Chaouki Benchaar, Ph. D.

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Research Scientist

Dr. Benchaar is a research scientist at the Sherbrooke Research and Development Centre (Quebec) of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. He obtained (with distinction) a Ph.D. in Dairy Cow Nutrition and Metabolism from “Institut National Polytechnique” of Toulouse, France. After completing his Ph.D., Dr. Benchaar joined Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Dairy and Swine Research and Development Centre, Sherbrooke, Quebec) to work as a post-doctoral fellow (1994-1997) and research assistant (1997-2000). Since April 2000, he is a Research Scientist in Dairy Cow Nutrition and Metabolism/Sustainable Dairy Production at the Sherbrooke Research and Development. His research program focuses mainly on: 1) Quantification and mitigation of enteric methane emissions from dairy cows; 2) Impact of dietary enteric methane strategies on emissions from stored manure; 3) Dietary and nutritional approaches to reduce nitrogen excretion from dairy cows; and 4) Evaluation of potential use of plant secondary metabolites (e.g., essential oils) as feed additives to modulate rumen fermentation and enhance feed efficiency. The ultimate objective of his research program is : 1) Enhancing environmental performance of the Canadian agricultural system (reduction of green-house gas emissions and nitrogen excretion); and 2) Enhancing economic benefits of Canadian dairy production (improved production efficiency and reduced feeding costs).

Current research and/or projects

  • Canola meal to improve efficiency and sustainability of dairy production: filling knowledge gaps. Funded by Canola Council of Canada/Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Growing Forward III).
  • Assessment of the impact of feeding management practices on methane emissions from enteric fermentation and manure storage of dairy cows: filling knowledge gaps. Funded by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (A-Base).
  • Mitigation of enteric methane production from dairy cows and impact on manure emissions: Filling knowledge gaps. Funded by the Dairy Farmers of Canada/Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Growing Forward II).
  • Mitigation of Enteric Methane Emissions to Reduce Carbon Footprint of the Dairy Industry. Funded by the Dairy Farmers of Canada/Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (Growing Forward I).
  • Towards determining protein requirements of the Aryrshire Cow: Effects of variation in metabolizable protein intake. Funded by Agrinova (Alma, Quebec).
  • Faba bean (Vicia faba) inclusion in dairy cow diets: Effect on nutrient digestion, rumen fermentation, nitrogen utilization, methane production, and milk performance. Funded by Agrinova (Alma, Québec).
  • Effects specific plant extracts on rumen microbial fermentation and methane production in vitro. Funded by IDÉNA (Sautron, France).
  • Effects of direct-fed microbials on rumen microbial fermentation and methane production. Funded by Bacterras Inc. (Montreal, Quebec).
  • Effects of herbs, spices and essential oils and their combination on rumen microbial fermentation and methane production. Funded by Ayurvet Ltd. (Baddi, India).

Professional activities / interests

  • Co-leader of the “Technical Advisory Group on Feed Additives” of the “Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership” of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations (Rome, Italy).  Development of “Guidelines for Assessment of Environmental Performance of Feed Additives in Livestock Supply Chains”.
  • Eastern Director of the Canadian Society of Animal Science (2006-2008).
  • Associate Editor to the Canadian Journal of Animal Science (2003-2008).
  • Member of the Editorial Board of "Animals" Journal. https://www.mdpi.com/journal/animals/editors

Education and awards

  • Ph.D. in Animal Science (with distinction), Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, France. 1993.
  • Diplôme d’Étude Approfondies, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, France. 1988.
  • M.Sc. in Animal Sciences, Institut National Agronomique, Algiers, Algeria. 1987.
  • Recipient of the Canadian Society of Animal Science Award-2020 in "Excellence in Nutrition and Meat Science".
  • Recipient of an Outstanding Presentation Award (Invited keynote speaker) delivered by "The Chinese Academy of Sciences” at the Third International Symposium on Sustainable Agriculture for Subtropical Regions" for presentation entitled "Nutritional Managements to Reduce Enteric Methane Production from Ruminants". October 20th, 2015, Changsha, China.

Key publications

  1. Little, S.M., Benchaar, C., Janzen, H.H., Kröbel, R., McGeough, E.J., Beauchemin, K.A. (2017). Demonstrating the effect of forage source on the carbon footprint of a Canadian dairy farm using whole-systems analysis and the holos model: Alfalfa silage vs. corn silage, 5(4), http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cli5040087

    2017 - View publication details

  2. J. Dairy Sci. Vol. 100 (Suppl. 2):265.

    2017 - View publication details

  3. J. Dairy Sci. 100 (Suppl.2):94

    2017 - View publication details

  4. J. Dairy Sci. 100 (Suppl.2):325.

    2017 - View publication details

  5. J. Dairy Sci. 100 (Suppl.2):324.

    2017 - View publication details

  6. De Marchi, F.E., Santos, G.T., Petit, H.V., Benchaar, C. (2017). Oxidative status of dairy cows fed flax meal and infused with sunflower oil in the abomasum, 228 115-122. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2017.04.013

