Bill Crawford

Head, State of the Ocean
Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Current research and/or projects

I study currents, tides and ocean mixing of waters in the Pacific Ocean

Key publications

Primary Publications:

  1. Crawford, W.R. and J. R. Irvine. (2009). State of physical, biological, and selected fishery resources of Pacific Canadian marine ecosystems. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Res. Doc. 2009/022. vi + 121 p.
  2. DFO. 2009. State of the Pacific Ocean 2008. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Sec. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2009/030, 21 p.
  3. Di Lorenzo, E., Fiechter, J., Schneider, N., Bracco, A., Miller, A.J., Franks, P.J.S., Bograd, S.J., Moore, A.M., Thomas, A.C., Crawford, W., Peña, A. and Hermann, A. 2009. Nutrient and salinity decadal variations in the central and eastern North Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters.
  4. Hiromichi, Ueno, Howard J. Freeland, William R. Crawford, Hiroji Onishi, Eitarou Oka, and Toshio Suga. 2009. Anticyclonic eddies in the Alaskan Stream. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 39(4): 934-951.
  5. Tucker, S., M. Trudel, D.W. Welch,*, J.R. Candy, J.F.T. Morris, M.E. Thiess, C. Wallace, D.J. Teel, W. Crawford, E.V. Farley, Jr and T.D. Beacham. 2009. Using dna-based stock identification to elucidate coastal migration of juvenile sockeye salmon (oncorhynchus nerka). Transactions of the American Fisheries Society.
  6. Crawford, Bill. 2008. Recent trends in waters of the subarctic northeast Pacific, PICES Press. 16:32-33
  7. DFO. 2008. State of the Pacific Ocean 2007. In: Bill Crawford and Jim Irvine. [Eds.]. DFO Can. Sci. Advis. Rep. 2008/028.
  8. Foreman, M. G. G., W. R. Crawford, J. Y. Cherniawsky and J. Galbraith. 2008. Dynamic ocean topography for the northeast Pacific and its continental margins. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35:L22606. doi:10.1029/2008GL035152.
  9. Irvine, Jim and Crawford, Bill. [Editors]. 2008: State of physical, biological, and selected fishery resources of Pacific Canadian marine ecosystems. Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat Research Document 2008/013. 109 pp
  10. Ladd, C., Crawford, W.R., Johnson, W.K., Kachel, N.B., Stabeno, P.J.and F. Whitney.2008. Eddies in the eastern Gulf of Alaska. Progress in Oceanography
  11. Ueno, Hiromichi, Howard J. Freeland, William R. Crawford, Hiroji Onishi, Eitarou Oka, and Toshio Suga. 2008. Anticyclonic eddies in the Alaskan Stream. Journal of Physical Oceanography.
  12. Crawford, W.R. and Blair Greenan. 2007. Physical Oceanography in Canada. 2003-2007, 2007: A review for the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics.
  13. Crawford, William and Peter Chandler. 2007. Recent trends in waters of the subarctic NE Pacific, Cooler and fresher in summer of 2006. PICES Press. 15(1):22-23.
  14. Crawford, W.R., Brickley, P.J., and A.C. Thomas. 2007. Mesoscale eddies determine phytoplankton distribution in northern Gulf of Alaska. Progress in Oceanography. 75:287-303, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2007.08.016.
  15. Crawford, W.R., Galbraith, J. and N. Bolingbroke. 2007. Line P ocean temperature and salinity, 1956-2005. Progress in Oceanography. 75:161-178, doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2007.08.017.
  16. Crawford, W.R. and P.F. Cummins. 2007. Recent trends in waters of the subarctic NE Pacific: Cooling of 2006 continued into 2007. Pices Press. 15( 2):26-27.
  17. DFO. 2007. State of the Pacific Ocean 2006. In: W.R. Crawford and R.I. Perry. [Eds.]. DFO Ocean Status Report 2007/001.
  18. McKinnell, S. and W. Crawford. 2007. The 18.6-year lunar nodal cycle and surface temperature variability in the northeast Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans. 112. C02002 doi:10.1029/2006JC003671.
