Anfu Hou

Image Anfu Hou
Research Scientist

I contribute to the innovation and integrated production practices to increase economic profitability and competitiveness of farmers and the pulse industry in Canada, through the development of dry bean and soybean varieties and germplasm with improved yield, disease resistance and seed quality for commercial production in Manitoba and the surrounding regions.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Current research and/or projects

Early-maturing dry bean variety and germplasm development for Manitoba and western Canada; CAP Pulse Cluster

Development of processing strategies for innovative commercially-ready pulse ingredients for the Canadian food sector; CAP Pulse Cluster

Short season food type soybean breeding; CAP CFCRA Cluster

Evaluation and selection of adzuki beans for adaptation and production in Manitoba; Manitoba Pulse and Soybean Growers

Research and/or project statements

  • Developing dry bean cultivars for production in Manitoba and western Canada
  • Soybean variety development
  • Genetic resources and genetic enhancement of pulse crops in Canada
  • Improvement of bean food quality and marketability
  • Molecular markers and genetic mapping of agronomic traits

Education and awards

Ph.D. Agronomy, Texas Tech University, 1998

M.Sc. Agronomy, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 1989

B.A. Agronomy, Shandong Agricultural University, 1986

Key publications

For a complete list of publications, please visit: AAFC Online.

Hou, A., Conner, R.L., and Balasubramanian, P.M. 2018. AAC Scotty cranberry common bean. Can J Plant Sci.

Sandhu, K.S., You, F.M., Conner, R.L., Balasubramanian, P.M. and Hou, A. 2018. Genetic analysis and QTL mapping of the seed hardness trait in a black common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) recombinant inbred line (RIL) population. Mol Breeding (2018) 38:34.

Sandhu, K.S., Conner, R.L., Balasubramanian, P.M. and Hou, A. 2018. Black dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) germplasm accessions with resistance to prevalent races of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum in Canada. Can J Plant Sci 98(1): 17-27,

Wang, N., Hou, A., Santos, J., and Maximiuk, L. 2016. Effects of cultivar, growing location and year on physico-chemical and cooking characteristics of dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). Cereal Chem. January/February 2017, Vol. 94 (1): 128-134.

Chatterton, S., Balasubramanian, P.M., Erickson, R.S., Hou, A., McLaren, D.L., Henriquez, M.A., and Conner, R.L. 2016. Identification of bacterial pathogens and races of Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola from dry bean fields in Western Canada. Can J Plant Pathology, 38(1), pp. 41-54. doi : 10.1080/07060661.2016.1141800.

Boersma, J.G., A. Hou, A., Gillard, C.L., McRae, K.B., and Conner, R.L. Impact of common bacterial blight on the yield, seed weight and seed discoloration of different market classes of dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Can J Plant Sci 95(4): 703-710, 10.4141/cjps-2014-399.

Pandurangan, S., Sandercock, M., Beyaert, R., Conn, K.L., Hou, A., Marsolais, F. 2015. Differential response to sulfur nutrition of two common bean genotypes differing in storage protein composition. Front Plant Sci 6, 92, doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00092.

Conner, R.L. Hou, A., Balasubramanian, P.,  McLaren, D.L., Henriquez, M.A., Chang, K.F., McRae, K.B. 2014. Reaction of dry bean cultivars grown in western Canada to root rot inoculation. Can J Plant Sci 94:(7), 1219 - 1230, DOI: 10.4141/cjps2013-416 .

Balasubramanian, P.M., Conner, R.L., McLaren, D.L., Chatterton, S. and Hou, A. 2014. Partial resistance to white mould in dry bean. Can J Plant Sci. DOI:10.4141/CJPS2013-312.

Boersma, J.G., Conner, R.L., Balasubramanian, P.M., Navabi, A., Yu, K. and Hou, A. 2014. Combining resistance to common bacterial blight, anthracnose, and bean common mosaic virus into Manitoba-adapted dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars. Can J Plant Sci 94(2): 405-415, DOI:10.4141/cjps2013-281.

Boersma, J.G., Conner, R.L., Balasubramanian, P.M., Yu, K. and Hou, A. 2013. Marker-assisted dissection of anthracnose resistance in the dry bean cultivar ‘Morden003’. Can J Plant Sci 93: 1-9. DOI:10.4141/CJPS2013-085.

Balasubramanian, P.M., Hou, A., Conner, R.L., Kiehn, F.A. and Mündel1, H.H. 2011. Carman Black dry bean. Can J Plant Sci 91:519-521. DOI:10.4141/CJPS2010-005.

Hou, A., Balasubramanian, P., Conner, R.L., Park, S., Yu, K., Kiehn, F.A. and Navabi, A. 2011. Portage common bean. Can J Plant Sci 91:523-525. DOI:10.4141/CJPS2010-015.

Saldivar, X., Wang, Y.J., Chen, P. and Hou, A. 2011. Changes in chemical composition during soybean seed development. Food Chemistry 124(4):1369-1375.

Hou, A., Conner, R.L. and Balasubramanian, P.M. 2010. Hydration patterns vary in diverse dry bean market classes and cultivars. Bean Improvement Cooperatives Annual Report pp134-135.

Zhang, B., Chen, P., Florez-Palacios, S., Shi, A., Hou, A. and Ishibashi, T. 2010. Seed Quality Attributes of Food-Grade Soybeans from the U.S. and Asia. Euphytica 173(3):387-396. DOI : 10.1007/s10681-010-0126-y.

Shi, A., Chen, P., Zhang, B. and Hou, A. 2010. Genetic diversity and association analysis of protein and oil content in food-grade soybeans from Asia and the United States. Plant Breeding 129 (3):250–256. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0523.2010.01766.x.

Hou, A., Alloatti, J., Mozzoni, L., Zhang, B. and Chen, P. 2009. Genetic variability of seed sugar content in worldwide soybean collections. Crop Sci. 49: 903-912.

Conner, R.L., Chen, Y., Hou, A., Balasubramanian, P.M. and McLaren, D.L. 2009. Bean anthracnose seed transmission. Can J Plant Pathology 31:449-455.

Tang, X., A. Hou, M. Babu, V. Nguyen, L. Hurtado, Q. Lu, J. Reyes, A. Wang, W.A. Keller, E.W.T. Tsang and Y. Cui. 2008. A role for an Arabidopsis SNF/SWI chromatin remodeling ATPase complex in the repression of embryonic traits in leaves. Plant Physiol. 147: 1143-1157.


  • American Society of Agronomy
  • Crop Science Society of America
  • Canadian Society of Agronomy
  • Bean Improvement Cooperatives