    2017 - View publication details

  7. Hassanat, F., Gervais, R., Benchaar, C. (2017). Methane production, ruminal fermentation characteristics, nutrient digestibility, nitrogen excretion, and milk production of dairy cows fed conventional or brown midrib corn silage, 100(4), 2625-2636. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11862

    2017 - View publication details

  8. Guyader, J., Little, S., Kröbel, R., Benchaar, C., Beauchemin, K.A. (2017). Comparison of greenhouse gas emissions from corn- and barley-based dairy production systems in Eastern Canada, 152 38-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2016.12.002

    2017 - View publication details

  9. Schogor, A.L.B., Palin, M.F., Santos, G.T., Benchaar, C., Petit, H.V. (2017). β-glucuronidase activity and enterolactone concentration in ruminal fluid, plasma, urine, and milk of Holstein cows fed increased levels of flax (Linum usitatissimum) meal, 223 23-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.11.004

    2017 - View publication details

  10. Benchaar, C., Hassanat, F., Warner, D., and Petit, H.V. (2016). "Enteric methane emissions from dairy cows fed corn silage based-diets supplemented with increasing amounts of linseed oil.", 2016 ASAS/ADSA/CSAS/WSASAS Joint Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, USA, 19-23 July, 2016.

    2016 - View publication details

  11. Hassanat, F., Gervais, R., and Benchaar, C. (2016). "Effect of linseed oil supplementation on milk fatty acid profile of dairy cows fed diets based on red clover silage or corn silage.", 2016 ASAS/ADSA/CSAS/WSASAS Joint Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, USA, 19-23 July, 2016.

    2016 - View publication details

  12. Guyader, J., Benchaar, C., and Beauchemin, K.A. (2016). "What effect does corn silage vs barley silage have on the carbon footprint of milk? A case study from Québec.", Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Metrics & Measures Workshop/Webinar, Calgary, AB, Canada, 9 March, 2016. (Presentation)

    2016 - View publication details

  13. Hassanat, F. and Benchaar, C. (2016). "Effect forage source of dairy cow diets on methane emission form enteric fermentation and manure storage.", 2016 ASAS/ADSA/CSAS/WSASAS Joint Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, USA, 19-23 July, 2016.

    2016 - View publication details

  14. Benchaar, C. (2016). "Forages and fat utilization to mitigate enteric CH4 emissions from dairy cows.", Talk delivered (invited speaker) at “Promoting Progress to the Profit of the Canadian Dairy Sector” Symposium, Ottawa, Canada, February 5, 2016. (Presentation)

    2016 - View publication details

  15. do Prado, R.M., Palin, M.F., do Prado, I.N., dos Santos, G.T., Benchaar, C., Petit, H.V. (2016). Milk yield, milk composition, and hepatic lipid metabolism in transition dairy cows fed flaxseed or linola, 99(11), 8831-8846. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11003

    2016 - View publication details

  16. De Marchi, F.E., Palin, M.F., Santos, G.T., Benchaar, C., Petit, H.V. (2016). Effects of duodenal infusion of sunflower oil on β-glucuronidase activity and enterolactone concentration in dairy cows fed flax meal, 220 143-150. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.08.002

    2016 - View publication details

  17. Lima, L.S., Palin, M.F., Santos, G.T., Benchaar, C., Petit, H.V. (2016). Dietary flax meal and abomasal infusion of flax oil on microbial β-glucuronidase activity and concentration of enterolactone in ruminal fluid, plasma, urine and milk of dairy cows, 215 85-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.03.006

    2016 - View publication details

  18. Massé, D.I., Jarret, G., Hassanat, F., Benchaar, C., Saady, N.M.C. (2016). Effect of increasing levels of corn silage in an alfalfa-based dairy cow diet and of manure management practices on manure fugitive methane emissions, 221 109-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2016.01.018

    2016 - View publication details

  19. Ibeagha-Awemu, E.M., Li, R., Ammah, A.A., Dudemaine, P.L., Bissonnette, N., Benchaar, C., Zhao, X. (2016). Transcriptome adaptation of the bovine mammary gland to diets rich in unsaturated fatty acids shows greater impact of linseed oil over safflower oil on gene expression and metabolic pathways, 17(1), http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-016-2423-x

    2016 - View publication details

  20. Little, S.M., Beauchemin, K.A., Benchaar, C., Chai, L.L., Janzen, H.H., Kröbel, R., McGeough, E.J., and VanderZaag, A.C. (2015). "Demonstrating the effect of diet on the carbon footprint of a Canadian dairy scenario using whole-systems analysis and the Holos model: corn silage vs. alfalfa silage.", LCA Conference XV - A bright green future, Vancouver, Canada, October 6-8, 2015, Presentation.

    2015 - View publication details

Research facility

2000 College Street
Sherbrooke, QC J1M 1Z3
Canada

Affiliations

  • Associate Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, Laval University, Quebec, QC.
  • Adjunct Professor, Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
  • Adjunct Professor, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha, P.R. China.
  • Member of the American Dairy Science Association (ADSA).
  • Member of the Canadian Society of Animal Science (CSAS).

Language

English
French