  19. W.R. Crawford. 2006. Recent trends in waters of the subarctic northeast Pacific. PICES Press. 14(2):24-25
  20. Crawford, William and Marie Robert. 2006. Recent trends in the waters of the subarctic NE Pacific. PICES Press. 14(1):30-31.
  21. Crawford, W., F. Whitney, D. Johannessen, R. Birch, K. Borg and D. Fissell. 2006. Appendix B: Meteorology and Climate, Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Ecosystem. Ecosystem Overview and Assessment Report. Volume 1. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Region. 22 p
  22. Crawford, W., D. Johannessen, F. Whitney, R. Birch, K. Borg, D. Fissell and S. Vagle. 2006. Appendix C: Physical and Chemical Oceanography, Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Ecosystem, Ecosystem Overview and Assessment Report. Volume 1. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Region. 79 p.
  23. DFO. 2006. State of the Pacific Ocean 2005. In: W.R. Crawford and R.I. Perry. [Eds.]. DFO Ocean Status Report 2006/001
  24. Law, C.S., Crawford, W.R., Smith, M., Boyd, P.W., Wong, C.S., Nojiri, Y., Robert, M., Abraham, E.R., Johnson, W.K., Forsland, V. and M. Arychuk. 2006. Patch evolution and the biogeochemical impact of entrainment during an iron fertilisation experiment in the sub-Arctic Pacific. Deep-Sea Research II. 53:2012-2033, doi10.1016/j.dsr2.2006.05.28.
  25. Perry, R.I., W.R. Crawford and A. Sinclair. 2006. Chapter 1, Ecosystem Description, Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Ecosystem, Ecosystem Overview and Assessment Report. Volume 1. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Region. 52 p
  26. Batchelder, H.P., W.R. Crawford, A. Hallowed, J. King, G. McFarlane, F. Mueter, I.R. Perry and J. Schweigert. 2005. Recent ecosystem changes in the Gulf of Alaska. In: King, J. [Eds.]. PICES Scientific Report 28. Report of the study group on fisheries and ecosystem responses to recent regime shifts.
  27. Batten, Sonia and William Crawford. 2005. The influence of coastal origin eddies on oceanic plankton distributions in the eastern Gulf of Alaska. Deep-Sea Research Part II. 52:991-1009.
  28. Cherniawsky, J.Y., W.R. Crawford, O. Nitikin and E.C. Carmack. 2005: Bering Strait transports from satellite altimetry. Journal of Marine Research. 63: 887-900.
  29. Crawford, W. 2005. 2004 Pacific Region State of the Ocean. In: W.R. Crawford. [Ed.]. Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Science Branch Pacific Region. Ocean Status Report.
  30. Crawford, William. 2005. Heat and fresh water transport by mesoscale eddies into the Gulf of Alaska. Deep-Sea Research Part II. 52:893-908.
  31. Crawford, William R., Peter J. Brickley, Tawyna D. Peterson and Andrew C. Thomas. 2005. Impact of Haida Eddies on chlorophyll-a distribution in the eastern Gulf of Alaska. Deep-Sea Research Part II. 52:975-989
  32. Crawford, W., P. Sutherland, P. van Hardenberg. 2005. Cold water intrusion in the eastern Gulf of Alaska in 2002. Atmosphere-Ocean. 43(2):119-128.
  33. DiLorenzo, E., M.G.G. Foreman and W.R. Crawford. 2005. Modelling the generation of Haida Eddies. Deep-Sea Research Part II. 853-873
  34. King, J.R. (Ed.) and 20 others including W.R. Crawford 2005. Report of the Study Group on Fisheries and Ecosystem Responses to Recent Regime Shifts, PICES Scientific Report 28. North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), Sidney, BC Canada
  35. Miller, L.A., M. Robert and W.R. Crawford. 2005: The large, westward-propagating Haida Eddies of the Pacific eastern boundary. Deep-Sea Research Part II. 52:845-851, doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2005.02.002.
