Charles F. Forney, Ph.D.

Image Dr. Charles F. Forney
Research Scientist

Plant Physiologist that conducts research to develop technologies that maximize and maintain quality and enhance the value of fresh fruits and vegetables throughout production, storage and marketing.  Technologies studied include maturity optimization, precooling, temperature management, controlled atmosphere storage, modified atmosphere packaging, biosensors, heat and ozone treatments, as well as juice and wine production.  The effect of these technologies on quality attributes including flavor chemistry and nutritional composition are determined to maximize value. 

Current research and/or projects

  • Optimizing aroma and flavor of fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Characterization of stess induce volatile emission of fresh produce
  • Controlled atmosphere storage of small fruits
  • Determination of fruit and vegetable quality
  • Physiology of fruit ripening
  • Development of postharvest treatments to extend storage life of fresh produce
  • Postharvest change of antioxidants in fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Maintaining Quality of fresh-cut fruits and vegetables
  • Determination of pre-harvest factors affecting quality and storage life

Fields of Science

Learn more about my research and how it impacts you by visiting Fields of Science, a campaign featuring 11 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada scientists from coast to coast.

Education and awards

B.Sc. Horticulture, The Pennsylvania State University 1978

B.Sc. Biology, The Pennsylvania State University 1978

M.Sc. Horticulture, The Pennsylvania State University 1980

Ph. D. Horticulture, Oregon State University 1984

Key publications

  1. Li, Y.-M., Forney, C., Bondada, B., Leng, F., Xie, Z.-S. (2021). The Molecular Regulation of Carbon Sink Strength in Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.), 11 http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.606918

    2021 - View publication details

  2. Muche, B.M., Jordan, M., Forney, C.F., Speers, R.A., Rupasinghe, H.P.V. (2020). Effect of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) and storage atmosphere on the volatile aroma composition of cloudy and clear apple juices. Beverages, [online] 6(4), 1-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/beverages6040059

    2020 - View publication details

  3. Reis, L., Forney, C.F., Jordan, M., Munro Pennell, K., Fillmore, S., Schemberger, M.O., Ayub, R.A. (2020). Metabolic Profile of Strawberry Fruit Ripened on the Plant Following Treatment With an Ethylene Elicitor or Inhibitor. Frontiers in Plant Science, [online] 11 http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2020.00995

    2020 - View publication details

  4. McClure, K.A., Gong, Y.H., Song, J., Vinqvist-Tymchuk, M., Campbell Palmer, L., Fan, L., Burgher-MacLellan, K., Zhang, Z.Q., Celton, J.M., Forney, C.F., Migicovsky, Z., Myles, S. (2019). Genome-wide association studies in apple reveal loci of large effect controlling apple polyphenols. Horticulture Research, [online] 6(1), http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41438-019-0190-y

    2019 - View publication details

  5. Song, Jun, Kendra A. McClure, Yihui Gong, Peter Toivonen, Charles Forney, Lihua Fan, Leslie Campbell Palmer, Milinda Vinqvist, Sherry Fillmore, Sean Myles. 2019. Application of integrated ‘omics’ approach to improve and maintain quality of apples fruit: insights, limitation and challenges. CIFST May 2019. Halifax, NS.

    2019 - View publication details

  6. Migicovsky, Zoë, Trevor H. Yeats, Sophia Watts, Kendra McClure, Karen Burgher-MacLellan, John DeLong, Charles Forney, James J. Giovannoni, Joceyln K.C. Rose, Daryl J. Somers, Jun Song, and Sean Myles. Genetic mapping in apple reveals strong functional candidate for fruit ripening. The Plant and Animal Genome XXVII Conference, January 12- 16, 2019. San Diego, US (poster).

    2019 - View publication details

  7. Xu, W., Yang, Y., Xue, S.J., Shi, J., Lim, L.T., Forney, C., Xu, G., Bamba, B.S.B. (2018). Effect of in vitro digestion on water-in-oil-in-water emulsions containing anthocyanins from grape skin powder. Molecules, [online] 23(11), http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules23112808

    2018 - View publication details

  8. Bamba, B.S.B., Shi, J., Tranchant, C.C., Xue, S.J., Forney, C.F., Lim, L.T., Xu, W., Xu, G. (2018). Coencapsulation of polyphenols and anthocyanins from blueberry pomace by double emulsion stabilized by whey proteins: Effect of Homogenization parameters. Molecules, [online] 23(10), http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules23102525

    2018 - View publication details

  9. Song, J., McClure, K. A., Luo, H., Du, Lina, Forney, C., Fan, L., Campbell Palmer, L., Fillmore, S., Myles, S., and Zhang, Z. 2018. An integrated `omics´ approach to improve and maintain quality of apples. 2018. XXXISHS, 12-16 August. Istanbul, Turkey.

