210-219. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41564-017-0079-1

    2018 - View publication details

  2. Ndeh, D., Rogowski, A., Cartmell, A., Luis, A.S., Baslé, A., Gray, J., Venditto, I., Briggs, J., Zhang, X., Labourel, A., Terrapon, N., Buffetto, F., Nepogodiev, S., Xiao, Y., Field, R.A., Zhu, Y., O'Neill, M.A., Urbanowicz, B.R., York, W.S., Davies, G.J., Abbott, D.W., Ralet, M.-C., Martens, E.C., Henrissat, B., Gilbert, H.J. (2017). Complex pectin metabolism by gut bacteria reveals novel catalytic functions, 544(7648), 65-70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature21725

    2017 - View publication details

  3. Hobbs, J.K., Lee, S.M., Robb, M., Hof, F., Barr, C., Abe, K.T., Hehemann, J.H., McLean, R., Abbott, D.W., Boraston, A.B. (2016). KdgF, the missing link in the microbial metabolism of uronate sugars from pectin and alginate, 113(22), 6188-6193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1524214113

    2016 - View publication details

  4. McLean, R., Hobbs, J.K., Suits, M.D., Tuomivaara, S.T., Jones, D.R., Boraston, A.B., Abbott, D.W. (2015). Functional analyses of resurrected and contemporary enzymes illuminate an evolutionary path for the emergence of exolysis in polysaccharide lyase family, 290(35), 21231-21243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M115.664847

    2015 - View publication details

  5. Abbott, D.W., Martens, E.C., Gilbert, H.J., Cuskin, F., Lowe, E.C. (2015). Coevolution of yeast mannan digestion: Convergence of the civilized human diet, distal gut microbiome, and host immunity, 6(5), 334-339. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19490976.2015.1091913

    2015 - View publication details

  6. Abbott, D.W., Farnell, B.J., and Yamashita, J.W. (2014). "Pectins: structure, function, and the human distal gut microbiota.", - Pectin: Chemical Properties, Uses and Health Benefits, Nova Publishers.

    2014 - View publication details

  7. Thomas, D.K., Lone, A.G., Brent Selinger, L., Taboada, E.N., Uwiera, R.R.E., Wade Abbott, D., Douglas Inglis, G. (2014). Comparative variation within the genome of Campylobacter jejuni NCTC 11168 in human and murine hosts, 9(2), http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0088229

    2014 - View publication details

  8. Abbott, D.W. and Lammerts van Bueren, A. (2014). "Using structure to inform carbohydrate binding module function.", Current Opinion in Structural Biology, 28, pp. 32-40. doi : 10.1016/j.sbi.2014.07.004

    2014 - View publication details

  9. Abbott, D.W., Thomas, D., Pluvinage, B., Boraston, A.B. (2013). An ancestral member of the polysaccharide lyase family 2 displays endolytic activity and magnesium dependence, 171(7), 1911-1923. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-013-0483-9

    2013 - View publication details

  10. Pluvinage, B., Chitayat, S., Ficko-Blean, E., Abbott, D.W., Kunjachen, J.M., Grondin, J., Spencer, H.L., Smith, S.P., Boraston, A.B. (2013). Conformational analysis of StrH, the surface-attached exo-β-d-N- acetylglucosaminidase from streptococcus pneumoniae, 425(2), 334-349. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2012.11.005

    2013 - View publication details


University of Lethbridge, Departments of Biological Sciences; and Chemistry and Biochemistry

Canadian Glycomics Network (Investigator)

Alberta Glycomics Centre (Associate Investigator)