  36. Sinclair, A., K. Conway and W. Crawford. 2005. Associations between bathymetric, geologic and oceanographic features and the distribution of the British Columbia groundfish trawl fishery. ICES CM 2005/L:25.
  37. Sinclair, A.F., and W.R. Crawford. 2005. Incorporating an environmental stock recruitment relationship in the assessment of Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus). Fisheries Oceanography. 14(2):138-150.
  38. Schwing, F.B., H.P. Batchelder, W.R. Crawford, N. Mantua, J. Overland, J.J. Polovina and J.-P.Zhao. 2005. Decadal-scale climate events. In: King, J. [Eds.]. PICES Scientific Report 28. Report of the study group on fisheries and ecosystem responses to recent regime shifts.
  39. Whitney, F.A., W.R. Crawford and P.J. Harrison. 2005. Physical processes that enhance nutrient transport and primary productivity in the coastal and open ocean of the subarctic NE Pacific. Deep-Sea Research II. 52:681-706
  40. Yelland, D. and W. Crawford. 2005. Currents in Haida Eddies. Deep-Sea Research II. 52:875-892.
  41. Boyd, Philip W. and many co-authors. 2004. The decline and fate of an iron-induced subarctic phytoplankton bloom. Nature. 428:549-553. doi:10.1038/nature02437.
  42. Cherniawsky, J.Y., M.G.G. Foreman, W.R. Crawford and B.D. Beckley. 2004. Altimeter observations of sea level variability off the West Coast of North America. Int. J. Remote Sensing. 25(7-8):1303-1306.
  43. Park, J.J, K. Kim and W.R. Crawford. 2004. Inertial Currents estimated from surface trajectories of ARGO floats. Geophysical Research Letters. 31:L13307. doi:10.1029/2004GL202191.
  44. DFO. 2004. 2003 Pacific Region State of the Ocean. DFO Science Ocean Status Report 2003. 92 pages. (2004) (Chair of working group and editor.)
  45. Stacey, M.W. and W.R. Crawford, 2003: Physical oceanography in Canada, 1999-2002/3: A review for the International Union Of Geodesy And Geophysics
  46. Crawford, W.R. 2002. Physical characteristics of Haida Eddies. J. Oceanography. 58(5):703-713.
  47. Crawford, W.R., J.Y. Cherniawsky, M.G.G. Foreman and J.F.R. Gower. 2002. Formation of the Haida-1998 Oceanic Eddy. Journal of Geophysical Research. 107(C7):10,1029/2001JC000876.
  48. Crawford, W., J. Cherniawsky, W. Cretney and C. Hannah. 2002. Modelling oceanic fates of oil, drilling muds and produced water from the offshore oil and gas industry, with application to British Columbia. Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat, Research Document 2002/120. 53 pp.
  49. Cretney, W., W. Crawford, D. Masson and T. Hamilton. 2002. Oceanographic and geological setting of a possible offshore oil and gas industry in the Queen Charlotte Basin. Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat, Research Document 2002/004. 38 pp.
  50. Crawford, W.R. 2001. Oceans of the Queen Charlotte Islands, Can. Tech. Rep. of Fish. Aq. Sci. 2383. 1 CD-ROM.
  51. Cherniawsky, J.Y., M.G.G. Foreman, W.R. Crawford and R.F. Henry. 2001. Ocean Tides from TOPEX/ POSEIDON sea level data. J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech. 18(4):649-664.
  52. Cherniawsky, Josef Y., William R. Crawford and Patrick F. Cummins. 2000. Hindcasts of surface currents in a marginal sea from statistical analysis of drifter, wind and ocean model data, Proceedings of International Conference on Coastal Ocean and Semi-Enclosed Seas: Circulation and Ecology Modeling and Monitoring, Moscow, Russia, September 1998, p21-24.
  53. Cherniawsky, Josef Y., Michael G.G. Foreman and William R. Crawford. 2000: Ocean tides and sea level change in the Northeast Pacific from TOPEX/POSEIDON data. Proceedings of International Conference on Coastal Ocean and Semi-Enclosed Seas: Circulation and Ecology Modeling and Monitoring, Moscow, Russia, September 1998, p15-20.