    2018 - View publication details

  10. Forney, C.F., LeBlanc, D.I., Vigneault, C., Toussaint, V., Bourgeois, G., Clément, A. and Bezanson, G. (2018). The interaction of storage temperature and duration on aroma volatiles in tomato fruit. Acta Hortic. 1194, 343-350
    DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1194.49
    https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1194.49

    2018 - View publication details

  11. Bezanson, G.S., Ells, T.C., Fan, L., Forney, C.F., LeBlanc, D.I. (2018). Aerated Steam Sanitization of Whole Fresh Cantaloupes Reduces and Controls Rind-Associated Listeria but Enhances Fruit Susceptibility to Secondary Colonization. Journal of Food Science, [online] 83(4), 1025-1031. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14082

    2018 - View publication details

  12. Forney, C.F., Fan, L., Bezanson, G.S., Ells, T.C., LeBlanc, D.I., Fillmore, S. (2018). Impact of Listeria Inoculation and Aerated Steam Sanitization on Volatile Emissions of Whole Fresh Cantaloupes. Journal of Food Science, [online] 83(4), 1017-1024. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1750-3841.14092

    2018 - View publication details

  13. Xie, Z., Forney, C.F., Bondada, B. (2018). Renewal of vascular connections between grapevine buds and canes during bud break. Scientia Horticulturae, [online] 233 331-338. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2018.02.019

    2018 - View publication details

  14. McClure, K.A., Gardner, K.M., Douglas, G.M., Song, J., Forney, C.F., Delong, J., Fan, L., Du, L., Toivonen, P.M.A., Somers, D.J., Rajcan, I., Myles, S. (2018). A genome-wide association study of apple quality and scab resistance. Plant Genome, [online] 11(1), http://dx.doi.org/10.3835/plantgenome2017.08.0075

    2018 - View publication details

  15. Luo, H., Song, J., Toivonen, P., Gong, Y., Forney, C., Campbell Palmer, L., Fillmore, S., Pang, X.Q., Zhang, Z.Q. (2018). Proteomic changes in ‘Ambrosia’ apple fruit during cold storage and in response to delayed cooling treatment. Postharvest Biology and Technology, [online] 137 66-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.postharvbio.2017.11.011

    2018 - View publication details

  16. Bamba, B.S.B., Shi, J., Tranchant, C.C., Xue, S.J., Forney, C.F., Lim, L.T. (2018). Influence of extraction conditions on ultrasound-assisted recovery of bioactive phenolics from blueberry pomace and their antioxidant activity. Molecules, [online] 23(7), 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071685

    2018 - View publication details

  17. Forney, C.F. 2017. Harvest & post harvest handing of blueberries for fresh & IQF markets. Presented at the Wild Blueberry Growers Association of Nova Scotia Annual Meeting, Truro, NS, November 17, 2017. http://www.nswildblueberries.com/news/download?path=C%2BForney%2BNov%2B2017.pdf

    2017 - View publication details

  18. Forney, C.F. and J. Song. 2017. Flavors and aromas: Chemistry and biological functions. p. 933-974. In: E.M. Yahia (ed.) Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals: Chemistry and Human Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.

    2017 - View publication details

  19. Ali, A., Yeoh, W.K., Forney, C. and Siddiqui, M.W. 2017. Advances in postharvest technologies to extend the storage life of minimally processed fruits and vegetables. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr.:1-18.

    2017 - View publication details

  20. Forney, C.F., S. Blatt, T. Forge, D. Neilsen, J.A. Cline, K.D. Munro Pennell and S.A.E. Fillmore. 2017. Rootstock effects on phloem amino acid composition: Role in aphid resistance. ASHS Annual Meeting Sept 19-22, 2017, Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA (abstract) https://ashs.confex.com/ashs/2017/webprogramarchives/Paper26286.html

    2017 - View publication details