  54. Crawford, W.R., J.Y. Cherniawsky and M.G.G. Foreman. 2000. Multi-year meanders and eddies in Alaskan Stream as observed by TOPEX/Poseidon altimeter. Geophysical Research Letters. 27(7):1025-1028.
  55. Crawford, Bill and Frank Whitney. 2000. Eddies in the Gulf of Alaska. CMOS Bulletin. 28(2). Front and Back Cover + p 54-55.
  56. Foreman, M.G.G., W.R. Crawford, J.Y. Cherniawsky, R.F. Henry and M. Tarbotton. 2000. A high-resolution assimilating tidal model for the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research. 105(C12):28,629-28,651.
  57. Crawford, W.R., J.Y. Cherniawsky, M.G.G. Foreman and P. Chandler. 1999. El Niño signal along the west coast of Canada. PICES Scientific Report No. 10, 1999, published by PICES Secretariat, North Pacific Marine Science Organization, Sidney, B.C., Canada, 131pp.
  58. Crawford, W.R. and F.A. Whitney. 1999. Mesoscale eddies in the Gulf of Alaska. Eos. Transactions of the American Geophysical Union. 80(33):365-370.
  59. Crawford, W.R., J.Y. Cherniawsky and P. Cummins. 1999. Surface currents in British Columbia coastal waters: Comparison of observations and model predictions. Atmosphere-Ocean. 37(3):255-280.
  60. Crawford, W.R. and R.E. Thomson. 1999. Sea level rise in British Columbia, Proceedings of the Canadian Coastal Conference, Victoria, May 1999.
  61. Freeland, H.J., F.A. Whitney and W.R. Crawford. 1999. The state of the eastern North Pacific Ocean since February 1998. PICES Press. 7(1):9-11. PICES Secretariat, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, B.C.
  62. Kang, S.-K., M.G.G. Foreman, W.R. Crawford and J.Y. Cherniawsky. 1999. Numerical modeling of internal tide generation along the Hawaiian Ridge. Journal of Physical Oceanography. 30(5):1083-1098.
  63. Cherniawsky, J.Y., Michael G.G. Foreman and W.R. Crawford.1998. Tidal signal removal and sea level change in the North East Pacific Ocean from TOPEX/POSEIDON altimeter data, Proceedings of International Conference on Coastal Ocean and Semi-Enclosed Seas: Circulation and Ecology Modeling and Monitoring, Moscow, Russia, September 1998.
  64. Crawford, W.R., J.Y. Cherniawsky, P.F. Cummins and M.G.G. Foreman. 1998. Variability of tidal currents in a wide strait: A comparison between drifter observations and numerical simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research. 103(C6):12,743-12,759.
  65. Crawford, W.R., J. Cherniawsky and M.G.G. Foreman. 1998. Rotary velocity spectra from short drifter tracks. J. Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. 15:731-740.
  66. Crawford, W.R. 1998. Current and tide predictions on a PC. Proceedings of the Canadian Hydrographic Conference, Victoria, March, 1998.
  67. Crawford, W.R. 1998. TOPEX/POSEIDON tides. Proceedings of the Canadian Hydrographic Conference, Victoria, March, 1998.
  68. Foreman, M.G.G., W.R. Crawford, J.F.R. Gower, L. Cuypers and V.A. Ballantyne. 1998. Tidal correction of TOPEX/POSEIDON altimetry for seasonal sea surface elevation and current determination off the Pacific Coast of Canada. Journal of Geophysical Research. 103(C12):27,979-27,998.
  69. Crawford, W.R. 1997. Physical oceanography of the waters around the Queen Charlotte Islands, in: Ecology, status and conservation of marine and shoreline birds of the Queen Charlotte Islands. In: K. Vermeer, and K.H. Morgan. [Eds.]. Occasional Paper Number 93. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Institute of Ocean Sciences. p. 8-17.
  70. Crawford, W.R., 1997: Harmonic analysis and tidal predictions. Lighthouse. Journal of the Canadian Hydrographic Association. 55:Spring.
  71. Thomson, R.E. and W.R. Crawford, 1997: Processes affecting sea level change along the coasts of British Columbia and the Yukon. Chapter 4 of Responding to Global Climate Change in British Columbia and the Yukon, Volume I of the Canada Country Study: Climate Impacts and Adaptation, Proceedings of workshop held on February 27-28, 1997 at Simon Fraser University, Published by Environment Canada and British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks.
  72. Crawford, W.R., J.Y. Cherniawsky, C.G. Hannah and V.A. Ballantyne. 1996. Current predictions for oil spill models. Spill Science & Technology Bulletin. 3:235-239.
  73. Hannah, C.G. and W.R. Crawford. 1996. Winter transport and sea level fluctuations in Hecate Strait, British Columbia. Journal of Geophysical Research. 101(C12):28,356-28,376.
  74. Simpson, J.H., W. Crawford, T.P. Rippeth, A.R. Campbell and J.V.S. Cheok. 1996. The vertical structure of turbulent dissipation in shelf seas. Journal of Physical Oceanography. 26:1579-1590.
  75. Ballantyne, V.A., M.G.G. Foreman, W.R. Crawford and R, Jacques. 1996. Three-dimensional model simulations for the north coast of British Columbia. Continental Shelf Research. 16:1655-1682.
  76. Crawford, W.R. and G.S. Jamieson, 1996: Modeling advection of Dungeness Crab, (Cancer Magister) in Dixon Entrance and northern Hecate Strait, British Columbia. High Latitude Crabs: Biology, Management, and Economics: Proceedings of the Lowell Wakefield Fisheries Symposium, held in Anchorage Alaska, October 11-13, 1995, p 479-488. University of Alaska Sea Grant College Program Report Number 96-02. Anchorage, Alaska, USA.
  77. Cherniawsky, J. and W.R. Crawford. 1996. Comparison of between buoy and COADS wind data for the West Coast of Canada. Journal of Geophysical Research. 101(C8):18,377-18,389.
  78. Plueddemann, A.J., J.A. Smith, D.M. Farmer, R.A. Weller, W.R. Crawford, R. Pinkel, S. Vagle and A. Gnanadesikan. 1996. Structure and variability of Langmuir circulation during the Surface Waves Processes Program. Journal of Geophysical Research. 101(C2):3525-3543.
  79. Crawford, W.R., M.J. Woodward, M.G.G. Foreman, and R.E. Thomson. 1995. Oceanographic features of Queen Charlotte Sound and Hecate Strait in summer. Atmosphere-Ocean. 33(4):639-681
  80. Crawford, W.R. 1995. A technique for quality control and selection of tidal harmonic constituents. International Hydrographic Review. LXXII(2):135-150.
  81. Crawford, W.R. and M.G.G. Foreman, eds. 1995. PERD Workshop on Coastal Current Models for Continental Shelves. Can.Tech. Rep. Hydrog. Ocean Sci. 169:85 pp.
  82. Foreman, M.G.G., W.R. Crawford, and R.F. Marsden. 1995. De-tiding: Theory and practice. In: D. Lynch and A. Davies.[Eds.]. Chapter 10 in Quantitative Skill Assessment for Coastal Ocean Models. American Geophysical Union Publication. 47 in the series on Coastal and Estuarine Studies.

Secondary Publications:

  1. Crawford, W.R., Satellites and Argo: combining free information to study remote regions of the ocean, Seminar at Universidad de Concepción, Chile, January 2004.
  2. Crawford, W.R., and J.Y. Cherniawsky. Transport anomalies in Bering Strait calculated from TOPEX/Poseidon altimetry data, at the Ocean Sciences Meeting, Portland, Oregon, January, 2004.
  3. Crawford, W.R., P. Brickley and A. Thomas, Impact of mesoscale eddies on chlorophyll distribution throughout the Gulf of Alaska distribution in the Gulf of Alaska, at the Ocean Sciences Meeting, Portland, Oregon, January, 2004.
  4. Cherniawsky, J., Crawford, W., Carmack, E., and Nikitin, O., Complex relationship between winds and Bering Strait transports derived from satellite altimetry, presented at European Geophysical Union General Assembly in Nice, France, April 2004.
  5. Di Lorenzo, Emanuele, Mike Foreman, Bill Crawford, Buoyancy driven eddies in the Gulf of Alaska, seminar at Scripps Inst Oceanography, June 2004.
  6. Di Lorenzo, E., M.G. G. Foreman, W.R. Crawford, Buoyancy driven eddies in the Gulf of Alaska, at the Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference, Sidney, BC, September, 2004.
  7. Crawford, W.R., Temperature Anomalies of the Northeast Gulf of Alaska, Eastern Pacific, at the Ocean Conference, Sidney, BC, September, 2004.
  8. Frank A. Whitney, W.R. Crawford, Nutrient Transport in Coastal Waters of the NE Pacific, at the Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference, Sidney, BC, September, 2004.
  9. Crawford, W.R., Impact of mesoscale features on Iron Fertilization Experiment in Eastern Subarctic Pacific Ocean (SERIES), at the SOLAS Science meeting, Halifax, October 2004.
  10. Crawford, W.R., The eastern Gulf of Alaska: A 36-year time series along Line-P and implications for biological impact, at the PICES Annual Meeting, Hawaii, October 2004.
  11. Bograd, S.J., W. Crawford, H. Freeland, A. Huyer, J. Polovina, F. Schwing, R. Smith, On the origin and evolution of a minty water mass anomaly in the northeastern Pacific, at the PICES Annual Meeting, Hawaii, October 2004.
  12. Pena, A., and W. Crawford, Phytoplankton distribution in the Queen Charlotte Basin: Regions of high productivity, at the PICES Annual Meeting, Hawaii, October 2004.
  13. Crawford, W.R., P. Sutherland, P. van Hardenberg, Origin and persistence of anomalously cold water in the halocline of the eastern gulf of Alaska, 2002 to 2004, at the PICES Annual Meeting, Hawaii, October 2004.
  14. Crawford, W.R.: Ocean Trends in British Columbia, presented at the Fall meeting of the Sports Fishing Advisory Board, of Nanaimo, BC, November 2004
  15. Crawford, W.R.: Ocean Trends in British Columbia, presented at the Annual meeting of the Sports Fishing Institute of British Columbia, Richmond, BC, November 2004
  16. Crawford, W.R. Satellite observations during the R/V Thompson Eddies cruise in April to May, 2005, at the Data Workshop for R/V Thompson cruise. IOS Sidney, May.
  17. Crawford, W.R. Recent Ocean Changes, at the Annual meeting of the Pacific Advisory Council of DFO, Nanaimo, November 2005. (Invited)
  18. Crawford, W.R. Temperature and Salinities in the Gulf of Alaska, at the Southeast Alaska Synthesis of Marine Biology and Oceanography Workshop, Juneau, Alaska, March 2005. (Invited)
  19. Crawford, W.R. and S. McKinnell. Recent Ocean Temperature Anomalies in the Gulf of Alaska, at the CMOS Annual Congress, June 2005, Vancouver.
  20. Crawford, W.R., J. Galbraith, N. Bolingbroke. A half-century time series of temperature anomalies along Line-P in the northeast Pacific, at Dynamic Oceans Conference, Cairns, Australia, August 2005.
  21. Crawford, W.R. News of the Northeast Pacific: the science of recent ocean anomalies and unusual visitors to B.C. waters, from massive ocean eddies to jumbo flying squid, presented as one of the monthly seminars by the Centre for Ocean Research, University of Victoria, September 2005. (Invited)
  22. M. Trudel, J. Cosgrove, M. Galbraith, G. Gillespie, D. Mackas, J. Orsi, W. Crawford. Living in a warmer world: anticipating the consequences of global warming on coastal ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean, at the Climate and Fisheries Conference, Victoria, October 2005.
  23. Crawford, W.R. and Cass, A. State of the Ocean, at a media briefing at IOS, Sidney BC, July 2005. (Invited)
  24. Crawford, W.R. State of the Ocean in Canadian waters, at the meeting of PICES task team on Climate Forcing and Marine Ecosystems, Victoria, June 2005. (Invited)
  25. Crawford, W.R. Anomalies in the Gulf of Alaska in 2004, at the Annual Meeting of PSARC Fisheries and Oceanography Working Group, March 2005, Nanaimo, BC.
  26. Crawford, W.R., J. Galbraith and N. Bolingbroke. 50 years of temperatures along Line-P, at the Climate & Fisheries Conference, Victoria, October 2005. (Invited)
  27. Crawford, William, A. Peña, F. Whitney, K. Johnson, A. Thomas, P. Brickley, N. Kachel, P. Stabeno and C. Ladd Phytoplankton in the Gulf of Alaska: Mesoscale Distribution and Composition observed by Satellite and Ship-Based Studies, at the Ocean Sciences Meeting, Honolulu, February and ASLO Meeting, Victoria BC, June 2006.
  28. Yamanika, Lynne, Crawford, Bill and Cherniawsky, Josef. Catchin’ a wave: What does this mean for yelloweye rockfish recruitment? Evidence of rockfish mortality and recruitment failure from the 1964 Alaska tsunami. at the Western Groundfish conference, Newport OR Jan – Feb. 2006.
  29. Crawford, William. Observational programs in the Northeast (NE) Pacific: What have they contributed to understanding climate variability? At the Annual Meeting of CLIVAR Pacific Panel, February 2006. (Invited)
  30. Crawford, William. Physical Oceanography, at the Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area Workshop, IOS Sidney, March 2006.
  31. Crawford, William. Overview of Eddies in 2005, at the workshop on R/V Thompson 2005 Eddies Project, IOS Sidney, March 2006.
  32. Galbraith, J. and W. Crawford. Temperature and salinity along Line P: Fifty years of the world’s greatest ocean time series, at the Line-P Symposium, Victoria, July 2006.
  33. Onishi, Hiroji, Hiromichi Ueno and William Crawford. Effects of eddies on temperature inversions in the Gulf of Alaska, at the Line-P Symposium, Victoria, July 2006.
  34. Crawford, William, Frank Whitney, Nick Bolingbroke, Hiroji Onishi, Hiromichi Ueno. Influence of eddies and mesoscale variability in the Gulf of Alaska, at the Line-P Symposium, Victoria, July 2006.(Invited)
  35. Crawford, W.R., N. Bolingbroke and J. Galbraith. Temperature and salinity along Line-P: Fifty years of measurements, at the PICES XV Annual Meeting, Yokahama, Japan, October 2006.
  36. Crawford, W.R. Transport and mixing of continental margin waters into mid-basin by anticyclonic eddies: An example from the Gulf of Alaska, at the PICES XV Annual Meeting, Yokahama, Japan, October 2006.
  37. Crawford, William. State of the Ocean, at the Annual General Meeting of British Columbia Sport Fishing Association, Richmond BC, November 2006.
  38. Crawford, William and Angelica Pena. Climate variability and biogeochemical processes in the northeast Pacific Ocean, at the Symposium on Climate Change: Past and Future, Sendai, Japan, November 2006. (Invited)
  39. Ladd, Carol, W.R. Crawford, W.K. Johnson, N.B. Kachel, P.J. Stabeno and F.A. Whitney. Eddies in the Eastern Gulf of Alaska, Alaska Marine Science Symposium, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, January 2007.
  40. Crawford, W.R. Ocean factors affecting eulachon, at the Workshop to Determine Research Priorities for Eulachon, Richmond, BC, February 2007 (Invited).
  41. Crawford, W.R. Air-sea forcing in the Gulf of Alaska, Workshop on Climate Effects in the Gulf of Alaska Large Marine Area, Feb. 2007, Juneau, Alaska. (Invited).
  42. Crawford, W.R., Anomalies in sea level, temperature, salinity and eddies in Gulf of Alaska, 2006. at the State of the Ocean Meeting, Inst. Ocean Sciences, Sidney, BC, March 2007.
  43. Crawford, W.R., Ocean Climate Change: How has it hit BC waters? at a monthly meeting of the Air and Waste Management Association, Vancouver Island Chapter, Victoria, March 2007 (Invited).
  44. Crawford, W.R., Climate Change in British Columbia, at the Pacific Region meeting of National Research Council IRAP program, Sidney, BC, 2007 (Invited).
  45. Foreman, Michael, William Crawford and Josef Cherniawsky. Mean Sea Surface Topography for the Northeast Pacific Ocean and Its Continental Shelves, at the Annual Congress on the Canadian Meteorological & Oceanographic Society, St. John’s, Nfld, May 2007. (Invited).
  46. Crawford, W.R., P.J. Brickley and A.C Thomas. Mesoscale eddies dominate chlorophyll distribution in northern Gulf of Alaska, at the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics Quadrenniel Meeting, Perugia, Italy, July 2007.
  47. Perry, R. Ian, William R. Crawford and Alan F. Sinclair. Comparative analysis of Canadian Pacific North Coast and Strait of Georgia marine ecosystems, at the ICES Annual Meeting, Helsinki, Finland, September 2007.
  48. Ueno, H., H. Freeland, W. Crawford, H. Onishi, E. Oka, and T. Suga. Anticyclonic eddies in the Alaskan Stream, at the Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference, Levenworth, WA, September 2007.
  49. Ladd, Carol, Bill Crawford, Keith Johnson, Nancy Kachel, Phyllis Stabeno and Frank Whitney. Eddies in the eastern Gulf of Alaska, at the XVI Annual Meeting of PICES, Victoria BC, October. Crawford, W.R., R. Ian Perry, State of the Ocean Reporting, at the Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference, Levenworth, WA, September 2007.
  50. Perry, R. Ian, William R. Crawford and Alan F. Sinclair. Comparative analysis of Canadian Pacific North Coast and Strait of Georgia marine ecosystems, at the XVI Annual Meeting of PICES, Victoria BC, October 2007.
  51. Crawford, W.R., R.I. Perry. Eastern Gulf of Alaska: Climate variability, future projections, and ecosystem impacts, at the XVI Annual Meeting of PICES, Victoria BC, October 2007
  52. Crawford, William. BC Ocean Research on Major Marine Issues, Ocean Industries BCAnnual Meeting, Richmond, BC, October 2007. (Invited)
  53. Crawford, William. Western Tropical Pacific teleconnections to the northeast Pacific, at the CLIVAR Workshop on Western Tropical Pacific: Hatchery for ENSO and Global teleconnections, Guangzhou, China, November 2007.
  54. Crawford. William. Ocean Climate Conditions, at the Sports Fishing Institute of BC Annual Meeting, Richmond, BC, November 2007. (Invited)
  55. Crawford, William. Gulf of Alaska temperatures, sea levels, eddies, at the Annual meeting of the Fisheries and Oceanography Working group, February 2008, Nanaimo.
  56. Crawford, William. Ocean climate in the Gulf of Alaska: Past and future 50 years, Seminar at Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis, Victoria, February 2008. (Invited).
  57. Crawford, William. Sea Level Change, at the Conference: Changing Climate, Uncertain Futures, & Evolving Practices, held inVancouver, BC. April 2008 (Invited)
  58. Gary Borstad, William Crawford, Mar Martínez de Saavedra Álvarez and Peter Willis. Oceanic features that might account for survival of fledgling Rhinoceros Auklets on Triangle Island, British Columbia, at the CMOS Annual Congress, Kelowna, BC, May 2008.
  59. Badal Pal, William Merryfield and William Crawford. Winter climate variability in the eastern Gulf of Alaska and Line P ocean temperature measurements, at the CMOS Annual Congress, Kelowna, BC, May 2008.
  60. Hiromichi Ueno, William R. Crawford and Hiroji Onishi. Impact of Alaskan Stream eddies on chlorophyll distribution in the western and central subarctic North Pacific, at the PICES Annual Meeting in China, October 2008.